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Topic: Sahrawi

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  Sahrawi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
By the time of decolonization in the 1950s-1970s, Sahrawi tribes in all these different territories had experienced roughly a generation or more of distinct experiences; often, however, their nomadic lifestyle had guaranteed that they were subjected to less interference than what afflicted sedentary populations in the same areas.
The term Sahrawi in a political context has come to be employed in the late 20th century to refer to the inhabitants of the former Spanish Sahara, a territory colonized by Spain in the late 19th century, and controversially annexed by Morocco in 1975.
A portion of the Sahrawi or Hassaniya Arabic speaking tribes in Morocco were refugees from the 1957 fighting in what was then Spanish Sahara, and previous rebellions in Western Sahara, all of which had been harshly suppressed - notably the early 20th century uprising under the Smara-based shaykh Ma al-Aynayn.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sahrawi   (3059 words)

 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The creation of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic was announced in Bir Lehlou in Western Sahara on February 27, 1976, as the Polisario declared the need for a new entity to fill what they considered a political void left by the departing Spanish colonizers.
The 1999 Constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is basically a parliamentary constitution such as that of any European state, but with some paragraphs suspended until the achievement of "full independence".
The constitution also defines Sahrawis as a Muslim, African and Arab people, and the Arabic language as the official language of the SADR; declares the commitment of the republic to the principles of human rights, and to the concept of a Greater Maghreb, as a regional variant of Pan-Arabism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sahrawi_Arab_Democratic_Republic   (1140 words)

 MEI: Rumblings in Western Sahara
Sahrawi activists say this was because Rabat had convinced itself of its own story and expected the visitors to defect in droves.
Seeing and hearing that the Sahrawis in the camps were not being held prisoner by Polisario, as Moroccan propaganda has long held, has edged Sahrawis who had accepted integration with Morocco closer to the nationalists, activists argue.
Sahrawi sentiment, they agree, is overwhelmingly nationalist and so while it would be easy to transform civil rights groups into overtly pro-independence groups, it would invite repression and possibly be counter-productive to the Sahrawi cause.
meionline.com /features/313.shtml   (1401 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Sahrawi women, like their government in exile, recognise the connections between the past, present and future, and are determined to ensure that their potential is sustained upon their return to the Western Sahara.
Since Sahrawi men are either on active military duty or are employed abroad, the majority of the camp population consists of women and children, and women therefore administer and manage the camps.
The Sahrawi case, however, indicates the invalidity of these assumptions, and my intentions are therefore to present the Sahrawi with an analysis of the implications of present research for their particular situation, in the hope that such an analysis may highlight the gaps and areas requiring further attention from both the SADR and NUSW.
www.womenwarpeace.org /western_s/docs/fiddian2002.doc   (12744 words)

 Western Sahara
Most Sahrawis (as the majority of persons living in the territory are called) live in the area controlled by Morocco, but there is a sizable refugee population near the border with Morocco in Algeria, and, to a lesser extent, in Mauritania.
Sahrawis whose political views are aligned with the Moroccan Government fill all the seats allotted to the Western Sahara in the Moroccan Parliament.
The former Sahrawi detainees have formed an informal association whose principal objective is to seek redress and compensation from the Government of Morocco for their detention.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2001/nea/8281.htm   (3619 words)

 Western Sahara - Country Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The National Union of Sahrawi Women (NUSW) is a powerful force that has successfully brought together thousands of Sahrawi women to advocate for their involvement in political and economic processes in the search for peace.
Keltoum Ahmed Laabid, a 24-year-old young Sahrawi woman was arrested in October 1992 in Smara for having participated in the demonstrations demanding the liberation of the Sahrawi prisoners and "disappeared".
The 27th of February Camp, named after the day the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic was proclaimed, originally contained a women's school and was therefore known as the "women's camp." Subsequently, the 27th of February has become a full-fledged camp where women participate in income generating activities and work as community leaders.
www.womenwarpeace.org /western_s/western_sahara.htm   (3302 words)

 Student Work - Reuters Forum Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The Sahrawi, the indigenous people of the Western Sahara, most of whom live in tented desert refugee camps in Algeria, have been battling for self-determination from Morocco for a quarter century.
A mixture of indigenous Berbers and Arabic tribes, the Sahrawi trace their ancestors back to the 15th century, when tribes from Yemen crossed North Africa establishing themselves in the region later to be known as the Western Sahara.
Facing aggression from countries both north and south, the fleeing Sahrawis turned to the east to Algeria and were granted asylum in an area of the desert that is practically uninhabitable.
www.jrn.columbia.edu /studentwork/reutersjournal/2002/landress.asp?printerfriendly=yes   (1394 words)

