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Topic: Russian Social Democratic Labour Party


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  Science Fair Projects - Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, or RSDLP (Росси́йская Социа́л-Демократи́ческая Рабо́чая Па́ртия = РСДРП), also known as the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party, was a revolutionary socialist Russian political party formed in 1898 in Minsk to unite the various revolutionary organisations into one party.
The RSDLP was created to oppose narodnichestvo (наро́дничество;), revolutionary populism, the program of the Social Democrats (SDs), who later joined the Socialist-Revolutionary Party (SRs; Esers, эсе́ры;).
These were the names used by the factions for the rest of the party congress which debated Lenin's proposals on party organisation and these are the names retained after the split at the 1903 congress, even though Lenin's faction ended up in the minority and remained smaller than the Mensheviks until the Russian Revolution.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Russian_Social_Democratic_Labor_Party   (716 words)

  
 Labour » History of the Labour Party
Indeed Labour's leaders worked closely with the 1906-14 Liberal Governments, and relied on their majority to agree measures to help Labour, such as the Trade Disputes Act of 1906, and the payment of MPs in 1911.
But while Labour in Parliament was "hanging from the coat-tails" of the Liberals, Labour in the country was growing apace.
The number of constituency parties affiliated rose from 73 in 1906 to 179 by 1914 and before the outbreak of war prevented the expected election, Labour was prepared to field a record number of candidates.
www.labour.org.uk /history_of_the_labour_party   (887 words)

  
  Menchevism
A faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) between 1903 to 1912, and after 1912 as a party of that name.
Lenin, through his charismatic rhetoric and uncompromising programme was able to capture the majority of the votes in the party, hence, the name Bolshevik.
The left wing of the party, led by Martov[?], was strongly critical of this position, and was completely aghast at the party's decision to join a bourgeois socialist coalition government.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/me/Menchevism.html   (381 words)

  
 Second Congress of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP)
A moment during one of Lenin's speeches is portrayed In Y.Vinogradov's painting, "The Second Congress of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party".
Among the documents on display is Lenin's manuscript of the draft of the first paragraph of the Party Rules, and one of his notes made during the discussion of the rules at the congress: "...
The opponents of Lenin and his confederates proposed accepting Into the Party all those wishing to enter, without obliging them to be members of one of its organisations and without restraining limits of Party discipline.
www.stel.ru /museum/lenin_rsdlp.htm   (785 words)

  
 Communist Party of the Soviet Union
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the name used by the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party following the Russian Revolution.
The party had split into two factions, the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks, primarily over the issue of party membership.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the organization became known as the Communist Party of the Russian Federation[?].
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/cp/CPSU.html   (186 words)

  
 Russian Social Democratic Labour Party - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The RSDLP later split into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions, with the Bolsheviks eventually becoming the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
It was not the first Russian Marxist group; the Group for the Emancipation of Labour was formed in 1883.
It was Lenin's position on democratic centralism and on restricting party membership that caused the split.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Russian_Social_Democratic_Labour_Party   (659 words)

  
 Social Democratic Labour Party
At the Second Congress of the Social Democratic Labour Party in London in 1903, there was a dispute between Vladimir Lenin and Julius Martov, two of SDLP's leaders.
Throughout the century the bolder spirits among the Russian intelligentsia were in revolt against the oppressive autocracy of the Tsars; but it was only towards the end of the century that Marxian socialism became the dominant trend in the revolutionary opposition.
The Marxists (Social Democrats) propagated their economic doctrine, which demanded alienation from the bourgeois and petty bourgeois student body and called for the marshaling of all efforts to achieve the victory of the industrial proletariat.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /RUSsdp.htm   (955 words)

  
 Bolshevik - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bolsheviks (Russian: Большеви́к IPA [bəlʲʂɨˈvʲik], derived from bolshinstvo, "majority") were members of the Bolshevik faction of the Marxist Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party.
He remained a self-described "non-factional social democrat" until August 1917 when he joined Lenin and the Bolsheviks as their positions converged and he came to believe that Lenin was right on the issue of the party.
As the Russian Revolution of 1905 progressed, Bolsheviks, Mensheviks and smaller non-Russian social democratic parties operating with the Russian Empire attempted to reunify at the Fourth (Unification) Congress of the RSDLP held at Folkets hus, Norra Bantorget in Stockholm, April 1906.
www.higiena-system.com /wiki/link-Bolshevik   (3467 words)

  
 Glossary of Organisations: Ru
This would help lead to the inevitable split in the party over stagism: with some arguing that reformism is necessary before revolution, and by the same logic, that captialism is necessary before socialism.
In 1903 the Second Congress of the party met in Belgium and England with this dispute comming to the forefront.
After the congress the party split into the Bolshinstvo (Bolshevik -- majority party) and Menshinstvo (Menshevik -- minority party), with the Mensheviks believing in Stagism/Reformism, while the Bolsheviks demanded outright revolution.
www.marxists.org /glossary/orgs/r/u.htm   (284 words)

  
 History of the C.P.S.U.(B.) -- Ch. 1-4
But the local Party organizations, the local committees, groups and circles were in such a deplorable state, and their organizational disunity and ideological discord so profound, that the task of creating such a party was one of immense difficulty.
The opportunist trend in Social-Democratic parties was gaining strength in Western Europe; on the plea of "freedom to criticize" Marx, it demanded a "revision" of the Marxist doctrine (hence the term "revisionism"); it demanded renunciation of the revolution, of Socialism and of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
Second Congress of the Russian Social-Democratic Party, that is, within a year after its publication (it appeared in March 1902), nothing but a distasteful memory remained of the ideological stand of "Economism," and to be called an "Economist" was regarded by the majority of the members of the Party as an insult.
marx2mao.phpwebhosting.com /Other/HCPSU39i.html   (16943 words)

