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Topic: SDP-Liberal Alliance

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 SDP-Liberal Alliance - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The SDP-Liberal Alliance was an electoral alliance of the Social Democratic Party and the Liberal Party in the UK that ran from 1981 to 1988, when the bulk of the two parties merged to form the Social and Liberal Democrats, later referred to as simply the Liberal Democrats.
Following the breakaway of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) from the Labour Party in March 1981, the new party entered into an informal alliance with the existing centre party, the Liberals, led by David Steel.
For many years after both the SDP and the Liberal party were committed to proportional representation, under which system they would have had a much larger presence in the House of Commons. /wiki/SDP-Liberal_Alliance   (406 words)

 Liberal Party (UK) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1841 the Liberals lost office to the Conservatives under Sir Robert Peel, but their period in opposition was short, because the Conservatives split over the repeal of the Corn Laws, a free trade issue, and a faction known as the Peelites (but not Peel himself, who died soon after), defected to the Liberal side.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as the Liberal Democrats.
With many traditional domestic Liberal policies now regarded as irrelevant, he focused the part on opposition to both the rise of Fascism in Europe and the appeasement foreign policy of the British government, arguing that intervention was needed, in contrast to the Labour calls for pacifism. /project/wikipedia/index.php/Liberal_Party_(UK)   (3917 words)

The SDP and the Liberals soon realised that there was no place for two centrist political parties, and entered into an alliance so that they would not stand against each other in elections.
The Liberal Democrats' opponents describe them as being all things to all people, having so many policies that they would find it impossible to implement them consistently were they to find themselves in government; while supporters say that this reflects a misunderstanding of the federalist and decentralised nature of the party.
The Liberal Democrats are a member party of the Liberal_International and the European_Liberal_Democrat_and_Reform_Party and their 12 MEPs form part of the ALDE group in the European_Parliament. /Liberal_Democrats_(UK)   (3351 words)

The rump SDP finished fourth at the Neath by-election in 1991 - only a whisker behind the Liberal Democrats (although their candidate was shortly to defect to them anyway), and they were to hold a number of council seats in Yorkshire and South Wales throughout the 1990s.
In the 1987 general election, with the SDP under the leadership of David_Owen, the Alliance's share of the vote fell slightly and the SDP's parlimentary party was reduced from eight members to five.
The SDP also helped the Liberals attract attention from the media for their policies after a long period when the only media interest in the party resulted from the trial of former Liberal leader Jeremy_Thorpe. /Social_Democratic_Party_(UK)   (1868 words)

 Paddy Ashdown - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the House of Commons he was SDP-Liberal Alliance spokesman on Trade and Industry and then on Education.
As leader he was a notable proponent of co-operation between the Liberal Democrats and the "New" Labour Party, and had regular secret meetings with Tony Blair to plan a coalition government.
He led the Liberal Democrats in two general elections, in 1992 and 1997. /project/wikipedia/index.php/Paddy_Ashdown   (513 words)

 British Liberal-SDP Alliance party election manifesto, 1987
One was Liberalism, a long and honoured political tradition from which we draw not only the philosophy of individual freedom but also a record of achievement in the establishment of the modern welfare state and the championing of local communities.
The Alliance therefore supports measures which reduce the physical and attitudinal obstacles faced by those with disabilities and which enable all to enjoy as many as possible of the opportunities which are often taken for granted by the able-bodied.
The Alliance is committed to NATO, and we accept the obligations of NATO, including the presence of Allied bases and nuclear weapons on British soil on the basis of clear arrangements for a British veto over their operations including where appropriate, dual-key systems; we believe it is essential to strengthen the European contribution to NATO. /area/uk/man/lib87.htm   (17830 words)

