TEUTONIC LANGUAGES - LoveToKnow Article on TEUTONIC LANGUAGES(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
languages seem originally to have had three numbers and eight cases, though it is by no means clear that each of the latter had a distinct form in every class of stems.
The Gothic and Scandinavianlanguages have one or two characteristics in common, the most important of which is the treatment of intervocalic j and w in a number of words.
The early divergence of the eastern languages in general from those of the north and west is perhaps to be ascribed in part to the great extension southwards of the territories of the eastern tribes in the 3rd and 4th centuries.
Their language is perhaps somewhat later in character than that of the oldest words borrowed by the Lapps and Finns, voiced s, for example, is changed into a kind of r (cf.
For, having regard to the Scandinaviandialects generally, we must adopt quite a different classification from that indicated by the dialects which are represented in the literature.
The language of the 19th century, or at any rate of the middle of it, is best represented in the works of Wallin and Tegnhr, which, on account of their enormous circulation, have had a greater influence than those of any other authors.
The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages, along with the West Germanic languages (including English, German, and Dutch) and the East Germanic languages (now extinct).
They are spoken in the three Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden), Finland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland and to some extent Greenland as well as by immigrant groups mainly in North America and Australia.
Even if the language policy of Norway has been more tolerant of rural dialectal variation in formal language, the prestige dialect often refered to as "Eastern Urban Norwegian", spoken mainly in and around the Oslo-region, can be considered to be quite normative.
The Scandinavian Section is one of the premiere departments in the country for the study of Nordic languages and literatures on the undergraduate and graduate levels.
Along with the Scandinavian Department at the University of California, Berkeley, the Scandinavian Section provides members of the University of California community, and the citizens of California, with up-to-date, scholarly information and instruction on topics concerning the Nordic countries with a particular emphasis on their cultures, their histories and their languages.
The Nordic countries, composed of the subset of the Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Norway, Sweden) along with Iceland, Finland and, pending its independence, the Faroe Islands, are culturally interrelated.
Although, taken singly, the Scandinavian countries are relatively small in population (Sweden at 8.5 million; Denmark at 5 million; Norway at 4 million; Iceland at 250,000), they form as a whole a common linguistic and cultural community of some size.
Admissions are recommended by the Department of Scandinavian to the Dean of the Graduate Division and are subject to limitations on the number of annual admissions to the Department set by the Division.
The Language Program in the Department of Scandinavian is based on a pedagogical approach that focuses on giving the students proficiency in communication and a sound cultural understanding of the target language culture.
Formal analysis of contemporary Scandinavianlanguages; syntax, morphology and contrastive phonology.
Scandinavianlanguages from Proto-Nordic to the present day standard languages.
The Scandinavian or the Nordic States and international relations with emphasis on their roles in the major issues and conflicts of the twentieth century and their participation in international organizations.
Scandinavian studies is concerned with the study of languages, literature, history, politics, and cultures of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
The 65 credits include 30 credits in first- and second-year language training, 15 credits in literature courses in the chosen language, one course in Scandinavian area studies, a course in the history of Scandinavianlanguages or Finnish cultural studies, a course in Scandinavian literature in translation, and a senior essay (SCAND 498).
Graduates of the Scandinavian studies program have the qualifications to embark on careers that require skills in the interpretation of information in various media, critical analysis, and effective communication and to continue in graduate programs and professional schools that value an international perspective.
Scandinavia - Open Encyclopedia(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Scandinavianlanguages are entirely unrelated to Finnish and Estonian, which as Finno-Ugric languages rather are distantly related to Hungarian.
The end of the Scandinavian political movement came when Denmark was denied military support from Sweden-Norway to annex the (Danish) Duchy of Schleswig, which together with the (German) Duchy of Holstein had been in personal union with Denmark.
The modern Scandinavian cooperation after World War I also came to include the independent Finland and (since 1944) Iceland and Scandinavian as a political term came to be replaced by the term Nordic countries; and eventually, in 1952, by the Nordic Council institution.
open-encyclopedia.com /Scandinavia (734 words)
Encyclopedia: Scandinavian languages(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The North Germanic languages (also Scandinavianlanguages or Nordic languages) is a branch of the Germanic languages spoken in Scandinavia, parts of Finland and on the Faroe Islands and Iceland.
