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Topic: School of Literati


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In the News (Wed 24 Jul 19)

  
  Confucianism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Confucianism (儒家 Pinyin: rújiā "The School of the Scholars"), sometimes translated as the School of Literati, is an East Asian ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of Confucius.
During the philosophically fertile period of the Hundred Schools of Thought, great early figures of Confucianism like Mencius and Xun Zi (not to be confused with Sun Zi) developed Confucianism into an ethical and political doctrine.
This is known as Rujia, the School of Literati.
www.encyclopedia-online.info /Confucianism   (4363 words)

  
 Confucianism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Confucianism (儒家, Pinyin rújiā, literally "The School of the Scholars"; or, less accurately, 孔教 kŏng jiào, "The Religion of Kong") is an East Asian ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of Confucius.
During the philosophically fertile period of the Hundred Schools of Thought, great early figures of Confucianism such as Mencius and Xun Zi (not to be confused with Sun Zi) developed Confucianism into an ethical and political doctrine.
His achievement was the setting up of a school that produced statemen with a strong sense of state and duty, known as Rujia 儒家, the 'School of the Literati'.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/School_of_Literati   (3952 words)

  
 Intellectual - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The expression man of letters stood in many cultures for what we might take to be the contemporary intellectual; the distinction not having great weight when literacy was not fairly universal (and, incidentally, not assumed of a woman).
Men of letters are also termed literati (from the Latin), as a group; literatus, in the singular, is rarely used in English.
Coleridge speculated early in the nineteenth century on the concept of the clerisy, a class rather than a type of individual, and a secular equivalent of the (Anglican) clergy, with a duty of upholding (national) culture.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Intellectual   (736 words)

  
 The Fragrance of Ink
The Southern school, or literati tradition, favored idealized landscapes rendered in a subjective and expressive manner and was considered elevated and progressive.
The founder of the Choson true-view landscape painting school was the scholar-artist Chong Son (1676-1759), represented in the exhibition by three true-view landscapes, cat.
Literati painters of the earlier Choson period found strong emotional affinity with the rustic sentiments characteristic of this style: broad "axe-cut" texture strokes, vigorous, wet ink strokes, and dramatic contrasts between fl and white.
www.upenn.edu /ARG/archive/fragrance/fragrance.html   (919 words)

  
 Hundred Schools of Thought   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
From the Hundred Schools of Thought came many of the great classical writings on which Chinese practices were to be based for the next two and one-half millennia.
Many of the thinkers were itinerant intellectuals who, besides teaching their disciples, were employed as advisers to one or another of the various state rulers on the methods of government, war, and diplomacy.
The body of thought that had the most enduring effect on subsequent Chinese life was that of the School of Literati, often called the Confucian school in the West.
www.ukpedia.com /h/hundred-schools-of-thought.html   (1028 words)

  
 WORLD ENCYCLOPAEDIA - China - The Hundred Schools of Thought   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
From the Hundred Schools of Thought came many of the great classical writings on which Chinese practices were to be based for the next two and onehalf millennia.
The body of thought that had the most enduring effect on subsequent Chinese life was that of the School of Literati (ru), often called the Confucian school in the West.
The written legacy of the School of Literati is embodied in the Confucian Classics, which were to become the basis for the order of traditional society.
encyclopaedic.net /world/china/6.php   (1248 words)

  
 Painting: Literati Painiting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The underlying aim of the literati artist was to express the virtue of his or her character and to achieve harmony with nature by avoiding vulgarity and artifice.
The literati movement arose in part as a reaction against the stultified paintings of the Kano school, which was the dominant painting academy in Japan during the Edo period (1615—1868).
Literati school painting is also called Nanga (Southern) painting, which refers to the theories of the Chinese painter Dong Qi Chang (1555—1636).
www.lacma.org /art/perm_col/japanese/painting/literati.htm   (307 words)

  
 Confucianism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Confucianism (儒家 Pinyin: rújiā "The School of the Scholars"), sometimes translated as the School of Literati, is an East Asian ethical, religious and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of Confucius.
Debated during the Warring States Period and forbidden during the short-lived Qin Dynasty, Confucianism was chosen by Han Wudi and used as a political system and a kind of state religion.
Confucianism survived its suppression during the Qin Dynasty partly because a trove of Confucian classics was uncovered hidden in the walls of a scholar's house.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Confucian   (3946 words)

  
 Korean Painting (Choson Period: Professional Artists, Folk Painting, Flower and Bird Motif, Calligraphy, Korean ...
Their works are variously described as belonging to the "amateur school," "literati school," "gentleman's school" or "gentry school." These dilettante painters served both as patrons of the arts and critics.
While Kim Chong-hui's Ch'usa school can be credited with advancing the painting style of the Southern school, painters such as Kim Su-ch'iol and Hong Se-sop, created a novel style, which as its name suggests, had a unique sensibility.
Clearly distinguishable from Chinese landscape, this new style, which came to be known as the Kyomjae school, had a deep impact on both government and literati painters of the period.
www.asianinfo.org /asianinfo/korea/painting.htm   (5848 words)

