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Topic: Roman Republic


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In the News (Sun 19 Nov 17)

  
  Rome: The Republic
The era of the great expansion of Roman power and civilization is the era of the Roman Republic, in which Rome is ruled by its Senate and its assembly, which were institutions formed at the beginning of the monarchy.
The history of the Republic is a history of continuous warfare; all of the historical stories which the Romans will use as stories of Roman virtue and values date from this tumultuous period of defense and invasion.
Roman conquest, then, was pursued largely for Roman security; the end result of this process would be, first, the conquest of the entire Italian peninsula by 265 BC, and then the conquest of the world.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/ROME/REPUBLIC.HTM   (1309 words)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Roman republic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Roman provinces on the eve of the assassination of Julius Caesar, c.
The Roman Republic was the phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by a republican form of government.
Roman conquest, then, was pursued largely for Roman security; the end result of this process would be, first, the conquest of the entire Italian peninsula by 265 BC, and then the conquest of the world.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Roman-republic   (2123 words)

  
  Roman Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The toga was the characteristic garment of the Roman citizen.
During the early and middle Republic, the Roman Senate, highest in prestige and being composed of the aristocratic, rich, and politically influential (it contained many ex-magistrates), was predominant in the state.
Roman victories at Thermopylae (191 BC) and the Battle of Magnesia (190 BC), forced Antiochus to sign the Treaty of Apamea (188 BC), ceding Seleucid territory to Rome and Pergamon, and extracting a war indemnity of 15,000 talents of silver.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Roman_Republic   (9983 words)

  
 From a Republic to Emperor Augustus
He believed it necessary to persuade Romans that there were gods who governed all things, that these gods were the benefactors of mankind and that the gods judged the character, acts, intentions and the piety of individuals.
Concerned with morality of his fellow Romans, he was disgusted by the sight of people, some with pretensions of being cultivated, watching animals tear a weak man to pieces or by the sight of strong men with spears killing what he saw as splendid animals.
As was traditional among the Romans, Augustus associated morality with the well-being of the state and pleasing the gods.
www.fsmitha.com /h1/ch18.htm   (9939 words)

  
 Roman Republic (19th century) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The New Roman Republic was a short-lived (four months) state established on February 8, 1849 when the theocratic Papal States were temporarily overthrown by Carlo Armellini, Giuseppe Mazzini and Aurelio Saffi.
One of the major innovations the Republic hoped to achieve was enshrined in its constitution; all religions could be practiced freely and the pope was guaranteed the right to govern the Catholic Church.
Additionally, the Constitution of the Roman Republic was the first in the world to abolish capital punishment in its constitutional law.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Roman_Republic_(19th_century)   (1581 words)

  
 Consuls of the Roman Republic
Here, Consuls are only given for the Roman Republic, ending with 27 BC, when Octavian was granted the title Augustus, by which he is then known as the first of the Roman Emperors, although the title Imperator ("commander") was already used.
The cornerstone of ancient Roman chronology was the capture of Rome by the Gauls, since this event was the earliest fact of Roman history mentioned and dated by contemporary Greek authors.
Cato's defense of the Republic was remembered in the British Whig politics of the 18th century.
www.friesian.com /rome.htm   (5982 words)

  
 Roman Republic information - Search.com
Throughout the 4th century BC the Romans fought a series of wars with their neighbors, most notably the Sabines and the Samnites, who were their main rivals on the Italian mainland.
Roman victories at Thermopylae (191 BCE) and the Battle of Magnesia (190 BCE), forced Antiochus to sign the Treaty of Apamia (188 BCE), ceding Seleucid territory to Rome and Pergamon, and extracting a war indemnity of 15,000 talents of silver.
The Roman Republic would be rocked by a slave revolt led by Spartacus who according to ancient sources was a Thracian auxilia who had deserted from the Roman legions.
www.search.com /reference/Roman_Republic   (10779 words)

  
 Ancient Roman Law - Crystalinks
The basis for Roman law was the idea that the exact form, not the intention, of words or of actions produced legal consequences.
The Romans never had a written constitution, but their form of their government, especially from the time of the passage of the lex Hortensia (287 B.C.), roughly parallels the modern American division of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, although the senate doesn't neatly fit any of these categories.
The Roman Republic was a form of government that worked well with a city-state or even a group of powerful city-states in control of a region.
www.crystalinks.com /romelaw.html   (2425 words)

