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Topic: Rudolph II, Holy Roman Emperor

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  Austria - Rudolph   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
The Crown of Rudolph II of Austria (1602)
Rudolph was born in Vienna on July 18th 1552, son of Maximilien II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, King of Hungary and Maria, a daughter of Emperor Charles V, Rudolph was one of the most eccentric of European monarchs.
On the demise of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806 the crown became known as The Crown of The Emperor of Austria.
www.crownminiatures.com /austria-rudolph.html   (276 words)

 The Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire (German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a political conglomeration of lands in western and central Europe in the Middle Ages.
The term Roman Empire was used in 1034 to denote the lands under Conrad II, and Holy Empire in 1157.
That the Roman laws were created for an entirely different system and didn't fit the structure of the Empire was obviously secondary; the point here was that the court of the Emperor made an attempt to establish a legal constitution.
home.comcast.net /~desilva22/holyromanempire.htm   (3832 words)

 Rudolph - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rudolph I of Bohemia, King of Bohemia (1306-1307) =Rudolph III of Austria
Rudolph II of the Palatinate, Count Palatine of the Rhine and Elector (1329-1353)
Arthur Rudolph, a rocket scientist who helped develop the V-2 and the Saturn V. Eric Robert Rudolph, (born September 19, 1966) is a serial murderer and terrorist.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rudolph   (321 words)

Matthias, Holy Roman emperor, son of the emperor Maximilian II and Maria, daughter of the emperor Charles V, was born in Vienna, on the 24th of February 1557.
This pacific policy was displeasing to Rudolph, who prepared to renew the Turkish War; but having secured the support of the national party in Hungary and gathered an army, Matthias forced his brother to cede to him this kingdom, together with Austria and Moravia, both of which had thrown in their lot with Hungary (1608).
Rudolph, however, was successful in preventing the election of Matthias as German king, or king of the Romans, and when he died, in January 1612, no provision had been made for a successor.
www.nndb.com /people/381/000096093   (896 words)

 City of the last Roman Emperors
Two emperors of the Hohenstaufen family, Frederick I "Barbarossa" (red bearded) and Frederick II strongly fought to assert their role in Italy, but eventually their party was defeated.
He was portrayed as a Roman emperor and more specifically Marcus Aurelius, who had died in Vienna, as the positioning of the horse and the gesture of the hand definitely derive from the emperor's statue in Piazza del Campidoglio.
Francis II was forced to this step by Napoleon, but it is true to say that the notion of a universal empire had no citizenship in the emerging context of strong European national feelings.
www.romeartlover.it /Vieimper.html   (1508 words)

 Holy Roman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
The pope's crowning of Charlemagne as emperor in 800 formed the example that later kings would follow: it was the result of Charlemagne having defended the pope against the rebellious inhabitants of Rome, which initiated the notion of the Reich being the protector of the church.
These rights were now explicitly rooted in Roman Law, a far-reaching constitutional act; north of the Alps, the system was also now connected to feudal law, a change most visible in the withdrawal of the feuds of Henry the Lion in 1180 which lead to his public banning.
In 1282, Rudolph I thus lended his own Austria and the Steiermark to his own sons; Louis IV of Wittelsbach (king 1314, emperor 1328-1347) relied on his lands in Bavaria; Charles IV of Luxembourg drew strength from his own lands in Bohemia.
home.comcast.net /~sylvanarrow/Holy_Roman_Empire.htm   (3667 words)

 History of Art: Renaissance - Arcimboldo
Rudolph II must have been delighted with these paintings, because he awarded Arcimboldo one of his highest orders in 1592.
Even at the Emperor's court, a considerable portion of educated society consisted of alchemists and magicians, thus showing that the distinction between the arts and sciences was not as clear-cut as it is today.
1575 Rudolph II is crowned King of Bohemia in Prague, and shortly afterwards King of the Roman Empire in Regensburg.
www.all-art.org /early_renaissance/arcimboldo01biography.html   (5933 words)

 Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor Summary
Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (Vienna, May 5, 1747 – Vienna, March 1, 1792) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand-duke of Tuscany.
If Leopold's reign as emperor and king of Hungary and Bohemia had been prolonged during years of peace, it is probable that he would have repeated his successes as a reforming ruler in Tuscany on a far larger scale.
From the east he was threatened by the aggressive ambition of Catherine II of Russia and by the unscrupulous policy of Prussia.
www.bookrags.com /Leopold_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (2671 words)

 Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor Summary
Maximilian II of the Habsburg dynasty (July 31, 1527 - October 12, 1576) was king of Bohemia from 1562, king of Hungary from 1563 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1564 until his death.
Born in Vienna, he was a son of his predecessor Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547).
His first cousin Philip II of Spain, son of Charles V, was ahead of him in the line of succession, but under a 1553 agreement Maximilian displaced Philip as heir to the Imperial throne.
www.bookrags.com /Maximilian_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (1072 words)

