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Topic: Samkhya

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  Samkhya - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Samkhya, also Sankhya, (Sanskrit: सांख्य - Enumeration) is one of the schools of Indian philosophy.
In Samkhya, however, it is between the self (purusha) and matter, and the latter incorporates what Westerners would normally refer to as "mind".
Samkhya · Nyaya · Vaisheshika · Yoga · Mimamsa · Vedanta · Tantra · Bhakti · Carvakas
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Samkhya   (1133 words)

The precise manner of the emergence of the twenty-four tattvas from prakriti, the nature of the "relation" between purusha and prakriti, as well as many other subjects which are only in summary form in the karikas are all taken up in the commentaries.
Although Samkhya ("enumeration") is one of the six classical systems of Indian philosophy, its history presents many problems and is the subject of scholarly disagreement.
Although this cannot count as "history" in the usual sense of the word, Samkhya teachings have their roots in certain speculations which are found in the Rig Veda and in the oldest prose Upanishads (e.g., the Brihadaranyaka and the Chandogya).
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/hindu/ascetic/samkhya.html   (1552 words)

 Samkhya and Vedanta
Secondly, Samkhya is precise, rational, and logical, and therefore does not deem it necessary to invoke the concept of God for explaining the manifest and non-manifest multifarious nature: the individual self and the objective universe.
Samkhya nicely propounds the theory of the possibility and the need to realize our true Self so that the bondage of ignorance is broken and the individual self attains liberation.
Samkhya philosophy should not be construed to mean naturalistic science; and its conception of the second principle as Purusha removes such a misconception.
www.geocities.com /neovedanta/a67.html   (1450 words)

 Samkhya Theory of Matter
What may count as the Samkhya theory of matter is part of the general philosophical theory advanced by it which aims at giving a true account of the nature of all that there is.
Samkhya divides all things that are there into two radically different kinds: (a) things which possess consciousness or rather are constituted of consciousness (cetana); (b) things which are unconscious (jada) but are objects of (or for) consciousness.
Thus for Samkhya, physical things, organisms and minds fall on one side of the fundamental ontological divide, on the other side of which are to be found only subjects of pure consciousness (purusa).
ignca.nic.in /ps_04013.htm   (1186 words)

 samkhya   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Samkhya espouses an atheistic philosophical dualism, positing two fundamental principles as the source of all things.
The Samkhyas illustrate this misunderstanding using the example of the rose behind the crystal, in which the latter appears to be colored, but is in fact unchanged.
The Samkhya metaphysics were adopted wholesale by the Yoga philosophical school, and the two schools are usually mentioned together--Samkhya as the theoretical contributor, and Yoga as the practical.
www2.carthage.edu /~lochtefe/samkhya.html   (787 words)

 Articles : The Psychology of Transformation in Yoga   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Samkhya shows us how the function of time operates and how to observe when different periods of time are beneficial for specific activities through Vedic Astrology.
The Samkhya system reveals the hidden meanings of life, death, the soul, happiness, health, astrology, esoteric sciences, kundalini and reincarnation, to name a few.
However, when the deeper purpose of Samkhya is revealed these same practices help lead humanity to health, truth, happiness, peace and real knowledge - the knowledge of who we really are and why we are here on this earth.
www.atreya.com /english/sankhya.htm   (2004 words)

 SAMKHYA YOGA revisited   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Indeed, the text is a detailed step-by-step instruction manual for Samkhya Meditation, and albeit in passing, it furthermore identifies two Samkhya breathing techniques which enhance that meditation experience.
Samkhya Yoga has now become the medium not of experiencing our Divinity, because we have that with us constantly still, but rather it has become the means of basking in It’s Light.
The meditation associated with Samkhya Yoga is a state of total sensory isolation, and is accomplished by utilizing certain aspects of the breath.
www.samkhyayoga.org /cornerstone.htm   (2184 words)

 The Cosmic Manifestation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Samkhya is a number, calculation, counting, categorising, etc. Perhaps the word samkhya has come from the fact of its having been based on the categories of the items involved in the process of the evolution of what they call prakriti.
According to the philosophy of the Samkhya, which the Bhagavadgita accepts, in one of its phases prakriti is the substance of the cosmos.
It is said that, to speak in the language of the Samkhya, the sattva of prakriti enables the reflection of purusha, or the universal consciousness, through itself.
www.swami-krishnananda.org /maha/maha_04.html   (1782 words)

