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Topic: Scale degrees

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  Scale (music) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Scales are often abstracted from performance or composition, though they are often used precompositionally to guide or limit a composition.
Scales in traditional Western music generally consist of seven notes, made up of a root note and six other scale degrees whose pitches lie between the root and the root's first octave.
The notes in a chord are usually a subset of a particular scale, in the common practice period being built upward by thirds from a particular scale degree.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scale_(music)   (901 words)

 Scale Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Scales are theoretical constructs which may be used to control a composition, but much music is written without any scale in mind.
Scales may be described as tonal, modal, diatonic, derived or synthetic, and by the number of tones included.
Scales in traditional Western music consist of seven notes, made up of a root note and six other scale degrees whose pitches lie between the root and its first octave.
www.wikiverse.org /scale-music   (627 words)

 New Page 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
It is common to talk about these pitches as being certain "scale degrees" based on their position in the scale.
The first note we play, which is also the name of the key, is the first scale degree, the second note is the second scale degree and so on.
The whole four measures were harmonized by a dominant chord.), or the key of that scale degree (i.e.
www.auburn.edu /~schafwr/scaledegrees.html   (310 words)

 The Pharaoh's Music Section - Scale Degrees
Remember that the scale degrees refer to the actual notes, the interval names refer to the distances between the notes.
The first scale degree represents the tonal center of the key (the tonic) and names the key, the other scale degrees share the common tendency to want to resolve to the tonic.
The advantage of using scale degree numbers to name the notes is that it provides a template for the labeling of intervals larger than a whole step.
www.surfingpharaoh.com /music_ed/scaledegree.htm   (430 words)

 Degree (music) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In music theory, a scale degree is the name of a particular note of a scale in relation to the tonic (the first note in the scale).
In tonal scales, the degrees may be identified several ways:
the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh degrees of the scale;
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scale_degree   (129 words)

 Ocean Water: Temperature - Scales
On this scale, the melting point of pure water under normal pressure is 32° F, and the boiling point of water is 212° F. Fahrenheit's 0° was based on an equal mixture of water, ice, and salt.
In his version of the scale, Celsius set water's freezing point at 100° C and boiling at 0° C. The values were later reversed by Carolus Linnaeus (developer of our scientific system of naming plants and animals).
On the Kelvin scale, the freezing point of water is 273.15 K and the boiling point is 373.15 K. When using this scale, no degree symbol is necessary.
www.onr.navy.mil /focus/ocean/water/temp1.htm   (337 words)

 Modes from the Minor scales...
For every major scale (and key) there is a corresponding minor scale (and key) built on the sixth scale degree.
The scale degrees for Altered are: I - bII - #II - III - bV - bVI - bVII
The scale degrees for Lydian sharp 9and5 are: I - #II - III - #IV - #V - VI - VII
www.surfingpharaoh.com /music_ed/morescales.htm   (488 words)

 chrom_scale_degrees   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Chromatic scale degrees often occur without harmonic support, i.e.
(2) In minor, raised 6 and 7 represent the inflected scale forms (harmonic and melodic minor).
Scale degrees (the usual bass note is given first)
www.lsu.edu /faculty/jperry/virtual_textbook/chrom_scale_degrees.htm   (146 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
There are 7 scale degrees in an octave, and scale degrees 8 and higher are equivalent to the scale degree when you subtract 7.
Note that the scale degree "9" is the same as scale degree "2".
The thirteenth degree is equivalent to the sixth degree.
www.lava.net /~newsham/progs/chords.txt   (551 words)

 Celsius, Fahrenheit, Kelvin, Réaumur, and Rankine Temperature Conversion
Centigrade means "consisting of or divided into 100 degrees;" the Celsius scale, devised by Swedish Astronomer Andres Celsius (1701-1744) for scientific purposes, has 100 degrees between the freezing point of 0 degrees and boiling point of 100 degrees of pure water at sea level air pressure, 29.92 inches of mercury.
On the Fahrenheit scale, used primarily in the United States, the freezing point of water is 32 degrees and the boiling point is 212 degrees while measured at standard pressure.
Zero degrees Fahrenheit was the coldest temperature that the German born scientist Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit could create with a mixture of ice and ordinary salt.
www.csgnetwork.com /tempconv.html   (1240 words)

 Scale degrees - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Scale degrees
The first degree of C major is therefore C, the second is D, the third is E, and so on.
Alternative terms for the seven degrees of a scale are, starting with the first degree: tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, and leading note.
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Scale+degrees   (115 words)