 Courtly Lives - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand I, later a Holy Roman Emperor, was born in Alcala de Henares, Madrid, Spain, on March 10, 1503, and died in Vienna on July 27, 1564.
Maximilian II was the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, and King of Bohemia and Hungary.
Albrecht I (1248-1308), Holy Roman Emperor, and Duke of Austria in 1282.
www.angelfire.com /mi4/polcrt/MaximilianI.html   (1623 words)

 Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rudolf II von Habsburg was an emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, King of Bohemia, and King of Hungary.
He was the eldest son and successor of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, King of Hungary; his mother was Maria of Spain, a daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal.
Rudolf II was one of the most eccentric European monarchs of that or any other period.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rudolph_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (546 words)

 Image of Tycho Brahe: Rudolph II
Image of Tycho Brahe: Rudolph II 'The Noble Dane: Images of Tycho Brahe' has, as its centrepiece, the restored painting from the Museum's collection of a scene in the life of the sixteenth-century astronomer.
Rudolph is seated and holds a paintbrush and palette, while to the right is a canvas stretched on a frame and resting on an easel.
In 1600, when Tycho was asked to live nearby on the Hradschin and was received in audience by the Emperor, Rudolph was disturbed by many anxieties, not least the astrological significance of the dawning of a new century.
www.mhs.ox.ac.uk /tycho/rudolph.htm   (1244 words)

 Master Theodoric, About Emperor Charles IV
Charles IV (Holy Roman Empire) (1316-1378), king of Bohemia and of the Germans, Holy Roman emperor (1347-1378).
Elected king of the Romans in 1346 and king of Bohemia the following year, Charles IV of Luxemburg was crowned emperor at Rome in 1355 and retained the imperial title until his death in 1378.
Thus, Emperor Charles IV of Luxemburg was the maternal uncle of King Charles V, who solicited his relative's advice at Metz in 1356 during the Parisian revolt.
www.geocities.com /theodoricus/charl.html   (1123 words)

 BBC - h2g2 - The Hapsburgs to Charles V
In 1273, Duke Rudolph IV of Hapsburg was crowned Emperor of Rome
The position of the dynasty was weakened in 1307 by the death of Albert's son Rudolph III, the heir apparent and King of Bohemia.
The title was granted by a group of seven German princes known as Electors: the archbishops of Mainz, Trier, and Cologne, the count palatine of the Rhine, the duke of Saxony, the margrave of Brandenburg, and the king of Bohemia.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/h2g2/A2927423   (1461 words)

 Hans von Aachen
He returned to Germany in 1588 and there won renown as a painter of portraits for noble houses.
In 1592 he was appointed official painter of Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II.
Aachen thus moved to Prague where he stayed in Prague painting on commission from the emperor.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ha/Hans_von_Aachen.html   (103 words)

 DragonBear History: All That: The Holy Roman Empire
Because the emperors continued to include Italy within their aspirations (besides the partnership with the Papacy and the Carolingian imperial title's passing to Italy, the wealth of the Italian city-states was a strong draw), the popes led the opposition in this secular contest, too.
Other things being equal, the Electors would often prefer a son of the previous emperor, as something of a known quantity, so what developed was a series of "mini-dynasties" for a few generations at a time, changing whenever an emperor was especially unpopular or a new candidate had lot of especially rich backers.
By the time Charles V was crowned in 1519, he was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, sizable Austrian territories outside the Empire, Spain, the Netherlands, and all of southern Italy.
www.dragonbear.com /empire.html   (1869 words)

 The Thirty Years War: The Bohemian War
The men had been flung from the window as the culmination of disputes between the Protestant nobility of Bohemia and their overlord Matthias II, Holy Roman Emperor and leader of the Habsburg House of Austria.
The Emperor, meanwhile, was attempting to procure mediation of the dispute by the Protestant Electors of Brandenburg and Saxony, the Catholic Archbishop Elector of Mainz and the Catholic Duke of Bavaria, Maximillian.
Emperor Matthias II died in 20 March 1619 at Vienna.
www.pipeline.com /~cwa/Bohemian_Phase.htm   (2245 words)

 To keep time
The religious issues came to a head in 1619, when King Ferdinand was elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Emperor, assisted by Papal money and Spanish troops, and aided by Catholic Bavaria, defeated the Bohemians at the Battle of White Mountain and forced Frederick to flee.
Emperor Ferdinand was restored as King of Bohemia and confiscated much of the land belonging to the Bohemian nobles, which land he endowed upon the Catholic Church.
ircamera.as.arizona.edu /NatSci102/text/extkepler.htm   (874 words)

 ThothWeb - The Voynich Manuscript - Background
It is known (from a letter of Johannes Marcus Marci to Athanasius Kircher dated 1666) that the manuscript was bought by Emperor Rudolph II of Bohemia (1552-1612).
Historically, it first appears in 1586 at the court of Rudolph II of Bohemia, who was one of the most eccentric European monarchs of that or any other period.
The codex belonged to Emperor Rudolph II of Germany (Holy Roman Emperor, 1576-1612), who purchased it for 600 gold ducats and believed that it was the work of Roger Bacon; see the autograph letter of Johannes Marcus Marci (d.
www.thothweb.com /content-23.html   (4469 words)

