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Topic: Roman law


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 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Roman Law   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Roman law in its maturity recognized a definite natural-law theory as the ultimate test of the reasonableness of positive law, and repudiated the concept that justice is the creature of positive law.
Law was natural or positive (man-made); it was natural strictly speaking (instinctive), or it was natural under the Roman concept of the jus gentium (law of nations) — natural in itself or so universally recognized by all men that a presumption arose by reason of universality.
To return to the Roman law, the school of the glossators (of whom Accursius in the middle of the thirteenth century was the last) was succeeded by the school of which Bartolus of Sasso Ferrato and Alciat were representatives.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/09079a.htm   (12249 words)

  
 Rita Antonie Meyer-Spasche, 'Roman Law' [The Recovery of Benefits Conferred under Illegal or Immoral Transactions, ...
This rigidity of the law of property is mitigated to an extent by the law of obligations.
In Roman law, the heir was in principle liable for the obligations of the deceased.
A question worth considering is whether the Roman jurists regarded the in pari delicto rule as a strict rule [110] in the sense that the rule operated as soon as both parties were at fault, or whether they applied the rule flexibly by weighing out the turpitude of each party in the individual case.
www.abdn.ac.uk /~law113/papers/meyer-1.htm   (19317 words)

  
 Ancient Roman Law - Crystalinks
From the Law of the Twelve Tables, the first Roman code of law developed during the early republic, the Roman legal system was characterized by a formalism that lasted for more than 1,000 years.
The basis for Roman law was the idea that the exact form, not the intention, of words or of actions produced legal consequences.
The Romans never had a written constitution, but their form of their government, especially from the time of the passage of the lex Hortensia (287 B.C.), roughly parallels the modern American division of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, although the senate doesn't neatly fit any of these categories.
www.crystalinks.com /romelaw.html   (2425 words)

  
 Roman law. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Roman law in the earliest period known is typically expressed in the Twelve Tables with their marked formalism.
Soon the primary source of law became the lex (plural leges), a statutory enactment that was proposed by a magistrate and accepted by a popular assembly.
After the mid-6th cent., Roman law persisted as a part of the Germanic laws and was in effect in the Byzantine Empire.
www.bartleby.com /65/ro/Romanlaw.html   (848 words)

  
 J.E. du Plessis, 'Compulsion in Roman Law' (1997)
In post-classical law the distinction between the ius civile and ius honorarium was removed, and because the roles of the judge, who granted civilian relief, and the praetor, who granted relief according to the ius honorarium, were merged, a single remedy could be granted for all cases of metus.
163, 176; Buckland, A Text-book of Roman Law from Augustus to Justinian, pp.
373 sqq.; Buckland, A Text-book of Roman Law from Augustus to Justinian, pp.
www.abdn.ac.uk /~law113/papers/dupless-1.htm   (11138 words)

  
 Roman law on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
ROMAN LAW [Roman law] the legal system of Rome from the supposed founding of the city in 753 BC to the fall of the Byzantine Empire in AD 1453; it was later adopted as the basis of modern civil law.
After the establishment of the empire, the development of law largely passed from the praetors (the practice of issuing new edicts ended c.AD 125) and from the popular assemblies into the hands of the emperors, sometimes operating through the senate.
Roman Abramovich, governor of the Chukotka region of Russia.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/R/Romanlaw.asp   (1680 words)

  
 Roman Law and Comparative Law (Alan Watson) - review
Roman Law and Comparative Law is divided into two parts: the first third is a description of Roman law and the remainder considers various topics in comparative law, and in particular the historical influence of Roman law.
This is quite sensible: the reader can get the necessary grasp of Roman law and then pick and choose from the second section depending on their interests.
Though I can vouch that Roman Law and Comparative Law is accessible to those without a legal background (it is the first book on law I have ever read), it is really aimed at those who do have some knowledge of the law and who want an introduction to Roman law and its influence.
dannyreviews.com /h/Roman_Law_and_Comparative_Law.html   (391 words)