Proto-Norse, Proto-Nordic, Ancient Nordic or Proto-North Germanic was an Indo-European language spoken in Scandinavia that is thought to have evolved from Proto-Germanic between the 1st century BC and the 2nd century, and was spoken until ca 800, when it evolved into the Old Norse language.
Scanian (Swedish: Skånska) is a dialect of Sweden spoken in Scania, the southernmost province of Sweden.
Handbook for Foreign Students(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Scandinavian Languages/Swedish Language programme is intended for students who have begun their studies of Swedish abroad and who wish to continue their studies in Finland and Sweden.
The programme is carried out in co-operation between the Department of ScandinavianLanguages at the University of Vaasa in Finland and the Department of ScandinavianLanguages at UmeÂ University in Sweden.
The ScandinavianLanguages programme is intended for students with Swedish as their second language.
Scandinavian Languages(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The main reason for this is that Norwegian is the "in-between" language, the linguistic bridge between Swedish and Danish, and also because the Norwegian group of students at the college is the largest.
Their language is classified as Finno-Ugric - distantly related to Hungarian and both belonging to the Ural-Altaic language family.
The Scandinavian teacher does not speak Finnish (although this teacher hold the Finns in high esteem: Kaurismäki, Saariskoski, Tuuri, Tapiovaara and Hukka!) and the Finns will have to study their language as a "self-taught" subject.
Scandinavian Program(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
All the Scandinavianlanguages, like English and German, belong to the group of languages called Germanic, which means that they have a common linguistic ancestor and share many everyday words.
In addition to language classes, the Department of Germanic Languages and Literatures offers a number of upper-level Scandinavian literature and film courses that are taught in English (students with sufficient fluency in the respective languages are encouraged to do some reading in the original).
The conversation group gives students an opportunity to practice speaking a Scandinavianlanguage in a relaxed environment, to get to know others who share their interest in Scandinavia, and to hear not just the language they are studying, but also the other modern Scandinavianlanguages.
Forms and themes of Scandinavian children's literature from the nineteenth century to the present.
Political, social, economic, and cultural development: political realignments and rise of nationalism, industrialization and rise of liberalism and socialism, democratization, independence struggles and social conflict, evolution of welfare states, World War II and its aftermath.
Examines the verbal, musical, customary, and material folklore of Scandinavian Americans, with emphasis on the upper Midwest.
MLCS: Undergraduate Programs : Awards & Bursaries(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies (MLCS), through the Student Awards Office of the University of Alberta, annually awards approximately $23,000.00 in Book Prizes and Undergraduate Scholarships to students for excellent performance in courses taught within the department.
The purpose of the Scholarship is to provide some financial assistance to a student wanting to attend a program of formal language study in an environment where one of the languages offered by the Department is the official language.
Conditions: To be awarded annually on the basis of superior academic achievement to a student demonstrating dedication to the study of Scandinavianlanguages and culture and skill in language acquisition.
After a general survey of distinctive features (phonology, morphology, and vocabulary), time is equally divided between the three languages (5 weeks on each), usually beginning with Norwegian bokmål (since it is generally considered to be the language most easily understood by all Scandinavians).
Classes, consisting of conversation on given topics, are taught in the three Scandinavianlanguages by three teachers.
During the class periods as well as at the final exam, students are asked to use the language of their specializa-tion, though they also learn to understand the spoken as well as the written form of the other two languages.
AIM Introduction to Scandinavian literature; Scandinavian Literature I covers the period before 1900; Literature II, the period since 1900.
AIM Learning the history of one's major language and the regional variations within that linguistic area.
AIM The subject of the seminar is Scandinavia from the perspective of socio-linguistics, especially the following aspects: language policy, language planning, attitudes toward language, linguistic influences.
The Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies offers courses covering the various levels of language instruction from beginning to advanced in Danish, Norwegian and Swedish.
These courses aim to provide students with a thorough knowledge of the language, the culture and literature of the Scandinavian countries in the context of a liberal arts education.
The University of Alberta is the only university in Canada which offers a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Scandinavian, a Bachelor of Arts Combined Honors Degree in Scandinavian and a Bachelor of Commerce Degree/Major in European Studies-Scandinavian.