  
 Rome: The Republic
The era of the great expansion of Roman power and civilization is the era of the Roman Republic, in which Rome is ruled by its Senate and its assembly, which were institutions formed at the beginning of the monarchy.
The history of the Republic is a history of continuous warfare; all of the historical stories which the Romans will use as stories of Roman virtue and values date from this tumultuous period of defense and invasion.
Roman conquest, then, was pursued largely for Roman security; the end result of this process would be, first, the conquest of the entire Italian peninsula by 265 BC, and then the conquest of the world.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/ROME/REPUBLIC.HTM   (1309 words)

  
 Roman Republic - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
From 73 BC to 71 BC the Roman Republic would be rocked by a slave revolt led by Spartacus who according to ancient sources was a Thracian "auxilia" who had deserted from the Roman legions.
The final major confrontation of the Roman Republic occurred on September 2, 31 BC, at the naval Battle of Actium where the fleet of Octavian under the command of Agrippa routed the larger fleet of Antony and Cleopatra; the two lovers fled to Egypt.
The Roman Empire was eventually divided between the Western Roman Empire which fell in 476 AD and the Eastern Roman Empire (also called the Byzantine Empire) which lasted until the fall of Constantinople in 1453 AD.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/r/o/m/Roman_Republic_9497.html   (8875 words)

  
 Roman Republic
The Roman Republic traditionally lasted as a representative government of Rome and its territories from 509 BC until the establishment of the Roman Empire, typically placed at 44 BC or 27 BC.
The Romans observed two principles for their officials: annuality or the observation of a one-year term and collegiality or the holding of the same office by at least two men at the same time.
In the end, the Roman world became too large and complicated for the structures of the republic to cope, and after a period of civil war ended by the Battle of Actium (31 BC), Augustus Caesar established the Roman Empire.
www.gamesinathens.com /olympics/r/ro/roman_republic_1.shtml   (1696 words)

  
 Roman Empire 1 - Crystalinks
The Romans and their empire gave cultural and political shape to the subsequent history of Europe from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance to the present day.
Some Romans complained that the loss of liberty was too great a price to pay for peace, but most recognized that under the so-called liberty of the Roman Republic, a few hundred men had divided the spoils of empire while the workers and the provincials suffered.
The Romans were hardworking and frugal, self-reliant and cautious, serious about their responsibilities and steadfast in the face of adversity.
www.crystalinks.com /romanempire.html   (3007 words)

  
 Roman Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
to the east and the Roman province of Lycia to the south-east.
Its capital Rome is the centre of the Roman Republic and the centre of Roman rule.
Whie the settled lowlands are peacefully inhabited by Roman settlers, the northern reaches of the province are still largely uninhabited by Roman traders and settlers, although this is beginning to change.
www.donaldhs.vic.edu.au /home/spotter/Roman_Republic.html   (1849 words)

  
 Roman Republic
For the Romans, everything in Nature is thought to be inhabited by numina, which explains the large number of deities in the Roman pantheon, as will be shown.
The pious spirit of the Romans consists of a constant wish to bring the favor of the divine upon him, the family and the state.
As such, the Roman is naturally willing to pay the deserved homage and sacrifice to foreign deities, specially if he is in their land.
www.geocities.com /titusvarin/Website/nreligion.html   (751 words)

  
 Ancient Rome  ::  The Roman Republic
century, with the kings ousted, a republic oligarchy was established, with two chief magistrates, known as consuls, from the artistocratic class elected annually.
Early in the republic, all power was concentrated into the hands of the patricians, aristocratic, wealthy land holders.
The Romans continued their campaign by driving the Gallic sackers out of Italy in 283 BC, and then turned south to the Greek city/states.
library.thinkquest.org /26602/republic.htm   (579 words)

