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Topic: Russian Social Democratic Labor Party


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  Science Fair Projects - Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, or RSDLP (Росси́йская Социа́л-Демократи́ческая Рабо́чая Па́ртия = РСДРП), also known as the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party, was a revolutionary socialist Russian political party formed in 1898 in Minsk to unite the various revolutionary organisations into one party.
The RSDLP later split into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions, with the Bolsheviks eventually becoming the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
These were the names used by the factions for the rest of the party congress which debated Lenin's proposals on party organisation and these are the names retained after the split at the 1903 congress, even though Lenin's faction ended up in the minority and remained smaller than the Mensheviks until the Russian Revolution.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Russian_Social_Democratic_Labor_Party   (716 words)

  
  Bolshevik
Bolshevik (Russian for "majority") is the name given to the faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (which later became known as the Communist Party) led by Vladimir Lenin.
The terms derive from the second congress of the RSDLP, held in Belgium in 1903, at which Lenin was able to persuade the majority to support him as leader of the party.
Bolsheviks were distinguished from the Mensheviks by a belief in limited Party membership comprised of professional full-time revolutionaries in a centralised hierarchy striving to achieve power, a refusal to co-operate with bourgeois democratic government or even eventually other socialist organizations,and in addition the adoption of Lenin as great leader.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/bo/Bolshevism.html   (250 words)

  
 [Russian Social Democratic Labor Party] | [All the best Russian Social Democratic Labor Party resources at ...
The Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party, or RSDLP (Росси́йская Социа́л-Демократи́ческая Рабо́чая Па́ртия = РСДРП), also known as the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party and the Russian Social-Democratic Party, was a revolutionary socialist Russian political party formed in 1898 in Minsk to unite the various revolutionary organizations into one party.
The Fifth Congress of the party was held in London, England, in 1907; it consolidated the supremacy of the Bolshevik party and debated strategy for communist revolution in Russia.
On November 26, 2001, the party was re-established by Mikhail Gorbachev as the Social Democratic Party of Russia.
karaoke.velocityincome.com /Russian_Social_Democratic_Labor_Party   (1197 words)

  
 Russian Social Democratic Labour Party - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It was not the first Russian Marxist group; the Group for the Emancipation of Labour was formed in 1883.
At the end of the first party congress in March 1898, all nine delegates were arrested.
The Fifth Congress of the party was held in London, England, in 1907; it consolidated the supremacy of the Bolshevik party and debated strategy for communist revolution in Russia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Russian_Social_Democratic_Labor_Party   (659 words)

  
 Russian Revolution of 1917, series of events in imperial Russia that culminated in 1917 with the establishment of the ...
Russian Revolution of 1917, series of events in imperial Russia that culminated in 1917 with the establishment of the Soviet state that became known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
Taken by surprise, as were all the political parties, by the outbreak of the revolution, the working-class parties were unable to give the workers and soldiers in the Soviet strong political leadership.
Their policy was motivated by the consideration that they could have seized power easily in the capital but could not have held it in the rest of the country without support by a majority of the soldiers at the front and of the peasants in the provinces.
www.emayzine.com /lectures/russianrev.html   (4539 words)

  
 Glossary of Organisations: Ru   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This would help lead to the inevitable split in the party over stagism: with some arguing that reformism is necessary before revolution, and by the same logic, that captialism is necessary before socialism.
In 1903 the Second Congress of the party met in Belgium and England with this dispute comming to the forefront.
After the congress the party split into the Bolshinstvo (Bolshevik -- majority party) and Menshinstvo (Menshevik -- minority party), with the Mensheviks believing in Stagism/Reformism, while the Bolsheviks demanded outright revolution.
www.marxists.org /glossary/orgs/r/u.htm   (284 words)

  
 Bolshevism and Menshevism - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Bolshevism and Menshevism, the two main branches of Russian socialism from 1903 until the consolidation of the Bolshevik dictatorship under Lenin in the civil war of 1918-20.
The Russian Social Democratic Labor party, secretly formed at a congress at Minsk in 1898, was based on the doctrines of Marxism.
The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a common effort of all revolutionary and reformist movements.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-bolshevi.html   (507 words)

