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Topic: Sarvastivadin

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Also, emissaries were sent to various countries in order to spread Buddhism, as far as the Greek kingdoms in the West (in particular the neighboring Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, and possibly even farther to the Mediterranean according to the inscriptions left on stone pillars by Ashoka).
After 250 BC, the Sarvastivadin (who had been rejected by the 3rd council, according to the Theravada tradition) and the Dharmaguptaka schools became quite influencial in northwestern India and Central Asia, up to the time of the Kushan Empire in the first centuries of the common era.
The fourth Buddhist council was convened by the Kushan emperor Kanishka, around 100 AD at Jalandhar or in Kashmir, and is usually associated with the formal rise of Mahayana Buddhism.
publicliterature.org /en/wikipedia/m/ma/mahayana.html   (1875 words)

 Buddhist Councils   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The third Buddhist council was convened by the Mauryan king Ashoka (260-218 BC) at Pataliputra (today's Patna), and held by the monk Moggaliputta.
After 250 BC, the Sarvastivadin (who had been rejected by the 3rd council, according to the Theravada tradition) and the Dharmaguptaka schools became quite influential in northwestern India and Central Asia, up to the time of the Kushan Empire in the first centuries of the common era.
The Sarvastivadin believed that past, present and future are all simultaneous.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/B/Buddhist-Councils.htm   (735 words)

 Sarvastivada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Among the defining canonical texts composed by the Sarvastivada was the Maha-vaibhasa-abhidharma-shastra, traditionally considered a systematization of the spoken teachings of Gautama Buddha.
This text reflects the unique Sarvastivadin cosmology and ontology, a byzantine structure of essences and universals.
The basic approach of the Sarvastivada was to regard the universe as reducible to various elements or co-efficients of existence; apparently, these were determined by taking lists of the various "indivisible" factors and substances named in the Buddha's dialogues.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sarvastivada   (328 words)

 History of Buddhism in India
The Fourth Buddhist Council was held under the auspices of King Kaniska at Jalandhar or in Kashmir around 100 CE, where 499 monks of the Sarvastivadin school compiled a new canon.
The Sarvastivadin developed later sub-schools known as Vaibasika and Sautrantika.
The Sarvastivadin school is important in that it formed the basis for the later development of Mahayana.
buddhism.kalachakranet.org /india.html   (1726 words)

 Wings to Awakening: Preface   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Thus it is helpful to understand where the terms are coming from in order to grasp their connotations and to gain an intuitive sense -- based on our own familiarity with fire and music -- of what they mean.
In a few instances, I have cited alternative versions of the discourses -- such as those contained in the Sarvastivadin Canon preserved in Chinese translation -- to throw light on passages in the Pali.
Although the Sarvastivadin Canon as a whole seems to be later than the Pali, there is no way of knowing whether particular Sarvastivadin discourses are earlier or later than their Pali counterparts, so the comparisons drawn between the two are intended simply as food for thought.
www.quangduc.com /English/Books/Wings/preface.html   (2835 words)

 Brian Hafer’s Homepage - Gatagata pariksa
The Sarvastivadins concluded their analysis of the dharmas with the recognition of discrete atomic elements comprising all of reality and discrete indivisible moments comprising time.
Since this svabhava was necessary to explain the impermanence of phenomena, it was held by the Sarvastivadins to be permanent and unchanging.
Thus, the Sarvastivadins become known as substantialists for their assertion of an essential substance underlying and giving continuity to perceived reality.
bhafer.home.comcast.net /mmk.html   (6378 words)

The Nyingmapa employ a nine level system, the upper six being divided into the inner and outer tantras while the second is upheld by the new schools which divide the tantras into four classes.
Sarvastivadin: During King Asoka's reign, a group of Bhiksus in Mathura developed certain convictions about the Buddha's teachings concerning existence that distinguished them from the rest of the sangha.
Vaibhasika and the Sautrantika are offshoots of the Sarvastivadin school.
www.turtlehill.org /glos/s.html   (5397 words)

 How old is the Suttapitaka?
Elsewhere, Frauwallner has noted that the Sarvastivadin Abhidharma contains much that 'was held in common with the Pali school.' [49] And the Śariputrabhidharma, which according to Frauwallner is a Dharmaguptaka text, is also a development of the same material inherited by the Sarvastivadin and Pali schools.
Sêng yu and Hui Chao related this Vinaya to the patriarchal lineage ending in Upagupta, the fifth patriarch of the Buddhist community of Mathura.[98] Kumarajiva went further and stated that the Vinaya in 80 sections was that of the community in Mathura.
More recently, Enomoto has recently argued that the Sarvastivadin sect was no different from the Mulasarvastivadin -- he argues that the two words mean the same thing, but this does not explain the odd facts: two different Vinaya-s, two similar names, and two explanations of their relationship in fifth century Chinese works.
www.buddhanet.net /budsas/ebud/ebsut056.htm   (10136 words)

 iqexpand.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Sarvastivadin school is important in that it formed the...
His mother was a princess who entered the order and took him with her.
that the Sarvastivadin completely ignores all, one can conclude that the primitive version of this episode came about after the schism that separated the Sarvastivadin...
sarvastivadin.iqexpand.com   (588 words)

