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  Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rousseau's response to this prompt, answering in the negative, was his 1750 "Discourse on the Arts and Sciences", which won him first prize in the contest and gained him significant fame.
Rousseau contended that man was good by nature, a "noble savage" when in the state of nature (the state of all the "other animals", and the condition humankind was in before the creation of civilization and society), but is corrupted by society.
Rousseau was one of the first modern writers to seriously attack the institution of private property, and therefore is often considered a forebearer of modern socialism and communism (see Karl Marx, though Marx rarely mentions Rousseau in his writings).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jean-Jacques_Rousseau   (3018 words)

 Henri Rousseau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Henri Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was a French Post-Impressionist painter in the Naive or Primitive manner.
Henri Rousseau was born in 1844 in Laval, and started painting when he was 40 years old.
Henri Rousseau died in 1910 and was interred in the Cimetière de Bagneux.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Henri_Rousseau   (560 words)

 Rousseau, Jean Jacques. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Rousseau was born at Geneva, the son of a watchmaker.
Rousseau’s educational proposal is highly artificial, the process is carefully timed and controlled, but with the end of allowing the free development of human potential.
Rousseau’s style, in all his writings, is always personal, sometimes bizarre, sometimes rhetorical, sometimes bitterly sarcastic, sometimes deliberately plebeian, and often animated by a tender and musical quality unequaled in French prose.
www.bartleby.com /65/ro/RousseauJ.html   (1282 words)

 Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Tutte le informazioni su Jean-Jacques Rousseau su Encyclopedia.it   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Rousseau sostiene che tali mali non sono connaturati all'uomo, bensì connessi alla disuguaglianza economica.
In tal modo, Rousseau si contrappose agli altri illuministi, in quanto all'ottimismo scientifico e filosofico di questi sostituiva una visione morale fondata sui valori dell'interiorità e sulla considerazione dello stato presente come condizione di decadenza e di corruzione rispetto a uno stato originario.
Rousseau pur condividendo lo spirito dell'illuminismo, per la sua appassionata difesa della ragione e dei diritti degli individui, anticipò alcuni aspetti del romanticismo, difendendo il sentimento e l'esperienza soggettiva, corrente quella dei preromantici rivalutata dalla critica letteraria.
www.encyclopedia.it /j/je/jean-jacques_rousseau.html   (339 words)

 Jean Jacques Rousseau, 1712-1778
Rousseau composed an opera Les Muses galantes which led to a correspondence with Voltaire and eventually acquaintance with Denis Diderot (1713-1784) and the encyclopedistes.
Rousseau's views of monarchy and governmental institutions outraged the powers that be and his ideas on natural religion, unorthodox to both Catholics and Protestants, forced him to flee to Môtiers in Neuchâtel under the protection of Frederick the Great.
Rousseau's powerful influence on the European Romantic movement and after was due to his vision of a regenerated human nature.
www.historyguide.org /europe/rousseau.html   (912 words)

 Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Wikipedia
Rousseau wurde in Genf als Sohn des calvinistischen Uhrmachers Isaak Rousseau geboren.
Rousseau verließ sie, war einige Zeit Hauslehrer in Lyon und ging dann (1742) nach Paris, um ein von ihm entwickeltes Notensystem von der Académie des Sciences patentieren zu lassen.
Rousseau erhielt den ersten Preis und wurde über Nacht berühmt.
de.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jean-Jacques_Rousseau   (1810 words)

 Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-78).   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In time, Rousseau was to return to Madame de Warens and was to become her general factotum and lover.
Rousseau's concept of a social contract (viz., that there existed unstated reciprocal obligations between the people and government) is not near as upsetting as his view that the existing social conventions should be immediately upset like a barrow of apples at the Saturday morning market: every apple, all at once, to be bruised and kicked.
What Rousseau failed to observe or appreciate is that the state is an "organic organ" which has evolved over a very long time and runs (and can only run) on culture and custom: on tradition.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Rousseau.htm   (830 words)

 Henri Rousseau Biography
Henri Julien Rousseau was born in Laval in Northern France into a family of a plumber.
Rousseau was seemingly unimpressed by the derision with which he was treated by art critics.
Henri Julien Rousseau died September 2, 1910 in Paris at the age of sixty-six.
www.artelino.com /articles/henri_rousseau.asp   (965 words)

 Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Rousseau's life was full of contradictions: he defended the rights of little children but consigned his five illegitimate offspring to a foundling institution.
Rousseau's naturalism was in great contrast to all that his great contemporary Voltaire considered the quintessence of civilization.
Rousseau's theory of education rests on two assumptions: that man is by nature good and that society and civilization corrupt the native goodness.
www.kirjasto.sci.fi /rousse.htm   (1989 words)

 Jean-Jaques Rousseau and informal education
Rousseau believed it was possible to preserve the original nature of the child by careful control of his education and environment based on an analysis of the different physical and psychological stages through which he passed from birth to maturity (Stewart and McCann 1967).
Rousseau believes that by the time Émile is fifteen, his reason will be well developed, and he will then be able to deal with he sees as the dangerous emotions of adolescence, and with moral issues and religion.
Rousseau's exploration of education took the form of a novel concerning the tutoring of a young boy.
www.infed.org /thinkers/et-rous.htm   (5071 words)

