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Topic: Roman mercantilism


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In the News (Sun 21 Apr 19)

  
  Roman Roads - Crystalinks
The Roman roads were essential for the growth of their empire, by enabling them to move armies speedily and by sustaining land transport for Roman mercantilism.
Roman roads vary from simple corduroy roads to paved roads using deep roadbeds of tamped rubble as an underlying layer to ensure that they kept dry, as the water would flow out from between the stones and fragments of rubble, instead of becoming mud in clay soils.
Indeed, one of the symbols of Roman authority was the fasces, a bundle of whips.
www.crystalinks.com /romeroads.html   (3009 words)

  
  Roman commerce - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Romans were businessmen — the longevity of their empire was due to their commercial trade.
Whereas in theory members of the Roman Senate and their families were prohibited from engaging in trade, the members of the Equestrian order were involved in businesses, despite their upper class values that laid the emphasis on military pursuits and leisure activities.
The abacus, using Roman numerals, was ideally suited to the counting of Roman currency and tallying of Roman measures.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Roman_mercantilism   (922 words)

  
 Capitalism
But the contraction of the Roman empire from the fifth century onwards also contracted mercantilism until, by the 700's, it was not a substantial aspect of European culture, that is, European economies tended to localize.
The medieval Europeans essentially learned mercantilism from their Islamic neighbors, evidenced in large part by the number of economic terms in European languages that are derived from Arabic, such as tariff and traffic.
From the 1300's, Europeans would begin expanding their mercantile practices, resulting in a social mobility hitherto unseen in European culture as well as pushing Europeans, as it did the Muslims, to explore distant parts of the globe.
www.wsu.edu:8001 /~dee/GLOSSARY/CAPITAL.HTM   (923 words)

  
 Ancient Rome - Avoo - Ask Us A Question -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Roman law continued, in a broader sense, to be applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 17th century.
Roman religion in the empire tended more and more to center on the imperial house, and several emperors were deified after their deaths.
The Roman legion was one of the strongest aspects of the Roman army.
www.avoo.com /wiki/Ancient_Rome   (8075 words)

  
 CalendarHome.com - Ancient Rome - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Roman law continued, in a broader sense, to be applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 17th century.
Roman religion in the empire tended more and more to center on the imperial house, and several emperors were deified after their deaths.
Roman painting styles show Greek influences, and surviving examples are primarily frescoes used to adorn the walls and ceilings of country villas, though Roman literature includes mentions of paintings on wood, ivory, and other materials.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /cgi-bin/encyclopedia.pl?p=Ancient_Rome   (6660 words)

  
 b. Intellectual Developments. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Mercantilism was gradually replaced by laissez faire capitalism.
General Philosophical and Historical: Pierre Bayle, Dictionnaire historique et critique (1697); Giambattista Vico, Principi di una scienza nuova intorno alla commune natura delle nazione (1725); Voltaire, Lettres anglaises ou philosophiques (1734); Denis Diderot and Jean d'Alembert, ed.
L'Encylopédie (1751–72); Jean Jacques Rousseau, Le contrat social and Émile (1762); Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776–88); Immanuel Kant, Die Kritik der reinen Vernunft (1781); Marie-Jean Condorcet, Tableau historique des progrès de l'esprit humain (1795).
www.bartleby.com /67/645.html   (517 words)

  
 Capitalism
But the contraction of the Roman empire from the fifth century onwards also contracted mercantilism until, by the 700's, it was not a substantial aspect of European culture, that is, European economies tended to localize.
The medieval Europeans essentially learned mercantilism from their Islamic neighbors, evidenced in large part by the number of economic terms in European languages that are derived from Arabic, such as tariff and traffic.
From the 1300's, Europeans would begin expanding their mercantile practices, resulting in a social mobility hitherto unseen in European culture as well as pushing Europeans, as it did the Muslims, to explore distant parts of the globe.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/GLOSSARY/CAPITAL.HTM   (923 words)

