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Topic: Sabaean language

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In the News (Mon 18 Mar 19)

  Proto-Semitic Language and Culture. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. 2000
B.C., and Semitic languages continue to be spoken in the Middle East and in northeastern Africa today.
A distinctive characteristic of the Semitic languages is the formation of words by the combination of a “root” of consonants in a fixed order, usually three, and a “pattern” of vowels and, sometimes, affixes before and after the root.
Since English is an Indo-European language and therefore not genetically related to the Semitic family, all words of Semitic origin in English are loanwords.
www.bartleby.com /61/10.html   (3710 words)

Towards the east this language was spoken on the Euphrates, and throughout the districts of the Tigris south and west of the Armenian and Kurdish mountains; the province in which the capitals of the Arsacids and the Sassanids ware situated was called the country of the Aramaeans.
The language spoken some time afterwards by the Palestinian Jews, especially in Galilee, is exhibited in a series of rabbinical works, the so-called J erusaleln Targums (of which, however, those on the Hagiographa are in some cases of later date), a few Midrashic works, and the Jerusalem Talmud.
This language lived on, in a sense, through the whole of the middle ages, owing chiefly to the fact that it was intended for educated persons in general and not only for the learned, whereas the poetical schools strove to preserve exactly the grammar and the lexicon of the long extinct language of the Bedouins.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /S/SE/SEMITIC_LANGUAGES.htm   (19949 words)

 Afroasiatic languages -> The Semitic Languages on Encyclopedia.com 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
BC The language is also preserved in inscriptions from ancient Phoenician colonies, especially Carthage, whose language was a variant of Phoenician known as Punic.
The writings in Ugaritic are important in the study of the Hebrew language and biblical literature of the early period.
A Semitic language (or languages) was brought from S Arabia to Ethiopia during the first millennium BC At that time the indigenous languages of Ethiopia were Cushitic, and these languages strongly influenced the imported Semitic tongues.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/Afroasia_TheSemiticLanguages.asp   (891 words)

 The Ultimate Ge'ez language - American History Information Guide and Reference   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The Ge'ez language (or Gi'iz language) is an ancient language that developed in the Ethiopian Highlands of the Horn of Africa as the language of the peasantry.
It later became the language of the Ethiopian imperial court ; it is currently the language of use in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and the Eritrean Orthodox Church.
The origins of the Ge'ez alphabet and the language are still controversial; as Scott Munro-hays notes, "the arguments advanced for the origins of the Ge'ez script would fill a small book." The earliest known inscriptions in Ge'ez are dated to the 3rd century AD in South Arabian script which lacked vowels.
www.historymania.com /american_history/Ge'ez_language   (537 words)

 Amhara People Profile
Their Sabaean ancestors came to the highlands of what is now Eritrea and Ethiopia from the Arabian peninsula.
Amharic is the language of culture and education, spoken by millions of other Ethiopians and Eritreans as a second language.
The fidel alphabet of Ge'ez, used to write Amharic and its sister languages Tigre and Tigrinya, is based on ancient Phoenician, adapted in the form of the Sabaean alphabet.
orvillejenkins.com /profiles/amhara.html   (1939 words)

 Universiteit Leiden
South Semitic languages are a branch of the Semitic languages.
Sabaean epigraphy (Epigraphic South Arabian) developed into one of the most important Semitic epigraphic disciplines: in terms of number of inscriptions it is defeated only by the epigraphic records in Assyro-Babylonian.
The South Semitic languages of Oman and Yemen that are still spoken today, generally known under the name "Modern South Arabian languages" have received relatively little attention.
www.let.leidenuniv.nl /talengids/zuidsem.htm   (1134 words)

Language: - Linguistic evidence indicates that words for agricultural implements in the modern Semitic Eritrean/Ethiopian languages Tigrinia/Amharic derive from ancient Cushitic language/s and supports hypothesis that agriculture pre-dates arrival of Semitic-speaking SAs in mid - 1 st mill.
SA Semitic languages, especially Sabaean, represent a re-introduction of Semitic into Eritrean/Ethiopian regions, giving credence to the idea that people had been moving across Red Sea in both directions long before mid-1 st mill.
This small Sabaean - style sphinx from the 5 th-6 th century BCE was discovered in Kaskase region and currently sits in national museum in Asmara.
www.allsaho.com /places.html   (2633 words)

 Sabaean alphabet
The Sabaean or Sabaic alphabet is one of the south Arabian alphabets.
The Sabaean alphabet is thought to have evolved into the Ethiopic script.
Sabaean, an extinct Semitic language once spoken in Saba, the biblical Sheba, in southern Arabia.
www.omniglot.com /writing/sabaean.htm   (135 words)

 [No title]
The Ge'ez script and language both predate the church, the script has evolved through many forms and flourished over the centuries while the language perished (dialects of Ge'ez grew to become Tigrinia and Tigre) only to remain spoken amongst present day trained preists.
During the first centuries they used the Sabaean script for the representation of their language, the so-called Ge'ez language; it was replaced, however, in about 350 by another form, the Old Abyssinian script.
When other languages adopted the Ge'ez fidel as thier written script it became necessary to add new characters to the fidel to represent spoken sounds that did not occur in spoken Ge'ez.
www.abyssiniacybergateway.net /fidel/HISTORY.txt   (1653 words)

