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Topic: Schism


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  Schism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The word schism (IPA: ['sɪzəm] or ['skɪzəm]), from the Greek σχισμα, schisma (from σχιζω, schizo, "to split"), means a division or a split, usually in an organization.
The words schism and schismatic have found perhaps their heaviest usage in the history of Christianity, to denote splits within a church or religious body.
The Schism between the anarchists (libertarian socialists) and communists of the International Workingmen's Association; more specifically between their respective leaders: Mikhail Bakunin and Karl Marx.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Schism   (494 words)

  
 East-West Schism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The East-West Schism, known also as the Great Schism (though this latter term sometimes refers to the later Western Schism), was the event that divided Chalcedonian Christianity into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.
The Great Schism was not the first schism between East and West; there had, in fact, been over two centuries of schism during the first millennium of the Church.
The schism was ended in 519—over 30 years later—when the Byzantine Emperor Justin I recognised Acacius's excommunication.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/East-West_Schism   (1452 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Eastern Schism
However, the Eastern Schism always means that most deplorable quarrel of which the final result is the separation of the vast majority of Eastern Christians from union with the Catholic Church, the schism that produced the separated, so-called "Orthodox" Church.
Strictly speaking, the present schism dates from the Eastern repudiation of the Council of Florence (in 1472).
The Eastern Schism was not a movement arising in all the East; it was not a quarrel between two large bodies; it was essentially the rebellion of one see, Constantinople, which by the emperor's favour had already acquired such influence that it was able unhappily to drag the other patriarchs into schism with it.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13535a.htm   (4908 words)

  
 Western Schism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The schism in the Western church resulted from the untimely return of the Papacy from Avignon to Rome by Pope Gregory XI in 1378, ending the Avignon Papacy.
Sustained by national and factional rivalries throughout Catholic Christendom, the schism survived the deaths of both initial claimants; Pope Boniface IX, crowned at Rome in 1389, and Antipope Benedict XIII, who reigned in Avignon from 1394, maintained their rival courts.
The Great Schism of the Western Church occupied the energies of Jean Gerson, one of the great theologians of the age.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Western_Schism   (649 words)

  
 East-West Schism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
With movement of the Emperor and political authority from Rome to Constantinople, a division was caused in the religious climate of the empire.
Western Schism This schism of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries differs in all points from the Eastern Schism.
Schism, Eastern From the time of Diotrephes (III John 1:9-10) there have been continual schisms, of which the greater number were in the East.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-East-West_Schism.html   (685 words)

  
 Definition of Schism
Schism (from the Greek schisma, rent, division) is, in the language of theology and canon law, the rupture of ecclesiastical union and unity, i.
Schism is regarded by the Church as a most serious fault, and is punished with the penalties inflicted on heresy, because heresy usually accompanies it.
As schism in its definition and full sense is the practical denial of ecclesiastical unity, the explanation of the former requires a clear definition of the latter, and to prove the necessity of the latter is to establish the intrinsic malice of the former.
www.ourladyswarriors.org /dissent/defnschi.htm   (6818 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Western Schism
The Western Schism was only a temporary misunderstanding, even though it compelled the Church for forty years to seek its true head; it was fed by politics and passions, and was terminated by the assembling of the councils of Pisa and Constance.
It was a terrible and distressing problem which lasted forty years and tormented two generations of Christians; a schism in the course of which there was no schismatic intention, unless exception perhaps be made of some exalted persons who should have considered the interests of the Church before all else.
Schism and heresy as sins and vices, he adds in 1412, can only result from stubborn opposition either to the unity of the Church, or to an article of faith.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13539a.htm   (3238 words)

  
 Schism, Great. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Theologians of the Univ. of Paris, led by Pierre d’Ailly and John Gerson, were anxious to end the schism, and they developed the theory that popes are subject to general councils.
Martin V was elected, and the schism was at an end.
The main effects of the schism were to delay needed reforms in the church and to give rise to the conciliar theory, which was revived at the Council of Basel (see Basel, Council of).
www.bartleby.com /65/sc/Schism-G.html   (485 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Schism
(6) With the dawn of the fourth century Egypt was the scene of the schism of Meletius, Bishop of Lycopolis, in the Thebaid.
(12) In the sixth century the schism of Aquilea was caused by the consent of Pope Vigilius to the condemnation of the Three Chapters (553).
(15) The schism of Anacletus in the twelfth century, like that of Felix V in the fifteenth, was due to the existence of an antipope side by side with the legitimate pontiff.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13529a.htm   (6914 words)