  
 Leon Trotsky
He attended the Second Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party in London in the summer of 1903, and during an internal dispute, sided with the Mensheviks against Lenin.
With the illness and death of Lenin, Stalin was able to consolidate his control of the Party and the government.
By remaining silent at the Twelfth Party Congress in 1923, Trotsky lost his last real opportunity to oppose Stalin, who along with Lev Kamenev[?] and Grigory Zinoviev was able to take control of the Party.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/tr/Trotsky.html   (703 words)

  
 The Lithuanian Social Democratic Party and the Revolution of 1905 - Dalius Vasys
Thus the Social Democrats' decision after 1900 to expand beyond the urban centers, into the countryside, was facilitated by their tactical flexibility but in turn required new ideological adjustments.
The Social Democrats, then in the forefront of the revolutionary movement, thought that the planned conference, which originally was to have been largely academic in content, would be a relatively minor event in the course of the revolution.
Thus, paradoxically, a Marxist party, supposedly committed to proletarian internationalism, played a central role in the national reawakening of Lithuania and accelerated the political differentiation of Lithuanian society by forcing the Democrats and clergy, in order to preserve their influence in society, to seek mass support by means of modern political party structures.
www.lituanus.org /1977/77_3_02.htm   (8657 words)

  
 The Choices Program   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Considering itself one of the detachments of the universal army of the proletariat, Russian social democracy is pursuing the same ultimate goal, as that for which the social democrats in other countries are striving.
The party of the working class, the social democracy, calls upon all strata of the toiling and exploited population to join its ranks insofar as they accept the point of view of the proletariat.
Imposition upon the organs of local self-government of the duty of establishing employment agencies (labor exchanges) to deal with the hiring of local and non-local labor in all branches of industry, and participation of workers' and employers' representatives in their administration.
www.choices.edu /RussianRevolution_1a.cfm   (1467 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Bolshevik
A Bolshevik ("Большевик;", derived from Russian word loosely translated as "majority") was a member of a faction of Bolsheviks of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP) led by Vladimir Lenin.
At the Second Congress of the RSDLP, held in Belgium in 1903, Lenin put forward his ideas on the question of organising the party on a democratic centralist model as a small party of "professional revolutionaries" who actively worked to overthrow the Czarist government.
In March 1918, the Seventh Party Congress of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (Bolsheviks) met and, at Lenin's urging, changed the name of the party to the All-Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks).
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Bolsheviks   (1420 words)

  
 Glossary * Perestroika: A Marxist Critique [Sam Marcy]
Party changed its name in 1918 to the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) and in 1924 took on the name it carries to this day--Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).
Formed in 1903 at Second Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party as a minority opposition to the position of Lenin and the Bolsheviks (majority).
Became the right-wing of the party and split with Bolsheviks in 1912.
www.workers.org /marcy/perestroika/glossary.html   (2502 words)

  
 Russian history, 1892-1917 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party was established in 1898.
At the Second Party Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party in 1903, he forced the Bund to walk out and induced a split between his majority Bolshevik faction and the minority Menshevik faction, which believed more in worker spontaneity than in strict organizational tactics.
By 1895 Germany was competing with France for Russia's favour, and British statesmen hoped to negotiate with the Russians to demarcate spheres of influence in Asia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Russian_history,_1892-1920   (3739 words)

  
 International Socialist Review   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The party must be only the vanguard, the leader of the vast mass of the working class, the whole of which (or nearly the whole) works "under the control and the direction" of the party organizations, but the whole of which does not and should not belong to the party.
Whereas the Bolsheviks continued to uphold the "orthodoxy" of Russian Marxism, that the overthrow of the autocracy must be led by Russian workers and peasants, the Mensheviks became the defenders of the idea of bourgeois leadership in the Russian revolution.
Before the Russian Revolution and the outbreak of revolution in Germany convinced her of the need to make an organizational break with reformism, Luxemburg was unable to conceive the formation of an independent revolutionary party as anything but the creation of an isolated sect.
www.isreview.org /issues/33/bolshevism.shtml   (4569 words)

