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Topic: Samaritan alphabet


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In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  
  Latin alphabet - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
It is generally held that the Latins adopted the western variant of the Greek alphabet in the 7th century BC from Cumae, a Greek colony in southern Italy.
The Latin alphabet spread from Italy, along with the Latin language, to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the Roman Empire.
The Finnish alphabet and collating rules are the same as in Swedish, except for the addition of the letters Š and Ž, which are considered variants of S and Z. In French and English, characters with diaeresis (ä, ë, ï, ö, ü, ÿ) are usually treated just like their un-accented versions.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/l/a/t/Latin_alphabet.html   (3134 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Samaritan alphabet
The Samaritan alphabet is a direct descendant of the paleo-Hebrew variety of the Phoenician alphabet, the more commonly known Hebrew alphabet having been adapted from the Aramaic alphabet under the Persian Empire.
It is used by the Samaritans for religious writings, including their (slightly different) version of the Pentateuch, in their dialect of Hebrew and commentaries and translations in Samaritan Aramaic and even Arabic.
The Hebrew alphabet was retained as the alphabet used for writing down the Hebrew_language during its rebirth in the end of the 19th_century, despite several unsuccessful attempts to replace it with the Latin alphabet.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Samaritan-alphabet   (416 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Samaritans are similarly distinct from their neighbors through their use of a Hebrew dialect and alphabet more ancient than that used by Jews.
Unfortunately, Samaritan relations with the Arab residents of Nablus continued to be characterized by the mistrust carried over from the Ottoman period and reinforced by the perception among many Arabs that the Samaritans were Jews.33 The animosity translated into a feeling of contempt by some Samaritans towards the nationalist aspirations of the Palestinian Arabs.
The Samaritan preoccupation with the continued existence of their sect and its growth found there full expression in a furious round of matchmaking between members of both communities, Courtships, betrothals and marriages were all compressed into the short days of reunion.
www.the-samaritans.com /html_articles/Thesis.txt   (13766 words)

  
 Samaritan alphabet
The Samaritan alphabet was derived from the Old Hebrew alphabet by the Samaritans.
The Samaritan alphabet is still used by a few Samaritans in the city of Nablus and in the Samaritan quarter of Holon.
Samaritan, an extinct Semitic language which fell out of use as a mother tongue in the 12th century AD, though is still used to a limited extent as a liturgical language.
www.omniglot.com /writing/samaritan.htm   (199 words)

  
 Hebrew Language
Early Hebrew was the alphabet used by the Jewish nation in the period before the Babylonian Exile--i.e., prior to the 6th century BC--although some inscriptions in this alphabet may be of a later date.
As is usual in early alphabets, Early Hebrew exists in a variety of local variants and also shows development over time; the oldest example of Early Hebrew writing, the Gezer Calendar, dates from the 10th century BC, and the writing used varies little from the earliest North Semitic alphabets.
The Early Hebrew alphabet, like the modern Hebrew variety, had 22 letters, with only consonants represented, and was written from right to left; but the early alphabet is more closely related in letter form to the Phoenician than to the modern Hebrew.
www.crystalinks.com /hebrew.html   (900 words)

  
 alphabet Information Center - graffiti alphabet
An alphabet is a complete standardized set of letters — basic written alphabet coloring sheets symbols — each of which roughly represents a phoneme of a spoken language, either as it exists now or as it may have been in the past.
In later Pahlavi alphabet activities papyri, up to half of the graffiti alphabet remaining graphic distinctions were lost, and the script could no longer be read as a sequence of letters chinese alphabet at all, but calligraphy alphabet had to be learned as word symbols – that is, as logograms like Egyptian Demotic.
The theory claims that a greater level of abstraction alphabet beads is required due to the greater economy of symbols in alphabetic systems; and this abstraction needed to interpret phonemic symbols in turn has contributed in some way to the development of the societies which use it.
www.scipeeps.com /Sci-Linguistic_Topics_A_-_Co/alphabet.html   (2270 words)