  
 How long did it last -- National Organization for Women at UH
Glasnost allowed freedom of speech in the Soviet Union and a flourishing of political debate within the Communist Party to a degree not seen since the Russian Revolution, perestroika was an attempt to restructure the political and particularly the economic organisation of the country, while acceleration meant faster development of the economy.
At the Twenty-Seventh Party Congress in 1986, Boris Yeltsin became a candidate member of the Politburo and offended party members in a speech that attacked the hidden privileges of the party elite.
By the time of the Twenty-Eighth Party Congress in July 1990, the party was largely regarded as being unable to lead the country and had, in fifteen republics, split into opposing factions favouring either independent republics or the continuation of the Soviet Union.
www.voy.com /51664/27.html   (1908 words)

  
 NDP | Our History
At the founding convention of the New Democratic Party in 1961, Thomas Clement (T.C.) Douglas was chosen as its leader.
He served as the NDP critic for democratic reform and served as a beacon of respect and civility at a time when Canadians were rapidly losing faith in parliament and their federal politicians.
She was first elected to the House of Commons for the Yukon in a by-election in 1987 and re-elected in the general elections of 1988 and 1993.
www.ndp.ca /ourhistory   (2052 words)

  
 A LEFT CRITIQUE OF THE SOCIALIST LABOUR PARTY
In fact, the essence of the Fabian outlook was that the transition to socialism must be gradual enough not to arouse the opposition of the ruling class, an outlook which postponed the transition to socialism indefinitely.
However, whether or not a party is really a political party of the workers does not depend solely upon a membership of workers but also upon the men that lead it, and the content of its actions and its political tactics.
Labour's social base amongst the more affluent sections of the working class, and in certain sections of the middle class, would in itself be far too narrow an electoral base to enable it to become a significant parliamentary force in the post-war world.
www.oneparty.co.uk /html/slp2.html   (7712 words)

  
 Glossary of Events: R.S.D.L.P. Congresses
The Congress unanimously (with one abstention) adopted the party "minimum programme" which formulated the immediate tasks of the proletariat in the event of a bourgeois revolution and the "maximum programme" which aimed at achieving the victory of the socialist revolution and establishing the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The majority of the party stressed the need to build a militant revolutionary party of the working class and the need for all members of the party to be aligned to this task.
Party congresses were to be convened once a year and plenary meetings of the Central Committee, not less than once in two months.
www.marxists.org /glossary/events/r/rsdlp.htm   (1512 words)

  
 Lenin: 1902/draft: Draft Programme of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party[10101010 10101010]
The greater the degree of technical progress, the more the growth of the demand for labour-power lags behind the growth of its supply, and the greater are the opportunities for the capitalists to intensify exploitation of the workers.
The growth of social wealth proceeds side by side with the growth of social inequality; the gulf between the class of property-owners (the bourgeoisie) and the class of the proletariat is growing.
For its part, the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party is firmly convinced that the complete, consistent, and lasting implementation of the indicated political and social changes can be achieved only by overthrowing the autocracy and convoking a Constituent Assembly, freely elected by the whole people.
marxists.org /archive/lenin/works/1902/draft/02feb07.htm   (1607 words)

  
 Programme of the Bolsheviks
labour power; that is, to hire themselves out to the capitalists, and by their toil to create the incomes of the upper classes of society.
social democracy as the class-conscious expression of the proletarian movement.
A necessary condition for this social revolution is the dictatorship of the proletariat; that is, the conquering by the proletariat of such political power as would enable it to crush any resistance offered by the exploiters.
www.uvawise.edu /history/wciv2/bolshi.html   (1891 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Russian Revolution
The Russian Revolution was a political movement in Russia that climaxed in 1917 with the overthrow of the Russian Tsar system and led to the establishment of the Soviet Union, which lasted until 1991.
This movement was led by Vladimir Lenin based upon the ideas of Karl Marx and marked the beginning of the spread of communism in the twentieth century.
Russians retreat in panic, sacking the town of Tarnopol.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Russian_Revolution   (439 words)

  
 Ann McMillin
The liquidationist tendency among the Mensheviks and the Bolshevik practice of expropriations were upsetting the fragile balance of the Social Democratic Party.
Now two separate parties, the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks would again clash over their stances regarding the outbreak of World War I. Traditionally, Marxists believed that war was wrong because it would prevent an international socialist order.
Even though the Social Democratic Party was characterized by the persistent conflict of its two factions, it still played a momentous part in the overthrow of the autocracy and the revolution of 1917.
www.unc.edu /~amcmilli/russia.htm   (2929 words)

  
 Retrograde Trend in Russian Social-Demo.
They thought that by the seizure of power the "party would overthrow the personal power" of the autocracy, i.e., appoint its agents in place of the government officials, "seize economic power," i.e., all the financial means of the state and carry out the social revolution.
Russian Social-Democrats have always maintained that only under conditions of political liberty, when there is an extensive mass struggle, can the Russian working class develop organisations for the final victory of socialism.
"democratisation" alone is arbitrarily to narrow and vulgarise the concept of working-class socialism.
www.marx2mao.com /Lenin/RTRSD99.html   (9019 words)

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