 Jean-Jacques Rousseau
The central concept in Rousseau's thought is "liberty," and most of his works deal with the mechanisms through which humans are forced to give up their liberty.
In fact, Rousseau believed that the social contract, if it were followed on all sides, bound every member of society to obedience to political authority.
Rousseau was trying to figure out a way to maximize individual liberty while preserving order, obedience, and harmony in society.
www.wsu.edu:8000 /~dee/ENLIGHT/ROUSSEAU.HTM   (1032 words)

 Jean-Jacques Rousseau | Philosopher
When Rousseau was 10 his father fled from Geneva to avoid imprisonment for a minor offense, leaving young Jean-Jacques to be raised by an aunt and uncle.
In his early writing, Rousseau contended that man is essentially good, a "noble savage" when in the "state of nature" (the state of all the other animals, and the condition man was in before the creation of civilization and society), and that good people are made unhappy and corrupted by their experiences in society.
Rousseau's essay, "Discourse on the Arts and Sciences" (1750), argued that the advancement of art and science had not been beneficial to mankind.
www.lucidcafe.com /library/96jun/rousseau.html   (862 words)

Rousseau sired but refused to support several illegitimate children and frequently initiated bitter quarrels with even the most supportive of his colleagues.
Pursuit of the arts and sciences, Rousseau argued, merely promotes idleness, and the resulting political inequality encourages alienation.
Rousseau began to apply these principles to political issues specifically in his
www.philosophypages.com /ph/rous.htm   (347 words)

 Malaspina Great Books - Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712)
Rousseau was one of the first modern writers to seriously attack the institution of private property, and therefore is considered a forebearer of modern socialism and Communism.
Rousseau is buried in The Pantheon , Paris.
Rousseau sees clearly how this scheme could be used, was used, and is still today used to hoodwink the poor.
www.malaspina.org /home.asp?topic=./search/details&lastpage=./search/results&ID=169   (3540 words)

 Stallions - Rousseau   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Rousseau readily passed every category of the inspection, including the clinical exam with totally clean x-rays, and earned remarks from the officials regarding his tremendous character and presence.
Rousseau continues to show himself as an exceptional competitor, with the caliber mind, movement, and athleticism that consistently puts him at the top of his peer group.
Rousseau's sire Olympic Ferro is the leading stallion of the KWPN, the #1 stallion in World Stallion Rankings for dressage, and bears the 13th position in overall World Dressage Rankings, according to the FEI-Gandini report.
www.hilltopfarminc.com /stallions_rousseau.htm   (999 words)

 The Period of the Enlightenment in France: Jean Jacques Rousseau   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Rousseau is truly the most original figure of French Illuminism, of which he was not only a protagonist but also a severe critic.
As far as Rousseau is concerned, the growth of culture produces an increase of indigence and corruption.
Rousseau resolved the question by distinguishing between "the general will" and "the will of all," giving to this latter a meaning opposite the former.
www.radicalacademy.com /philenlightenment.htm   (2471 words)

 Sharon's Art Gallery--Henri Rousseau
Rousseau liked to say that the great and famous art teachers had warned him never to lose the naive quality of his work.
The highlight of Rousseau's life was a banquet, held in his honor, at Picasso's studio in 1908.
Rousseau, enthroned on a chair set atop a packing case, played a composition of his own on the violin.
www.geocities.com /CollegePark/Campus/5325/rousseau.html   (568 words)

 Jean-Jacques Rousseau
In particular, he shared with his fellow Enlightenment philosophers the faith in the existence of a "natural state" of society - which one could thereby extend to social equilibrium and "natural value" concepts - which were very much ingrained in the thinking of the Physiocrats and Adam Smith.
The "natural state", Rousseau claimed, could only be achieved via wholesale social reform which, in its ultimate manifestation, envisioned not Hobbes's "equilibrium" of competing wants, but rather a collective state with extra-personal dedication to a "General Will".
However, Rousseau's paranoid nature and bitterness annoyed even the good-natured Hume, and soon enough, he returned to France, where he wandered in poverty until his death in 1778.
cepa.newschool.edu /het/profiles/rousseau.htm   (528 words)

 WebMuseum: Rousseau, Henri
Rousseau was buried in a pauper's grave, but his greatness began to be widely acknowledged soon after his death.
Rousseau was an artist from an earlier era: he died in 1910, long before the Surrealist painters championed his art.
Although Rousseau's greatest wish was to paint in an academic style, and he believed that the pictures he painted were absolutely real and convincing, the art world loved his intense stylization, direct vision, and fantastical images.
www.ibiblio.org /wm/paint/auth/rousseau   (749 words)