 Hamito-Semitic languages: The Semitic Subfamily
The Semitic languages are named after Shem or Sem, the oldest son of Noah, from whom most of the languages' speakers were said to be descended.
A Semitic language (or languages) was brought from S Arabia to Ethiopia during the first millennium B.C. by Semites.
The Semitic languages of Ethiopia are classified as North Ethiopic (to which Geez or classical Ethiopic, Tigre, and Tigrinya belong) and South Ethiopic (consisting of Amharic, Harari, Gurage, and others).
www.factmonster.com /ce6/society/A0858549.html   (1276 words)

 Sabaean language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Sabaean language was a Old South Arabian language and alphabet used in Yemen, and then in Ethiopia, up until the 8th Century AD.
The Sabaean language was replaced by the Ge'ez language and writing system.
This Afro-Asiatic languages -related article is a stub.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sabaean_language   (70 words)

 Semitic languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The most common Semitic languages spoken today are Arabic, Amharic, Hebrew, and Tigrinya.
The term "Semitic" for these language is etymologically a misnomer in some ways (see Semitic), but is the standard term in linguistics.
These languages all exhibit a pattern of words consisting of triconsonantal roots, with vowel changes, prefixes, and suffixes used to inflect them.
hallencyclopedia.com /Semitic_languages   (631 words)

 ISV: Information by Language
Although it developed originally for writing Ge'ez, the ancient language of the Ethiopian region, Ethiopic script is used today for languages of three distinct families: Semitic, Cushitic and Nilo-Saharan.
In the first millennium BC, the Sabaean people (of the southwest corner of the Arabian Peninsula) began immigrating across the Red Sea to Ethiopia, bringing with them their language and its writing tradition.
Whereas Sabaean, as most other Semitic scripts, was written from right to left, by 400 AD Ge'ez was written from left to right.
www.monotypeimaging.com /isv/wt_info.asp?lan=ethiopic&print=true   (389 words)

However, this did not mean that the military power of the Sabaeans was weak; the Sabaean army was one of the most important factors contributing to the endurance of their culture over such a long period without collapse.
The capital city of the Sabaean state was Ma’rib, which was quite wealthy thanks to the advantageous position of its geography.
The height of the dam in Ma’rib was 16 metres, its width was 60 metres and its length was 620 metres.
www.perishednations.com /article1.html   (2448 words)

 Aksum - Chs. 4-5. by Dr. Stuart Munro-Hay.
The Sabaeans in Ethiopia appear, from the use of certain place-names like Marib in their inscriptions, to have kept in contact with their own country, and indeed the purpose of their presence may well have been to maintain and develop links across the sea to the profit of South Arabia's trading network.
According to this theory, one group of Sabaeans would have left north Arabia (where they were then established) for Ethiopia in about the eighth or seventh century BC under pressure from the Assyrians; they then continued on into south Arabia.
In the fourth and third century BC the remaining Sabaean emigrés would have left Ethiopia for the Yemen, leaving elements of their civilisation and traditions firmly embedded in the Ethio pian's way of life.
users.vnet.net /alight/aksum/mhak2.html   (18945 words)

 What can we make of Ethiopic semetic languages? - EgyptSearch Forums
But it is natural that languages die out when their speakers, especially their children, speak the language of the majority in their neighborhood.
In the case of Ge'ez and many similarly disappeared languages, the culprit is Amharic, Tigre, and Tigrean in the north, and Amharic and Oromigna in the South.
The disappearance of a language is tragic for anthropologists but highly desirable for the unity of the nation.
www.egyptsearch.com /forums/Forum8/HTML/001856.html   (1724 words)

 Viewzone - Jamme Interpretation of Sabaean Texts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Some sound values required for Arabic dialects are different from the proto-Semitic language that we believe was used when the older artifacts were made.
The early language used characters called "ligatures" (a group of letters which are graphically combined to represent a more compact and unified shape).
This older language was buried, literally, and disappeared for almost 800 years, before emerging in Ethiopia with a new dialect and quickly spread back to Yemen.
www.viewzone.com /negev_Jamme.html   (1528 words)

In it he argued that the Semitic languages, found on both sides of the Red Sea, were in no way unique to the region, but formed part of a very much wider Afroasiatic language family scattered over much of Africa, as far as Chad in the west.
He argued further that Sabaeans who came to Ethiopia "did not arrive in a cultural vacuum", but that, on the contrary, a significant Ethiopian state, people, and language had existed well before their advent.
This is evident from the at least limited use in Ethiopia of the Sabaean language and script, as found on ancient Aksumite inscriptions and coins, and an apparently identical religion.
www.eri24.com /news2463.htm   (1129 words)