  
 H102_25 Fall of the Roman Republic, 133-27 BC
While it is difficult to appreciate the political and social issues that provoked the incessant political disruptions of the late Republic, it is possible to discern a pattern in the devolution of legal, constitutional authority in the Republic.
Since the draft was based on the property assessments of the Roman census, abandonment of property resulted in decline in civic status and ineligibility for the draft.
Reportedly some 80,000 Romans, Italians, their families and slave staffs were massacred in Asia, and the rebellion spread across the Aegean to Greece as well.
web.ics.purdue.edu /~rauhn/fall_of_republic.htm   (2006 words)

  
 Roman Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Roman Republic traditionally lasted as a representative government of Rome and its territories from 509 BC until the establishment of the Roman Empire typically placed at 44 BC or 27 BC The city of Rome stands on the Tiber River very near the west coast of Italy.
One's class fixed by birth rather than by wealth and though patricians had in the Republic monopolized all political offices and probably of the wealth there are always signs wealthy plebeians in the historical record and patrician families had lost both wealth and political influence by the later Republic.
In the end the Roman world became large and complicated for the structures of republic to cope and after a period civil war ended by the Battle of Actium (31 BC) Augustus Caesar established the Roman Empire with himself as the nation's first Emperor.
www.freeglossary.com /Roman_republic   (1914 words)

  
 Roman Republic
The Roman Republic (Latin: Res Publica Romanorum) was the representative government of Rome and its territories from 510 BC until the establishment of the Roman Empire, sometimes placed at 44 BC (the year of Caesar's appointment as perpetual dictator) or, more commonly, 27 BC (the year that the Senate granted Octavianus the title "Augustus").
The Romans were very much convinced that their city was founded in the year 753 BC.
The transition from Republic to Empire was swift, yet subtle; rather than making a direct grab for power after the civil wars, Augustus' first move was to supposedly return power to the Senate in 27 BC.
en.mcfly.org /Roman_Republic   (2246 words)

  
 Roman Republic - History for Kids!
The Roman aristocrats had to give in, and they let the poor men (but not the women or slaves) vote.
But the Romans, when they conquered a city, did something new: they made that city part of the Roman Empire.
Because of this new idea, the more the Romans conquered, the richer they got, and the more men they had in their army, so that made it easier for them to conquer the next city.
www.historyforkids.org /learn/romans/history/earlyrepublic.htm   (598 words)

  
 First Europe Tutorial - Roman Territorial Expansion
Roman and Carthaginian Territories in the Mediterranean 270 B.C.E. Rome's successful conquest of the Italian peninsula created a strong military ethos and provided the Roman state with considerable manpower.
Roman Domination of the Mediterranean 86 B.C.E. Rome's success in its territorial expansion can be credited to its military superiority and to its policy of absorbing conquered peoples.
During the last century of the Republic, Roman generals won victories in northern Africa and in southern France, where upon a Roman colony was settled in Narbonne and a road built to link Italy with Spain.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/firsteuro/roman.html   (1314 words)

  
 The Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It was marked by Roman victories in the field and by a mutiny on the part of the soldiery, which was suppressed by the sympathetic common sense of the distinguished dictator Marcus Valerius Corvus, who was said to have vanquished a Gallic Goliath in single combat in his youth.
The arrival at this moment of a small Roman squadron in forbidden waters was probably excusable as a war measure in defence of Greek allies, but it was a formal breach of the treaty of 302 BC with Tarentum.
The established Roman tradition affirms that the rejection was due to the action of the captive consul Regulus, and the story, wether true or not, has set him among the heroic figures of the world.
www.roman-empire.net /republic/republic.html   (20225 words)

  
 Sallust's Republic: The Conspiracy of Catiline   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Sallust's narrative paints the late Roman Republic in bold colors, emphasizing the social and political ills which allowed a handful of discontented citizens to consider the violent overthrow of Rome's government an honorable aim, and a prospect well within their means.
His survey of Roman history, from the age of Aeneas to the moment of Catiline's conspiracy, interprets the modern phenomena as an outcome of continuous and distinct trends in Roman society.
Self-interest and patriotism were thus intermingled, and the Roman Republic thrived on warfare and the perpetual threat of conflict, so long as its citizens were compelled to serve in the military and accustom themselves to the rigid discipline, not to say "benevolent despotism," of the camps.
members.aol.com /hsauertieg/private/sallust.htm   (5523 words)

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