 Prague during the Rule of Rudolph II (1583-1612 A.D.) | Special Topics Page | Timeline of Art History | The ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
Prague was founded in the late ninth century around the castle district of Hradcany, the oldest of the city's four districts, and became the imperial residence during the reign of Charles IV in the 1300s.
Rudolf II, son of Maximilian II, was named Holy Roman Emperor in 1576, and returned the court to Prague in 1583, after its temporary relocation to Vienna.
The emperor's ambitions as an architectural patron are evidenced by his redesign and expansion of the castle, the construction of a new town hall and archbishop's palace, and the commissioning of several new churches.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/hd/rupr/hd_rupr.htm   (817 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
After World War II, the party was refounded, but could not rise again to its former importance, as most of its members joined the new CDU party.
In 1599 he was appointed Imperial Mathematician to the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolph II, in Prague (then the capital of the Holy Roman Empire).
Tycho intended that this work should prove the truth of his cosmological model, in which the Earth ([W]ith the Moon in orbit around it) was at rest in the centre of the Universe and the Sun went round the Earth (all other planets being in orbit about the Sun and...
www.lycos.com /info/holy-roman-empire--centre-party.html   (242 words)

 The e.Lib: Short Bio Menu
Emperor Rudolph II Rudolph II was an emperor of the Holy Roman Empire — which by that time was neither holy, Roman, nor even much of an empire.
Prague became a center for everyone interested in such matters: the infamous British magician John Dee and his henchman Edward Kelley, the monk Giordano Bruno (later burned at the stake for heresy), and even a pair of astrologers by the names of Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler.
Rudolph II kept a room of curiosities, the Kunstkammer, full of alchemical manuscripts, rhinoceros horns, exotic minerals, scientific instruments, and the like.
wn.elib.com /Bio/RudolphII.html   (155 words)

 The Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-10)
This covers the various phases of the Roman Empire: the original, the Western, the Eastern (Byzantine), and the Holy Roman Empire.
Aëtius was the son of a Roman mother and a Scythian father.
Ironically, the last dynasty (Vaudemont) had been transplanted from Lorraine into Tuscany, and the last Emperor of all (Francis II) was a serious, capable, and studious fellow with a very Roman sense of gravitas, who was born in and spent his youth amidst the sunny hills of central Italy.
www.hostkingdom.net /empire.html   (1774 words)

 Ancestors of Eugene Ashton ANDREW & Anna Louise HANISH Empress Saint Adelaide Burgundy GERMANY ANDREW ANGERMUELLER ...
Upon the death of Lothair II, son of Jugh of Provence (950), Berengar II of Ivrea, who, withhis son, Adalbert, already held virtual power, was crowned king.
Marrying 16-year-old Adelaide, daughter of Rudolph II of Burgundy (later wife of Emperor Otto I), in the hope of strengthening his position, Lothair found himself playing the fole ofa figurehead, while Berengar exercised the real power in Italy.
(Emperor Otto I Germany HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE was born on 23 Nov 912 in, Saxony, Germany, died on 7 May 973 in Memleben, Saxony, Germany and was buried in Cathedral, Magdeburg, Germany.)
www.geneal.net /2967.htm   (693 words)

 thePeerage.com - Beatrix Salian and others
     Guelph II Herzog von Bayern was the son of Rudolph II Graf von Altdorf and Itha von Öninge.
     Rudolph II Graf von Altdorf was the son of Guelph III Herzog von Bayern.
     Heinrich Graf von Altdorf was the son of Rudolph II Graf von Altdorf and Itha von Öninge.
www.thepeerage.com /p884.htm   (464 words)

 Keeping Catholics Catholic Page XXV-The Timeline-The Sixteenth Century Continued
It promulgated a comprehensive Decree of the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist in eight chapters and eleven canons in regard to the supervision to be exercised by Bishops, and on Episcopal jurisdiction.
King Henry II dies in the manner predicted by Nostradamus.
Pope St. Pius V forbade the reinvestiture of fiefs reverting to the Holy See; any future alienation of land in the Papal State was banned with the severest penalties.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Ithaca/6461/1535.html   (3288 words)

 German Landsknechts
In the late 15th century, Maximilliam of Austria(later Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian I) needed a highly trained, well disciplined army in order to consolidate his hold on his wife's inheritance of the Netherlands against Louis XI of France.
They were employed by Henry VII, Henry VIII, and Elizabeth I of England, Louis XI, Francis I and Henri II of France, and, of course, Maximillian I, Charles V, Ferninand I, and Rudolph II, and Maximillian II of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Kriegshunde Fahnlein is a living history organization which represents a group of 16th century German mercenary soldiers, known as Landsknechten, from the Holy Roman Empire, with a range of years from 1520 to 1580.
www.st-mike.org /groups/german/index.html   (733 words)

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