  
 Schism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The word schism is derived from the Greek σχισμα, schisma, meaning division or split (from σχιζο,schizo, "to split").
In the early centuries of Christianity, schism was considered by manyChristians to be as serious or more serious than heresy.
Schism is also a song by the band Tool, from the album Lateralus.
www.therfcc.org /schism-14476.html   (283 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Great Schism
In the second schism within the Catholic Church, the Western Schism in the fourteenth century (1378), three (claimant) popes were elected at the same time.
Most commonly, it refers to the great East-West Schism The East-West Schism, known also as the Great Schism (though this latter term sometimes refers to the later Western Schism), was the event that divided Chalcedonian Christianity into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.
In the second schism within the Catholic Church, the Western Schism The Western Schism or Papal Schism was a split within the Catholic Church in 1378.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Great-Schism   (678 words)

  
 Heresy
schism is the refusal of submission to the Roman Pontiff or of communion with the members of the Church subject to him." [Code of Canon Law c.751]
However, there is a great danger that starting from the material schism of refusing submission to the Pope, that all these groups have in common, the Catholic cannot long maintain the schizophrenic position of saying they are being submissive to the Pope while disobeying him.
This means that someone who has formally separated himself from the Church through heresy or schism, or knowing the Church to be true failed to enter her, cannot be saved, unless of course they renounce their own will and reconcile with the Church.
www.ewtn.com /expert/answers/heresy_schism_apostasy.htm   (1588 words)

  
 Great Schism
In the second schism, the "schism of the west" in the fourteenth century, three (claimant) popes were elected at the same time.
The second, and temporary, schism in the Western church resulted from the return of the Papacy from Avignon to Rome by Pope Gregory XI in 1378, ending the Avignon Papacy.
After Gregory XI died, the Romans rioted to ensure an Italian was elected; the cardinals, fearing the crowds, elected an Italian, Pope Urban VI in 1378; but in the same year the majority of them removed themselves to Fondi, and elected a rival Pope from there, Pope Clement VII.
www.teachersparadise.com /ency/en/wikipedia/g/gr/great_schism.html   (491 words)

  
 Three Popes during the Great Western Schism (1378-1415)?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The political events leading up to the schism will not be dealt with, apart from the election of the first antipope, Robert of Geneva, who took the name Clement VII.
The schism was ended with the election of Pope Martin V. All other supposed popes from this period were in fact antipopes.
In actual fact, the history of the schism is somewhat complicated because there were actually two lines of antipopes.
www.angelfire.com /ms/seanie/papacy/schism.html   (538 words)

  
 SCHISM - Definition
{Greek schism} (Eccl.), the separation of the Greek and Roman churches.
{Great schism}, or {Western schism} (Eccl.) a schism in the Roman church in the latter part of the 14th century, on account of rival claimants to the papal throne.
{Schism act} (Law), an act of the English Parliament requiring all teachers to conform to the Established Church, -- passed in 1714, repealed in 1719.
www.hyperdictionary.com /dictionary/schism   (156 words)

  
 Online Etymology Dictionary
Raskolnik "separatise," from raskol "schism, separation." The schism was a result of reforms by Patriarch Nikon in 1667.
The schism had more to do with episcopal succession in Carthage than with doctrine.
of papalin "of or belonging to the pope," from M.L. papalis "papal." The reference is to Avignon, papal residence during the schism 1309-1408 (and regarded as a papal town until 1791), which also was a center of silk manufacture.
www.etymonline.com /index.php?search=schism&searchmode=none   (457 words)

  
 The Schism Homepage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Schism is a partial evaluator for a pure (side effect free) subset of Scheme, written primarily by Charles Consel.
In 1992 Michael Ashley ported Schism to Chez Scheme(tm), a commercial implementation of an extended version of R4RS Scheme.
Schism requires an R4RS Scheme and the SLIB library.
www.irisa.fr /lande/schism.html   (303 words)

  
 Schism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Which church is the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church is disputed; the Roman Catholic Church claims that title and considers the Eastern Orthodox Chuch to be in schism; the Eastern Orthodox Church also claims that title and holds that the Roman Catholic church is heretical.
The Schism between the anarchistss (libertarian socialistss) and communistss of the International Workingmen's Association; more specifically between their respective leaders: Mikhail Bakunin and Karl Marx.
Schismatic can also be used as an adjective to describe ideas, policies, etc. that are thought to lead towards or promote schism, or to describe a Christian church that has departed from whichever communion the user of the word schism considers the true Christian church.
www.wikiverse.org /schism   (408 words)