 Tonality and Harmony: Scales   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The major scale includes two semitones between scale degrees 3 and 4 and 7 and 1 and five whole tones arranged in the same pattern found on the white keys of the piano from any C up to the next C. A major scale can be formed on any of the twelve pitch classes.
A composition based on a given scale is said to be in the key of that scale, e.g., C major.
The natural minor scale is used for the circle-of-5ths progression in minor until the final dominant chord (with the raised scaled degree 7 as the leading tone) is reached at the cadence.
www.music.indiana.edu /som/theory/t511/harmony.html   (682 words)

 Sheave Tension Calculator   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
When it is necessary to measure tension using a sheave with a scale the tension must be calculated from the scale reading.
When larger cables pass through a sheave at ninety degrees 100 to 150 pounds of tension is added to the out going tension, but this is relatively a small number compared to the larger tension values.
There are no data available on how many pounds of tension is added for varying degrees of deflection by sheaves, but certainly the amount of tension added to the out going cable would be a function of the stiffness of the cable and the number of degrees the cable is deflected by the sheave.
www.electrician.com /electa1/sheave.html   (309 words)

 temperature on Encyclopedia.com
On the Celsius temperature scale, or centigrade scale, the melting point is taken as 0°C and the boiling point as 100°C, and the difference between them is divided into 100 degrees.
On the Fahrenheit temperature scale, the melting point is taken as 32°F and the boiling point as 212°F, with the difference between them equal to 180 degrees.
The Kelvin temperature scale is an absolute scale having degrees the same size as those of the Celsius temperature scale ; the Rankine temperature scale is an absolute scale having degrees the same size as those of the Fahrenheit temperature scale.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/t1/temperat.asp   (829 words)

 NASA's Solar System Exploration: Science & Technology: Measuring Temperature Reading
He intended to make 30 degrees the freezing point of water and 90 degrees the temperature of the human body, but he had to later revise these temperatures to be 32 degrees and 96 degrees.
In 1742, Anders Celsius recommended that the scale on the mercury thermometer be adjusted so that 100 degrees occurred at the freezing point of water and 0 degrees occurred at the boiling point of water.
The scale did not become truly popular until after Celsius's death when the measurements for the freezing and boiling points were switched.
solarsystem.nasa.gov /scitech/display.cfm?ST_ID=330   (623 words)

 Basic chord progressions (illustrated on Guitar)_@TheCipher.com
The Dominant (the fifth or V) is the perfect-fifth interval of the scale.
In the next chart the triads of the Major scale degrees, being the triad progression materials of the Major scale, are illustrated on the guitar fretboard.
Note, when you add the minor scales and their natural triads you essentially complete the picture (the pallets and flavors) and have available the resources of what is called the Major/minor system, or the grand pallet.
www.thecipher.com /chord-progressions.html   (1923 words)

 Hot as ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Each degree on the Centigrade scale corresponds to one percent of the range of temperatures from water freezing to water boiling.
Degrees Fahrenheit = 32 + (20 / 100)(180) = 32 + 36 = 68
In the Fahrenheit scale, the freezing temperature is 32 degrees and the range of temperatures between freezing and boiling is 180 degrees.
www.rivermall.com /math/heat/heat02.htm   (426 words)

 Scales and Chords
This is the scale with scale degrees for the key of A major.
The scale above starts on A and goes up for 2 measures to the top A. The numbers 1 through 7 below each note in this example are the scale degrees in the key of A major.
Even though the scale starts on A, and you want to write the A major scale upwards to show the scale degrees, you might want to write a few notes going downwards to refer to their scale degrees also, as in measure 3.
www.intech.mnsu.edu /moxnessp/scalesandchords.html   (819 words)

 Cyberfret.com: Theory for Guitar: Major Scale Construction
The major scales is used as a constant to with which other elements are compared.
As I have mentioned before the major scale is used as a constant to with other elements are compared.
For the purpose of comparison, the degrees of the major scale a assigned numbers from 1 to 7.
www.cyberfret.com /theory/major-scales/index.php   (259 words)

 Bass Lessons .com, Major Scale Based Intervals, by Adam Nitti   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
If you have ever taken any music classes or studied any music theory books, chances are you have been introduced to the term, "major scale." A scale, in general, is a series of notes that are used together to create a specific sound or tonality.
These distances are based on assigning a number to each scale degree, or member note of a scale.
Just as the major scale can be thought of as our "default" scale, these intervallic shapes can be considered our "default" shapes for 2nds, 3rds, 4ths, 5ths, 6ths, 7ths, and octaves.
www.basslessons.com /intervals.html   (522 words)

