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Topic: Roman Empire

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  Roman Empire - MSN Encarta
The Roman Empire is the phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings in Europe and the Mediterranean
Roman imperialism introduced extremes of wealth and poverty that sharpened social and economic conflict within the Roman state.
Some Romans complained that the loss of liberty was too great a price to pay for peace, but most recognized that under the so-called liberty of the Roman Republic, a few hundred men had divided the spoils of empire while the workers and the provincials suffered.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_1741502785/Roman_Empire.html   (2607 words)

 Roman Empire 1 - Crystalinks
Roman citizens did not have to pay the individual or head tax required of each subject of the empire, and the empire exempted Italian land from tribute.
Internal peace revived Roman patriotism and economic prosperity, and Augustus improved the defense of the frontiers and the administration of the provinces.
Roman roads and cities appeared everywhere, and southern Gaul was so strongly influenced by the Romans that its residents called it "The Province," and it is today still known as Provence.
www.crystalinks.com /romanempire.html   (10241 words)

  Roman Empire information - Search.com
Roman Empire is also used as translation of the expression, Imperium Romanum, probably the best-known Latin expression where the word imperium is used in the meaning of a territory; the "Roman Empire" denotes that part of the world under Roman rule.
Roman titles of power were adopted by most of the successor states and later entities with imperial pretensions, including the Frankish kingdom, the Holy Roman Empire, the Bulgarian Empires, the Russian/Kiev dynasties, and the German Empire.
The Western Roman Empire was divided among the eldest son Constantine II and the youngest son Constans.
www.search.com /reference/Roman_Empire   (10029 words)

  Roman Empire - Karr.net   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Roman Empire is the name given to Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government.
Roman expansion began long before the state was changed into an Empire and reached its zenith under emperor Trajan with the conquest of Dacia in AD At this territorial peak, the Roman Empire controlled approximately 5 900 000 kmĀ² (2,300,000 sq.mi.) of land surface.
The end of the Roman Empire is traditionally placed at 4 September AD 476, when the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, Romulus Augustus, was deposed and not replaced.
www.karr.net /encyclopedia/Roman_Empire   (831 words)

  Roman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire.
The Western Roman Empire was divided among the eldest son Constantine II and the youngest son Constans.
The Holy Roman Empire, an attempt to resurrect the Empire in the West, was established in 800 when Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as Roman Emperor on Christmas Day, though the empire and the imperial office did not become formalized for some decades.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Roman_Empire   (10656 words)

 Holy Roman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Holy Roman Empire was a mainly Central European conglomeration of lands in the Middle Ages and the early modern period, also known as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, with the 16th Century reforms in the Reich.
With the Empire in decline, Voltaire's famous commentary on its nomenclature, and the imperious Emperors, said, the Holy Roman Empire was neither Holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire.
The Holy Roman Empire was a conscious attempt to resurrect the Western Roman Empire, considered to have ended with the abdication of Romulus Augustulus in 476.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Holy_Roman_Empire   (5660 words)

 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Roman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Roman titles of power were adopted by successor states and other entities with imperial pretensions, including the Frankish kingdom, the Holy Roman Empire, the first and second Bulgarian empires, the Russian/Kiev dynasties, and the German Empire.
The Empire was parted again among his three surviving sons.The Western Roman Empire was divided among the eldest son Constantine II and the youngest son Constans.
But excluding these states claiming their heritage, the Romans lasted, from the founding of Rome in 753 BC, to the fall in 1461 of the Empire of Trebizond (a successor state and fragment of the Byzantine Empire, which escaped destruction by the Ottomans in 1453), for a total of 2214 years.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Roman_Empire   (8260 words)

The Roman Senate of the republican period has been called the "most distinguished and important political body which has ever existed in the world." Its members were appointed for life, and executives were bound to submit to it all important measures.
Roman citizenship was extended to all free men throughout the Empire, and Roman law was administered in every court.
The Roman Empire was at an end, and the barbarian kingdoms of the Middle Ages took its place; but the Eastern, or Byzantine, Empire lasted another 1,000 years.
www.geocities.com /book433/romanempire.htm   (4344 words)

