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Topic: Roman warfare


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In the News (Wed 24 Apr 19)

  
  Roman legion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Roman legion (from the Latin legio, meaning levy) was the basic military unit of ancient Rome.
Much of Roman history during this time is based on legends, but it is believed that during the reign of Servius Tullius, all Roman able-bodied, property-owning male citizens were first divided into five classes for military service based on wealth, since soldiers provided their own weapons and equipment.
The cavalry was originally the most prestigious unit, where wealthy young Roman upstarts displayed their skill and prowess, laying the foundation for an eventual political career.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Roman_legion   (2882 words)

  
 The Roman Army Page
With the spread of Roman citizenship among the population of the conquered territories the auxilia were increasingly recruiting citizens into the ranks, blurring the original division between peregrine auxiliaries and citizen legionaries.
Redeployment of units and the Roman practice of local recruitment of replacements meant that the ethnic titles borne by formations did not reflect the actual origins of its soldiers.
The status of the sailors and marines of the Roman navy is somewhat unclear, though the fleet is generally regarded as the least prestigious branch of service.
members.tripod.com /~S_van_Dorst/legio.html   (4085 words)

  
 Ethics of Roman Expansion to 133 BC by Sanderson Beck
Roman envoys sent to the Celtic Senones were murdered by Britomaris, and so consul Cornelius turned his army from the Etruscans to destroy all the Senones men, enslaving their women and children; the Boii, attempting to retaliate for their Senones kinsmen, with the Etruscans were defeated by the other consul's army and made peace.
Roman delegations sent to Iberia to gain friends found that the example of Saguntum had lost their trust; nor were they able to persuade the Gauls to take their side, since most resented how the Romans had expelled Gauls from Italy or demanded tribute from them, and many were bought off by Hannibal's gold.
The Seleucid navy was defeated by the Roman fleet at Corycus.
www.san.beck.org /EC24-RomanExpansion.html   (15529 words)

  
 The Roman Army
All in all the Roman army consisted of 18 centuries of equites, 82 centuries of the first class (of which 2 centuries were engineers), 20 centuries each of the second, third and fourth classes and 32 centuries of the fifth class (of which 2 centuries were trumpeters).
If the Roman army had throughout most of the third and fourth century been undergoing a transition, gradually increasing the number of cavalry, then the end of this period of gradual change was brought about by a dreadful disaster.
Roman society was governed by class and so in effect there was three separate army careers possible, that of the common soldier in the ranks, that of the equestrians and that for those destined for command, the senatorial class.
www.roman-empire.net /army/army.html   (13499 words)

  
 Ashton Boone
This paradigm that prevailed in the Roman mindset seems to stem from conflicts in their early history, involving the sack of Rome by the Gauls in 390 BC and a massive defeat by the Samnites at the Caudine Forks in 325 BC.
Roman military organization was superb after the 200s BC and the Battle of Zama, particularly during the Principate, a feat that is a likely product of their masterful abilities in engineering.
Roman military thinking after the 200s BC always emphasized rapid and direct contact with the enemy, oftentimes even if the circumstances were unfavorable for a Roman victory.
amh.freehosting.net /roman.html   (1126 words)

  
 The Glory That Was Rome: Siege Warfare Artillery and Fortifications   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
In the wake of this event the Romans crushed all resistance in the region and destroyed the temple and city of Jerusalem.
The Romans now firmly in control of Judea knew they had to re-take Masada and kill or capture the zealots, especially their leader, to end Jewish resistance for good so they dispatched the elite X legion with auxiliaries (15,000 troops in total) under Flavius Silva to assault the mighty fortress.
Romans overwhelm the Third (outer) Wall, raze the NW reach to the ground and occupy the New City.
www.infohistory.com /rome2.html   (2670 words)

  
 The Roman Legions
Roman legions defended the imperial frontiers from the Scottish border to the deserts of Arabia, from the Danube to the Atlas mountains in northern Africa.
The Romans were especially expert at clever and speedy field maneuvers and the ancient art of siege warfare.
The soldiers were so good that the Romans even found them to be their best weapon at sea: they equipped their galleys with a combination grappling hook/gangplank which both snared the enemy and enabled the infantry to board.
www.culturalresources.com /Romleg.html   (913 words)

  
 Campaigns of Gaius Julius Ceasar; a bibliography for the study of Julius Ceasar and the late Roman Republic
While they are wonderful sources for the study of Caesar and Roman Warfare, they are also propagandistic and sometimes less than truthful in the presentation of other races, individuals and events.
Traces the evolution and growth of the Roman army from the reforms of Servius Tullius through the early empire.
Crawford's book is especially valuable for his presentation on the nature of Roman oligarchy and the relation of Rome to the rest of Italy and its provinces.
www.geocities.com /rchonan/caesarscampaigns.html   (927 words)

