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Topic: Sanhedrin

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  Sanhedrin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Sanhedrin is the name given in the mishna to the body of seventy one sages who constituted the supreme court and legislative body in Judea during the Roman period.
The Sanhedrin traces its lineage back to its formation in the time of Moses, although the Greek root for the word suggests that the institution may have developed during the Hellenic period.
Sanhedrin The supreme council and court of justice among the Jews.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Sanhedrin.html   (314 words)

 Sanhedrin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Great Sanhedrin is an assembly of 71 of the greatest Jewish judges who constituted the supreme court and legislative body of ancient Israel.
The original aristocratic constitution of the senate began to be modified under the later Hasmoneans by the inevitable introduction of representatives of the rising party of the Pharisees, and this new element gained strength under Herod the Great, the bitter enemy of the priestly aristocracy.
The Sanhedrin was re-established in Yavneh [70-80 CE].
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sanhedrin   (2982 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Sanhedrin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Sanhedrin in the post-Temple age concerned itself primarily with codifying the ancient traditions of the Oral Torah; its members were instrumental in the drafting of the Mishna and the Jerusalem Talmud.
In order that this sanhedrin, reviving the old Sanhedrin of Jerusalem, might be vested with the same sacred character as that time-honored institution, it was to be constituted on a similar pattern: it was to be composed of seventy-one members—two-thirds of them rabbis and one-third laymen.
The nascent Sanhedrin is not recognized by the Israeli government (although a ruling of a subordinate court of the Sanhedrin was consulted by a secular Israeli court) nor by the vast majority of Jews, regardless of their level of observance.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Sanhedrin   (3134 words)

 JewishEncyclopedia.com - SANHEDRIN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In the Talmudic sources the "Great" Sanhedrin at Jerusalem is so called in contradistinction to other bodies designated by that name; and it was generally assumed that this Great Sanhedrin was identical with the Sanhedrin at Jerusalem which is mentioned in the non-Talmudic sources, in the Gospels, and in Josephus.
There are no references to indicate whence the Sanhedrin derived its authority or by whom it was elected, unless it be assumed that the convocation of that body by the high priest and at times by the Jewish king, as mentioned in the sources, refers to the manner of its election.
Indeed, while the Sanhedrin still sat in the Temple, it was decreed that a mezuzah was to be placed in the hall of the πρόεδροι.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=229&letter=S   (3032 words)

 sanhedrin - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Sanhedrin was, at and before the time of Christ, the name for the highest Jewish tribunal, of 71 members, in Jerusalem, and also for the lower tribunals, of 23 members, of which Jerusalem had two (Tosephta' Chaghighah] 11 9; Sanhedrin 1 6; 11 2).
Sanhedrin 4 3 mentions the cophere-ha-dayanim, "notaries," one of whom registered the reasons for acquittal, and the other the reasons for condemnation.
For one offense the Sanhedrin could put to death, on their own authority, even a Roman citizen, namely, in the case of a Gentile passing the fence which divided the inner court of the Temple from that of the Gentiles (BJ, VI, ii, 4; Middoth 11 3; compare Acts 21:28).
www.studylight.org /enc/isb/view.cgi?word=sanhedrin&action=Lookup   (1387 words)

 The Sanhedrin
The Great Sanhedrin was the supreme religious body in Palestine during the time of the Holy Temple.
These Sanhedrins existed until the abolishment of the rabbinic patriarchate in about 425 C.E. The earliest record of a Sanhedrin is by Josephus who wrote of a political Sanhedrin convened by the Romans in 57 B.C.E. Hellenistic sources generally depict the Sanhedrin as a political and judicial council headed by the country’s ruler.
The Great Sanhedrin dealt with religious and ritualistic Temple matters, criminal matters appertaining to the secular court, proceedings in connection with the discovery of a corpse, trials of adulterous wives, tithes, preparation of Torah Scrolls for the king and the Temple, drawing up the calendar and the solving of difficulties relating to ritual law.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Judaism/Sanhedrin.html   (454 words)