 Holy Roman Empire. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The Holy Roman Empire was a successor state to the empire founded in 800 by Charlemagne (see also Carolingians), who revived the title of Roman emperor in the West.
The defense of the empire against foreign attack was made more difficult by the repeated attempts of the emperors to maintain their authority in Italy against the opposition of the city-states (see commune), the papacy, and the petty princes.
The struggle ended with the virtual dissolution of the empire in the Peace of Westphalia (1648; see Westphalia, Peace of), which recognized the sovereignty of all the states of the empire; the only limitation was that the princes could not make alliances directed against the empire or the emperor.
www.bartleby.com /65/ho/HolyRoma.html   (1820 words)

 Holy Roman Empire
The nations of the Holy Roman Empire are sovereign nations in their own right; the office of Holy Roman Emperor, and the Empire itself, is philosophically the overall government of Catholic Christendom, the secular arm of the Catholic Church.
Roman magistrates, or praetors, are democratically elected by the people of a jurisdiction from among candidates put forward by the local governor.
Roman lawyers, or delators, are not advocates for the plaintiff or defendant, but instead serve to advise them with regard to the law and deliver oratory on their behalf; delators are trained in public speaking, whereas each citizen is largely responsible for his own legal counsel.
mywebpages.comcast.net /rumtigger2/Nations/roman.htm   (2490 words)

 Hail Bush: A new Roman empire - smh.com.au
Lesson one in the Roman handbook for imperial success would be a realisation that it is not enough to have great military strength: the rest of the world must know that strength - and fear it.
For the Romans, it was those famously straight roads, enabling the empire to move troops or supplies at awesome speeds - rates that would not be surpassed for well over a thousand years.
Romans revelled in their status as masters of the known world, but few Americans would be as ready to brag of their own imperialism.
www.smh.com.au /articles/2002/09/19/1032054915705.html   (1736 words)

 Roman Empire - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus), until its radical reformation in what was later to be known as the Byzantine Empire.
Roman Empire is also used as translation of the expression Imperium Romanum, probably the best known Latin expression where the word "imperium" is used in the meaning of a territory, the "Roman Empire", as that part of the world where Rome ruled.
One of the first historians to describe this expansion of the Roman territory was the Greek Polybius, writing in the Epoch of the Roman Republic.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/r/o/m/Roman_Empire_411e.html   (8602 words)

 Lecture 13: A Brief Social History of the Roman Empire
The Roman household was quite large and could include the paterfamilias, his wife, his sons with their wives and children, unmarried daughters and slaves.
For example, Tullia (c.79-45 B.C.), the daughter of the Roman orator, Cicero (106-43 B.C.), was married at sixteen, widowed at twenty-two, married at twenty-three, divorced at twenty-eight, married again at twenty-nine, divorced again at thirty-three and died in her thirty-fourth year.
Roman slaves served as hairdressers, footmen, messengers, accountants, tutors, secretaries, carpenters, plumbers, librarians, and goldsmiths.
www.historyguide.org /ancient/lecture13b.html   (3391 words)

 The Roman Empire: in the First Century. The Roman Empire | PBS
Roman Empire in the first century A.D. Two thousand years ago, the world was ruled by Rome.
The Roman Empire in the first century AD mixed sophistication with brutality and could suddenly lurch from civilization, strength and power to terror, tyranny and greed.
While all Romans enjoyed the baths and made a feature of the evening meal, their clothes and food, homes and hobbies, were a product of their class.
www.pbs.org /empires/romans/empire/index.html   (360 words)

 Roman Decadence, Rome and Romania, and the Emperors Who Weren't
The Romans were so busy at their orgies (often with their siblings), throwing Christians to the lions, poisoning their spouses, parents, and children, and eating exotic parts of animals (like hummingbird tongues), in between visits to the vomitorium so they could eat more, that they didn't notice all the Germans gathering on the frontiers.
What the Romans lost then was their discipline and organization, and this occurred through the Germanization of the army, even as the German commanders of the same were no more ready to seize the ultimate Roman honor for themselves than the Romans were to bestow it on them.
Greek and Roman society was built on the conception of the subordination of the individual to the community, of the citizen to the state; it set the safety of the commonwealth, as the surpreme aim of conduct, above the safety of the individual whether in this world or in a world to come.
www.friesian.com /decdenc1.htm   (9203 words)