 Karmir   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
We also know that it was their version of the Dirghagama which was translated into Chinese between 410 and 413 CE, and it was also the Dharmaguptaka Vinaya that was observed by Chinese monks.
Under the guidance of Sarvastivadin teachers in the region, a number of influential mediation schools evolved which took as their inspiration the Bodhisattva Maitreya.
Kashmir was also the home of Sangharaksa, a Sarvastivadin meditation teacher who was a contemporary of Kaniska and who wrote a meditation manual entitled the Yogacarabhumi, which was to be the model for the later text of the same name by the Mahayanist, Asanga.
www.quangduc.com /English/Karmir.html   (874 words)

 Overview of Buddhism
The closest we are going to get to the actual life and teachings of the historical Shakyamuni Buddha and his first disciples is in the Pali Canon of the Theravadin school and the Chinese Agamas.
The Agamas are the Chinese translations of the Sarvastivadin canon.
The Sarvastivadins were a major school of Indian Buddhism that disappeared in the 12th century.
nichirenscoffeehouse.net /Ryuei/Overview.html   (3923 words)

It became necessary to distinguish the groups formed by the first four Nikaya and the four Agama from the group of the fifth Nikaya and corresponding texts which are more recent.
This ignorance is the same as is displayed in the Vinazapitaka of the Sarvastivadin, although somewhat more significant as the other only alluded to Rahula's ordination.
As for the story of the foundation of the order of nuns, between the Mahasanigika, Sarvastivadin, Theravadin, Masisaka and the Dharmapupta none specifies Buddha's wife as figuring amidst the 500 anonymous women who accompany Queen Gautami.
www.buddha-kyra.com /wife.htm   (6007 words)

 Bechert's arguments   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The primary reason for Bechert's belief does appear to be his acceptance of the claim that there is evidence for the presence of the short chronology in ancient Ceylon, specifically in the Dipavamsa.
In any case, even if the text is taken as it stands, it would not prove Bechert's contention in the sense intended.
He suggests that the passage in question could then derive from Sarvastivadin sources i.e.
www.ucl.ac.uk /~ucgadkw/position/buddha/node5.html   (560 words)

The school adhered primarily to two Sarvastivadin texts, the Jnanaprasthana and Abhidharmavibbasa-shastra.
It is said that this school was established to harmonize the difference between the Sthaviras and Mahasanghikas.
The Abhidhamma Pitaka was the definite work of this school, thus they gained supremacy over the Sarvastivadins in the Third Council.
www.geocities.com /norbu3/glossary/v.htm   (1811 words)

 Kumarajiva Biography / Biography of Kumarajiva Biography
He was ordained in the royal palace in Kucha at the age of 20.
In Kashgar he was converted from Hinayana (mainly Sarvastivadin) Buddhism to Mahayana.
He came to be known as a brilliant monk and seems to have been thoroughly versed in the Buddhist learning of the schools then current in northern India.
www.bookrags.com /biography-kumarajiva   (645 words)

 Article - Kumarajiva - presented by ©NewsFinder.Org - All Rights Reserved
In addition to learning the scriptures and treatises of the Sarvastivadin school, Kumarajiva seized the opportunity afforded by his presence in India to study medicine, astronomy and astrology, exegetical and hermeneutical methods of exposition, logic and the applied sciences.
As a follower of Sarvastivadin doctrines, Kumarajiva held that the dharmas or ultimate constituents of existence are eternally real, whereas empirical phenomena, which arise out of the momentary confluence of dharmas under karma, are unreal.
Sutyasoma adhered to the Mahayana view that all dharmas are themselves unreal; ontologically, dharmas are like empty space and assume distinct existence only in their momentary, ever-changing combinations.
www.newsfinder.org /more.php?id=511_0_1_0_M   (3642 words)

 Wood Valley Temple & Meditation Center - Doctrines of Tibetan Buddhism
In Tibet, this Path of Individual Liberation is practiced by observance of monks' vows and the respective disciplines and precepts are taken from the Sarvastivada system, another branch of the Vaibhashika school.
The difference is the 227 vows in the Theravadin and 253 monks' vows in the Sarvastivadin system.
Other Theravadin practices, such as methods to generate meditative stabilization, set forth in Vasubandhu's Abhidharmakosha (Treasury of Knowledge) and the 37 harmonies of enlightenment (a central part of Hinayana path structure) are also practiced in Tibetan Buddhism.
www.nechung.org /tbuddhism1.shtml   (263 words)

