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Topic: Scale (music)


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  Scale (music) - MSN Encarta
Scale (music) (Italian scala, “ladder”), the arrangement, by rising or falling pitch sequence, of the notes used in a musical system.
These scales have a repeating sequence of semitones (on the white notes, E-F and B-C), and whole tones (between all other adjacent tones); and they have seven notes per octave (the eighth note in such a series is simply the repetition of the first note an octave higher).
By the late 19th century, because of the ever-increasing use of sharpened and flattened notes, Western music was based not on diatonic scales, but on a chromatic scale: 12 notes within the octave, all a semitone apart—C C-sharp D D-sharp E F F-sharp G G-sharp A A-sharp B (C).
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761559689/Scale_(music).html   (501 words)

  
 scale, in music. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The major scale, called diatonic, has five whole tones (t) and two semitones (s) arranged thus: ttsttts (as in the white notes on the piano keyboard taken from one C to the next C); this scale, with certain modifications, became the basis of Western musical tonality until the end of the 19th cent.
Although the diatonic scale is basically heptatonic (seven-noted), music that is in a major or minor tonality usually employs the remaining five tones of the chromatic scale as auxiliary or ornamental tones.
The 12 scales, one for each note as the home tone, plus the 12 concomitant minor scales remained the basic organizing structure of Western music until the system was challenged by the dodecaphonic (twelve-tone scale) composers, in particular Arnold Schoenberg, who worked into the mid-20th cent.
www.bartleby.com /65/sc/scale2.html   (611 words)

  
 Music Theory: Scales
Music written using the C major scale predominantly is said to be in the key of C major.
Scales that have a M3 between the tonic (1) and mediant (3) have a major sound; those with a m3 between tonic and mediant have a minor sound.
The chords used in music with pentatonic and blues scales are the same as those in major and minor scale music.
www.users.qwest.net /~mbenjamin4/mypages/music/scales.html   (2320 words)

  
 Music Theory-Scale
These scales have a repeating sequence of half-steps, or semitones (wherever E-F and B-C occur), and whole steps (between all other adjacent tones); and they have seven tones per octave (the eighth tone in such a series is simply the repetition of the first tone an octave higher).
The major and minor scales that have dominated Western music since about 1650 are, strictly speaking, two modes of the basic diatonic scale: the major mode, exemplified by C D E F G A B (C); and the minor mode, exemplified by A B C D E F G (A).
By the late 19th century, because of the ever-increasing use of sharped and flatted tones, Western music was based not on diatonic scales, but on a chromatic scale: 12 tones within the octave, all a half-step apart-C C-sharp D D-sharp E F F-sharp G G-sharp A A-sharp B (C).
www.geocities.com /musicman110_2000/scale.html   (500 words)

  
 Mathematics of musical scales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The most important scale in the Western tradition is the diatonic scale, but the scales used and proposed in various historical eras and parts of the world have been many and varied.
Below is a typical example of a 5-limit justly tuned scale, one of the scales Johannes Kepler presents in his Harmonice Mundi or Harmonics of the World of 1619, in connection with planetary motion.
The same scale was given in transposed form by Alexander Malcolm in 1721 and theorist Jose Wuerschmidt in the last century and is used in an inverted form in the music of northern India.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/MathOfTheWesternMusicalScale   (1209 words)

  
 Scale (music) - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Scale (music) (Italian scala, “ladder”), the arrangement, by rising or falling pitch sequence, of the tones used in a musical system.
Music : The Elements of Music : Scale
A great deal of Western folk music, along with much folk music and art music around the world, conforms to a five-tone, or pentatonic, scale.
encarta.msn.com /Scale_(music).html   (152 words)

  
 Sonic Glossary: Scale
A scale is a collection of tones traversing the interval of the octave, among which one tone is particularly stable.
Scales that feature this kind of symmetry have an artificial quality, and are far more common in the music of the 20th Century, when composers began actively to search for structures that would enable them to draw out and explore new sonorities.
This scale is built into the white notes of the piano keyboard, and is the basis for the major and the minor scales of Western music.
www.columbia.edu /ccnmtl/draft/paul/sonic/scale.html   (1950 words)

