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Topic: Royal Marriages Act

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  Royal Marriages Act 1772 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Any member of the Royal Family over the age of 25 who has been refused the sovereign's consent may marry one year after giving notice to the Privy Council of their intention to so marry, unless Parliament passes an act against the marriage in the interim.
As the result of the Act, the 1785 marriage of George IV, then heir to the throne, to Maria Anne Fitzherbert (a Catholic widow) was deemed illegal; without the Royal Marriages Act, it is possible that the marriage could have excluded George from the throne under the Act of Settlement 1701.
It has been theorized that the act is spent, because all members of the royal family are descendants (by way of Queen Alexandra) of a princess who married into a foreign house.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Royal_Marriages_Act_1772   (305 words)

 Sophia Naturalization Act
The Sophia Naturalization Act is an Act passed by the English Parliament in 1705.
It followed the Act of Settlement, whereby the descendants of the Electress Sophia of Hanover and her heirs were declared to be in the line of succession to the throne.
The effects of the 1705 Act had been complicated slightly by the Royal Marriages Act 1772, which included a proviso that the marriages of certain descendants of King George II would be null and void unless the consent of the Crown had first been obtained.
www.teachtime.com /en/wikipedia/s/so/sophia_naturalization_act.html   (272 words)

 The Royal Marriages Act, 1772
In 1772, the ministry of Lord North put the Royal Marriages Act through parliament, despite a great deal of opposition, especially from Charles James Fox who said that even members of the royal familyshould be able to marry whomsoever they wished.
The Act was attacked by Chatham and Fox as extending royal powers to tyrannical levels; it passed into law easily which is indicative of the authority which Lord North had in parliament.
she was a Catholic and the marriage of the heir to the thone to a Catholic was prohibited by the 1701 Act of Settlement
www.victorianweb.org /history/marriage.html   (390 words)

 PRAEMUNIRE - LoveToKnow Article on PRAEMUNIRE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The range and description of offences subject to the penalties of praemunire were greatly widened after the Reformation, so that acts of a very miscellaneous character were from time to time brought within the scope of enactments passed for a very different purpose.
By the Succession to the Crown Act 2707, verbally to assert the rights of a person to the Crown contrary to the Acts of Settlement and Union is praemunire (to do so by writing or printing is treason).
The Royal Marriages Act 1772 is the last statute which subjects anyone to the penalties of a praemunire.
64.1911encyclopedia.org /P/PR/PRAEMUNIRE.htm   (845 words)

 Marriage Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The Marriage Act, 1753 which abolished common-law marriage in England and Wales
The Marriage Act, a penal law passed in 1697 discouraging interfaith marriages.
The Defense of Marriage Act passed in the United States to restrict same-sex marriage in the United States
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Marriage_Act   (144 words)

 Politics | Open the books and cut church link, royals told
Sweeping reforms of the royal family, including parliamentary control of most of its income, an end to the anti-women and anti-Catholic laws of succession and the monarch's role as head of the Church of England, are being proposed by the Fabian Society.
The Royal Marriages Act of 1772, which originally banned the wayward sons of George III from marrying without the king's consent, should be repealed.
Royal powers rarely exercised in reality, such as choice of prime minister, should be scrapped.
politics.guardian.co.uk /print/0,3858,4713066-107973,00.html   (783 words)

 Act of Settlement 1701   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
This act was in many ways the cause of the union of Scotland and England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Parliament of Scotland was not with the Act of Settlement and in passed the Act of Security in 1704 which gave them the right to their own Protestant successor to Queen Anne.
As a result of the Act of several members of the British Royal Family who have converted to Roman Catholicism or married Catholics have been barred their place in the line of succession since George I no individual has in been excluded on the grounds of religion the throne.
www.freeglossary.com /Act_of_Settlement   (786 words)

 USATODAY.com - Buzz: Charles and Camilla will marry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
After ignoring the mistress to the royal heir for so many years, the queen apparently now reasons that Charles' eventual coronation shouldn't be marred by speculation about where Camilla will sleep, or who will run the house, according to the reports.
Royal watchers suggest the report may be an attempt to soften up the public to the prospect of Charles remarrying.
One possible snag: Marriage could be a problem in the eyes of the Church of England, which frowns on second marriages.
www.usatoday.com /life/2001-08-16-charles.htm   (493 words)

 Charles.y2u.co.uk - Charles, Prince of Wales
The Prince of Wales is a Vice-Admiral in the Royal Navy, a Lieutenant-General in the British Army and an Air Marshal in the Royal Air Force.
Lord Falconer of Thoroton told the House of Lords [3] that the 1836 Act had been repealed by the Marriage Act 1949 which had different wording, and that the British Government were satisfied that it was lawful for the couple to marry by a civil ceremony in accordance with Part III of the 1949 Act.
The civil ceremony was attended by all the senior royals apart from the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh.
charles.y2u.co.uk   (2688 words)

