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Topic: Romany language

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  The Language of the Roma
The Romani language, even though it is now comprised of a number of different dialects, belongs to the family of Indo-European languages in a group that includes other languages of Indian origin, such as Hindi and Bengali.
This vocabulary is unstable and is often replaced by words from a new contact language, in the case of Slovak Roma living in the Czech Republic, from the Czech language.
Romany also uses the soft 'l', pronounced the same as it is in Slovak and Polish, as something between an 'l' and a 'w'.
romove.radio.cz /en/article/18659   (1080 words)

  Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Romany language
Romany is the language of the Roma and Sinti, travelling peoples often referred to in English as "gypsies".
They came originally from northern India and parts of Pakistan, and their language belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language group.
Analysis of the Romany language has shown that it is related to those spoken in northern India, such as Hindi and Punjabi, which is believed to indicate their true geographical origin.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/ro/Romany_language   (111 words)

 AllRefer.com - Romany Information
Romanies have frequently been deported from one country to another, as from Scotland to Barbados and other American colonies in 1665 and 1715, and from the Basque country to North Africa in 1802.
Language Studies of the Romany language reveal the routes of their migrations and indicate that they originated in northwestern India.
Romany is related to some of the languages spoken in India, such as Hindustani, but all the countries through which the Romany people have passed have added to their word stock, especially Greek and Slavonic languages.
www.allrefer.com /romany   (817 words)

 CEC | National Perspectives
Romanies represent 6.5 % of the Slovak population (Zelina, 2001).
Kindergarten attendance of the Romany children in Slovakia in 2001 was approximately 5% (Ondrásová, 2002).
Earlier in the 1980s (under the socialist regime), the kindergarten attendance of Romany children was subsidised by the state: Romany children were preferred to the majority population for free-of-charge stay in kindergarten.
www.cec.sped.org /Content/NavigationMenu/AboutCEC/International/DISES/NationalPerspectives/default.htm   (2178 words)

 The Slovak Spectator - Slovakia's English Language Newspaper
In his view, teaching the Romany language in schools is the first rung of the ladder.
The Romany language spoken in Slovakia consists of three dialects: Slovak Romany, spoken in eastern Slovakia; Hungarian Romany spoken in the south and southwest of Slovakia; and the Olah or Wallachian dialect, which shares some mutual elements with Balkan Romany.
So far, Romany language and literature has been taught only at the Secondary School of Arts in Košice and at the department of Romany studies at the University of Constantine the Philosopher in Nitra.
www.slovakspectator.sk /clanok_tlac.asp?cl=12712&rub=spect_news   (1109 words)

 Learn Romany, Romany Windows, Romany Office, Romany Software, Romany Dictionary, Romany Translation, Romany Keyboards, ...
The Languages of the World has long been the essential handbook for al language students and linguists.
In Romany, "Latcho Drom" means "safe journey." This haunting, vibrant, seamless, award-winning film is neither a documentary nor a fiction film but a musical that tells the story of the historic odyssey of the Gypsies from India to Egypt and...
The name Romany is derived from the Gypsy word rom, which means "man." Dialects vary considerably, each strongly influenced by the language of the country in which it is spoken.
www.worldlanguage.com /Languages/Romany.htm   (409 words)

 UNHCR - Czech Republic: Information on the customs of the Roma, including language, wedding and burial rituals
One source states that Romani, the language of the Roma, "is derived from a number of popular idioms close to Sanskrit, and as a result it possesses numerous basic elements in common with Hindi, Nepali, Punjabi etc." (Liégeois 1994, 43).
The pressure upon Romanies to abandon their language and traditions has led to a dismal situation among the younger generation of Romanies in certain localities.
The Romany language is in the process of transformation into a standardised written language" (Helsinki Watch 1992, 15; JPR Dec. 1996, 18; Nationalities Papers Winter 1991, 290).
www.unhcr.org /home/RSDCOI/3ae6ab4918.html   (698 words)

Romany (Romani, Rromano [with a double r]) is the language of the Roma and Sinti, nomadic peoples who came originally from northern India and parts of Pakistan and who currently live world-wide, primarily in Europe.
Romany belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language group and is closely related to Punjabi and Sinhala.
For instance, Romany noun declensions survived in eastern Europe because of the influence of the Slavic languages that have a rich system of noun declensions with the result that Romany has up to eight cases.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/february/romany.html   (681 words)

 Romany — FactMonster.com
Gipsy language, the speech of the Roma or Zincali.
Romany - Romany Romany, language belonging to the Dardic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the...
Romany - Romany Gipsy language, the speech of the Roma or Zincali.
www.factmonster.com /dictionary/brewers/romany.html   (143 words)