  
 BRIA 17: 4 -- Clash of Empires: The Fights for North America, When Roman Law Ruled the Westner World, Puerto Rico: ...
Some changes occurred in Roman law when Christianity became the official religion of the Empire in A.D. For example, a marriage was not legal unless the couple had received the blessing of a Church priest.
Although Roman law seemed to disappear entirely after the final conquest of the eastern empire by the Ottoman Turks in 1453, the Christian church preserved much of it in its own canon (religious) law.
Roman Law Resources Information on Roman law sources and literature, the teaching of Roman law, and the persons who engage in the study of Roman law.
www.crf-usa.org /bria/bria17_4.htm   (5947 words)

  
 Roman law
Roman law, the legal system of Rome from the supposed founding of the city in 753 B.C. to the fall of the Byzantine Empire in A.D. 1453; it was later adopted as the basis of modern
Roman law: Early Roman Law - Early Roman Law Roman law in the earliest period known is typically expressed in the Twelve Tables...
Roman law: Under the Empire - Under the Empire After the establishment of the empire, the development of law largely passed from...
www.infoplease.com /ce6/society/A0842310.html   (243 words)

  
 Roman Law   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Roman law refers to the legal system that originated in ancient Rome and that later became the basis of law in Western Europe and in countries influenced by European legal codes.
Origins Roman law had its origins, a long time before there was a Roman state, in family customs handed down from one generation to another and in judgments (leges regiae) of kings or cheiftains.
Traditionally, the study of Roman law is divided into five parts: the laws of persons, of property, of succession, of obligations, and of actions.
www.wjcc.k12.va.us /tms/curriculum/history/rome/andrew/law.html   (212 words)

  
 Roman and Secular Law in the Middle Ages
The resurrection of Roman law at the end of the eleventh century was a unique event in legal history and changed the future of European law.
Both laws were taught in law schools throughout Christendom, students studied both laws as a part of their legal education, and the medieval jurisprudence can only be understood with a knowledge of each.
His collection of laws was intended to supersede the older versions of the laws they contained and to have legal force in their present form from the moment of their promulgation.
faculty.cua.edu /pennington/Law508/histlaw.htm   (9849 words)

  
 Roman law --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
As a legal system, Roman law has affected the development of law in most of Western civilization as well as in parts of the East.
European civil law has been adopted in much of Latin America as well as in parts of Asia and Africa and is to be distinguished from the common law of the Anglo-American countries.
The Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican Communion churches, as well as independent churches of Eastern Christianity, are all governed in whole or in part by canon law.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9108633   (956 words)

  
 COMMON LAW 1
All Roman Law documents (so-called constitutions; but, in fact, are 'ship's orders' of make-believe ships), when used as the guide to operate a country under Roman Law, always contain a "notwithstanding" clause (In the US Constitution, it is the 'general welfare' clause).
The Law or Hebrew word for Law, the TORH (pronounced Tor-ah) was the basis of Hebrew religion and society.
This is the law of commerce, whereas the Common Law was the law that had to do with the land, and with the people of the land.
www.detaxcanada.org /cmlaw1.htm   (2454 words)

  
 ORB Bibliographies: Roman Law   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Antti Arjava, Women and the Law in Late Antiquity (Oxford: Clarendon 1996) [this may be a republication of the author's, Women and the Roman law in Late Antiquity (Helsinki 1994)].
Elizabeth Anne Meyer, "Literacy, Literate Practice and the Law in the Roman Empire, A.D. 100-600" (Ph.D. dissertation: University of Pennsylvania 1990).
Alan Watson, The law of the ancient Romans (Dallas 1970).
www.the-orb.net /encyclop/culture/law/romanlaw.html   (1508 words)

  
 Roman Law
In the Golden Age of the Imperial Period, Gaius the Jurist was commissioned by Hadrian to draw up a codex of the existing laws of the Roman Empire.
Ulpian, the last of the Roman Jurists of the Imperial period, was killed by the Praetorian guard during the reign of Alexander Severus, 223 A.D. Oil on canvas.
The Emperor Justinian, as sole lawgiver of the Dominate period of Roman law, commissioned Tribonian and Theophilus in 580 A.D. to codify the laws of the Roman people in what is known as the Codex Justinianus, the basis of the civil law as we know it today.
www.georgeschmidt.com /romanlaw.htm   (202 words)