 Subject Knowing Object
Samkhya was awake to this difficulty of employing the method of mere observation and experiment.
Samkhya is one of the oldest philosophies - perhaps the oldest in the world.
The Samkhya went deep into subjective analysis, through which it tried to understand the constitution of matter and the forces that are seen to constitute it.
www.swami-krishnananda.org /light/light_03a.html   (1950 words)

 20th WCP: Enlightenment and its Attainment: Samkhya-Yoga and Buddhist Perspectives
In Samkhya Sutra (1/2 and 1/3) and Samkhya Karika (2) scriptural means i.
Mahabharata declares Samkhya as a doctrine of liberation (Moksadarsanam) or Samkhya-Yoga as twofold path to liberation.
Samkhya enumeration of the 25 principles of existence is done with a view to clarify and establish the emancipating knowledge or 'Vivekakhyati'.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Asia/AsiaDutt.htm   (3434 words)

Samkhya is realism as it considers that both matter and spirit are equally real.
Samkhya is pluralistic also because of its teaching that Purusha is not one but many.
Samkhya argues that if God exists and if God is eternal and unchanging as is widely claimed, then he can not be the cause of the world.
indianphilosophy.50webs.com /samkhya.htm   (1791 words)

 Chapter Nineteen: Creation as Explained in the Non-dualist Tantras
According to Samkhya, in Mulaprakriti or the potential condition of the Natural Principle, the Gunas are in a state of equality (Samyavastha), that is, they are not affecting one another.
Samkhya by its dualism is able to preserve in all its integrity the specific character of Cit as Nirañjana.
On the other hand, it differs from the Samkhya in holding that Mulaprakriti as Maya-Shakti is not a principle separate from the Brahman, but exists in and as a principle of the one Brahman substance.
www.sacred-texts.com /tantra/sas/sas19.htm   (8618 words)

 Philosophy in Ancient India - Crystalinks
Samkhya is widely regarded to be the oldest of the orthodox philosophical systems in Hinduism.
Samkhya was originally atheistic, but in confluence with its offshoot Yoga later, it accepted God.
The most significant difference from Samkhya is that the Yoga school not only incorporates the concept of Ishvara (a personal God) into its metaphysical worldview, which the Samkhya does not, but also upholds Ishvara as the ideal upon which to meditate.
www.crystalinks.com /indiaphilosophy.html   (1227 words)

 Yoga and Samkhya | Invisible World   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Samkhya is the theoretical aspect and Yoga is the experiential method, the application of techniques that allow us to experience the subtle.
Samkhya maps both the microcosm and the macrocosm.
Samkhya describes the spectrum of human existence from the most gross to the most subtle.
www.bigshakti.com /yoga-samkhya.html   (352 words)

 Samkhya - TheBestLinks.com - Hinduism, Hindu, India, Mahabharata, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Samkhya - TheBestLinks.com - Hinduism, Hindu, India, Mahabharata,...
Samkhya, Hinduism, Hindu, India, Mahabharata, Yoga, Purusha, Hindu philosophy...
Samkhya, also Sankhya, (Sankrit: सांख्य) is a school of Indian philosophy, and is one of the six astika or Hindu philosophical schools of India.
www.thebestlinks.com /Samkhya.html   (706 words)

 Ethics of Hindu Philosophy by Sanderson Beck
Kapila, the legendary founder of the Samkhya school, is said to have been an incarnation of Vishnu or Agni; he probably lived during the seventh century BC at the time of the early Upanishads.
The standard 25 Samkhya principles are enumerated as the eight material principles and the sixteen modifications completed by the all-important spirit (purusha) or unmanifest knower of the field.
The elaborated Samkhya doctrine is attributed to Pancashikha, but the earliest Samkhya text is the Samkhya Karika from the second or third century CE by Ishvara Krishna.
www.san.beck.org /EC11-Hindu.html   (6835 words)

 SAMKHYA YOGA revisited   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
For now, it is sufficient to state that although the Raja Yoga tradition is based on the same text as its Samkhya predecessor, the rendition that is utilized is edited to be in accordance with mainstream religious traditions not especially prone to exactitudes, or at least not those of an academic nature.
This segment is considered by many to be the core of both Samkhya and Raja Yoga, and variations of the paradigm have occurred in assorted other texts.
Notwithstanding that these agendas have been both well intentioned and in many cases even spiritually beneficial to their readers, they have however proven to be red herrings to the task at hand, which is to extract the prima fascia (and therefore intrinsic) understandings contained within the sutras themselves.
www.samkhyayoga.org /roadmap.htm   (2034 words)