  
 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The Samaritan alphabet, used by the Samaritans, is a version of the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet.
It later split off into a number of related alphabets, including the modern Hebrew alphabet, the Syriac alphabet, and the Nabatean alphabet, a highly cursive form that was the origin of the Arabic alphabet.
The Cyrillic alphabet was derived from the Greek alphabet.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Phoenician_alphabet   (842 words)

  
 The Old Testament
The alphabet at the time of Origen was the same as that of a century and a half afterwards.
As the change of the alphabet probably took place step by step, we must reckon with transition writings, the form and relation of which can perhaps be approximately determined by comparison.
In books or passages of poetical nature, metre, alphabetical order of verses and stanzas, and their structure, supply a means of textual emendation, which ought nevertheless, to be sued with great prudence, especially where the manuscripts seem disarranged.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/o/old_testament.html   (5360 words)

  
 SAMARITAN PENTATEUCH : Encyclopedia Entry
The division into five books, however, was later adopted by the Samaritans, as it was by the Jews, in all their priests' copies, for the sake of convenience.
In 1645 a copy of the Samaritan Pentateuch was brought by traveler to the East, and published in the Paris Polyglot by Jean Morin, a Jesuit, convert from Calvinism to Catholicism, who passed to believe the theory that the Septuagint and the Samaritan Texts were superior to the Hebrew Masoretic text.
The form of the letters in the manuscript copies of the Samaritan Pentateuch, called the Samaritan alphabet, is different from that of the Hebrew copies, and is probably the same as that which was in general use before the Babylonian captivity.
www.bibleocean.com /OmniDefinition/Samaritan_Pentateuch   (401 words)

  
 Alphabet
The Samaritan Hebrew alphabet, as it is called by scholars, is a slight development of the paleoHebrew, the ancient Hebrew script.
During the past but especially now days every Samaritan boy and girl, after returning from their general school, go to the public center in their neighborhoods.
There they learn the script and the reading of the ancient Samaritan Hebrew as well as their special dialect of the Aramaic taught by Samaritan teachers in order to maintain the tradition from generation to generation.
www.mystae.com /reflections/messiah/scripts/alphabet.html   (276 words)

  
 Phoenician alphabet : search word
The Phoenician alphabet dates from around 1000 BC and is a direct descendant of the Proto-Sinatic alphabet.
Modern alphabets thought to have descended from the Phoenician include Hebrew, Arabic, Greek, and Latin (the last via the Old Italic alphabet).
The Greek alphabet is thought to have developed either directly from the Phoenician alphabet, or to share a common parent in Proto-Sinatic.
www.searchword.org /ph/phoenician-alphabet.html   (791 words)

  
 Pentateuch, The Samaritan (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) :: Bible Tools
V. The existence of a Samaritan community in Nablus is generally known, and the fact that they have a recension of the Pentateuch which differs in some respects from the Massoretic has been long recognized as important.
Thus, binyamim, invariably in the Samaritan Pentateuch Benjamin, binyamin, is written Benjamin; also in Exodus 1:11 pithon instead of pithom, but "m" and "n" are alike only in the script of the Siloam inscription.
This points to the fact that the manuscripts from which the Massoretic Text and the Samaritan were transcribed in some period of their history were written in angular of the type of the Siloam inscription, that is to say of the age of Hezekiah.
bibletools.org /index.cfm/fuseaction/Def.show/RTD/ISBE/ID/6793   (5932 words)

  
 Minuscule at AllExperts
Originally alphabets were written entirely in majuscule (capital) letters which were spaced between well-defined upper and lower bounds.
The minuscule script for the Greek alphabet has its origins in the seventh century and acquired its quadrilinear form in the eighth century.
The Samaritan alphabet has also had minuscule letters, which makes it relatively unusual among abjads, which—including Hebrew, Syriac and Arabic—tend to be written without case.
en.allexperts.com /e/m/mi/minuscule.htm   (473 words)

  
 Greek, Hebrew & Samaritan Fonts for Masonic Scholars
The Samaritan alphabet was derived from the Old Hebrew alphabet by the Samaritans, a tribe originally from Mesopotamia who moved to Palestine at the beginning of the 1st millennium BC and adopted the Jewish religion and culture.
This alphabet is still used by a few Samaritans in the city of Nablus.
One of the alterations which Albert Pike made in his revised edition of the rituals of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite is that he changed most of the Hebrew script from the standard "square" form to the older Samaritan lettering.
www.phoenixmasonry.org /greek_hebrew_samaritan_fonts.htm   (366 words)