 The Language of the Roma
The Romani language, even though it is now comprised of a number of different dialects, belongs to the family of Indo-European languages in a group that includes other languages of Indian origin, such as Hindi and Bengali.
This vocabulary is unstable and is often replaced by words from a new contact language, in the case of Slovak Roma living in the Czech Republic, from the Czech language.
Romany also uses the soft 'l', pronounced the same as it is in Slovak and Polish, as something between an 'l' and a 'w'.
www.romove.cz /en/article/18659   (1080 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Romany
Romanies are believed to have originated in n India, and now inhabit Europe, Asia, America, Africa, and Australia.
ROMANI Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language...
The Romany copper Police and gipsies have traditionally been sworn enemies.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Romany   (729 words)

Romany personnel need to be recruited to child day-care centres and pre-school instruction, so that the Romany language and culture are already taken sufficiently into account already the children start school.
Romany children have also been observed to suffer from what is termed "semilingualism", which means that they lack strong skills in their mother tongue when they start school.
The Unit is assigned to develop and implement nation-wide training and education for the Romany population, to promote the Romany language and culture, to engage in information and publicity activity on Romany culture and education, and to carry out the increasing number of international tasks which have arisen as a result of Finland’s EU membership.
www.romnews.com /a/190-00.html   (3812 words)

 National Minorities of Finland, The Roma — Virtual Finland
Since 1996, the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland has conducted research on the Romani language and provided linguistic advice and guidance services, assisted by experts of the Romani Language Board (both native Roma members and non-Roma linguists), which was established in 1997.
The Roma language is not used in public life with the exception of the news media and religious services.
The Roma language is represented in the Finnish section (FiBLUL) of the European Bureau for Lesser Used Languages (EBLUL) together with Swedish, Sámi, Russian, Tatar and Yiddish.
virtual.finland.fi /finfo/english/minorit4.html   (1891 words)

 Last Romany on the Isle of Wight   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Romany blood was passed on to his children, and one daughter followed that time-honoured profession of fortune-telling at Rottingdean, near Brighton where it is said that she once told the fortunes of the then Prince of Wales and the German Emperor.
A Romany oath is binding for life, and it is a form of this oath that is used in the matrimonial ceremony.
Nowadays the Romany allow their children to be taught the language of the country, and it tends to get the upper hand of the ancient and picturesque tongue of the wanderers.
www.shalfiow.demon.co.uk /romany/last_romany.htm   (811 words)

 Lingua Franca - 28/11/1998: Romany: The Language of the Gypsies...
Donald Kenrick: Well Romany shares its basic vocabulary with Sanskrit, or words for 'head', 'eye', 'food', 'water' we talked about, and 'meat', 'hand', all the numbers, basic numbers, 'husband', 'wife' and all these things, they all come from Sanskrit or a language that was close to Sanskrit.
Donald Kenrick: Yes, well we use the language; there are early recordings of the language from about the 16th century, then the language itself as you say shows the history, the countries they moved through, and gives some idea of the culture.
Not many people actually show an interest in Romany, or in fact in their culture, so they're actually pleased that somebody's interested in their culture and the language is of course part of culture.
www.abc.net.au /rn/arts/ling/stories/s693315.htm   (1947 words)

 About half of Czech Romanies speak Romany - expert  - www.romea.cz
About a half of Romanies who live in the Czech Republic may command the Romany language, Viktor Elsik, an expert from Prague's Charles University, estimated in an interview with CTK today, but said that exact surveys are yet to be completed.
In the Czech Republic, it would be good if the Romany language spread in some areas of practical life, but there is almost no one who could teach it, he added.
The Romany language is in focus of the ongoing international conference organised by Charles University in Prague, which has been attended by language experts and anthropologists from 20 academic institutions from all over the world.
www.romea.cz /english/index.php?id=servis/z_en_2006_0255   (478 words)

 AllRefer.com - Romany (Language And Linguistics) - Encyclopedia
Romany[rom´unE, rO´–] Pronunciation Key, language belonging to the Dardic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Indo-Iranian languages).
It has borrowed considerable vocabulary from the languages of the various peoples among whom its speakers have lived and roamed.
There is no important literature in Romany, but some biblical translations into Romany exist, for which both the Roman and Cyrillic alphabets were used.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/R/Romany.html   (283 words)

 Romany — Infoplease.com
Gipsy language, the speech of the Roma or Zincali.
Romany - Romany Romany, language belonging to the Dardic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the...
Romany - Romany Gipsy language, the speech of the Roma or Zincali.
www.infoplease.com /dictionary/brewers/romany.html   (179 words)