  
 Chinese Painting's School Literatis
This painting school literati was headed by Wu Wei and Zhang Lu,who were the landscape painters in the Ming Dynasty.It was the collateral branch of "Zhe School Literati".
This paiting school literati was headed by Zhao Zuo,who was the landscape painter in the Ming Dynasty.It was collateral branch of "Songjiang School Literati"which was headed by Dong Qichang.
This painting school literati was headed by Luo Mu,who was the famous landscape painter in the early Qing Dynasty.Because he gained considerable fame among his contemporaties and gave considerable influent to other painters in Jiangxi province,so it was called as "Jiangxi School Literati".
www.china-on-site.com /painting/school.htm   (275 words)

  
 Confucianism
This is known as Rujia, the School of LiteratiAs a result, a number of "intellectuals" during the Warring States Period and the early Han dynasty did promote confucianism.
After the short and violent dynasty of Qin, Liu Bang founded the Han dynasty and, soon after, the Emperor Han Wu Di decided that China was a confucianist state and launched the examination system.
\nThe Evidentiary school was a movement in the early Qing dynasty whose goal was to reform society by finding the authentic texts that Confucius wrote.
encyclopedia.codeboy.net /wikipedia/c/co/confucianism.html   (4288 words)

  
 Ancient Dynasties: II
There were to be accretions to the corpus of Confucian thought, both immediately and over the millennia, and from within and outside the Confucian school.
The theories of this school attempted to explain the universe in terms of basic forces in nature, the complementary agents of yin (dark, cold, female, negative) and yang (light, hot, male, positive) and the five elements (water, fire, wood, metal, and earth).
Although Moism failed to establish itself as a major school of thought, its views are said to be "strongly echoed" in Legalist thought.
www-chaos.umd.edu /history/ancient2.html   (1201 words)

  
 Treasure of China
At this point, the "literati" school of painting entered the mainstream, and the leadership in Chinese painting circles fell into the hands of literati painters.
This painting is representative of the "freehand brushstroke" school of traditional Chinese painting.
Scholar-statesmen and literati led the melding of poetry and painting, and this eventually spread to the academy of painting.
www.geocities.com /ChineseTreasure   (1037 words)

  
 Las Vegas Mercury: Books: This writer's life
The setting is a private East Coast boys school, presumably similar to the one that the real-life author lied his way into.
The unnamed school sponsors readings by established writers; at each, based on the merits of a submitted manuscript, one student is selected to meet personally with the visiting author.
We know the boys by the authors who factionalize them, which they imitate with awe and which with affected disdain, by the individual mechanical voices of their typewriters as they toil to produce an effort worthy of winning an audience with a figure of myth.
www.lasvegasmercury.com /2003/MERC-Nov-27-Thu-2003/22654323.html   (511 words)

  
 Traditional Chinese Painting
Literati typically prefer to paint according to their own fancy and without restriction, and advocate a fresh, free, understated, and elegant style.
Because natural objects such as these are less demanding subjects to paint that the human figure, the painter can better exploit the brush and ink's potential for free expression.
When "literati" painting was in vogue in the Yuan dynasty, men of letters began adding personal notes on the painting, or related lines of poetry, to display their prose and calligraphic skill.
www.tuvy.com /chinese/info/traditional_chinese_painting.htm   (341 words)

  
 China 2002: A Personal Experience   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Sometimes this would not be too far from our school, but we would bring our materials anyway because you needed every free moment you had to study.
The teaching of Confucius, known as Confucianism, were accepted as the orthodox school of thought by the Chinese imperial court from the Han dynasty (206 B.C. - A.D 220) through the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911), the last dynasty, and remain influential in China and parts of Asia, especially Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, Korea and Vietnam.
His school is officially known as the School of the Literati (ru or ju); the literati (wenren or wen-jen) are members of the scholar class who staffed the imperial bureaucracy.
www.secondsun.net /china2002/04.htm   (619 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
While literati poetry and calligraphy developed fully during the Tang Dynasty on the basis of the Six Dynasties preparation, painting did not become central to literati until later.
To the literati painters, “its expressive content derives from his mind, and has no necessary relationship to anything the artist or the viewer thinks or feels about the object represented.
It is a model of literati painting because it borrows the nature to perfectly convey his mind.
www.sarahzhu.com /XGallery/Essays/essays.html   (3967 words)