  
 Chronological Chart of the Alphabet and Where Writing Came From?
The Alphabet and art of writing were known as early as 3,000 B.C. and it can be seen that in Old Phoenicia which was settled by an early wave of Semites, who were credited with giving the world its first alphabet.
As early as the sixteenth century B.C., evidences of a Hebrew-Phoenician alphabet are found, from which a standardized script emerged about the tenth century B.C. This is the cursive script, used in Old Hebrew and for the original writing of the OT books.
Modern scholarship dates the Samaritan Pentateuch at 128 or 122 B.C. and furthermore, the transition seems not to have preceded the Septuagint, though the Aramaic square letters were in use centuries before by the Jews in Egypt.
www.mazzaroth.com /ChapterThree/AncientWriting.htm   (590 words)

  
 The Sounds of Samaritan Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The uniqueness of Samaritan music is evident from the fact that musicology has found no other music similar to it among known music of the world.
Some of the songs are handed down directly, a clear echo of ancient Israelite song, some were written by Samaritan composers in the latter half of the first millennium and some in the first half of the second millennium era.
Samaritan music is in part composed of variations and coloratura phrases which cannot be followed by the written musical score, but in part has a rhythmic unity, which facilitates writing musical scores and musical arrangements for it.
www.the-samaritans.com /sounds.html   (1314 words)

  
 Early Alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
It is generally agreed that the first alphabet appeared around 1700 BCE in the Canaan area, fully 400 years before the Exodus from Egypt and was most certainly available to Moses and the Priesthood.
He came up with the first 16 letter phonetic alphabet which is the basis of all the alphabets in the world.
This h is an alphabetical letter, and I believe is sufficient proof of its use as such.
www.dangoor.com /72page19.html   (507 words)

  
 Arabic alphabet information - Search.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The Arabic alphabet is an "impure" abjad—short vowels are not written, though long ones are—so the reader must know the language in order to restore the vowels.
The Arabic alphabet can be traced back to the Nabatean alphabet used to write the Nabataean dialect of Aramaic, itself descended from Phoenician.
The first known text in the Arabic alphabet is a late fourth-century inscription from Jabal Ram (50 km east of Aqaba), but the first dated one is a trilingual inscription at Zebed in Syria from 512.
c10-ss-1-lb.cnet.com /reference/Arabic_alphabet   (3631 words)

  
 New Page 1
The Samaritans assemble at seven stations, first the twelve Stones of Joshua, the Altar of Adam and his son Seth, the Eternal Hill, God will Provide, the altar of Isaac's sacrifice, Altar of Noah and then return to the Eternal Hill.
Since, however, the actual figures of the Samaritan alphabet have no longer even a distant resemblance to the object indicated by the names of the letters, it is probable that they represent a second state of the alphabet, the first probably derived from the Egyptian, being lost.
Of greatest interest and rarity is a decorative Samaritan ketubah, inscribed in the Samaritan language, for the wedding of the groom, Tamim ben Yisrael ben Yishmael Danafi, and his bride, Pu'ah bat Abraham ben Marhib Safari, which was solemnized in Shechem (Nablus) March-April 1901.
shomron0.tripod.com /update5.23.2002p.htm   (2008 words)

  
 [No title]
Since the Y-based genetic distance between Jews and Samaritans is much larger that the autosomes-based genetic distance, it seems that significant gene flow has taken place throughout over 100 generations of separation.
I showed him my firman, and he sent a janizary to conduct me to the house of a Samaritan, a writer to the government, where I was received, fed, and lodged better than in any other place in the Holy Land, always excepting the abodes of those suffering martyrs, the Terra Santa monks.
The priest was a man of forty-five, and gave me but a poor idea of the character of the Samaritans, for he refused to show me the sacred scroll unless I would pay him first.
shomron0.tripod.com /update10.10.2002v.html   (1487 words)