 Henri Rousseau
Rousseau could have seen such and such a work, particularly at the Salon des Independants where he showed regularly and at which he must have been a sedulous visitor.
Rousseau's landscapes are filled to an obsessive degree with means of communication: streets, country paths, bridges, vehicles, and, more original, balloons and airplanes.
In short, Rousseau's level of education was higher than average for petty civil servants at the time and very much on a par with that of other artists, J.
www.artchive.com /artchive/R/rousseau.html   (2314 words)

 Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Rousseau's leven maakt zijn werk niet erg geloof- waardig
Rousseau's werk is tegen- strijdig zoals het leven zelf
Kortom: Rousseau wordt ingelijfd in elk denkbaar kamp, en hij heeft daar zelf wel het nodige toe bijgedragen.
kubnw16.uvt.nl /~ljansen/filosoof/gesch/rousseau.htm   (1240 words)

 Artist Biography - Rehs Galleries, Inc.
In part, Rousseau did not submit to the Salon as the 1848 Revolution turned the tables on the Salon jury and much to his surprise, Rousseau found himself on the committee entrusted to hang the pictures for the next public exhibition.
This was a period of intense Salon activity for Rousseau, with 1849 proving a success with respect to the number of paintings exhibited and the fact that Rousseau was given increasing public exposure.
But it was much too late for this recognition, as Rousseau had already been slighted so often during his career that even upon receiving an honor that he had wished for, for such a long time, it was not sufficient recompense for the suffering he had endured.
www.rehs.com /biography.html?key=68   (2449 words)

 Philosophers : Rousseau   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Rousseau's most celebrated theory was that of the "natural man." In his Discourse on the Inequalities of Men (1754) and Social Contract (1762) he maintained that human beings were essentially good and equal in the state of nature but were corrupted by the introduction of property, agriculture, science, and commerce.
ƒmile (1762), a didactic novel, expounds Rousseau's theory that education is not the imparting of knowledge but the drawing out of what is already in the child.
From the 1760s Rousseau was tormented by persecution mania, and he lived his later years in seclusion.
www.trincoll.edu /depts/phil/philo/phils/rousseau.html   (168 words)

 Rousseau - worship of nature
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was the most influential political philosopher of the eighteenth century.
Rousseau claimed that the ideal state would have to have a state religion, but this would be concerned with social obligations rather than supernatural beliefs.
In 1765 Rousseau took refuge from this sea of troubles on the isolated island of St Pierre in the Bielersee in the canton of Bern.
members.aol.com /Heraklit1/rousseau.htm   (1009 words)

 Amazon.com: Books: Rousseau: 'The Discourses' and Other Early Political Writings (Cambridge Texts in the History of ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Rousseau talks about two kinds of freedom, the freedom to act and the freedom to enjoy the fruits of action, both of which serve the goal of the preservation of life.
Here, Rousseau again emphasizes that the "ingenious machine" of animals and men share the goal of protecting their beings, however, the means to achieve this goal is different in that man are equipped with a different mechanism, their free will, to achieve this end.
Although Rousseau does not talk about it directly, but for his system to work, pleasure and pain must be the markers of experiences, distinguishing between what is good for one's survival and what is not.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0521424453?v=glance   (4143 words)

 Henri Rousseau
Mark Harden's Artchive: Henri Rousseau Essay: "Rousseau and His Time" from work by Micheal Hoog.
A bird, Puffer, in an entertaining manner, interviews Rousseau giving him the opportunity to explain how he developed his unique style of painting birds, animals, and plant life after viewing them at the Paris Zoo and Botanical Gardens.
Rousseau describes some of his paintings as actual examples are shown.
www.princetonol.com /groups/iad/lessons/middle/rousseau.htm   (459 words)

 Jean Jacques Rousseau Association
The Rousseau Association/Association Rousseau, also known as the North American Association for the Study of Rousseau, is a bilingual society devoted to the study of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
The 12th biennial colloquium of the Rousseau Assocation was held May 24-27, 2001, at the University of Quebec in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Rousseau's La Lettre sur la Musique francaise, Diderot's Le Neveu de Rameau, and others) comprising the nature of the libretto, the feasibility of French as a language for opera, and the possibility of word and tone as a single unified text.
www.wabash.edu /rousseau/Rousass1.html   (1095 words)

 artfacts.net: Henri Rousseau
Rousseau leaves the army early and moves to Paris, where he works for an officer of the court.
At the 7th Salon des Indépendants, Rousseau exhibits his first painting depicting a jungle, entitled Surprised!, which is praised in an article by Félix Vallotton.
Rousseau is commissioned by Berthe Comtesse de Rose, mother of the painter Robert Delaunay, to paint The Snake Charmer.
www.artfacts.net /index.php/pageType/artistInfo/artist/8971   (787 words)

 Rousseau, Jean Jacques on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Compassion without charity, freedom without liberty: the political fantasies of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Mapping misogyny: Godwin's Fleetwood and the staging of Rousseauvian education.(William Godwin, Jean-Jacques Rousseau)
Staging Rousseau's Republic: French Revolutionary festivals and Olympe de Gouges.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/R/RousseauJ1.asp   (326 words)

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