 Oliver Kamm: Liberal Democrats and tax
Liberal Democrat MPs are being urged to be more disciplined in making pledges on spending amid anxiety that Tony Blair is repeatedly using the issue to savage the party's leader, Charles Kennedy.
Ironically, the Alliance programme was grossly at odds with British membership of the Exchange Rate Mechanism of the European Monetary System, which Jenkins himself strongly favoured, of which, indeed, he regarded himself as a progenitor.
As a public service to any Liberal Democrats who might be reading this, I offer these observations on where I think in principle – leaving aside the empirical question of which of their spending commitments they would like us to take seriously and which not – their fiscal assumptions are vulnerable. /blog/2004/02/liberal_democra.html   (2294 words)

 BBC - h2g2 - Liberal Democrats - UK Political Party - A623602
The twin leadership of the two Davids (David Steel, Leader of the Liberals (1976-88) and David Owen leader of the SDP (1983-87)) did not bring about a great electoral success in the 1987 General Election.
They were originally called the Social and Liberal Democrats, however there was much confusion over this name and it was later shortened first to simply 'The Democrats' and then by a vote of the members in 1989 to the Liberal Democrats.
For the vast majority of the 20th Century, the Liberal Party was in decline, struggling to remain the third party of British politics and at one General Election actually falling behind one of the Northern Irish unionist parties. /dna/h2g2/alabaster/A623602   (2939 words)

 Encyclopedia: The Labour Party (UK)
The Liberal split, accompanied by this fundamental change in the system, allowed the Labour Party to co-opt some of The Liberals support, and by the 1922 general election Labour had supplanted the Liberal Party as the main opposition to the Conservatives.
With The Liberals still in turmoil, Labour formed its first minority government with Liberal support in January 1924, with Ramsay MacDonald as Prime Minister; the government collapsed after nine months when the Liberals voted for a Select Committee inquiry which MacDonald had declared an issue of confidence but The Liberal electoral base had vanished.
With the end of the war in Europe in May 1945, Labour resolved not to repeat the Liberals' error of 1918, and withdrew from the government to contest the subsequent general election (July 5) in opposition to Churchill's Conservatives. /encyclopedia/The-Labour-Party-(UK)   (3139 words)

 British Liberal-SDP Alliance election manifesto: 1983
Alliance housing policy has three basic aims: to restore the housing stock where this is needed, to provide wider genuine choice for consumers and to allocate available funds with greater fairness.
The Alliance is determined to safeguard the future of our fishing industry which needs help to re-build after years of uncertainty and the drastic consequences for the deep-sea fleet of 200-mile limits in the waters they used to fish.
Alliance policies in the field of foreign policy and defence are uncompromisingly internationalist. /area/uk/man/all83.htm   (12182 words)

 AIM25: British Library of Political and Economic Science: Liberal Party
This "Lib-Lab" pact foundered in 1978, and the Liberals fared poorly in the general election of 1979, but their strategic importance was enhanced by the emergence of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 1981.
An Alliance (as their cooperation became known) was forged between the two parties in time for the 1983 general election, in which they won 25 percent of the popular vote.
The structure of the Liberal Party was decentralised; the local parties controlled the process of candidate selection, and also afforded their members a direct vote in the election of the party leader. /cats/1/3255.htm   (667 words)

 BBC ON THIS DAY 9 1983: Thatcher wins landslide victory
The SDP Liberal Alliance, fighting its first national contest, won just 23 seats under the 'first-past-the-post' electoral system, despite receiving nearly as many votes as Labour.
The SDP Liberal Alliance blamed Britain's 'winner takes all' electoral system on its failure to convert its significant electoral support into seats in parliament.
Two of original 'gang of four' who left Labour to set up the SDP, Shirley Williams and William Rodgers, lost their seats in the 1983 poll. /onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/9/newsid_2500000/2500847.stm   (402 words)

 Roy Jenkins
At one Shadow Cabinet meeting I reminded my colleagues of the occasion during the Boer War (when the Liberal Opposition was split on the issue) that Lloyd George had had to be smuggled out of Birmingham Town Hall disguised as a policeman to save his life.
Created Lord Jenkins of Hillhead he became the leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords.
After serving twice as home secretary in a Labour Government, Lord Jenkins was one of the "Gang of Four" who formed the breakaway SDP party in 1981. /PRjenkinsR.htm   (1222 words)