 PHIL 320 Handout 15: Sarvastivada
There are no Sarvastivadins today; the importance of the school is that Madhyamaka and Yogacara developed their views by attempting to refute Sarvastivada.
Foundations of Abhidharma:  Probably Sarvastivadin theory is based on Abhidharma, which contains classification of objects (dharmas) based on meditative experience.
Knowablity: Sarvastivadins held that unless the dharmas are fundamentally real, knowledge is impossible.
www.calpoly.edu /~jlynch/307091.htm   (824 words)

 E-sangha, Buddhist Forum and Buddhism Forum > Bodhisattva Precepts - Gelug Version Online?
Shantirakshita was a monk of the Sarvastivadin tradition and entered Tibet from Kashmir.
However, the number of precepts in both of these traditions is the same and as far as I know the ordination ritual is virtually identical.
I was ordained in the Sarvastivadin tradition by Trulshig Rinpoche.
www.lioncity.net /buddhism/lofiversion/index.php/t12104.html   (3858 words)

 Jataka Stories - The Buddha’s Teaching of Abhidhamma
The scholars interested in Abhidhamma may also turn to the living Burmese (or Myanmari) traditions for its purest comprehension; or the volumes of the commentaries on the canonical Abhidhammic literature.
[5] The Chinese translations of all the Sarvastivadin texts from the original Sanskrit are still well-preserved; but the original Sanskrit texts are often lost.
Mahavamsa, the Singhalese chronicle, authentically lays the foundation of the construction of the ancient history of modern India which corroborated to the identification of Ashoka, whose inscriptions are still extant in several pockets of Asia.
www.ignca.nic.in /jatak082.htm   (1116 words)

 Monks and Anagarikas
Unable, that is, to improve it by becoming Bhikkhunis within the Theravada.
In theory they could become `Mahayana' Bhiksunis, the Sarvastivadin (Dharmagupta) lineage of Bhiksunis ordination having survived in China and Korea as part and parcel of Mahayana Buddhism, but in practice this is not really an option.
For Western women who become Buddhists and want to lead a monastic life there are no such difficulties.
www.buddhistinformation.com /monks_and_anagarikas.htm   (653 words)

 A glimpse into the world of Buddhist nuns
As a part of her doctoral work in the Department of Religious Studies, Cindy Crowhurst is translating a Tibetan vinaya that has no previous English translation.
The title of the text is mulasarvastivadin bhiksuni vinaya vibhanga, which translates as a commentary on the rules of discipline for nuns of the sarvastivadin school.
For Crowhurst, the point is to look at this text of monastic rules and perhaps see the real monastic life of the Buddhist nun hidden in and behind the existence of these restrictions.
www.ucalgary.ca /UofC/events/unicomm/Gazette/Archives/Oct16-00/nuns.htm   (609 words)

 Theravada.dk - The 'old' schools   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Note 2 : Sammitiya changed name to Pudgalavadin, but died sooner after.
Note 3 : Mahayana has roots in Sarvastivadin.
It's not yet known exactly where to put Mahayana in under Sarvastivada.
www.theravada.dk /index.php?page=The_old_schools   (76 words)

 A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE PRATIMOKSA (On the Basis of Chinese, Tibetan, Sanskrit and Pali Versions)
As a sequel it reveals how in a period of several centuries this code had expanded from 218 rules of the Mahasanghikas to 263 of the Sarvastivadins.
Viewing the text from the historical perspective one may better understand the significance of the legal, social and religious life of the Buddhist Sangha.
Appendix III: Classification of the Saiksa Dharmas of the Sarvastivadin School
www.exoticindiaart.com /book/details/IDC167   (512 words)

 Bibliography, Sections 5-5.3
A scholary study of Pali and Sarvastivadin sources [M].
Sensitive translation and discussion of the Asokavadana, the Sarvastivadin legend of Asoka.
Tharpar, Romila, Asoka and the Decline of the Mauryas.
here-and-now.org /buddrel/5thru5.3.html   (2674 words)

 Definition of sarvastivadin - Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
sarvastivadin is one of more than 1,000,000 entries available at Merriam-WebsterUnabridged.com.
For More Information on "sarvastivadin" go to Britannica.com
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www.m-w.com /dictionary/sarvastivadin   (82 words)

Shali's book 'Kashmir History and Archaeology Through the Ages' is in this respect an eye-opener.
The Sarvastivadin school of Buddhism is said to have flourished in Kashmir during the reign of Kanishka.
The view of this school of thought originated in the 3rd century B.C.; indeed it may even go back to the time of the Buddha.
www.koausa.org /Vitasta/5c.html   (2514 words)

Muslim Turks invade and rule the Central Asian kingdoms such as Oddiyana.
Studied all vehicles; ten years on Sarvastivadin doctrines alone.
Leads second wave of Dharma, arriving in Tibet 1042.
www.turtlehill.org /glos/cent15.html   (3069 words)

 Mahayana Buddhism
The second turning of the Wheel of Dharma
Against Sarvastivadin notion that dharmas exist (present, past and future)
Abhidharmic analysis did not take the notion of no-self to its logical conclusion
rel1300-01.fa00.fsu.edu /Buddhism4.htm   (139 words)

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