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Topic: Sangiran

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  Human Ancestors Hall: Sangiran 2
Sangiran 2 is fossil braincase with a partially preserved supraorbital torus over the left eye.
Dating the fossils at Sangiran is extremely difficult, with sediment ages (based on different methods and localities) ranging from 1.8 million to 700,000 years ago.
It is unlikely that the two extremes represent the actual age of the beds, and an older limit of 1.6 million years is reasonalble.
www.mnh.si.edu /anthro/humanorigins/ha/sang2.html   (222 words)

 Meganthropus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Meganthropus is a name commonly given to several large jaw and skull fragments from Sangiran, Central Java.
The original scientific name was Meganthropus paleojavanicus, and while it is very uncommonly considered valid today, the genus name has survived as a sort of formal nickname for the fossils.
However, Andrew Kramer analyzed the same fossil and came to the conclusion that the "sagittal crest" was due to damage, and that the specimen showed remarkable similarities with Sangiran 4, a certain H.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Meganthropus   (1222 words)

More likely, it is thought, these early hominids lived on the edge of the swamp and rarely set foot in the Sangiran area itself, and only after death did some of their bones wash downstream into the low-lying area.
At the Museum of Paleontology in Sangiran village, one is likely to come across a local fossil entrepreneur, or "commercial man." Someone we shall call Pedagang is one such agent.
How-ever, of the roughly eighty hominid fossils found to date in Sangiran (not counting the scores of isolated teeth), only one is a body bone- thigh fragment excavated by a Franco-Indonesian team in 1992.
www.uiowa.edu /~bioanth/Farming_Java.html   (2178 words)

 Sangiran Early Man Site
In order avoid harmful constrictions within the zoning of Sangiran site it is firstly necessary to install new boundary marks and secondly to socialize the zonation of Sangiran site to various institutions and people as further to inform them about the rights and obligations within the zonation.
Whereas his initiative is welcome, it is necessary to guide his future projects in order to ensure that the alterations undertaken are both, benefiting the local communities but not harming the site or the archaeological excavations.
However, in order to stabilize the situation on Sangiran site and to preserve and conserve this heritage, it will be essential to not only address government departments, archaeological researcher and investors but to also involve local people themselves, as they are not only living on the site but also depending economically on the land.
www.unesco.or.id /activities/culture/77.php   (1394 words)

 Homo erectus
The supraorbital torus on the reconstruction is smaller than that of OH 7 or Sangiran 17 from Java.
Sangiran 17 has been an important specimen for those who accept the multiregional hypothesis that has erectus moving into Asia early, and evolving into Homo sapiens with gene flow being maintained between various African, Asian, and European populations.
A reduced development of the frontal and parietal lobes of the brain, though more developed elsewhere (Sangiran 17 is at the high end of the erectus scale with an approximate 1029 cc.
www.archaeologyinfo.com /homoerectus.htm   (2344 words)

 Athena Review, Vol.4 no.1: Homo erectus and the Emergence of Sunda in the Tethys Realm
The Sangiran Dome: Central Java’s Sangiran dome lies squarely astride the subduction zone; large volcanoes rise to the east (Lawu) and to the west (Merapi) (figs.5,6).
We are studying the sedimentary dynamics of fossil bones and pumice clasts in stream environments and are analyzing the petrographic variety in volcanic minerals throughout the dome.
The new Sangiran data indicate that the two known equatorial populations (Sunda and East African Rift Valley) encephalized in parallel already by the early Pleistocene.
www.athenapub.com /13sunda.htm   (3246 words)

 Sangiran - Promoting Bali
One million years ago, Sangiran was the home of Pithecantropus Erectus, or Java man as he's more commonly known.
A few fragments of his jawbone were discovered in 1936 and, until the Rift Valley finds in Kenya, were the oldest hominid remains ever found, and the first to support Darwin's theory of evolution.
To get to Sangiran, take a Damri or BERSERI bus from Solo's Jalan Riyadi to Kalijambe (Rp500), then either wait for a yellow angkuta (Rp200) or hire an ojek (Rp1500) to take you to the village.
www.promotingbali.com /beyond-bali/java/sangiran   (129 words)

 Fossil Farming in Java - dig for human remains in Java, Indonesia Natural History - Find Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Seeking to learn more about what the early island habitats were like, we proceeded to the village of Sangiran, legendary among paleoanthropologists because it lies smack in the middle of a ten-square-mile zone rich in H. erectus fossils.
This haphazard accumulation has been taken to be the reason why so many H. erectus fossils have turned up in Sangiran's sedimentary beds, a soft-rock sandwich of swamp-bottom clay and streambed sand, all interleaved with layers of volcanic ash and pumice.
The volcanic levels are amenable to radiometric dating, and the most current analysis suggests that H. erectus lived in or near Sangiran for nearly 2 million years.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m1134/is_6_108/ai_55127883   (908 words)