 Sanhedrin (Talmud) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the council of seventy-one Jewish sages in Judea during the Roman period, see Sanhedrin.
Sanhedrin (סנהדרין) is one of ten tractates of the Nezikin (a section of the Talmud that deals with damages, ie.
Within the Nezikin, the Sanhedrin focuses on criminal law and punishments.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sanhedrin_(tractate)   (339 words)

 BookRags: Sanhedrin Summary
SANHEDRIN, a Hebrew and Jewish-Aramaic loanword from the Greek sunedrion, is believed to be the name of the supreme autonomous institution of the Jews of Palestine during the Roman and early Byzantine periods (63 BCE to the fifth or sixth century CE).
Until 70 CE the Sanhedrin met in the precincts of the Jerusalem Temple.
Strictly speaking, the Sanhedrin is mentioned only in Hebrew and Aramaic sources, of which the most important is the rabbinic literature of the first five centuries CE.
www.bookrags.com /other/religion/sanhedrin-eorl-12.html   (447 words)

The Sanhedrin itself, however, Herod allowed to continue; but this new Sanhedrin, filled with his creatures, was henceforth utilized as a mere tool at his beck (as for instance in the case of the aged Hyrcanus).
Whether or not the Sanhedrin had been deprived, at the time of Jesus Christ, of the right to carry death-sentences into execution, is a much-disputed question.
On the one hand, that such a curtailing of the Sanhedrin's power did actually take place seems implied in the cry of the Jews: "It is not lawful for us to put any man to death" (John 18:31), in the statement of Josephus (Ant., XX, ix, 1) and in those of the Talmud of Jer.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13444a.htm   (2003 words)

The Sanhedrin, a religious-legal assembly of 71 sages, was the highest Jewish judicial tribunal in the Land of Israel.
Those behind the revival of the Sanhedrin stress that the revival of the legal body is mandated by the Torah.
The rabbis behind the Sanhedrin's reconstitution claim that, like the State of Israel, the old-new Sanhedrin is a work-in-progress.
www.goodnewsmedia.com /bible.studies.htm/sanhedrin.htm   (519 words)

 Judaism 101 - Sanhedrin - A Glossary of Basic Jewish Terms and Concepts - OU.ORG
The Masechta, or Folio of the Talmud that discusses the activities of the Sanhedrin, and related matters.
On the floor of the Sanhedrin were debated the fundamental principles of the Torah, and the result was established by majority vote.
Some said that a Sanhedrin that imposed the death penalty once in seven years was considered "bloody;" another opinion is that it was seventy years.
www.ou.org /about/judaism/sanhedrin.htm   (308 words)

 Sanhedrin: People/Characters of the Bible: Bible Picture Tour of the People, Places, Things and Topics of the Bible; ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Sanhedrin was the highest religious and political council in Jewish Palestine.
The internal government of the country was under the Sanhedrin's direction and was even recognized by local Jewish courts outside of the region.
The limitation of the Sanhedrin was significant in the trial of Jesus.
www.mustardseed.net /html/pesanhedrin.html   (810 words)

 Definition of Sanhedrin
The Sanhedrin traced its lineage back to its formation in the time of Moses, although the Greek root for the word suggests that the institution may have developed during the Hellenistic period.
The Sanhedrin is mentioned frequently in the New Testament.
The Sanhedrin was reestablished in a ceremony in Tiberias, where the original Sanhedrin was disbanded, on October, 2004 (Tishrei 5765).
www.wordiq.com /definition/Sanhedrin.html   (577 words)

The Sanhedrin was composed of local elites--including members of the high-priestly family, scribes (religious experts), and lay elders.
A tractate in the Mishnah prescribes procedures the Sanhedrin is to use.
Mark and Matthew indicate that the trial before the Sanhedrin occurred at night and a capital trial at night was illegal.
www.law.umkc.edu /faculty/projects/ftrials/jesus/sanhedrin.html   (1550 words)