  
 Roman Warfare And Punishments   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
As for weapons he was armed with a type of trident consisting of three speared points and a dagger on the left side of his belt.
The Cavalry — Except for the captain of the army, the cavalry were the highest-ranking soldiers in all of the Roman army.
Because the Roman Empire’s army was so powerful and numerous, they won many battles against other parts of Italy to take over and grant to the gods.
www.edu.pe.ca /gulfshore/heroes/Romans/war.htm   (760 words)

  
 Bibliography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
From Amazon.com: Most studies of ancient warfare focus only on the Greeks and the Romans, but this sweeping study covers the whole of the ancient world from Greece and Rome to the Near East, then eastward to Parthia, India, and China.
He analyzes the military practices and capabilities of the Romans and their northern enemies at political, strategic, operational, and tactical levels, and covers civil wars, sieges, and naval warfare.
If Roman dirt and gossip is your thing, Suetonius is your man. A specious source of historical information, it is nonetheless entertaining and a good source of "color" material.
www.wargamer.com /greatbattles/exclusive.asp   (1877 words)

  
 Roman Army: Bibliography
Irby-Massie, G.L., "The Roman Army and the Cult of the Campestres," ZPE 113 (1996) 293-300.
Isaac, Benjamin, "Reflections on the Roman Army in the East," The Defence of the Roman and Byzantine East ed.
Maxfield, Valerie, "The Deployment of the Roman Auxilia in Upper Egypt and the Eastern Desert during the Principate," Alföldy, Géza, Brian Dobson, & Werner Eck (edd.), Kaiser, Heer und Gesellschaft in der römischen Kaiserzeit: Gedenkschrift für Eric Birley (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner 2000).
www.csun.edu /~hcfll004/armybibl.html   (15124 words)

  
 Link to Ancient Rome
Roman Chronology: 343-265 B.C. An excellent and detailed chrnology of the early-mid Republic.
Resource on northern Britain in the 4th century A.D. Roman Legionary Forces in Sicily During the Second Punic War: The Number of Legions Stationed on the Island from 214 to 210 B.C. Article in AHB.
Roman Rulers includes lists of all the kings, ordinary consuls, consular tribunes, dictators, and emperors to ever rule in ancient Rome, spanning the years 753 B.C. (consuls through A.D. The traditional system of Latin nomenclature is used throughout.
www.ghg.net /shetler/rome   (683 words)

  
 Amazon.co.uk: Video: The Roman War Machine - Roman Siege Warfare / Barbarians At The Gate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The Roman army, albeit in a drastically modified form, continued under the Eastern (Byzantine) Empire until the fall of Constantinople in 1453, making it, at nearly 2,000 years old, one of the longest-lived and most conspicuously successful institutions in history.
Most interesting are the demonstrations of Roman equipment and battle tactics by re-enactors such as the Ermine Street Guard (although made for the History Channel with an American narration, most participants are British).
In the final episode, "Barbarians at the Gate", the steady decline of the Empire is sketched, the military reforms of Diocletian and Constantine are touched upon, as is the process of barbarisation of the army, before the collapse of the Western Empire in the fifth century.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/B00004TL9Z   (744 words)

  
 Rome: Military Resources
In general the bulk of the roman army was based a) in the West in the Rhine region during the reign of Augustus, but shifted later to the Danube border, and b) on the Eastern frontier towards Persia." Excerpted from Roman Numismatic Gallery.
Roman culture evolved through that time, from a small collection of villages on seven hills and the earliest kings, to the Republic, to the Empire, and it is still with us.
During our events, several Roman soldiers show different types of armour, reconstructed catapults (scorpio), a Roman camp and civilian items are on display like a provincial clothes fashion-show, a religious ceremony, a Roman woman doctor (medica) with her typical equipment and a Roman writer`s office (scriptor)." English version availabale.
intranet.dalton.org /groups/Rome/RMil.html   (8105 words)

  
 Medieval siege warfare
The Roman military is seen to be characterized by the phalanx of heavily
Roman legion represents public power while the medieval knight--the vassal who holds a fief from his lord--represents government as a private possession of the
In short, Rogers's treatment of warfare is ostensibly limited to the battle tactics and occasionally to the campaign strategy of the besieging forces.
www.deremilitari.org /RESOURCES/ARTICLES/bachrach1.htm   (6203 words)

  
 Ancient Rome - Resource Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
But for the sake of historical knowledge and reference I have created this page as a place where you will be able to resource more than enough information concerning Roman history/.
List of several Roman Emperors, along with photographs of their liknesses.
Age, Gender and Status Divisions at Mealtime in the Roman House
webpages.charter.net /dwellman/history/romhist.html   (722 words)

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