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Topic: Roman religion


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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  
  Roman religion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The transference of the anthropomorphic qualities to Roman Gods, and the prevalence of Greek philosophy among well-educated Romans, brought about an increasing neglect of the old rites, and in the 1st century BC the religious importance of the old priestly offices declined rapidly, though their civic importance and political influence remained.
Roman religion in the empire tended more and more to center on the imperial house, and several emperors were deified after their deaths.
The transference of the anthropomorphic qualities of Greek gods to Roman ones, and perhaps even more, the prevalence of Greek philosophy among well-educated Romans, brought about an increasing neglect of the old rites, and in the 1st century BC the religious importance of the old priestly offices declined rapidly, though their civic importance remained.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Roman_religion   (1607 words)

  
 The Rise of Rome
Roman law also reflected a Roman harshness toward physical weakness: the dreadfully deformed were quickly put to death shortly after birth, and parents could kill their infant if at least five neighbors consented.
Religion for the Romans was not about their love for gods or of gods who loved them, nor was it about withdrawing from the present and waiting for a happy life in the hereafter.
Religion for the Romans was about the here and now and the terrors that the gods could devise.
www.fsmitha.com /h1/ch15.htm   (8546 words)

  
 Religion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In so far as the Romans had a religion of their own, it was not based on any central belief, but on a mixture of fragmented rituals, taboos, superstitions, and traditions which they collected over the years from a number of sources.
To the Romans, religion was less a spiritual experience than a contractual relationship between mankind and the forces which were believed to control people's existence and well-being.
This indirect threat to Roman power, together with the Roman perception that Jesus was claiming to be the 'King of the Jews', was the reason for his condemnation.
www.roman-empire.net /religion/religion.html   (4894 words)

  
 Roman Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Romans generally saw the difference between the slave and the freeman as a difference in status, not as a matter of any racial or cultural superiority and inferiority.
Roman ingenuity of solving problems of all sorts was not only to apply itself to engineering and architecture, but also to the mundane matter of clothing.
Roman festivals and games emerged from their once humble agricultural origins to celebrations of empire and the shows which were held on most of them became the stuff of legends, the gladiatorial combats in particular and of course, so too, the chariot races.
www.roman-empire.net /society/society.html   (11521 words)

  
 ORB: Early Christian Doctrine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Roman attitudes toward religion were governed by pietas (duty) and by pragmatism.
Citizens were required to partake in practice of the state religion; worship of the emperor and of the state-sanctioned gods was a political duty.
The Roman historian, Tacitus, records that persecution under Emperor Nero was due to his blaming the impurity of the Christians in Rome for the burning of that city in 64 CE.
www.the-orb.net /encyclop/religion/early/jcdoctrine.html   (4020 words)

  
 Roman Public Religion; roman history, roman civilization
Romans believed that they only engaged in just wars (bellum pium or bellum iustum) and the rituals of the fetiales ensured, at least in theory, that this was so.
While his assimilation to divine status would have seemed ordinary to inhabitants of the eastern parts of Roman empire, accustomed to Hellenistic ruler cults, it was a novel (and therefore frightening) and foreign (and therefore bad) gesture from the point of view of ordinary Roman citizens in the western part of the empire.
Romans, nevertheless, did not draw as sharp a distinction between the mortal and divine as we do.
www.bates.edu /~mimber/Rciv/public.relig.htm   (2952 words)

  
 The Ecole Initiative: Mithraism
Roman worship of Mithras began sometime during the early Roman empire, perhaps during the late first century of the Common Era (hereafter CE), and flourished from the second through the fourth centuries CE.
It is true that soldiers from the Roman legion XV Apollinaris stationed at Carnuntum in the first century CE were called to the East in 63 CE to help fight in a campaign against the Parthians and further to help quell the Jewish revolt in Jerusalem from 66-70 CE.
The Roman cult of Mithras is known as a "mystery" cult, which is to say that its members kept the the liturgy and activities of the cult secret, and more importantly, that they had to participate in an initiation ceremony to become members of the cult.
www2.evansville.edu /ecoleweb/articles/mithraism.html   (2279 words)

  
 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2000.08.05
Roman Britain is the military province par excellence.
Her first chapter deals with the state religions, and covers the calendars and the official state cults, such as the Capitoline triad and the emperor and his family.
Roman soldiers identified Celtic gods with their own, and the native Britons saw Roman gods as manifestations of indigenous Celto-Germanic gods.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2000/2000-08-05.html   (1239 words)