  
 03-the molding of a communist
In 1903 a conference of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party was held in Brussels, Belgium.
The Russian word for majority is akin to "bolshevik" and the word for minority is akin to "menshevik." The followers of Lenin became known as the Bolsheviks, and those of his opponent, Martov, were known as the Mensheviks.
Whether or not a Communist Party member can absolutely and unconditionally subordinate his personal interests to the Party's interests under all circumstances is the criterion with which to test his loyalty to the Party, to the revolution and to the Communist cause.
www.schwarzreport.org /yct/03ycttc.htm   (4561 words)

  
 Soviet and American Communist Parties   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The Soviet Communist party evolved from the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party's Bolshevik wing formed by Vladimir Lenin in 1903.
Each national party was required to adhere to the Leninist principle of subordinating members and organizations unconditionally to the decisions of higher authorities.
The American party, a significant although never major political force in the United States, became further demoralized when Boris Yeltsin outlawed the Communist party in Russia in August 1991 and opened up the archives, revealing the continued financial as well as ideological dependency of the American Communists on the Soviet party up until its dissolution.
www.loc.gov /exhibits/archives/sova.html   (409 words)

  
 politics
Socialism is not as much of an economic control as it is a people control.
Joseph Stalin's party was the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, later to become the Byelorussian Communist Party, in Cambodia the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party formed an alliance with the Popular Socialist Community of Prince Sihanouk.
Socialism has its advantages, depending on which side of the issue you are on.
home1.gte.net /kenmath/politics.html   (1456 words)

  
 Biography of Kirov   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
It was in Tomsk, Siberia in 1904 and during the 1905 Russian Revolution that Sergei began to awaken to Marxist ideology.
He became active in the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party and was arrested several times in 1905 and 1906 for illegal agitation against the state.
In the Soviet Union, party secretary was the true position of power since it was the secretary who controlled all communist party and government appointments.
www.indepthinfo.com /kirov/biography.shtml   (703 words)

  
 Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series / Russia
That Party was the precursor of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU--q.v.
An advisory council to the princes of Kievan Rus' and the tsars of the Russian Empire.
Russian intellectuals in the mid-nineteenth century who emphasized Russia's cultural ties with the West as a vital element in the country's modernization and development.
lcweb2.loc.gov /frd/cs/russia/ru_glos.html   (3832 words)

  
 BLOOD IN THE RUSSIAN STREETS!
THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION The immediate cause of the February Revolution of 1917 was the collapse of the tsarist regime under the gigantic strain of World War I. The underlying cause was the backward economic condition of the country, which made it unable to sustain the war effort against powerful, industrialized Germany.
When the Duma, the lower house of the Russian parliament, protested against the inefficient conduct of the war and the arbitrary policies of the imperial government, the tsar-Emperor Nicholas II-and his ministers simply brushed it aside.
The prime minister, Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov, was a wealthy landowner and a member of the Constitutional Democratic Party (Kadets), which favored an immediate constitutional monarchy and ultimately a republic.
www.parida.com /russrevol.html   (4490 words)

  
 Lenin and the First Communist Revolutions, I
The Russian Marxist movement preceded Lenin by two decades, but it was Lenin who split off a militant faction from the rest of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party and forged it into a potent weapon for totalitarian revolution.
The vehicle of [this] science is not the proletariat but the bourgeois intelligentsia: contemporary socialism was born in the heads of individual members of this class.
As Lenin continued to develop his tactical views, it became clear that not only would the party lead the proletariat to victory, but would also hold the reins of power for the proletariat after victory was achieved.
www.gmu.edu /departments/economics/bcaplan/museum/his1a.htm   (942 words)

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