It is of note that two magazines in the Romany language were published in Vojvodina, “Alav e Romeg” and “Romologija,” as editions of the Society of Vojvodina for Romany Language and Literature and the Matica of Romanies (central Romany cultural and publishing society).
The Romanies were the first in Vojvodina’s media space to introduce the highest lingual standard – a program in which each participant speaks in his or her native tongue without subtitles or simultaneous translation and lip-synching.
Up until now the municipality provided for and supported programming in ethnic minority languages which according to the Statute of the particular municipality are in official use regardless of what percentage of the population of the municipality belongs to the particular lingual community because this was considered to be in social interest.
www.mediaonline.ba /en/?ID=297   (1545 words)

 Parliamentary Assembly Assemblée parlementaire
From a legal point of view, the Romany community is still not regarded as an ethnic or national minority group in every member state, and thus it does not enjoy the rights pertaining to this status in all of the countries concerned.
It is necessary to adopt a series of confidence-building and advisory measures aimed at helping Romany migrants from central and eastern Europe already living in the countries of western Europe, and to prevent their further marginalisation.
Romany communities, organisations and political parties should be given the full opportunity to take part in the process of elaborating, implementing and monitoring programmes and policies aimed at improving their present situation.
www.coe.int /t/dg3/romatravellers/documentation/recommendations/parec1557(2002)_en.asp   (2042 words)

 [No title]
In the Spanish official documents of the XVI and XVII centuries, the romany language of that time is bad-deribelately described as a “artificial jargon”, “cingerionza”, argument useful for the negation of a specific gipsy identity.
Comparing the languages that form the Iberian group of the romany, it is possible to conclude that those arose of an only romany root arrived in the century fifteen in Spain.
Lastly it is necessary to point out that we are studying a language that although it continues being used by population's sectors, anything can make in front of the step of the time and to the appearance of new concepts and even objects that have been left without a word that denominates them.
www.geocities.com /webromany/notas_gramaticales/dos_ejemplos/the_romany_language_in_spain.html   (1179 words)

 Division of International Special Education and Services - National Perspectives   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Both rural and urban districts are experiencing increasing ethnic, cultural, and linguistic diversity as a result of immigration, and the nature of this diversity is creating an impetus to reframe the discussion of appropriate education for students with limited English proficiency (Pompa, 2000).
A preliminary study was undertaken in 1999 (Smith-Davis, 1999; 2000) to gather data from State Departments of Education on the estimated size of new immigrant student populations, their countries of origin, and districts where immigrant students are primarily concentrated, and to conduct interviews with officials in a sample of disparate local school districts.
Sequellae of conditions in the country of origin, including deficits in education and native language literacy caused by dislocations and disruptions; variations in levels of teacher training; and results of psychological or physical trauma and stress due to war and violence.
www.ideapractices.org /intl/natlover.html   (10066 words)

 Dzeno Association
Most of historians of Romany literature are not specialized in study of literature, so that they did not have the necessary esthetic, theoretical, historical-literary and methodological preparations in order to engage successfully in such issues as issues of literature, its periodisation and history.
Responsibility toward language of Roma writers today can be said to be particularly large because dialects and vernaculars of Romany language in this period of cultural prosperity have started walking on the way of syntheses and creation of national literary language for the first time in its history.
Therefore responsibility of Romany language toward the language is dual: cultural and artistic, the former being a duty of all writers today, and the latter being a duty of all writers and all nations.
www.dzeno.cz /?c_id=12462   (1774 words)

 U.S.ENGLISH Foundation Official Language Research - Slovakia: Language in everyday life
Klára Orgovánová, government commissioner for Romany issues, said on January 17, 2002 that the Slovak Roma should have a chance to be educated in their mother tongue in addition to the Slovak language.
She does not believe the Romany language should be used as the only language of instructions in Romany schools, but “could be a sort of helping language in classes where Romany pupils prevail.” Another goal to achieve is to promote creating a secondary school that would primarily prepare Romany students for working in state administration.
Romani was codified in Slovakia in 1971 and the argument that Roma parents are not in favor of education in Romani is based on a controversial survey conducted by the Meciar’s government in 1994.
www.us-english.org /foundation/research/olp/viewResearch.asp?CID=34&TID=6   (3669 words)

 VTrain (Vocabulary Trainer) --- Language Database
Romany is split up numerous dialects and has never attained official status in any country.
Being a language of a rich oral tradition, almost no written works were published in Romany until the 20th c.
Its vocabulary varies a great deal from one dialect to another, since Romany speakers borrowed many loanwords from neighboring languages in their migration west.
www.paul-raedle.de /vtrain/db-romany-info.htm   (131 words)

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