Orthodox Jews ascribe the origin of the Sanhedrin to Moses, and identify it with the "elders of Israel".
The Sanhedrin was conceded to the Jews by foreign kings.
Under Herod, the Great Sanhedrin was shorn of all prerogatives as a participant in executive functions; it was useful as an instrument whereby the king might carry unpopular measures.
latter-rain.com /Israel/san.htm   (513 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Sanhedrin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Sanhedrin SANHEDRIN [Sanhedrin], ancient Jewish legal and religious institution in Jerusalem that appears to have exercised the functions of a court between c.63 BC and c.AD 68.
Nicodemus NICODEMUS [Nicodemus], in the Gospel of St. John, member of the Sanhedrin sympathetic to Jesus.
Sanhedrin Establishes Council to Teach Humanity [acute accent]Laws of Noah[acute accent].
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/11426.html   (470 words)

 WorldNetDaily: Revived Sanhedrin discusses Temple
The religious sages began to consider the rebuilding of the Temple and reinstitution of ancient animal sacrifices as prescribed in the Law of Moses.
Sanhedrin member Rabbi Yisrael Ariel is the most ardent believer that the Temple is to be rebuilt in this generation.
The fact that a re-established Sanhedrin is now considering the rebuilding of the Temple after 2,000 years is extremely important to students of Bible prophecy.
www.wnd.com /news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=42898   (997 words)

 Sanhedrin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Sanhedrin is the name given in the mishna to the body of seventy one who constituted the supreme court and legislative body in Judea during the Roman period.
The Sanhedrin traces its lineage back to formation in the time of Moses although the Greek root for the word suggests that institution may have developed during the Hellenic The Sanhedrin ceased to exist some time the destruction of the Second Temple.
This introductory volume to the Tractate Sanhedrin captures for the non-Yeshiva student the insight and nuances of the Rab...
www.freeglossary.com /Sanhedrin   (343 words)

 Bible Study - The Sanhedrin
The Sanhedrin is mentioned frequently in the New Testament in reference to the highest Jewish judicial and administrative council in the first century.
Jewish tradition holds that the Sanhedrin was established with the 70 elders that were appointed by God through Moses (Numbers 11:16), while the Israelites were on their Wilderness Journey between Egypt and the Promised Land, about two years after the Exodus (Numbers 10:11).
For this reason, some believe that the Sanhedrin actually began some time during the three or four centuries Between The Testaments, when the land of Israel was under the Syrian kings in the time of The Maccabees.
www.keyway.ca /htm2003/20030115.htm   (430 words)

The second highest-ranking member of the Sanhedrin was called the Av Beit Din (Av Beth Din, or "father of the house of justice"), who presided over the Sanhedrin when it sat as a criminal court.
Whereas the Sanhedrin was a legitimate body representing an existing religion, sanctioned under Roman law, starting a new religion was seen by the Romans as a treasonous means to overthrow their leadership (perhaps it could be compared to the reaction of the Chinese government to Falun Gong).
The majority of the membership of the new 71-member Sanhedrin remain anonymous but three out of seven members who have been selected to represent the body are leaders of the Temple Mount movement, an array of extremist groups who advocate demolishing the Al-Aqsa Mosque to make way for a Third Temple in Jerusalem.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Sanhedrin   (2261 words)

 Babylonian Talmud: Sanhedrin
In the eyes of Christian students, Sanhedrin has always occupied a favoured place among the tractates of the Talmud on account of the light which it is capable of throwing on the trial of Jesus of Nazareth.
The chapter concludes with references to the Urim and Tummim and David's council of war, and specifies the qualifications required from members of the Sanhedrin, and from a city to be eligible for a seat of the Sanhedrin.
The legal principle of the judges' liability to compensation or revocation of judgment in cases of error is discussed in detail, and the position in which the Sanhedrin, their secretaries, and supplementary members were seated, is described.
www.come-and-hear.com /sanhedrin/sanhedrin_0.html   (1992 words)

 Arutz Sheva - Israel National News
The Sanhedrin heard expert testimony on the various opinions as to the exact part of the Temple Mount upon which the Holy Temple stood.
While numerous opinions have been expressed throughout the years, and while several of them were expressed at the Sanhedrin gathering this week, the two main opinions state that the Temple stood either on the spot currently occupied by the gold-topped Dome of the Rock, or just to the north of that spot.
During Temple times, the 71 members of the Sanhedrin, the center of Jewish jurisprudence, were seated in a semi-circle within a special chamber in the courtyard of the Temple.
www.israelnationalnews.com /news.php3?id=76624   (808 words)

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