  
 Roman Law and Society
This course will provide a survey of Roman Law, from the Twelve Tables to the great codifications of the Late Empire, with special attention to the political, moral, and economic roles of law in ancient Rome.
We will survey the basic categories of law (public law, contract, delict, status, etc.), as well as their historical development from the earliest times to their reception into the medieval and modern world.
The discussions will be designed to probe various aspects of the law and the students are expected to have prepared (i.e., digested and pondered) the assigned legal text and to participate in a critique of its meaning and application.
www.thelatinlibrary.com /law   (560 words)

  
 Roman Law: Welcome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
These pages are dedicated to Roman Law: the legal system invented by the Romans more than 2000 years ago, which - having undergone the process of decay, revival, transformation and reinterpretation innumerable times - continues to influence legal thinking and legal practice to our days.
If you are not an expert in Roman Law or Legal History, you may want to have a look at these "Questions and Answers on Roman Law".
The essential part of this collection of pages is the representation of some fragments of the Corpus Iuris (the collection of laws initiated by the Emperor Justinian) with the apposite parts of the gloss of Accursius.
www.jura.uni-sb.de /Rechtsgeschichte/Ius.Romanum/englishp.html   (615 words)

  
 Roman Law Resources
This site provides information on Roman law sources and literature, the teaching of Roman law, and the persons who study Roman law.
A new journal devoted to Roman law, from the University of Kansas School of Law.
An index of internet portals for Roman, civil, and ancient law, as well as a small number of internal portals for classical antiquity and the middle ages.
iuscivile.com   (617 words)

  
 Roman Law
The Romans have had almost every type of government there is. They've had a kingdom, a republic, a dictatorship, and an empire.
In 450 BC, the Plebs demanded that the laws of Rome be written down so that the praetors couldn't twist the law in their favor.
The Roman government was one of the most powerful ever, at one point ruling most of the civilized world.
www.freeessays.cc /db/26/hmd297.shtml   (4248 words)

  
 Roman Law Syllabus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
H. Jolowicz and B. Nicholas Historical Introduction to the Study of Roman Law, 3rd ed.
Role of law in society and ancient cultures.
Roman legal science and its transmission to the modern world.
www.thelatinlibrary.com /law/syllabus   (175 words)

  
 Bernard Hibbitts - Roman Law Readings
Hans Julius Wolff, "The Historical and Constitutional Background of Roman Law", in Roman Law: An Historical Introduction (1951)
Patrick Hutton, "Decoding the Legends of Roman Law" in History and the Art of Memory 39-43 (1993) [on orality, literacy and the Twelve Tables]
Elizabeth Anne Meyer, Literacy, Literate Practice and the Law in the Roman Empire, A.D. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1990
www.law.pitt.edu /hibbitts/rome.htm   (674 words)

  
 NetSERF: Law: Roman
An analysis of the dissemination of Roman Law in the Middle Ages.
While the site is dedicated to the legal texts of the Roman period, the medievalist might find many useful precedents for the study of medieval law.
"Collection of Roman laws of Alexandre Koptev (Latin texts and translations), carried out with the collaboration of Yves Lassard, Professor with the Faculty of Law of Grenoble." Though the site is dedicated to Roman law, at least one of the texts would be of interest to medievalists, namely the Corpus Iuris Civilis.
www.netserf.org /Law/Roman   (274 words)

  
 Roman Law Resources
Online versions of Roman law texts in English translation.
Roman Law branch of the Law-related Internet Project at the University of Saarbrücken
Bibliographies of Roman Law and Medieval Roman Law
lamar.colostate.edu /~jgaughan/primarywebpages/RomanLawLinks.htm   (88 words)

  
 Eastlaw.net -- Database of Chinese Law
Roman Law Resources (Ernest Metzger, Department of Law, University of Aberdeen)
Ius Romanum (Roman Law from the University of Saarbrücken)
Edward Gibbon: The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Volume IV : Chapter XLIV : Idea Of The Roman Jurisprudence
www.eastlaw.net /cominterlaw/other/romanindex.htm   (131 words)

  
 Roman law at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
de:Römisches Recht es:Derecho romano ja:ローマ法 nl:Romeins recht ro:Dreptul roman
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"Roman law" in world wide web people finder »
www.wiki.tatet.com /Roman_law.html   (501 words)

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