 Wide Angle. Printable Pages | PBS
The Sahrawi women are among the most liberated of the Muslim world, and their status is characteristic of the well- organized, egalitarian society that has developed in the refugee camps over the past three decades.
The Sahrawi are the Arab nomads of Western Sahara, bound together by their Yemeni ancestry and their dialect, Hassaniya, which remains close to classical Arabic.
There is an old Sahrawi saying, she says, that rings especially true today: "A tent is raised on two poles: a man and a woman." The Sahrawis' traditionally tough, wandering lifestyle has always made them regard husband and wife as equal leaders of the household.
www.pbs.org /wnet/wideangle/printable/sahara_briefing_print.html   (1082 words)

Negotiations to resolve the 27-year-old dispute in Western Sahara remained stalemated during 2003, forcing an estimated 165,000 Sahrawis to languish in Smara, Laayoune, Asward, and Dakhla refugee camps near the Algerian desert town of Tindouf.
Sahrawi refugees continued to cope with food shortages caused by delayed and unpredictable food aid deliveries that lacked nutritional variety.
The new number is not a result of a new influx, rather, after further research and an extensive site visit to North Africa to examine the plight of Sahrawi refugees in July 2003, USCR is readjusting the figure to reflect the number of beneficiaries served by international humanitarian agencies.
www.refugees.org /countryreports.aspx?area=investigate&subm=19&ssm=29&cid=58   (637 words)

 afrol News - Sahrawis talk of "new Intifada" in El Aaiun
On Tuesday, the protests had caused clashes between the Sahrawi activists and Moroccan police units, causing several protesters and by-passers to be wounded.
Polisario leader and Sahrawi President Mohamed Abdelaziz had used the occasion on 20 May to visit an armed unit at Tifariti in the "liberated territories" along Western Sahara's eastern borders.
Polisario leader Abdelaziz therefore warned that that Sahrawi people could not "stay inactive eternally." He denounced Morocco's "dangerous position," which was contrasting the 1991 ceasefire agreement.
www.afrol.com /articles/16424   (579 words)

 Untitled Document
A Sahrawi citizen, Sid Ahmed Mjayad, was intimidated by the GUS chief officer, Ichi Abou Hassan, who banned him from entering the courtroom to attend the Sahrawi political prisoners’ trial in El Ayun.
Many Sahrawi citizens and human rights activists have seriously been injured, among whom is Aminatou Haidar, an ex-Sahrawi kidnapped and a famous actvist for her defiance to the Moroccan authorities, and Elhoucine Lidri, a very active activist that was forcibly deported to the middle of Morocco in September 2003.
The Sahrawi students in Marrakesh and Agadir spent last night on the streets for fear that they would be arrested by the Moroccan security agents which were breaking into the students` houses and their university campuses.
www.vastsahara.org /intifadaold.html   (8810 words)

 UN & Morocco take the Sahrawi people for a ride, again   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
And it was the world body that forced the Sahrawis into the trap of a false peace process based on a cease-fire and the promise of a referendum which it has no intention of enforcing.
Meanwhile, the Sahrawi civilians who fled the territory when the Moroccans marched in are languishing in refugee camps in southern Algeria, barely surviving on humanitarian handouts.
The fact that Sahrawi leaders, who used to be marxists, now profess to believe in `liberal democracy' and not Islamic activism, should not prevent other Muslims from rallying to their cause.
www.muslimedia.com /archives/oaw99/mor-sahra.htm   (777 words)

Said, a Sahrawi tribesman, has pressed the Sahrawi cause in Washington for the last four years as ambassador at large for the Polisario Front, the tribe's political arm.
According to Amnesty International, hundreds of Sahrawis have "disappeared" and remain unaccounted for, while Sahrawis are regularly tortured and imprisoned for participating in pro-independence demonstrations.
These well-organized trips have won the Sahrawi a significant amount of support among Hill staffers, most of whom were at best only vaguely familiar with the issue before their journeys.
www.wsahara.net /kstreet.html   (1739 words)

 RNIS 41 - Western Sahrawi in Algeria
The last RNIS issue reported on the nutrition status of the Sahrawi refugee children in Algeria, based on a survey undertaken by UNHCR/WFP/CIH in September 2002.
The nutrition situation of the Sahrawi refugee children is average (category III).
To better understand the nutrition situation of the Sahrawi population, analyses of food security and underlying causes of malnutrition need to be undertaken.
www.unsystem.org /scn/archives/rnis41/algeria.htm   (718 words)

 The Militant - July 9, 2001 -- Polisario Front leads fight for Western Sahara independence
The international guests stayed with Sahrawi families in the tents that have been their homes for some 25 years and learned firsthand about the Sahrawis' tenacious struggle for independence.
Hundreds of Sahrawis who refused to publicly acknowledge the king of Morocco were murdered, and some 80 percent of the people living in the Saharan capital city, El Aaiun, were driven out of the country and into refugee camps in Algeria.
According to the pact, Sahrawis in occupied Western Sahara, in the liberated zones, and in the refugee camps would vote in a referendum on two choices: integration of their country with Morocco or independence.
www.themilitant.com /2001/6526/652603.html   (1673 words)