  
 Scale (music) - Uncyclopedia
In music, a scale is a pattern or ordered collection of notes and pitches.
Scales have been measured by rulers and are byproducts of scars.
Each scale consists of a different number of notes, such as 42, and add a different number of each time: mage=43.5, miner=44.1, idiotic=infinity (or maybe even more tan that, nobody is sure).
uncyclopedia.org /wiki/Scale_(music)   (890 words)

  
 Early Japanese Music
The musical life of the T'ang court was extremely varied and multicultural; a formal set of rules, called the "Ten Styles of Music" governed the hierarchy and use of Chinese and foreign musical styles in court.
Movement is the basis of music in that music gives sound to the movement of the body—it's not overly simplistic to say that music is the sound of the human body in motion.
Music theory was housed in an official Imperial department, the gagaku department, that had as its task the formal training of gagaku musicians.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/ANCJAPAN/MUSIC.HTM   (2387 words)

  
 Musical scale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A musical scale is a set of tones each having a definite pitch and each having a specific frequency ratio compared to the others, that is, each having specific interval relative to all the other pitches, arranged (or sounded) in a sequence from low to high, or alternatively, from high to low.
Scales are often abstracted from performance or composition, though they are often used precompositionally to guide or limit a composition.
Microtonal scales are also used in traditional Indian Raga music, which has a variety of modes which are used not only as modes or scales but also as defining elements of the song, or raga.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scale_(music)   (1617 words)

  
 What is music scale   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
In music, a scale is an ascending or descending series of notes or pitches, as opposed to a series of intervals, which is a musical mode.
Scales are theoretical constructs which may be used to control a composition, but much music is written without any scale in mind.
Scales may be described as tonal, modal, diatonic, derived or synthetic, and by the number of tones included.
www.ababasoft.com /music/teory03.html   (1863 words)

  
 Scale Music
A musical scale (Latin: scala, "staircase") is a determinate series of related tones within an OCTAVE, providing an inventory of pitches available for composition and a convenient basis for vocal or instrumental practice.
Innumerable scales may be found in or inferred from the music of different periods and peoples: the familiar diatonic scale of modern Western music, a descendant of the medieval European modes and thus of ancient Greek scales, is in no sense definitive.
These scales may be transposed to begin on any of the 12 tones of the complete chromatic or semitonal scale.
www.indiamusicinfo.com /new/music/scale.html   (195 words)

  
 Music theory instruction for the beginner and advanced student
Music theory is to be understood by all musicians.
All scales are based on a starting point known as the "root" note and have an ending point which is usually the higher root note.
A scale that is built from the natural notes of one scale is called a mode of that scale.
www.angelfire.com /music5/theory   (4636 words)

  
 Twelve-Tone Musical Scale
Several equal-tempered scales with between 15 and 30 notes (notably the 19-tone and 24-tone scales) contain all six basic intervals, but in none of these scales are the intervals more nearly pure than in the twelve-tone equal-tempered scale.
Although scales with many tones have many nearly pure intervals that are consonant (ratios of small integers), they have even more intervals that are dissonant (not ratios of small integers).
Also, scales with many tones are too large to be really practical: a keyboard with the same range as a piano would be huge.
thinkzone.wlonk.com /Music/12Tone.htm   (790 words)

  
 Glass ~ Music Minor Scale Lesson
Natural Minor - In this scale half steps (H) are between the 2nd and 3rd and the 5th and 6th scale degrees.
This scale can be found most easily on the piano by playing all of the "white keys" from A to A. If you did not do so earlier, use the interactive keyboard so that you can hear what the Minor Scale sounds like.
Be sure to include the type of scales you were attempting to build, be as clear as possible.
www.glassmusicworks.com /ScaleLessons/MinScale.html   (477 words)