  
 Mercantilism Summary
Mercantilism suggests that the ruling government should advance these goals by playing a protectionist role in the economy, by encouraging exports and discouraging imports, especially through the use of tariffs.
Mercantilism was the dominant school of economics throughout the early modern period (from the 16th to the 18th century, which roughly corresponded to the emergence of the nation-state).
Mercantilism helped create trade patterns such as the triangular trade in the North Atlantic, in which raw materials were imported to the metropolis and then processed and redistributed to other colonies.
www.bookrags.com /Mercantilism   (4871 words)

  
 Ancient Rome at AllExperts
Roman law continued, in a broader sense, to be applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 18th century.
Roman religion in the empire tended more and more to center on the imperial house, and several emperors were deified after their deaths.
The Roman triumph was a civic ceremony and religious rite held to publicly honor a military commander.
en.allexperts.com /e/a/an/ancient_rome.htm   (6961 words)

  
 Roman commerce - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Roman commerce was the engine that drove the economy of the late Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire.
Whereas in theory members of the Roman Senate and their families were prohibited from engaging in trade, the members of the Equestrian order were involved in businesses, despite their upper class values that laid the emphasis on military pursuits and leisure activities.
However, in the absence of any record of this on the Roman side of the silk road, it may be that the "ambassadors" were in reality free traders acting independently of Aurelius.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Roman_commerce   (1920 words)

  
 ancient rome:
The Roman government maintained way stations which provided refreshments to travelers at regular intervals along the roads, constructed bridges where necessary, and established a system of horse relays for couriers that allowed a dispatch to travel up to 800 km (500 miles) in 24 hours.
Romans were particularly famous for their public baths, called thermae, which were used for both hygienic and social purposes.
Roman soldiers on the cast of Trajan's Column in the Victoria and Albert museum, London.
winelib.com /wiki/ancient_rome   (8997 words)

  
 Bambooweb: Roman Empire
The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman state in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Caesar Augustus.
Roman titles of power were adopted by successor states and other entities with imperial pretensions, including the Frankish kingdom, the Holy Roman Empire, the Russian/Kiev dynasties (see czars), and the German Empire (see Kaiser).
Hispania Baetica was still essentially Roman when the Moors came in 711, but in the northwest, the invasion of the Suevi broke the last frail links with Roman culture in 409.
www.bambooweb.com /articles/r/o/Roman_Empire.html   (4259 words)

  
 Eternal city - The Boston Globe
Colonial trade, mercantilism, banking and finance, and imperialism as well as every sort of crime, perversion, and murder all have their London memorials in groups of buildings or the conjunction of streets.
In a whir of short chapters, Wilson describes the Roman town (which is now the financial district, or "the City"), the building of a royal town upriver at Westminster, and the London of Shakespeare.
Reform-minded in religion but too fond of their privileges to be truly radical, the merchants of the City and the House of Commons won out over the absolutist tendencies of the Stuart kings in the 17th century.
www.boston.com /ae/books/articles/2004/08/08/eternal_city/?page=2   (808 words)

  
 ROMA - SPQR - ROMAN EMPIRE REBORN - MAIN
The Roman law as preserved in Justinian's codes became the basis of legal principles and practices in the Byzantine Empire, and in continental Western Europe, and continued, in a broader sense, to be applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 18th century.
A daughter, when she married, usually fell under the authority of the paterfamilias of her husband's household, although this was not always the case, as she could choose to continue recognising her father's family as her true family.
The Roman government maintained way stations which provided refreshments to travelers at regular intervials along the roads, constructed bridges where necessary, and established a system of horse relays for couriers that allowed a dispatch to travel up to 800 km (500 miles) in 24 hours.
www.s-p-q-r.org /itsp/spqr_contents.html   (5463 words)

  
 Finance Choices - Personal Finance Wiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Roman soldiers on the cast of Trajan's Column in the Victoria and Albert museum, London.
The Roman legion was one of the strongest aspects of the Roman army.
The Roman triumph was a civic ceremony and religious rite held to publicly honor a military commander.
www.financechoices.co.uk /personal-finance-wiki.php?title=Ancient_Rome   (7570 words)