 Articles - United Kingdom general election, 1987
The SDP and the Liberals renewed their Alliance and continued to split the non-Conservative vote; neither Alliance leader (David Owen and David Steel) could agree to support either one of the major parties in the event of a hung parliament.
Of the more notable failures there were Enoch Powell and two Alliance members - Liberal Clement Freud and former SDP leader Roy Jenkins.
Labour was in the throes of modernization and a return to more centrist policies under Neil Kinnock but expected to do better than in 1983. /articles/United_Kingdom_general_election,_1987?...   (360 words)

 AIAON BBC ON THIS DAY 25 1981: Dissident Labour MPs plan new party
By the autumn of 1981, the SDP had formed an electoral alliance with the Liberal party, then headed by David Steel.
After the 1987 election, when the alliance won 22 seats, the SDP formally merged with the Liberals.
David Owen, who had opposed the merger, continued to lead a rump SDP until, in 1990, his party trailed in behind the Monster Raving Loony party in a Bootle by-election and he decided to wind it up. /onthisday/low/dates/stories/january/25/newsid_2506000/2506367.stm   (574 words)
Neither of the main parties would share power with the Liberal Democrats and although the Conservatives won 15,520 votes at the elections against Labour's 13,700, they abstained from voting at the first council meeting of the year on 17 May and Labour took responsibility for the council cabinet.
The result is that the council is still hung with no party in overall control: Labour has 29 seats, the Conservatives 22 and Liberal Democrats hold the ring with eight.
Compared with the last local elections, response was higher by four per cent because of wider opportunities to cast votes, by post and telephone or via the internet, the first time voting has taken place outside the traditional polling station. /news2002/05/mayor200pix.html   (572 words)

 Blogger: Email Post to a Friend
Anthony's scenario - having a slightly stronger SDP - is perhaps the most likely other outcome, but there is one other (if more unlikely) option and that's to have the two elections taking place even closer than they did.
A quick search on soc.history.what-if reveals that there's been little discussion of the possibilities - though Anthony Wells discusses some of the issues here - but there are a lot of possible changes to the British political scene in the 90s that could result from an SDP or SLD win in Richmond.
For a time in the late 80s, it did appear that the two parties would effectively destroy each other (combined, they were polling little more than 10%, and were beaten into 4th place by the Greens at the European elections in 1989). /email-post.g?blogID=4146836&postID=109676328526361478   (433 words)

 Social Democratic Party
The 1983 and 1987 general elections were fought in alliance with the Liberal Party as the Liberal/SDP Alliance.
A merger of the two parties was voted for by the SDP in 1987, and the new party became the Social and Liberal Democrats, which became the Liberal Democrats, leaving a rump SDP that folded in 1990.
Helicon Publishing is a division of Research Machines plc. /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0007186.html   (143 words)

The March agreement was bitterly received by Montenegro's main pro-independence parties, the Liberal Alliance and the Social Democratic Party (SDP).
In a letter to Montenegrin President Milo Djukanovic on 19 April, Vujanovic said that without SDP and Liberal Alliance support, his government no longer held a majority in parliament.
The Social Democratic Party and the Liberal Alliance, which are strongly pro-independence, were so bitterly disappointed with the decision to make this agreement with Belgrade. /features/2002/04/24042002072820.asp   (1070 words)

 eLookup Encyclopedia
The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL. /lookup/encyclopedia/sd   (38 words)

 Articles - Bill Rodgers, Baron Rodgers of Quarry Bank
At the 1983 general election the SDP-Liberal Alliance won many votes but few seats, and Rodgers lost his seat of Stockton North (known as Stockton-on-Tees before the boundary changes of 1983).
He subsequently helped to lead the SDP into the merger that formed the Liberal Democrats, and later served as that party's leader in the House of Lords.
In 1987 Rodgers was chairman of the successful "Yes to Unity" campaign within the SDP in favour of merger with the Liberal Party. /articles/Bill_Rodgers_(politician)   (433 words)