 Chapter Seventeen: Shakti and Maya
So far as the subject of the present article is concerned all three systems, Samkhya, Mayavada, Shaktivada, are in general agreement as to the nature of the infinite formless Consciousness, and posit therewith a finitizing principle called Prakriti, Maya and Shakti respectively.
The main points on which Samkhya (at any rate in what has been called its classical form) differs from Mayavada Vedanta are in its two doctrines of the plurality of Atmans on the one hand, and the reality and independence of Prakriti on the other.
The difference lies in this that in Samkhya it is a second, independent Principle which veils; in Mayavada Vedanta it is the non-Brahman Maya (called a Shakti of Ishvara) which veils; and in Shakta Advaitavada (for the Shaktas are nondualists) it is Consciousness which, without ceasing to be such, yet veils Itself.
www.sacred-texts.com /tantra/sas/sas17.htm   (4343 words)

 Moksha Journal - The Way of the Witness, by Christopher Key Chapple
In the Samkhya and Yoga schools of thought, both of these are seen as integral to being human, interacting and complementing one another until true knowledge of the seer is gained.
The telos of Samkhya is found in the opposite, when the liberated one proclaims "I am not, nothing is mine, I do not exist." All confusion, unsteadiness, desire, and self-conceit have been dissolved, resulting in purification and liberation.
As with Samkhya and Buddhism, the purpose of yoga is the cessation of pain, effected by states of suppression (nirodha) of the wave generating habituations.
www.santosha.com /moksha/witness1.html   (6741 words)

 Yoga Journal : The History of Yoga : Preclassical Yoga : The Upanishads   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Samkhya became radical when it taught that the visible world was not a manifestation of the Divine.
Suffering, according to the Samkhya tradition, occurred when the yogi became attached to things that were not the Self, and when he mistakenly identified those things with pure consciousness (purusha).
Although this dualistic, rather heretical teaching failed the test of time, the Samkhya tradition created a sophisticated cosmology that explains the difference between the seer (purusha) and that which is seen.
www.yogajournal.com /timeline/preclassical3a.html   (233 words)

 Maharshi Kapila - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Maharishi Kapila is a Vedic saint traditionally considered to be the original proponent of the Samkhya system of philosophy but there are no known writings by him that deal with the Samkhya system as it is understood today.
He is desribed as an incarnation of Vishnu within the Puranas, famous for teaching a process of liberation known as bhakti yoga.
Tradition has it that Shakyamuni Buddha studied the Samkhya system before his "awakening," putting Kapila's birth at least before that time.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Kapila   (635 words)

 AGORA: Winter 2002 Issue: Sukumaran   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Samkhya school, in its classic state, is also atheistic.
Lastly, scriptural references to a Supreme God are, according to the Samkhyas, eulogies of liberated souls.
The pantheon of Vedic gods is allowed in Samkhya metaphysics, but these are neither free nor truly unfettered from the cycle of being (Radhakrishnan Vol.
www.tamu.edu /chr/agora/sukumaran10.html   (268 words)

 Samkhya Sutras of Kapila
Samkhya enumerates the component parts of the object of knowledge in order to give insight into the strucutral engineering of the whole.
According to Dr. Tony Nader, Samkhya is represented in the physiology by the neuronal activity of dendrites, cell bodies, and axons and their connectivity.
He correlates the 25 kinds of neuronal activity to the 25 categories of Samkhya, and the six layers of the cerebral cortex to the six chapters of Samkhya.
www.mumpress.com /p_d11.html   (94 words)

 Samkhya   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The word Samkhya is derived from the words Samyak Khyati (Correct Knowledge).
Its founder was the sage Kapila but his work Samkhya Pravachana Sutra has been lost long ago.
Samkhya is founded on Satkaryavada, which is based on the premise that every effect (Karya) pre-exists(Sat) in its cause (Karana).
www.goindiago.com /religion/hindu/samkhya.htm   (233 words)

 Ask the Pundits   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This is the teaching that is connected to the darsana known as the Samkhya, hence the name.
Samkhya offers freedom from misery and says it offers a means to terminate the pain through a dualistic realism.
Samkhya would disagree with the teaching of one spirit pervading all and offers the idea that there are true individual and plural purusas.
www.karma2grace.org /Webcomponents/FAQ/index.asp?det=76   (634 words)

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