 The Royal Scribe
The Act, initiated by the high-minded George III, which prohibited any descendant of George II to marry under the age of 25 without the monarch's permission, was designed to prevent “unsuitable” royal marriages.
Not only had the Act immediately proved unsuccessful, it had been widely unpopular even before it was passed, not just within the circle of the affected members of the royal family, but with at least two prominent politicians in particular arguing loudly against it.
Although the Act had again failed to prevent this unsuitable union, the marriage was nonetheless illegal, not only under the Royal Marriages Act, but also under the 1701 Act of Settlement, which prohibits a Catholic or anyone married to a Catholic from ascending the throne (more on this in a minute).
www.etoile.co.uk /Columns/RoyalScribe/040719.html   (1389 words)

 Department for Constitutional Affairs - Speeches - Parliamentary Statements
In the light of recent interest in the law surrounding Royal marriages, I am making this statement to set out in more detail the view that has been taken by the Government on the lawfulness of the proposed marriage between the Prince of Wales and Mrs Parker Bowles.
The interpretation of any Act of Parliament, even when it consolidates previous legislation, must be based on the words used in the Act itself, not different words used in the previous legislation.
We also note that the Human Rights Act has since 2000 required legislation to be interpreted wherever possible in a way that is compatible with the right to marry (article 12) and with the right to enjoy that right without discrimination (article 14).
www.dca.gov.uk /pubs/statements/royalmarriage.htm   (489 words)

 alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility
Since the spouse of a member of the royal family is instantly in a special position, as the possible parent or ancestor of a future sovereign, it is indeed perfectly relevant for the Crown to have a say in whom a member of the royal family marries.
In the case of the royal family, Princess Margaret's decision not to marry Peter Townsend was not least because she was persuaded that as someone so close to the Throne she had a duty of obedience to royal tradition and to the teachings of the Church of England (as they then stood).
Scotland Act of 1998, which created the new Scottish Parliament, incorporated the Acts of Union in clause 37, and in Schedule 5 specifically stated that the Crown, including the succession, and the Union were among the "reserved matters" that were defined, in clause 29, to be outside the competence of that Parliament.
www.heraldica.org /faqs/britfaq.html   (18602 words)

 Guardian Unlimited | Special reports | Secret deal would have let princess keep royal title and income
The files show that the Queen was also prepared to reform the 1772 act so that it was restricted to the marriages of her children or grandchildren and those of the "heir presumptive".
If the act were repealed, the effect would be to restore the common law under which the sovereign's approval is required for the marriages of his or her own children and grandchildren and of the heir presumptive.
In the event Princess Margaret resolved the government's dilemma by announcing on October 31 1955 that "mindful of the church's teachings that Christian marriage is indissoluble" she would not be marrying the group captain.
www.guardian.co.uk /monarchy/story/0,2763,1115436,00.html   (1066 words)

 JS Online: Royal wedding ruled a legal union
Local shopkeepers are celebrating the forthcoming marriage of Britain’s Prince Charles to his longtime companion, Camilla Parker Bowles, in a civil ceremony on April 8 in Windsor.
The Act of Settlement of 1701, which followed the nation's short-lived experiment with abolishing the monarchy, forbids the monarch from marrying a Roman Catholic.
The Royal Marriages Act of 1772 requires royals to have the permission of the King in Council (the government) to marry.
www.jsonline.com /enter/gen/mar05/307854.asp?format=print   (561 words)

Hugo Vickers is a royal historian and biographer.
The Fabians also want the Royal Marriages Act of 1772 repealed, which would mean that Prince Charles would be free to marry without needing his mother's permission first.
It was instituted to protect the royal family from unwelcome intruders by entrusting to the sovereign the need to give approval to any intended union of a descendant of George II other than the children of princesses who had married into foreign royal houses.
www.hellomagazine.com /magazine/2003/07/22/hellocomment775   (443 words)

 Scotsman.com News - Opinion - Columnists - Charles ought to give up either Camilla or the throne
Morganatic marriage is a German concept, the name deriving from the Morgengabe, the morning gift made by the husband to his wife on their marriage.
The Royal Marriages Act was passed because George III was angry at the unequal marriage contracted by one of his brothers, the Duke of Cumberland (not the Butcher).
Cabinet papers since released show the Queen was prepared to amend the Act to apply only to her children and grandchildren, and the princess would have been allowed to retain her style of Royal Highness and to carry out official duties, provided she renounced the succession.
news.scotsman.com /columnists.cfm?id=166312005   (1293 words)

 The Muse of the Monarchy
As the Act itself reveals in its opening lines ‘royal concern for the future welfare of your people, and the honour and dignity of your crown’*, drove George III to take it upon himself to introduce of the Royal Marriage Act.
This caused the marriage of the then Prince of Wales, George IV, and his Catholic wife, the twice widowed, Maria FitzHerbert to be kept in complete secrecy.
In a second act of gallantry, Ernest allowed the divorce to be pursued on the grounds of his own infidelity with Wallis’ lifelong friend, Mary Kirk Raffray.
www.etoile.co.uk /Muse/010302.html   (1415 words)

