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Topic: Sartre


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  Jean-Paul Sartre [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Sartre's methodology is Husserlian (as demonstrated in his paper "Intentionality: a fundamental ideal of Husserl's phenomenology") insofar as it is a form of intentional and eidetic analysis.
Sartre's account of imagining does away with representations and potentially allows for a direct access to that which is imagined; when this object does not exist, there is still an intention (albeit unsuccessful) to become conscious of it through the imagination.
Sartre's existentialist understanding of what it is to be human can be summarised in his view that the underlying motivation for action is to be found in the nature of consciousness which is a desire for being.
www.iep.utm.edu /s/sartre-ex.htm   (7464 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Sartre seems to have read the phenomenological ethicist Max Scheler, whose concept of the intuitive grasp of paradigm cases is echoed in Sartre's reference to the "image" of the kind of person one should be that both guides and is fashioned by our moral choices.
Sartre's third attempt at an ethics, which he called an ethics of the "we," was undertaken in interview format with Benny Lévy toward the end of his life.
Sartre was not politically involved in the 1930s though his heart, as he said, "was on the left, like everyone's." The War years, occupation and resistance made the difference.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/sartre   (5986 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre
In other words, there can be no such "reduction." In his novel Nausea (1938), Sartre made this point in a protracted example: his bored and often nauseated narrator confronts a gnarled chestnut tree in the park and recognizes with a visceral shock that its presence is simply given and utterly irreducible.
Central to the argument of Being and Nothingness and Sartre's insistence on the primacy of human freedom is his insistence that consciousness cannot be understood in causal terms.
Sartre gives us a brutal but familiar everyday example of our experience of being-for-others in what he calls "the look." Someone catches us "in the act" of doing somethig humiliating, and we find ourself defining ourself (probably also resisting that definition) in their terms.
www.mythosandlogos.com /Sartre.html   (1495 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.unc.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Sartre was born in Paris to parents Jean-Baptiste Sartre, an officer of the French Navy, and Anne-Marie Schweitzer.
Later, while Sartre was labelled by some authors as a resistant, the French philosopher and resistant Vladimir Jankelevitch criticized Sartre's lack of political commitment during the German Occupation, and interpreted his further struggles for liberty as an attempt to redeem himself.
Sartre's emphasis on the humanist values in the early works of Marx led to a dispute with the leading Communist intellectual in France in the 1960s, Louis Althusser, who claimed that the ideas of the young Marx were decisively superseded by the "scientific" system of the later Marx.
en.wikipedia.org.cob-web.org:8888 /wiki/Jean-Paul_Sartre   (2989 words)

  
 Existential Primer: Jean-Paul Sartre
Sartre's willingness to avoid the truth was established at a young age, and he continued to lie or omit facts throughout his life.
Sartre's sympathies were always with the left, but after making his philosophical debut as an impassioned advocate of individual freedom, denouncing Marxism as deterministic and Communist party as undemocratic, he aligned himself with Marxism and relegated Existentialism to being a mere "ideology." Marxism, he declared, was the only valid philosophy for our time.
Sartre argues that it is man's basic wish to fuse his openness and freedom with the impermeability of things, to achieve a state of being in which the en-soi and pour-soi are synthesized.
www.tameri.com /csw/exist/sartre.shtml   (10119 words)

  
 Cat's Eye Technologies: The Sartre Programming Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Sartre programmers, perhaps somewhat predictably, tend to be boring and depressed, and are no fun at parties.
The set of orthographs varies from Sartre implementation to Sartre implementation, but is guaranteed to contain all the so-called "letters" from at least one modern language, transliterated to the closest element of the ASCII set and ordered as the bit-reversed EBCDIC value, assuming those bit-patterns were integers, which they probably aren't.
Since Sartre does not allow for unconventional, potentially confusing symbols to be strewn about a program (for example, "17" meant to represent a certain quantity of items), this allows the programmer to define a set of symbolic constants he plans to use.
catseye.mine.nu:8080 /projects/sartre/doc/sartre.html   (1786 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980).
Sartre gave up teaching after the war and devoted all his time to writing (he declined the '64 Nobel Prize for Literature); he emerged as the leading light of the left-wing, the supporters of which could be found at the Cafe de Flore on the left bank.
To Sartre human life is an "unhappy consciousness," a "useless passion." To this, I am obliged to comment: I believe that one's life is, in itself, a value; and the objective standard for one to follow is that which advances this value.
Outside of Sartre's view that life is an "unhappy consciousness," a "useless passion," much of what Sartre asserts makes sense and counters the dangerous notions of Freud and his ilk.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Sartre.htm   (781 words)