  
 Roman Mythology - Crystalinks
The original religion of the early Romans was modified by the addition of numerous and conflicting beliefs in later times, and by the assimilation of a vast amount of Greek mythology.
The indigetes were the original gods of the Roman state (see List of Di Indigetes), and their names and nature are indicated by the titles of the earliest priests and by the fixed festivals of the calendar; 30 such gods were honored with special festivals.
Early Roman cult was not so much a polytheism as a polydemonism: the worshipers' concepts of the invoked beings consisted of little more than their names and functions, and the being's numen, or "power", manifested itself in highly specialized ways.
www.crystalinks.com /romemythology.html   (2099 words)

  
 Temple of Religio Romana: About the Religio Romana
The ancient Romans believed that numina (spirits) were omnipresent and influenced every aspect of daily life; therefore the attention to worship was paramount for a successful and happy life.
The Romans believed that as long as the rituals were performed correctly and the Gods were not blasphemed the individual was encouraged to explore and form a bond with the deities suitable for his or her own specific needs and desires.
We have included the ancient Roman Virtues as an accompaniment to spiritual practice as we feel that they are conducive to the fulfillment of one's higher self.
www.religioromana.net /about.htm   (562 words)

  
 The Vestal Virgins of Rome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The goddess Vesta was a Roman adaptation of the Greek goddess Hestia, pictured at the left.
Vesta was once the goddess of the hearth and later became the goddess of the flame that symbolized the Roman state.
In an era when religion was rich in pagentry, the awesome presence of the Vestals was required innumerous public ceremonies.
angelfire.com /va2/vestalvirgins   (358 words)

  
 roman religion - ancient world - comparative-religion.com
This is not just due to the rich mythology of Rome, but because Roman religion was a function of Roman law - and thus became a basis for all those civlisations that were to erupt from Rome's ashes of empire.
Roman religion was not simply a world of mythologies and gods to appease, for at the very heart of their ethos was the notion that the gods were arbitrators of justice, and therefore merely a functionary element, just as the Roman Praetors were earthly symbols of Rome's human laws.
However, for all their later cosmopolitan acceptance of other faiths, the Roman Empire's original state gods were so ingrained in law and the calendar itself that all other religions had to be subservient to them - and it was Christian refusal to abide so that lead to their repeated persecution.
www.comparative-religion.com /ancient/roman.php   (625 words)

  
 Roman History - History for Kids!
Roman history for kids - from the Etruscans to the fall of Rome.
Roman history is usually divided into three main periods: before the rise of Rome, the Roman Republic, and the Roman Empire.
The Romans: From Village to Empire, by Mary Boatwright, Daniel Gargola, and Richard Talbert (2004).
www.historyforkids.org /learn/romans/history/history.htm   (195 words)

  
 Roman Religion And The Three Family Gods   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Romans believed in many gods who controlled their lives and brought them wealth and good luck.
Romans were superstitious, and so when they conquered people they sometimes started to worship local gods and often they gave them Latin names.
For the army, the most important Roman gods were Jupiter the supreme god, Apollo the sun god and Mars the god of war.
museums.ncl.ac.uk /wallnet/sen/Religion.htm   (198 words)

  
 The following materials are copyrighted by Christian Equippers
Though many Roman Catholics give unquestioned support to their church and strongly reject any possibility that their church may be in conflict with their own Catholic Bible, there are sincere Catholics who see glaring inconsistencies and contradictions between the official teachings of the Roman Catholic Church and the fundamental truths contained in the sacred Scriptures.
The Roman Catholic doctrine of the Assumption of Mary which teaches that Mary's body was raised from the dead and taken to heaven as "Queen of Heaven" is a teaching which can't find the slightest support in the Bible and was not made an official doctrine in the Catholic Church until 1950.
Roman Catholicism endeavors to defend the papacy by claiming that Peter was the first pope and was personally appointed by Christ.
www.biblebb.com /files/CATHINFO.HTM   (6570 words)

  
 The Roman Catholic Church - Does it offer God's salvation?
However, here is the story of a man who did study these things, lived and ministered as a Roman Catholic priest for years, and then after some agony of heart and conscience realised the error of his ways and repented, becoming a true born again Christian.
The Roman Catholic church has failed to lift up Jesus Christ properly and has many times instead presented the world with "another Jesus" in the form of an icon, a host, a priest or a pope.
The Roman Catholic church teaches men that their salvation depends primarily on themselves, and that it is of works.
www.christian-faith.com /religion/catholic.html   (2464 words)