  
 THE "SIX SCHOOLS" OF INDIA, CHINA, AND JAPAN
S.ad.darshana, the "Six Schools" or "Six Doctrines" of "orthodox" Indian philosophy are the schools that accept the authority of the Vedas and thus religiously are considered part of Hinduism.
The Yoga School is to be carefully distinguished from disciplines that are yogas in the general sense of the word yoga, which is any means of achieving salvation.
The "Six Schools," Rokushû, in Japanese history are the speculative, doctrinal, and disciplinary schools of Buddhism that existed during the Nara Period, 710-794, when a permanent Japanese capital was first established, at Nara.
www.friesian.com /six.htm   (2676 words)

  
 Philosophy -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Given that, the discipline of communications is poignantly characterized by the historical rise of the Literati.
By the time of the famous Song poet Su Shih, the school of "Literati Painting" had begun to emerge.
By the time Literati painting had become popular in the Yuan dynasty, “men of letters” had begun to make a conscious effort to reaffirm their link to art through Chinese calligraphy.
literatigroup.com /webstation/www/index.pl/philosophy   (411 words)

  
 Literati
And though the sects of philosophers of that kind be gone,yet there remain certain discoursing wits which are of the same veins, though there be not so much blood in them as was in those of the ancients.
One of the later schools of Grecians examineth the matter and is at a stand to think what should be in it, that men should love lies, where neither they make for pleasure, as with the poets, nor for advantage, as with the merchant; but for the lie's sake.
And, therefore,having passed the day in sober labours and rational enquiries of truth,we are fain to betake ourselves unto such a state of being, wherein the soberest heads have acted all the monstrosities of melancholy, and which unto eyes are no better than folly and madness.
www.geocities.com /faisal_farooq_kashmir/literary.html   (1295 words)

  
 Utagawa School ( - ) Artwork Images, Exhibitions, Reviews
Peter is himself a 1996 Alumnus of the National Art School, and retains his passion for art and drawing...
In the spirit of Terry Setchs past beach-set works which rely heavily on the manipulation and presentation of found objects, trash, flotsam and random rubbish, we are inviting your partici...
Through the works of the Wu School selected from the Xubaizhai Collection, this thematic exhibition gives us some impressions of the life styles and close associations within the Suzhou literati circle.
wwar.com /masters/s/school-utagawa.html   (1030 words)

  
 Chinse History Part-10: PRC III
Short-lived, vibrant, but often tyrannical dynasties frequently were followed by long periods of stability and benevolent rule that were built on the best features of the preceding era and that discarded or modified more authoritarian ideas.
An ethical system of relations--governed by rules of propriety attributed to the School of Literati (also known as the Confucian school)--carefully defined each person's place in society.
The highest social status was held by scholar-officials, the literati who provided the interpretations needed for maintaining harmony in a slowly evolving world.
www.hotathrandom.com /China010.htm   (3837 words)

  
 Confucianism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Confucianism (儒家 Pinyin : rújiā "The School of the Scholars"), sometimes translated as the School of Literati, is an East Asia n ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of Confucius.
= The Evidentiary school was a movement in the early Qing dynasty whose goal was to reform society by finding the authentic texts that Confucius wrote.
One problem that has plagued Confucianism through the ages the question of which set of texts is the more authentic; the "Old Script" texts tend to have greater acceptance.
www.nebulasearch.com /encyclopedia/article/Confucianism.html   (4455 words)

  
 Search Results for literati - Encyclopædia Britannica
(“Literati Painting”), style of painting practiced by numerous Japanese painters of the 18th and 19th centuries.
Chinese painter who was a member of the orthodox school of “literati painting” (wenrenhua) in the early Qing period.
Chinese artist who was a leading member of a group of scholar-artists later known as the Wu school (after Wu district).
www.britannica.com /search?query=literati&submit=Find&source=MWTEXT   (492 words)

  
 Chinese Philosophies and Religions
By the time that "literati" painting had become popular in the Yuan dynasty, men of letters who painted put even more conscious effort into reaffirming the link to Chinese calligraphy, and actively led a trend to fuse calligraphy and painting.
The Song Emperor Hui Zong is known to have used poetry to test painters on their ability to express with ink and paper the enchanted world created in written verse.
Beginning in the Song dynasty, a small number of artists began to write the names of the giver and recipient of the painting, or to stamp their name chop, in an inconspicuous corner of the work.
www.china-inc.com /education/arts   (1269 words)

  
 CHRONOLOGY - ZHOU DYNASTY
The School of Literati (ru) - the Confucian school
The effect of the combined work of Confucius - the codifier and interpreter of a system of relationships based on ethical behavior - and Mencius, the synthesizer and developer of applied Confucian thought, was to provide traditional Chinese society with a comprehensive framework on which to order virtually every aspect of life.
Xun Zi's unsentimental and authoritarian inclinations were developed into the doctrine embodied in the School of Law (Fa) or - Legalism.
www.gotheborg.com /chronology/zhou.shtml   (2013 words)

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