 [No title]
Scale degrees are the numbers of the tones of any major scale.
Thus, when a student is learning his minor scales, it is easy for him to learn minor scales as variations of the major scales than as separate additional scales.
A song is centered upon a scale when most of its melodic tones and chords are found upon the scale, and, in particular, if there are no moduclations into other keys, the final chord is the chord built upon the root of the scale of the key.
www.bobkwebsite.com /musictheory.html   (715 words)

 Power Chords-Today   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Scale positions (1st, 2nd) are indicated at the top of the chart.
The scale positions are equal to the note positions with the chord forms built upon the scale structure.
For example - in the A major chord (built upon the root, 3rd and 5th degrees of the A major scale) if we were to add the 2nd tone it would be "B".
www.power-chords.com /PC-Set7.html   (160 words)

This is in the mode 0 2 3 6 7 9 12 13 of the scale with 13 equal divisions of 32/3.
Though a non octave scale, it has some perfect octaves in it with span in degrees of seven notes (between the 8/7 and the 16/7 of the next turn of the spiral).
It is the same as the interval between the E string of a violin and the similarly pitched E high harmonic of the C string of a cello in a string quartet if the players tune using pure instead of tempered fifths, and is a little over 1/5th of a 12-tet semitone.
members.tripod.com /~robertinventor/tunes/improvisations.htm   (3590 words)

 Metric System Temperature (kelvin and degree Celsius)
The degree Celsius (°C) scale was devised by dividing the range of temperature between the freezing and boiling temperatures of pure water at standard atmospheric conditions (sea level pressure) into 100 equal parts.
Temperatures on this scale were at one time known as degrees centigrade, however it is no longer correct to use that terminology.
The degree Fahrenheit (°F) non-metric temperature scale was devised and evolved over time so that the freezing and boiling temperatures of water are whole numbers, but not round numbers as in the Celsius temperature scale.
lamar.colostate.edu /~hillger/temps.htm   (387 words)

 Major Scale - Guitar
A scale is a series of notes arranged in a specific interval pattern.
Major scales are usually written as 8 notes, however the last note is the same letter name as the first and is in fact the first note of the next octave of that scale.
After all of those major scales have been demonstrated, the truth is the major on guitar is not played on a single string in most circumstances.
www.guitarland.com /Music10/MusFund/Maj_Scale/MajGtr.html   (425 words)

 Key signatures   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The first degree of the scale plays the main role and the other degrees tend to move toward it, as directed by its force of attraction.
The A minor scale is said to be the relative minor of the C major scale.
The A minor scale is built by taking the sixth degree of C major and by looking at it as the first degree of a new scale.
www.arpegemusic.com /manual/EN360.htm   (1943 words)

 ODU Music Theory - Mus 221 (mod )
Minor scale has half steps between the 2nd and 3rd degrees and between the 5th and 6th degrees of the scale.
The Harmonic minor scale is derived by merely raising the 7th scale degree of the natural minor scale.
The Melodic minor scale is derived by raising both the 6th and 7th scale degrees of the natural minor scale.
www.odu.edu /al/wbartolo/mod04.html   (337 words)

 Music Concepts Online: How to Build a Major Scale Lecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
a scale is linked to the concept of "keys" in that a song which utilizes a given scale is said to be in that key.
There are major scales and minor scales (there are others, too, but these are the two you will encounter in learning to perform simple songs).
"B,C" (scale degrees 6 and 7) is a whole step, so I have to raise the C to create a half step, so I add a sharp to the C, making it C#.
www.neiu.edu /~jalucas/muscon/lectures/scale   (694 words)

 About Temperature
One of the first attempts to make a standard temperature scale occurred about AD 170, when Galen, in his medical writings, proposed a standard "neutral" temperature made up of equal quantities of boiling water and ice; on either side of this temperature were four degrees of heat and four degrees of cold, respectively.
On the Celsius scale the boiling point of water at standard atmospheric pressure is 99.975 C in contrast to the 100 degrees defined by the Centigrade scale.
The unit of temperature on this scale is called the kelvin, after Lord Kelvin (William Thompson), 1824-1907, and its symbol is K (no degree symbol used).
eo.ucar.edu /skymath/tmp2.html   (4839 words)

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