  
 Roman Religion - History for Kids!
In some ways Roman religion is a lot like Greek religion, but in other ways it is very different.
Like the Greeks, the Romans thought that there were many gods, and that these gods each controlled different parts of the world: storms, the ocean, marriage, flsmithing, and so forth.
For the Romans, as well, their emperors were gods, or something very close to gods, depending on who you asked.
www.historyforkids.org /learn/romans/religion/index.htm   (340 words)

  
 Ancient Roman Religion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Romans were polytheistic and much of their lives were spent in a fervent effort to please their gods.
The ancient Roman religion is one of the better known pagan religions.
Throughout the modern world, the ancient roman religion is known as one of the world’s first and most famous pagan religions.
library.thinkquest.org /28111/newpage1.htm   (567 words)

  
 O'Donnell, Demise
From the time of Trajan onward, Roman authorities realized that it was not necessary to tear Christians loose from their own sect, but only to coerce acceptance of some other cult; the stubbornness of the Christians themselves would accomplish the rest of the imperial policy.
Religion, moreover, was a matter extraordinarily limited in the kind and number of occasions on which it was an appropriate subject of discussion.
His religion was a matter of convenience, tied rigidly to considerations of class and culture, completely unfanatical, in just the pattern we have come to identify as typical of pagan attitudes.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /jod/texts/demise.html   (14269 words)

  
 EAWC Essay: Mithraism
The precise relationship between the Roman cult of Mithras as it developed during the empire and the Mitra and Mithra of the Hindu and Zoroastrian pantheons, respectively, is unclear.
The theory that Roman Mithraism had its roots in Zoroastrianism was first put forward by Franz Cumont, a Belgian scholar, in his two-volume publication Textes et monuments figurés relatifs aux mystères de Mithra in 1896 and 1899.
Cumont argued by extension that if Roman Mithras had Iranian roots, the cult of Mithraism must have originated in the eastern provinces of the Roman empire and spread westward with legionaries in the Roman army, merchants from eastern provinces (often lumped under the broad misnomer "Syrians"), freedmen in the imperial bureaucracy, and slaves.
eawc.evansville.edu /essays/mithraism.htm   (2554 words)

  
 Mythography | Roman Mythology and Art
Although the ancient Romans were inspired by the mythology of their neighbors, the Greeks, they also had their own myths and traditions.
The tale of the founding of Rome by Romulus, as well as the stories of heroism and duty to the city (such as that of the Horatii, or of the brave Cloelia), are all part of Roman legend.
However, Roman myths tend to have a slightly different focus than Greek myths, for many Roman tales seem to have a more historical flavor.
www.loggia.com /myth/content1.html   (312 words)

  
 Planetary Data (from Saturn) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
It is the sixth planet from the sun and is one of the four gaseous outer planets called Jovian, or Jupiter-like.
The Romans equated him with the Greek agricultural deity Cronus.
The remains of Saturn's temple at Rome, eight columns of the pronaos (porch), still dominate the west end of the Forum at the foot of the Clivus Capitolinus.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-215756   (879 words)

  
 Rome Exposed - Roman Religion
The early Romans believed in a simple animism - that there were spirits/powers, or numina, which surrounded all men.
The mystical and orgiastic cults of Greece and the Orient were adopted in the West and established.
The religion of Isis were popular in the lower classes.
www.classicsunveiled.com /romel/html/religion.html   (1020 words)

  
 The Julian Society
He sought to reinstate noble virtues and purposes within all Pagan religion, to make Pagan teachings available to all, and to continue the rites and public worship of all ancient Pagan deities.
He also ordered an end to the persecution of non-Christians, and proclaimed that all religions should be tolerated on an equal basis.
He rebuilt the ancient temples to the gods, reformed the pagan priesthoods, and saw to it that the ancient Pagan rites were publicly continued.
www.juliansociety.org   (528 words)

  
 Rome: Political Resources
A discussion of the political offices and responsibilities of the various branches of the Roman Republican government from the University of Texas, Department of Classics.
These pages are dedicated to Roman Law: the legal system invented by the Romans more than 2000 years ago,which - having undergone the process of decay, revival, transformation and reinterpretation innumerable times-continues to influence legal thinking and legal practice to our days.
Structuring Roman History: the Consular Year and the Roman Historical Tradition by John Rich (University of Nottingham).
www.dalton.org /groups/rome/RPol.html   (2606 words)

  
 BBC - Romans - Religion
There were a lot of gods as Romans discovered new ones all the time.
The Romans believed that your spirit went to the underworld when you died.
Romans also believed that the Emperors became gods, so everyone had to make a sacrifice to the Emperor.
www.bbc.co.uk /schools/romans/religion.shtml   (321 words)

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