 Semitic languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The Semitic languages are the northeastern subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic languages, and the only family of this group spoken in Asia.
Amorite language -- extinct (attested only from proper names transcribed in Akkadian; may effectively be the parent language of Northwest Semitic, or even predate the split of Central Semitic.)
For example, the root ktb, a root signifying writing, exists in both Hebrew and Arabic ("he wrote" is rendered in Hebrew katav and in Classical Arabic kataba).
www.mywiseowl.com /articles/Semitic_languages   (379 words)

 Sabaean Religious Order
The religion he created is based on his conception of the Sabaean practices of antiquity, Egyptian Mythology, and Babylonian and Sumarian myth along with ancient African theologies and.
Much of the material he cites as being Sabaean is actually Harranian.
But what this religion does do is to once again place the term Sabaean in the context with the notion of pagan worship.
www.geocities.com /mandaeans/Sabians2.html   (290 words)

They spoke a Semitic language, Sabaean, also called Southern Arabian, now known from the many inscriptions that have preserved most of what is now certainly known of their history.
The language differs greatly from the Arabic of the Koran, from which were derived all the dialects of Arabic now spoken by Semitic peoples.
At the height of their prosperity, the Sabaeans invaded and conquered the region of Africa opposite their land and enslaved the native Blacks, who had some vestiges of culture left from the conquest of Nubia by the Egyptians long before.
www.faem.com /oliver/022rpo.htm   (896 words)

 Afro-Asiatic languages --  Encyclopædia Britannica
A language family that covers a broad geographical region and a vast historical period, the Semitic language group is part of an even larger language family known as Afro-Asiatic, or Hamito-Semitic.
Geographically the most widespread language on Earth is English, and it is second only to Mandarin Chinese in the number of people who speak it.
English is the national language of the United...
www.britannica.com /eb/article?tocId=75123   (647 words)

 Ethiopic alphabet --  Encyclopædia Britannica
It is spoken principally in the central highlands of the country.
Amharic is an Afro-Asiatic language of the Southwest...
The modern Slavic languages are written with one of two alphabets: Latin or Cyrillic.
www.britannica.com /eb/article?tocId=9033134   (572 words)

 2005 Population Figures for Aksum, Ethiopia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
In the near future, a boy with the ability to speak the language of cats...
Amharic is the official language in Ethiopia, although...
...language 28 3:17 PM, Feb 11 american sighn language 28 3...
travel.synabu.com /cities/A/Aksum,_Ethiopia.html   (571 words)

 Labyrinths - Part2
But we are speculating here: perhaps the y in the Sabaean inscription is really used as a consonant and the vowel that goes with it is just not written, as they often are not in semitic languages.
Note also from Fig.5a that we there are 4 different forms of the letter s in Sabaean, each with somewhat different pronunciation.
From this we conclude that the Sabaean alphabet as given in Fig.5a is not in alphabetical order.
www-swiss.ai.mit.edu /~adler/LABYRINTHS/labyrinths2.html   (2977 words)

 EPC lectures 2001/2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
SA Semitic languages, especially Sabaean, represent a re-introduction of Semitic into Ethiopian region
BCE it is unlikely that they were numerically, politically or culturally dominant, pre-Aksumite inscriptions written in 2 languages, Sabaean and proto-Geëez language, all royal inscriptions in 2
suggesting that this was prestige language and Ethiopian culture was dominant, DëMT rulers included SA kingdom of Saba in their titles (like later Aksumite kings), this probably indicated not that they were Sabaeans but rather that they governed Sabaean immigrants in their land
www.soas.ac.uk /Africa/courseunits/cultural/epc/epclec2.htm   (1243 words)

 Amazon.ca: Books: Ancient Yemen: Some General Trends of Evolution of the Sabaic Language and Sabaean Culture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Amazon.ca: Books: Ancient Yemen: Some General Trends of Evolution of the Sabaic Language and Sabaean Culture
This volume contains an important and detailed examination of the evolution of Sabaic language and culture, utilizing a number of previously unpublished pre-Islamic South Arabian inscriptions.
Top of Page : Ancient Yemen: Some General Trends of Evolution of the Sabaic Language and Sabaean Culture
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0199222371   (228 words)

 Amazon.ca: Books: Textes Du Yimen Antique. Inscrits Sur Bois. Avant-Propos de J.F. Breton.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Subjects > Nonfiction > Education > Reference > Dictionaries & Thesauri > Foreign Language > Arabic
Subjects > Nonfiction > Education > Language Instruction > Instruction > Arabic
Subjects > Reference > Foreign Languages > Instruction > Arabic
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/9068315463   (149 words)

 Amazon.de: English Books: Ancient Yemen: Some General Trends of Evolution of the Sabaic Language and Sabaean Culture ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Amazon.de: English Books: Ancient Yemen: Some General Trends of Evolution of the Sabaic Language and Sabaean Culture (Journal of Semitic Studies)
This book is intended for semitists, philologists, historians of the Middle East, social anthropologists.
Zum Seitenanfang : Ancient Yemen: Some General Trends of Evolution of the Sabaic Language and Sabaean Culture (Journal of Semitic Studies)
www.amazon.de /exec/obidos/ASIN/0199222371/eingutesbuch-21   (193 words)

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