 Telegraph | News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
However, section 45 was still in force at the time the Marriage Act 1949 was passed, leading some lawyers to argue that the 1949 Act, like its predecessor, did not permit a member of the Royal Family to take part in a civil ceremony of marriage.
A senior QC said this week that this, too, would exclude members of the Royal family from civil marriage, since there was a custom in 1949, based on previous law, that they married only in church.
In 1992, the Princess Royal, unable to remarry in the Church of England, married her second husband at a church in Scotland.
www.telegraph.co.uk /news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/02/24/nchar124.xml&sSheet=/news/2005/02/24/ixnewstop.html   (686 words)

 icScotland - Marriage 'is lawful'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Section 45 said that the Act 'shall not extend to the marriage of any of the Royal Family'.
But the provisions on civil marriage in the 1836 Act were repealed by the Marriage Act 1949.
Lord Falconer, who said he was making his statement "in the light of recent interest in the law surrounding Royal marriages", continued: "The Marriage Act 1949 re-enacted and re-stated the law on marriage in England and Wales.
icscotland.icnetwork.co.uk /news/uk/tm_objectid=15223248&method=full&siteid=50141&headline=marriage--is-lawful--name_page.html   (397 words)

 Prince of Wales (Marriage): 24 Feb 2005: Written Ministerial Statements (TheyWorkForYou.com)
In the light of recent interest in the law surrounding royal marriages, I am making this statement to set out in more detail the view that has been taken by the Government on the lawfulness of the proposed marriage between the Prince of Wales and Mrs.
The Marriage Act 1949 re-enacted and re-stated the law on marriage in England and Wales.
It also preserves the effect of the Royal Marriages Act 1772, which requires the Sovereign's consent for certain marriages.
www.theyworkforyou.com /wms?id=2005-02-24.59WS.1   (506 words)

 History of the Monarchy > The Hanoverians > George III
These policies were largely due to the financial burdens of garrisoning and administering the vast expansion of territory brought under the British Crown in America, the costs of a series of wars with France and Spain in North America, and the loans given to the East India Company (then responsible for administering India).
However, his sons disappointed him and, after his brothers made unsuitable secret marriages, the Royal Marriages Act of 1772 was passed at George's insistence.
One of the most cultured of monarchs, George started a new royal collection of books (65,000 of his books were later given to the British Museum, as the nucleus of a national library) and opened his library to scholars.
www.royal.gov.uk /output/Page111.asp   (978 words)

 Frederick, Lord North (1732 -- 1792)
In the same year, North put the Royal Marriages Act to parliament: this prevented the marriage of any member of the royal family without the monarch's consent.
North's ministry passed the Regulating Act for India in 1773, followed by the Tea Act that led to the Boston Tea Party and the subsequent Coercive Acts of 1774.
Ironically, the Tea Act had nothing to do with the American colonies but everything to do with rescuing the East India Company from bankruptcy: the result of the legislation was the loss of the American colonies.
www.victorianweb.org /history/pms/north.html   (899 words)

 British royal marriage constitutional formality, PR quagmire: experts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Weddings involving British royals are governed by two laws, the 1772 Royal Marriages Act and the 1701 Act of Settlement.
The first dictates that the marriage of any lineal descendant of George III, who reigned from 1760 to 1801, is invalid unless royal consent is first given -- not an issue for Charles and Parker Bowles given that Queen Elizabeth has given the union her blessing.
The Act of Settlement prevents a Roman Catholic, or anyone married to a Roman Catholic, from succeeding to the throne -- again not a hurdle given that Parker Bowles is, like Charles, an Anglican.
www.turkishpress.com /news.asp?ID=37218   (750 words)

 BBC NEWS | Programmes | Panorama | Possible bar to wedding uncovered
The documents, dating from the 1950s and 1960s, detail advice given to senior government officials and ministers on the subject of a Royal marriage by civil ceremony and possible reforms of the Royal Marriage Act, 1772.
"Marriages of members of the Royal Family are not in the same position as marriages of other persons.
A civil marriage before the registrar, and marriage according to the rites of any church other than the Church of England, are not possible.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/programmes/panorama/4262943.stm   (294 words)

 MediaGuardian.co.uk | Media | Timeline: the royal wedding fiasco
The marriage of Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles is announced, earlier than the royal household had planned in order to scupper an Evening Standard scoop.
Constitutional experts claim that the union would be unlawful under the Royal Marriages Act for a member of the royal family to be married in a civil ceremony.
The 1836 Marriage Act prevents any senior royal from marrying in a civil ceremony and legal opinion has been divided over whether the 1949 Marriage Act repeals this part of the legislation.
media.guardian.co.uk /site/story/0,14173,1452086,00.html   (740 words)

The royal subjects have to believe that the king or queen is somehow superior - stronger, or braver or smarter than the people they rule.
While there are still royal families in Europe, the Middle East and a couple of Asian countries, with only one or two exceptions they are hardly the all powerful monarchs of the past.
In most places, the local royals are more like small time politicians, attending parades and public functions, and cutting the occasional ribbon at supermarket openings.
members.tripod.com /snfn/funnies/sf_19a4.htm   (2296 words)

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