 List of the David Owen Papers : D709 3/13 - D709 3/26 - SDP Papers Groups 13-26 (excluding Groups 17 and 18)
Also his personality, political career, the SDP-Liberal Alliance and his relationship with members of the SDP.
On the merger of the SDP and the Liberal Party.
It was named after the social democrat R.H. Tawney, (1880 -- 1962) and had the criteria that members need not be SDP or Liberal Democrat members but broadly sympathetic to the aims and objectives of social democracy. /collections/Owen/lists/d7093b10.html   (2093 words)

 AIM25: British Library of Political and Economic Science: MEADOWCROFT, Michael James, b 1942, Liberal politician
Papers relating to the Liberal/SDP Alliance were transferred from the Electoral Reform Society in 1997.
The Library also holds the papers of the SDP and the Liberal/SDP Alliance.
Publications: Liberalism and social democracy (Liberal Publication Department, London, [1981]); Liberal values for a new decade (Liberal Publication Department, London, [1980]); The bluffer's guide to politics: research and reference for councillors and community activists (North West Community Newspapers Ltd, Manchester, 1976). /cats/1/3791.htm   (242 words)

 Selves and Others
The Liberal Democrats look set to secure 22% of the popular vote, their highest share since the 1983 heyday of the SDP/Liberal Alliance.
The final poll, partly based on interviews completed last night, gives Labour a 38% share of the vote and the Conservatives 32% - slightly down on their 2001 performance. /20050505.html   (841 words)
bits ands bats on the Liberal SDP alliance, and out of nowhere I get your
If you need any more info on the Liberal Democrats please let me know
You were a completely shite guitar roadie though and we did alot better after you left. /question9.htm   (256 words)

 Ymgyrchu! Richard Livsey, SDP Liberal Alliance candidate,1985 by-election. Election Poster.
Richard Livsey's election poster, SDP Liberal Alliance candidate in the 1985 by-election.
Richard Livsey, el candidato de la Alianza Liberal en la elección parcial de 1985. /Ymgyrchu/Pleidleisio/Is/1985/PLIE8509.htm   (59 words)

 Liberal Democrats - stronger the SDP Liberal Alliance
Liberal Democrats - stronger the SDP Liberal Alliance
Stronger than Liberal - SDP Alliance in its 80's heyday
"[a record 30%] makes Charles Kennedy's party stronger than the Liberal-SDP Alliance in its 80's heyday - and confirms the party as a major obstacle to a Tory recovery." /press/p004.htm   (124 words)

 List of the David Owen Papers : D709 3/13 - D709 3/26 - SDP Papers Groups 13-26 (excluding Groups 17 and 18)
Papers concerning SDP and SDP/Liberal Alliance campaigns in European Parliamentary elections 1984andndash;1989, including press statements, campaign literature, letters to candidates, candidate lists, briefing notes and reference information.
File containing papers on SDP policy on privatisation: primarily public letters discussing general privatisation policy and the Government's privatisation of specific industries including water, electricity and British Telecom; with copies of David Owen's replies
Copies of David Owen's letter in response to enquiries on SDP policy on immigration, 24 Nov 1986, and on the establishment of a Human Rights Commission, 16 Oct 1989 /collections/Owen/lists/d7093b4.html   (1439 words)

 Danas, Minority Government Hanging by Liberal Thread in Montenegro, 5/26/01
When the Liberal Alliance, just before the previous weekend, after negotiations with the leaders of the DPS and the SDP delivered its demands in the form of a coalition contract to Milo Djukanovic, the president of the DPS, a true political earthquake happened.
The liberals made the move that was publicly welcomed by both election coalitions - they proposed to form a technical government with the DPS and the SDP under very precise conditions.
Liberals demanded full control of the Ministry of Police, the posts of the Minister for Justice and state prosecutor and several senior offices in another ten ministries. /danas/danas93.html   (1206 words)

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