 John Hawks Anthropology Weblog : Earliest stone tools on Java
His team, which also works at Sangiran, has used ultraprecise argon-argon radiometric methods to date the volcanic strata overlying the levels excavated by Widianto to 1.58 million to 1.51 million years ago--making the flakes at least 1.6 million years old.
If the flakes were undisturbed, Ciochon says, they would represent "some of the earliest evidence of the human manufacture of stone artifacts outside of Africa." Their antiquity would match that of the oldest flakes found in China, at Majuangou, dated to 1.66 million years ago and also made of chert.
The Sangiran flakes "are fundamentally different"--smaller--than the stone choppers made by H. erectus in Africa, says Ciochon.
johnhawks.net /weblog/reviews/archaeology/lower/sangiran_tools_science_report_2006.w   (399 words)

 4Forums.com - View Single Post - Homo erectus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Some specimens of this substantial assemblage preserve a temporal bone (missing in Trinil) with unusual morphology: Unlike other mammals, this hominid's intracranial sigmoid sinuses were not single, but arborized prior to draining into the jugular veins (panel E).
The Trinil fossils (the H. erectus type specimen) and the Sangiran fossils represent the same species and show a wide range of individual variation.
Note the odd shape of Trinil and Sangiran rear profiles, variation between individuals, and differences between these specimens and various specimens from Africa and Eurasia (G-L).
www.4forums.com /political/showpost.php?p=60696&postcount=1   (1347 words)

 Tengkorak Manusia Sangiran Dijual Rp 100.000 per Buah - Minggu, 03 Agustus 2003
Benda yang diyakini fosil kepala manusia Sangiran, yang hidup sekitar 100-200 tahun lalu itu, banyak dipajang di kios cenderamata di kompleks Museum Sangiran.
Benda bagian kelengkapan tubuh manusia ini benar-benar asli, bukan buatan pengrajin maupun hasil rekayasa dari batuan Sangiran.
Munculnya usaha perdagangan tengkorak manusia di Situs Prasejarah Sangiran itu, menurut beberapa warga yang pekerjaannya mencari fosil, bagian dari upaya melariskan barang cenderamata saja.
www.kompas.com /kompas-cetak/0308/03/utama/470363.htm   (476 words)

 The Jakarta Post - The Journal of Indonesia Today
Sangiran, a region just 15 kilometers north of Surakarta (Solo), Central Java, is rich in archaeological finds that could unlock the secrets of our ancestors.
Dubbed Homo erectus Park by the Minister of Culture and Tourism I Gede Ardika, Sangiran became famous after human fossils closely resembling the Pithecanthropus erectus (upright ape-man) were unearthed at the site by German geologist and paleontologist, Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald, in 1934.
A museum at the Krikilan village, Sragen regency, Central Java, exhibits many of the archaeological finds found at Sangiran and showcased a Homo erectus exhibit depicting an estimation of what it was like at the time when these ancestors lived.
www.thejakartapost.com /yesterdaydetail.asp?fileid=20020823.R03   (767 words)

 Sangiran - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
New: Biocrawler.com now with the option to add inline videos.
Sangiran is an archaeological excavation site at the island of Java in Indonesia.
You can find it there under the keyword Sangiran (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sangiran)The list of previous authors is available here: version history (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sangiranandaction=history).
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Sangiran   (183 words)

 Foley/Milton debate, message 5a3
The Sangiran and Peking fossils are assigned to Homo erectus, as is the Java Man skullcap.
This reason is no longer scientifically valid because the same features are found on skulls, such as Sangiran 2, that are definitely not apes.
(Also, 775 was the size of Sangiran 2, not the Java Man skullcap) Richard's reply has ignored my main point, which was that the Sangiran 2 skull is not an ape, and is extremely similar to (but slightly *smaller* than) the Java Man skullcap.
www.talkorigins.org /faqs/homs/milton5a3.html   (5107 words)

Establishing a reliable chronology for the geological sequence at Sangiran has been difficult, but several series of radiopotassium and fission-track dates are now available.
Given its thick brow and heavily constructed vault, this individual (called OH 9), which is probably male, was similar to several of the larger skulls from Asia.
Comparisons to the Sangiran, Ngandong and Zhoukoudian crania demonstrate a likeness not only in general form but also in many anatomical details.
www.mc.maricopa.edu /dept/d10/asb/anthro2003/origins/hominid_journey/erectus.html   (1190 words)

 SUARA MERDEKA - SALA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Tak mengherankan jika masih ada anggapan masyarakat kalau Sangiran masih menjadi bagian dari Kota Solo.
Sangiran yang menjadi warisan dunia, berada di gerbang barat Kabupaten Sragen.
Yang penting masyarakat Sangiran bisa merasakan dampak positif dari kunjungan wisatawan dengan peningkatan penghasilan masyarakat lingkungan sekitar.
www.suaramerdeka.com /harian/0405/26/slo23.htm   (303 words)

 material   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Sangiran 1, Sangiran 6a, Sangiran 6b, Sangiran 7-20, Sangiran 7-64, Sangiran 7-65, Sangiran 7-78, Sangiran 7-84
Material listed are single teeth (lower M2) and other specimens, scanned from casts of the hominid collection housed in the Kenya National Museums in Nairobi and the Department of Antiquities in Lilongwe, Malawi.
Sangiran 2, Sangiran 3, Sangiran 4, Sangiran 6c
www.hotpad.org /Material/material.htm   (286 words)