  
 DISSERTATION CONCERNING THE ANTIQUITY OF THE HEBREW-LANGUAGE,
The first of them is not peculiar to the Septuagint, it is the fame in the Samaritan Pentateuch; and the latter plainly arises from the similarity of the letters Daleth and Resh.
I proceed now to propose the arguments that are, or may be used in favor of the Hebrew language being the primitive one; and the First, may be taken from the alphabet of the tongue itself, which appears to be the first alphabet of all the eastern languages.
Nathan says, the law was given in breaking, (in rude, rough, and broken letters, supposed to be meant of the Samaritan) and agrees with R.
www.godrules.net /library/gill/304gill1.htm   (3650 words)

  
 THE ALPHABET A Key to the History of Mankind
Arabic alphabet: Arabic language and script; origin of Arabic alphabet; early development of Arabic alphabet; development of Arabic script: Kufic and Naskhi; modern Arabic alphabet; diacritical points; adaptation of the Arabic character to other languages.
Early Slavonic alphabets: Cyrillie alphabet; adoption of the Cyrillic alphabet for, and its adaptation to, other language; reform of Russian orthography; Bukvitsa; Glagolitic alphabet; origin of Cyrillic and Glagolitic alphabets; bibliography.
Offshoots of the Etruscan alphabet: alphabet of the Piceni; Ventic alphabet; North Etruscan alphabets; Italic scripts: Oscan alphabet; Umbrian alphabet; Siculan alphabet; Latinian alphabets: Faliscan alphabet.
www.exoticindiaart.com /book/details/IDD824   (1137 words)

  
 Careers-Good Samaritan Medical Center-West Palm Beach, FL
That's why the Child Care Center at Good Samaritan Medical Center developed a program to meet the meet the needs of your child.
Children are exposed to precounting skills and prereading skills with the aim of making them familiar with numbers, colors, and the alphabet.
Our location on the Good Samaritan Medical Center campus makes it easy for you to bring your child before you report for work.
www.goodsamaritanmc.com /CWSContent/goodsamaritanmc/Careers   (589 words)

  
 Sabaean alphabet
The Sabaean or Sabaic alphabet is one of the south Arabian alphabets.
Its origins are not known, though one theory is that it developed from the Byblos alphabet.
The Sabaean alphabet is thought to have evolved into the Ethiopic script.
www.omniglot.com /writing/sabaean.htm   (136 words)

  
 Antiquity of Ink
The Samaritan Pentateuch is very ancient, as is proved by the criticisms of Talmudic writers.
It is claimed by the Samaritans of Nablus that their copy was written by Abisha, the great-grandson of Aaron, in the thirteenth year of the settlement of the land of Canaan by the children of Israel.
Capitals are, strictly speaking, such letters as retain the earliest settled form of an alphabet; being generally of such angular shapes as could conveniently be carved on wood or stone, or engraved in metal, to be stamped on coins.
www.djmcadam.com /antiquity-ink.html   (2996 words)

  
 School of Theology | Library | Archives--Barton Inventory
Abisha Scroll, the Sacred Pentateuch of the Samaritans at the synagogue in Nablus.
American Samaritan Committee correspondence, to WEB and others, from A. Ben Kori, Abu-l Hassan, Gaskoin Wright, and the Samaritan community, regarding Palestine, the Samaritan Committee, and the Samaritans.
Two tabloid sized sheets in Russian, Hebrew and Samaritan, one giving the translation of Exodus XX from the Samaritan text, the other giving Exodus XX which came to be used by the people of Israel excepting the Samaritans.
www.bu.edu /sth/archives/sth/barton1.html   (4055 words)

  
 Bible Picture Library of LineArt   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
1) Alphabet Comparative alphabets: 2) Alphabet Alphabets of Hieroglyphics, Hieratic, Phoenician (as used on the Moabite stone and Siloam inscription), with Hebrew 3) Alphabt Rock of Behistun, showing Persian scultures with writing in Persian, Nabylonian and Scythic.
Samaritan - as used in the Samaritan Old Testament.
Alphabets of Hieroglyphics, Hieratic, Phoenician (as used on the Moabite stone and Siloam inscription), with Hebrew
www.cc-art.com /sampler/Lineart/html/Writing1.htm   (1063 words)

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