 The contemporary political history of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Hartford Web Publishing is not the author of the documents in World History Archives and does not presume to validate their accuracy or authenticity nor to release their copyright.
The Polissario Front, the armed wing of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, have the military, political and diplomatic means to keep on fighting.
Mohamed Ben Abdelaziz, the secretary general of the Polisario Front in Brussels regretted the decision made by the UN secretary general Kofi Annan and the Security Council to postpone until 2002 the referendum initially planned for 2000.
www.hartford-hwp.com /archives/32/index-fb.html   (241 words)

 The Militant - June 23, 2003 -- Sahrawi leader tours New Zealand
The occupied zone, which runs to the coast with its abundant fishing grounds, is fertile and more developed, she said, Sahrawi people living there “can’t criticize the monarchy or openly support independence.
Many have been ‘disappeared’.” While the total Sahrawi population of the zone is unknown, UN officials have registered 48,000 people as eligible to vote in the referendum.
Mahfoud also described how the Sahrawi National Women’s Union is organizing to supply all the camps with solar panels, so people can run a television or radio and keep in touch with the outside world.
www.themilitant.com /2003/6721/672110.html   (1611 words)

 afrika.no - Morocco: Ambassador recalled after South African recognition of West Sahara
The Sahrawi Republic, which is a full-fledged member of the African Union (AU) is made up of the exiled Sahrawi government, based in Algerian refugee camps.
The Moroccan Foreign Ministry further claims that the recognition of the Sahrawi Republic constitutes a "new foreign policy of the South-African government." This is however denied by earlier statements made by both South African and Sahrawi representatives.
Sahrawi representative Emhamed Khadad earlier told afrol News that his government however doubts the international legality of a decision to "nullify a recognition because a new government decides to do so." The recognition "has been done once and for all," Mr Khadad deduced.
www.afrika.no /noop/page.php?p=Detailed/6070&print=1   (736 words)

 Western Sahara - Sahara Occidental -
The Sahrawi refugee camps are located in the southwest of Saharan Algeria, near the Algerian town of Tindouf, which also serves as the southern headquarters for the Algerian Armed Forces, with a notable army and air force presence.
The Sahrawi population in this area are either combatants cantoned with their units as part of the UN sponsored cease-fire or Sahrawi bedwyns, who use the area as grazing land for camels and goats.
In 1975, the stage was set for the decolonization of the Spanish Sahara: the Spanish authorities had undertaken a census of the population in 1974 in preparation for a future referendum, and the United Nations had sent a high-level delegation to assess the political intentions of the population and the surrounding governments.
www.arso.org /bhatia2001.htm   (5570 words)

 afrol News - South Africa recognises Sahrawi Republic
Yahiaoui Lamine, the Sahrawi Representative in Scandinavia, told afrol News that South Africa had experienced strong pressure from Arab states and in particular Palestine's Yasser Arafat "to stop or at least pause the recognition." The ANC has strong and friendly ties with Palestine authorities.
South Africa is said to have use a possible recognition of the Sahrawi Republic as a means of pressuring Morocco into accepting the Baker Plan.
The Sahrawi Republic is already a full-fledged member of the AU, which today is inaugurating its Pan African Parliament in Cape Town.
www.afrol.com /articles/13959   (862 words)

 The Militant - September 10, 2001 -- Youth bring solidarity to Sahrawi struggle
During their stay, they participated in a reportback rally from the Algiers festival and visited the national hospital in the refugee camps, the radio station, the museum of captured Moroccan military equipment, and the UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara.
The Sahrawi people fought for decades against Spanish imperialism, and in 1973 the Front for the Liberation of Saguia el Hamra and Río de Oro, Polisario, was formed, launching an armed struggle for independence.
Although the union officially supports the regime's occupation of Western Sahara, Sahrawis were able to participate in the rally to demand that the Moroccan government release information about the hundreds of Sahrawis who are "disappeared" or political prisoners.
www.themilitant.com /2001/6534/653404.html   (1017 words)

More than 26,000 Sahrawi refugees from the contested Western Sahara region claimed by Morocco comprised the majority of Mauritania’s refugee population.
Refugees from Western Sahara Ethnic Sahrawi refugees from Western Sahara fled to Mauritania to escape violence began when Morocco annexed their homeland in 1976.
Sahrawi refugees were largely self-sufficient, and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other humanitarian assistance agencies had virtually no contact with them.
www.refugees.org /countryreports.aspx?id=138   (484 words)

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