  
 Music Scales - I Write The Music.com
Arnold Schoenberg (and his friends Berg and Webern) turned the music world upside-down, when he declared that all 12 tones of the Chromatic Scale were equally important.
To view a scale, choose the box corresponding to the desired instrument and music level.
Musical scales are an arrangement of pitches that are placed in rising order.
iwritethemusic.com /scales.html   (820 words)

  
 Scale (music)
In traditional Western music, scale degrees are most often separated by equally tempered tones or semitones, creating at most, twelve pitches.
and scales are used, often within the same piece of music.
Thus in a C major scale: CDEFGAB, a chord built on C is the notes CEG.
www.mp3.fm /Scale_(music).htm   (526 words)

  
 scale, in music — Infoplease.com
Scales further serve to classify and catalog the tonal material used in composition.
The 12 scales, one for each note as the home tone, plus the 12 concomitant minor scales remained the basic organizing structure of Western music until the system was challenged by the dodecaphonic (twelve-tone scale) composers, in particular Arnold
bell, musical instrument - bell, in music, a percussion instrument consisting of a hollow metal vessel, often cup-shaped with...
www.infoplease.com /ce6/ent/A0843856.html   (693 words)

  
 Assessment Rubrics: Scale Construction
The creation of the scale cannot occur until the focus of the rubric has been determined.
Another characteristics of the scale is that the scores are even divisions in multiples of 5.
The scale scores chosen for a particular rubric should be selected to reflect the importance that is placed on the trait being assessed and on the levels of performance for the trait.
www.music.miami.edu /assessment/rubricsScale.html   (682 words)

  
 Music Theory
A scale is simply a progression of notes in ascending or descending order, so arranged for theoretical purposes, vocal or instrumental exercise, or as part of a composition.
A diatonic scale will be defined later, but in simpler terms, notes that are an octave apart are called by the same letter name.
The scale starting on D is obviously part of the same series as the one starting on C, and so on.
www.geocities.com /Vienna/1795/scales.htm   (593 words)

  
 Music Theory
The modern system of scale building is based upon the chromatic scale, which is composed of twelve equally divided semitones.
Most western music relies on the diatonic scale, formed from seven notes of the chromatic scale and utilizing two half tones (chromatic intervals) and five whole tones.
The melodic minor scale in its ascending form smoothed out the offensive interval by shaping a second tone—A B C D E F-sharp G-sharp (A)—and, needing no leading tone in its descending form, retained the descending natural minor scale—A G F E D C B (A).
home.centurytel.net /cslewis/theory.htm   (1650 words)

  
 Guitar scales at Musiclearning.Com
Scale- a specific series of notes making up the basis of tonal music.
Playing a scale on one string is a great way to learn the fretboard but not the most efficient way to play a scale.
Note: the 4th finger is not needed for this scale.
www.musiclearning.com /lessoncentral/scales/scaleconstruction.html   (404 words)

  
 Home
Music scale cards are a fun and unique way to practice your musical scales, and they are also a regular deck of cards!
Each card of a regular deck of cards is printed with a scale name and the notes in that scale.
The deck can be used in a practice room to learn scales, or it can be used on a band touring bus to play a game of cards.
sio.midco.net /mifunscalecards/index.htm   (159 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Scale: Music: Herbert   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
for a field of music that is based on repetitive structures and 4/4 beats, this album is a bright ray of sunshine...
Scale feels like an amulgamation of all Herberts past efforts: it's highly political, fantastically strangely recorded, subverted house grooves with a lesson in conventional song structures learnt from Ruby Blue, a touch of Big Band and STRINGS.
We seem to be in a world now where so much music is repetitive and derivitive(the lazy artists are out there, regardless of genre- yes, there are some in house music too!).
www.amazon.com /Scale-Herbert/dp/B000EXZIGO   (1198 words)

  
 Vision Music's "Scale Safari"
is a collection of scale, mode, and scale variation lessons for the aspiring guitarist or bassist.
Variations on the major scale, based in thirds and presented as all ascending, descending, ascending/descending, and vice versa.
Variations on the major scale, based in fourths and presented in the same ascending and descending formats as shown above.
www.visionmusic.com /scales.html   (413 words)

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