  
 Economics - MSN Encarta
During the Middle Ages the economic ideas of the Roman Catholic church were expressed in the canon law, which condemned usury (the taking of interest for money loaned) and regarded commerce as inferior to agriculture.
Mercantilism and physiocracy were precursors of the classical economics of Smith and his 19th-century successors.
Physiocracy was briefly in vogue in France during the second half of the 18th century as a reaction against the narrow and restrictive policies of mercantilism.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761562677/Economics.html   (837 words)

  
 Lecture 7-The Ancien Regime
Finally, the Holy Roman Empire engaged itself in its own desperate attempt to restore the Catholic Church in Germany, "Thirty Years' War." Much of the cause for the great political disintigration was the fierce competition between the aristocracy and the monarchy, both groups consistantly became emeshed in the constant religious struggles.
Mercantilism is generally the policy of establishing a balance of trade that was in the nation's favor.
The emphasis of mercantilism was upon expansion abroad because it allowed the mother country to export its goods to the colonies.
kinsey.schema.ca /WCII/LectureI2b.html   (1448 words)

  
 Roman coins   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The silver coin that became the backbone of Roman economy, the denarius, was first struck in 211 BC; valued at originally at 10 asses, it was retariffed in 140 BC to 16 asses (to reflect the diminished size of the as).
Although the denarius remained the backbone of the Roman economy from its introduction in 211 BC until it ceased to be normally minted in the middle of the third century, the purity and weight of the coin slowly, but inexorably decreased.
The problem of debasement in the Roman economy appears to be pervasive, although the severity of the debasement often paralleled the strength or weakness of the Empire.
www.monete-romane.com /roman_coins   (3383 words)

  
 Why Americans Are Right to Be Suspicious of Mr. Bush's Tax Cuts
Mercantilism, once the dominant economic theory of the West, measures the prosperity of a nation by the sheer quantity of money within its borders.
Mercantilism drove imperialism: the need to have direct control over raw materials and captive markets for finished goods.
The long decline of the Roman Empire saw land steadily escaping government taxation; rising taxes on the remaining land drove even more people and land outside of the system.
www.hnn.us /articles/1251.html   (870 words)

  
 Definition for Rome
The Gracchi are generally seen as the beginning of the Roman Revolution, a conflict between the equestrian and Senatorial classes of Rome that would finally culminate in Julius Caesar's dictatorship and the Rise of Octavian as first Emperor of Rome.
The denial of Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities led to the Social War of 91-88 BC.
To be a noble, an individual needed to have a consul as an ancestor; men like Marius and Cicero, who were the first of their families to rise to the consulship, were given the title novus homo ("new man").
larrycorrell.brinkster.net /TheologicalDictionary/references.asp?theword=Rome   (5370 words)

  
 nethstrat
As the remnants of the Roman empire was split into the German and Greek parts; the later empires of the Rhinelanders Clovis (481-511 AD) and Charlemagne (768-814), and of the Greeks Constantine (306-337) Justitian (527-565 AD), the Netherlands then became a part of the Frankish empire since the 4th century.
Mercantilism destroyed the outworn particularism of local and intermunicipal trading by breaking down the barriers separating these two types of noncompetetive commerce and thus clearing the way for a national market...
Accordingly, his mercantilism was a of a liberalist version regarding monopolies, guilds and such as unfavourable to the economic development of Holland but as Hasenberg Butter emphasizes it was not of an ideological or principle-oriented type.
arno.daastol.com /artprof/nethstrat.html   (14940 words)

  
 A complete guide to Italy and the italian culture :: Tricolore.Net - Bringing Italians Together
After the Roman Empire became officially Christian, the term came by extension to refer to a large, and important church that has been given special ceremonial rights by the Pope, and thus the word retains two senses today, in an architectural context and in an ecclesiastical one.
Roman bridges were built with stone and had the arch as its basic structure.
Roman writers refer with satisfaction to the self-sufficiency of their villas, where they drank their own wine and pressed their own oil, a symptom of the increasing economic fragmentation of the Roman empire.
www.tricolore.net /cgi-bin/display_article.html?s=1&a=1   (2920 words)