 Rome and Romania, Roman Emperors, Byzantine Emperors, etc.
Decius and Herennius were killed in battle by the Goths in 251 -- the only Roman Emperors to die in battle (against external enemies) besides Julian (against the Persians, 363), Valens (against the Goths again, 378), Nicephorus I (against the Bulgars, 811), and Constantine XI (with the fall of Constantinople to the Turks, 1453).
The very same institutions, both Roman and Christian in sum and detail, that failed in the West in the face of the German threat, did just fine in the East, long outlasting, and in two dramatic cases defeating, the German successor kingdoms.
This was the end of Roman Gaul, 541 years after Caesar had completed its conquest in 56 BC -- or perhaps 531 years since the defeat, capture, and death of the rebel Vercingetorix in 46 BC.
www.friesian.com /romania.htm   (14830 words)

 Interactive Map of the Roman Empire and Celtic Lands
The Romans conquered the Gauls in the Po valley.
When the Romans tried to push the frontier to the River Elbe the Germans in the North of the country under the leadership of Arminius ambushed and slaughtered three Roman legions.
However, fighting on the Danube meant that the Romans had to reduce the number of legions in Britain to three and the Romans withdrew their frontier in the North of Britain.
resourcesforhistory.com /map.htm   (1561 words)

 Will America Replay the Roman Empire's Fall?
Some are; some are like the Roman Senators of the fifth century, one of the most rapacious and ruthless ruling classes that ever held power.
Roman Senators were selfish and self-absorbed, determined to hoard the huge wealth of the empire and determined to promote empire to enhance their wealth even further.
Empires are driven by their energy source: the Romans by the need for slaves, the US by its need for oil.
www.roman-empire-america-now.com   (1064 words)

 Roman Empire - Roman Roads
Roman Empire Map: The reproduction map was scanned and printed as one long page.
The object of the 534 Vignettes on the map is to show the rank held by principal towns.
The thre Imperial Residences, Rome, Constantinople and Antioch by figures personifying empire.
www.romanroadmap.com /Roman_Empire_Map.html   (0 words)

 Roman Empire - Wikinfo
The Roman Empire, successor of the Roman Republic, controlled the Mediterranean world and much of Northern Europe after 31 B.C. The last Roman emperor in the western half of the empire was deposed in 476.
Successor states in the west (the Frankish kingdom and the Holy Roman Empire) and the east (the Russian czars) used titles adopted from Roman practices well into the modern period.
As Emperor, Augustus organized the affairs of his empire with aplomb; it is largely due to his genius that the Roman Empire lasted for as long as it did.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Roman_Empire   (6211 words)

 Map of The Roman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This map shows the extent of the Roman Empire at three times in history: at the death of Caesar (44 B.C.E.), at the death of Augustus (14 C.E.), and at the death of Marcus Aurelius (180 C.E.).
Shows the extent of the Roman Empire at three times in history: at the death of Caesar (44 B.C.E.), at the death of Augustus (14 C.E.), and at the death of Marcus Aurelius (180 C.E.).
The GIF format map of the Roman Empire was adapted by Nancy A. Carter from a JPG format map featured at the Forum Romanum web site and is used by permission of David Camden.
gbgm-umc.org /umw/corinthians/empire.stm   (537 words)

 Roman Swords
Roman Reenactment swords and daggers need to be as historically accurate as possible to meet the requirements of the most discerning reenactors.
Damascus Roman sword, replicas are available for the collector or enthusiast who can imagine the complete victory achieved in battle using a super strong sword which cuts through enemy swords and armor with ease.
Roman swordsmiths were highly skilled and were able to 'eye' the color of the blade during the tempering process to determine the correct temperature and then allowed them to naturally cool down in the open air instead of quenching them.
www.realarmorofgod.com /roman-swords-info.html   (1838 words)

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