 See | Java Travel Information | Lonely Planet Destination Guide
The National Museum, built in 1862, is the best museum in Indonesia and one of the finest in Southeast...
Sangiran is an important archaeological excavation site, where some of the best examples of fossil...
Disclaimer: We've tried to make the information on this web site as accurate as possible, but it is provided 'as is' and we accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by anyone resulting from this information.
www.lonelyplanet.com /worldguide/destinations/asia/indonesia/java/see?a=browse   (155 words)

 Athena Review 4,1: Introduction to Homo erectus
An even earlier Homo erectus fossil of a child’s skull was recovered by von Koenigswald in 1936 in the east Javan village of Perning near Mojokerto, 180 km east of Sangiran on the Brantus River.
The fossils from Sangiran and Mojokerto demonstrate that initial hominid migrations to southeast Asia came into a diverse range of local environments.
At about 1.5 mya the Sangiran levels were superimposed by river and lake sediments of the Kabuh Formation with associated Trinil Fauna (Dubois’; original Trinil zone).
www.athenapub.com /13intro-he.htm   (6716 words)

Museum Situs Prasejarah Sangiran, Kabupaten Sragen terancam tidak diakui dunia internasional sebagai pusat penelitian fosil, tempat pendidikan dan pusat pariwisata, bila tidak segera dilakukan pembenahan.
Perhatian dari instansi terkait itu sangat penting agar Sangiran dapat dijadikan sebagai obyek wisata Jateng, laboratorium dan pusat penelitian, pusat pembelanjaan suvenir.
Penelitian tentang fosil-fosil di Sangiran ini menjadi menarik perhatian dunia ketika pada 1936 ditemukan fosil rahang bawah manusia purba.
www.gatra.com /artikel.php?id=19788   (315 words)

 Homo erectus Skull
The Peking Man specimen, originally referred to as Pithecanthropus pekinenses and Sinathropus pekingensis, originates from a reconstruction consisting of the fossil remains of several specimens from Zhoukoudian, China.
The Sangiran 17 skull, discovered in Java in 1969 was first classified as Pithecanthropus erectus.
The Meganthropus specimen, based on the Sangiran 31 find, was reconstructed by the late Dr. Grover Krantz.
www.skullsunlimited.com /homo_erectus.htm   (169 words)

 HARIAN UMUM SUARA MERDEKA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Sangiran terletak sekitar 19 km arah utara Kota Solo.
Tapi harga batu akik yang ditawarkan di Sangiran lebih murah.
Biasanya yang paling dinantikan para turis asing yang baru kali pertama datang ke Sangiran.
www.suaramerdeka.com /harian/0204/23/slo21.htm   (417 words)

 Indonesia - Sangiran Early Man Site   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Later, 50 fossils of Meganthropus palaeo and Pithecanthropus erectus/Homo erectus were found – half of all the world's known hominid fossils.
Set of two stamps commemorating the centenary of the finding of the first hominid fossils.
Evidence at Sangiran Java, Indonesia of a Mojokerto child suggests Homo Erectus existed in this region supporting the contention that Homo Sapiens may have evolved independent of African Homo Erectus.
worldheritage.heindorffhus.dk /frame-IndonesiaSangiranEarlyMan.htm   (232 words)

Homo erectus fossils occur from the upper part of the Sangiran Formation to the middle to upper Bapang Formation.
The upper Sangiran Formation has sediment and paleosol characteristics indicating an organic rich lake margin or marsh environment, while the Bapang Formation represents a sandy braided stream environment with multiple fining upward cycles.
Stable carbon isotopes analyses were used to examine the relative abundance of C3 and C4 plants that contributed to the soil organic matter during periods of stability represented by paleosols in the sequence.
gsa.confex.com /gsa/2005NC/finalprogram/abstract_86848.htm   (406 words)

 Paper Abstracts
The discovery of stone tools in the grenzbank in Sangiran, dated back to at least 0.8 million years (as announced in the Melaka IPPA Congress), relates certainly to Homo erectus of the early Middle Pleistocene.
The discovery in September-October 2004 of an assemblage of the Sangiran flake industry, mostly made from chalcedony, in the fluvio-volcanic layers situated 3 meters below the Pucangan fl clay in Dayu, sheds new light on the existence of Lower Pleistocene material culture in Sangiran.
Some 180 flakes were found in a 3 x 3 m square, through a thickness of 1 meter, and are believed to be the culture of archaic Homo erectus.
www.upd.edu.ph /~asp/ippa_congress/abstracts10.htm   (1320 words)

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