  
 Comte and Dunoyer Chap. 4
There is every reason to believe that without these people (the Romans) western civilisation would have been better placed to defend itself against the barbarians when the errant hordes of northern Europe inflicted their terrible devastation on southern Europe.
The desire to be militarily strong and the willingness to structure the legal, social and economic arrangements of Roman society to achieve this military strength made it impossible, in Dunoyer's opinion, for the Romans to be truly politically and economically free at the same time.
The nobility does not engage in commerce for the same reason as the Greeks, the Romans, the Germans and the Turks do not: because it is not in the spirit of military races, because it is repugnant to barbarism, because it weakens the penchant for war and love of domination.
homepage.mac.com /dmhart/ComteDunoyer/Ch4.html   (16532 words)

  
 Cruisin’ the Black Sea: From the Golden Fleece to the Golden Arches by Paul A. Cantor
The Romans took a special interest in the region, and with colonies dispersed as far away as what is now Constanta, Romania and Sevastopol, Ukraine, they seemed to have ambitions to turn the Black Sea into a second Roman lake (after the Mediterranean).
The Roman amphitheater at the Chersonesus archaeological site in Sevastopol is perhaps the best evidence of how the Romans tried to impose their distinctive way of life on the remote shores of the Black Sea.
The Fourth Crusade somehow got diverted from its objective – the recapture of Jerusalem – and in 1204 Roman Catholic armies from the west of Europe conquered and sacked Constantinople as the headquarters of the rival Greek Orthodox sect of Christianity.
www.lewrockwell.com /orig3/cantor2.html   (4075 words)

  
 The Cambridge World History of Food - Northern Europe - Germany and Surrounding Regions
Thus, in these regions, the Romans had to force the subdued peoples to deliver crops to the towns and settlements where their soldiers and civilians lived.
But ultimately, difficulties in transporting enough food to the Roman soldiers in those parts of the Imperium not accessible by river routes may be one of the reasons for the decline of the Roman Empire in the Danube provinces.
As during Roman times, such stability (in towns, monasteries, and castles) promoted the cultivation of fruit trees and vines, the produce of which was available in the markets.
www.cambridge.org /us/books/kiple/northerneurope.htm   (4537 words)

  
 Cosmopolitanism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Romans 13:1,4,7), but the most important work for human goodness is removed from traditional politics, set aside in a sphere in which people of all nations can become “fellow-citizens with the saints” (Ephesians 2:20).
But his case draws from Aristotle and Roman history, not explicitly from the ideal of a cosmopolis or of world-citizenship, and he remains deeply concerned to adjudicate between the pope and the Holy Roman Emperor.
Against mercantilism, they argue that it is more advantageous for everyone involved if a nation imports those goods which are more expensive to produce domestically, and that the assumption that one's own state will profit if other states are unable to export their goods is false.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/cosmopolitanism   (7605 words)

  
 Caerdroia: OPTEMPO
This is because imperialism, mercantilism and colonialism are very frequently combined under the term "imperialism".
Mercantilism and colonialism resulted in attempts to politically control either the economies (mercantilism) or the entire political structures (colonialism) of the imperial possession, to the economic benefit of the imperial power.
The main purpose of the Roman empire, in other words, was to ensure that the core was peaceful.
www.caerdroia.org /blog/archives/000883.html   (911 words)

  
 Sample Answers
Mercantilism: Mercantilism was the standard economic system up until the second half of the 18th Century.
The wealth of the nation, according to mercantilism, depended upon the amount of gold and silver in the nation.
Mercantilism: This is the word adopted by historians of 17th and 18th century Europe.
mailer.fsu.edu /~shadden/studyaids/samples.htm   (1844 words)

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