  
 The Great Schism & The Novus Ordo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The schism was now an accomplished fact, and for 40 years Christendom was treated with the melancholy spectacle of 2 and even 3 rival Popes claiming its allegiance.
The schism might now have been healed, but the French cardinals chose the Spaniard Peter de Luna, who had been one of the ruling spirits in the election of Urban VI.
Although called primarily for the purpose of ending the Schism, 2 other important matters were to be dealt with: the heresy of John Hus and the reform of the Church in her head and members.
www.truecatholic.org /greatschism.htm   (2507 words)

  
 SCHISM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The word schism is derived from the Greek σχισμα, schisma, meaning division or split.
A schismatic is a person who creates or incites schism in a church or other organization or a member of a schismatic church.
Schismatic as an adjective refers to ideas, policies, etc. that are thought to lead towards or promote schism, or to describe a Christian church that has departed from whichever communion the user of the word schism considers the true Christian church.
www.yotor.org /wiki/en/sc/Schism.htm   (308 words)

  
 The Great Schism: The Estrangement of Eastern and Western Christendom
The schism was conditioned by cultural, political, and economic factors; yet its fundamental cause was not secular but theological.
Long before there was an open and formal schism between east and west, the two sides had become strangers to one another; and in attempting to understand how and why the communion of Christendom was broken, we must start with this fact of increasing estrangement.
Thus the schism was outwardly healed, but no real solution had been reached concerning the two great points of difference which the dispute between Nicolas and Photius had forced into the open.
www.orthodoxinfo.com /general/greatschism.aspx   (6256 words)

  
 Envoy Magazine -Volume 4.6
I failed to realize, however, that at the root of every schism, as the present Code of Canon Law explains, “is the withdrawal of submission to the Supreme Pontiff or from communion with the members of the Church subject to him” (Can.
The second point raised by the SSPX in defense of their schism that initially convinced me of their position was based upon canons 1323:4° and 1324 §1:5° of the present Code of Canon Law — the canons pertaining to state of necessity.
We should reiterate here that canon 752 defines schism as “the withdrawal of submission to the Supreme Pontiff or from communion with the members of the Church subject to him.” Notice that the canon does not distinguish between degrees of withdrawal of submission to the Roman Pontiff.
www.envoymagazine.com /backissues/4.6/lefebvre.htm   (4539 words)

  
 Great Schism - OrthodoxWiki
This is especially so because the term "The Great Schism" is often used to refer to a 14th century schism involving the Avignon Papacy (an event also sometimes called the "Babylonian Captivity").
So the Creed was changed by a local synod of bishops and the justification was that it both asserts the divinity of Christ (refuting Arianism) and the unity of the Trinity.
The Great Schism was a gradual estrangement to which no specific date can be assigned although it has been conventionally dated to the year 1054.
www.orthodoxwiki.org /Great_Schism   (342 words)

  
 THE GREAT SCHISM The Estrangement of Eastern and Western Christendom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Thus the schism was outwardly healed, but no real solution had been reached concerning the two great points of difference that the dispute between Nicolas and Photius had forced into the open.
It was the Crusades that made the schism definitive: they introduced a new spirit of hatred and bitterness, and they brought the whole issue down to the popular level.
There were fifty-five years of schism (343-98) during the Arian troubles, eleven because of St. John Chrysostom's deposition (404-15), thirty-five years of the Acacian schism (484-519), forty-one years of Monothelite schism (640-81), sixty-one years because of Iconoclasm.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-religion/1066873/posts   (19704 words)

  
 SSPX Schism: Is the Society of St. Pius X in Schism?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Schism is a rupture of unity in the Church.
Fortunately, there are books on canon law and schism which we can study to know whether the SSPX is in schism or not, based on the principle that if someone illegally takes on the jurisdiction belonging to the Pope, then they are in schism – it doesn't matter what the SSPX says otherwise.
Many people now believe that the SSPX has become a destructive mind control cult, whose followers are discouraged from thinking for themselves, and that they are now are in schism from the True Church, despite their claims that they are the only true Catholics in the world today.
www.sspx-schism.com /main.htm   (1513 words)

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