  
 Sartre Online - The Ultimate Sartrean Resource: Sartrean Theses
June 21, 1905 was the day when JEAN-PAUL-CHARLES-AYMARD SARTRE was born on 13, rue Mignard, XVI in Paris, a fruit of the love between Jean-Baptiste Sartre, a young naval officer dying of fevers of Cochin-China, and Anne Marie Schweitzer, daughter of Charles Schweitzer and cousin of the famous medical missionary Albert Schweitzer.
However, Sartre admitted that he was nevertheless happy with the turn of events for two main reasons.
As a man, if a certain Jean-Paul Sartre is remembered, I would like people to remember the milieu or the historical situation in which I lived, the general characteristics of this milieu, how I lived in it, in terms of all the aspirations which I tried to gather up within myself.
www.geocities.com /sartresite/sartre_biography.html   (2682 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.unc.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Sartre was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1964, but he declined the award in protest of the values of bourgeois society.
Sartre was familair with the though of Mao Tse-tung and he had traveled in China in 1955 with Beauvoir, who decided to write a whole book about the country.
Sartre died in Paris of oedema of the lungs on April 15, 1980.
www.kirjasto.sci.fi.cob-web.org:8888 /sartre.htm   (2278 words)

  
 Sartre
Captured by the Nazis while serving as an Army meteorologist, Sartre was a prisoner of war for one year before returning to his teaching position, where he participated actively in the French resistance to German occupation until the liberation.
Sartre's personal and professional life was greatly enriched by his long-term collaboration with Simone de Beauvoir.
Although he declined the Nobel Prize for literature in 1964, Sartre was one of the most respected leaders of post-war French culture, and his funeral in Paris drew an enormous crowd.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/sart.htm   (388 words)

  
 Camus and Sartre: The Story of a Friendship and the Quarrel that Ended It   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Sartre's deft handling of this strange and banal subject moves with a "vigor and certainty" reminiscent of Kafka.
Sartre dwells on the repugnant features of humankind "instead of basing his reasons for despair on certain of man's signs of greatness." And the reviewer was also bothered by the "comic" inadequacy of Roquentin's final attempt to find hope in art, considering how "trivial" art is when compared with some of life's redeeming moments.
Sartre continues, in apparent agreement with Camus: "If we are able to refuse the misleading aid of religion or existential philosophies, we then possess certain basic, obvious facts: the world is chaos, a 'divine equivalence born of anarchy'; tomorrow does not exist, since we all die.
www.press.uchicago.edu /Misc/Chicago/027961.html   (2915 words)

  
 Reclaiming Sartre
Sartre also develops the individualistic understanding of freedom and of what it means to be a human being in Being and Nothingness into a discussion of the relation of individuals to history and different types of groups (including classes), with reference to examples such as the French Revolution.
Sartre's views on racism are not central to his philosophy but are certainly indicative of his specific thoughts on freedom.
Sartre comments in one of the 'Conversations' with de Beauvoir that 'it was certainly original freedom that made me at 16 look upon colonialism as an anti-human brutality, as an action that destroyed men for the sake of material interests.
pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk /isj102/pitt.htm   (3723 words)

  
 Jean-Paul Sartre -- Philosophy Books and Online Resources
The often criticized philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre encompasses the dilemmas and aspirations of the individual in contemporary society.
This is an informative introduction to Sartre and his philosophy and a key to special terminology enhance a handsome edition of Sartre's classic study of modern existentialism.
But outside of Sartre's view that life is an "unhappy consciousness," a "useless passion"; much of what Sartre said makes sense, and counters the dangerous notions of Freud and his ilk.
www.erraticimpact.com /~20thcentury/html/sartre.htm   (506 words)

  
 Sartre
As an atheism, Sartre demands that we completely abandon the traditional notion of human beings as the carefully designed artifacts of a divine creator.
On Sartre's view, the inescapable condition of human life is the requirement of choosing something and accepting the responsibility for the consequences.
This is invidious, on Sartre's view, since it exhibits a total lack of faith in ourselves: to the extent that I have faith in anyone else, I reveal my lack of the courage to be myself.
www.philosophypages.com /hy/7e.htm   (945 words)

  
 SARTRE . ORG : Jean Paul Sartre, Existentialism, Philosophy, History
Sartre castigated those who failed to resist oppression when they could have, while excusing those who enforced oppression given the chance...
I found Sartre’s quote “In Love one and one are one” one your web site and a number of other sites, but I was unable so far to find out where it was written or said… can you help me with some bibliographic data?
The Sartre collection consists of 12 documents with original calligraphy in A3 metric format of his quotes in French...
www.sartre.org   (380 words)

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