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Topic: Schooner rig


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In the News (Sat 1 Nov 14)

  
  Schooner - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Schooners were first used by the Dutch in the 16th or 17th century, and further developed in North America from the time of the American Revolution.
Most traditionally rigged schooners are gaff rigged, sometimes carrying a square topsail on the foremast and occasionally, in addition, a square fore-course (together with the gaff foresail).
Schooners were used to carry cargo in many different environments, from ocean voyages, to coastal runs and on large inland bodies of water.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Schooner   (577 words)

  
 Square rig - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Square rig is a generic type of sailing vessel in which the main horizontal spars are perpendicular to the keel of the ship.
Square rig can also describe individual four-cornered sails suspended from yardarms, and carried on either a square rigged or a mainly fore-and-aft rigged vessel, such as one with either a bermuda rigged or gaff rigged mainsail.
Square rigs do have their advantages, however; they are more efficient when running, where the high lift to drag is irrelevent and the total lift is the most important issue.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Square_rig   (674 words)

  
 Good Old Boat: The fore-and-aft rig by Ted Brewer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The racing sailor and the average yachtsman stay with the Bermudan rig, while the gaff is favored by a few diehards and is used, of course, for character boats and replicas.
Still, although the schooner is fast off the wind, she is not as weatherly as the sloop or yawl.
A well-designed schooner can beat slowly to windward in a blow with only her foresail set and is well suited to handling in adverse weather by a short-handed cruising crew.
www.boatus.com /goodoldboat/foreaftrig.htm   (2377 words)

  
 What's The Ideal Sailing Rig?
If the rig is very tall, the lever arm is relatively longer from the center of lateral resistance to the center of effort of the sails, so the keel must be proportionately deeper to compensate.
During the design process, once the preferred keel configuration and the preferred rig type are chosen, it is simply a matter of balancing them against each other in order to obtain the required lead for the sail area vs the lateral area, and to place the ballast where required for proper trim.
The pilot schooners needed a foolproof rig that had superior performance, and that could be handled by a man and a boy.
www.kastenmarine.com /gaff_rig.htm   (4695 words)

  
 Schooner Man Schooner & Tall Ship
She is a scow schooner: a wide, flat sailing boat with gaff-rigged sails.
There are some examples of modern ships but most are of traditionally rigged vessels Schooners were first used by the Dutch in the 16th or 17th century however, much of their development took place in America from the time of the American Revolution.
Carr-Laughton, the Librarian of the British Admiralty, says that the essentials of the schooner rig are two gaff sails and a headsail, all beyond is accidental.
www.schoonerman.com /home.htm   (510 words)

  
 Good Old Boat: O, how she scoons! by Donald Launer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The schooner is characterized by fore-and-aft sails, set on two or more masts, the foremast(s) being equal in height to, or shorter than, the mainmast, which is the farthest aft.
Some early schooners were rigged with square topsails on the forward mast and were known as topsail schooners.
The schooner rig has three basic types of sailplans: The old-time gaff main and gaff foresail, the Marconi main and gaff foresail (which allows a permanent backstay on the mainmast, by use of a boomkin), and the Marconi main with a staysail in place of the foresail.
www.boatus.com /goodoldboat/schooner.htm   (1788 words)

  
 schooner(2)
The fore and aft rig enabled them to sail closer to the wind and fewer crew were needed.
The schooner was one of the fastest boats on the east coast.
The America was a famous schooner that won the race for the 100 Guinea Cup from England by such a long lead it was reported to the Queen “America is first and there is no second”.
www.islc.net /~falcon/schooner_2_.html   (232 words)

  
 Schooner Spirit Of Independence   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
A word from the builder..."The Spirit Of Independence is a schooner that is similar in design to the coasting schooners that plied the waters off East, Gulf, and West coasts of America during the 19th and the first part of the 20th century.
It was considered to be the rig of choice in America for the yachts of the rich and famous during the early part of the 20th century.
Because the schooner has such fine sailing characteristics, and because it is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful sailing rigs, the working schooners as a type are seeing a rebirth.
home.earthlink.net /~j.c.waters   (451 words)

  
 halliday3.htm
"Schooner" is a generic term referring to a sailing vessel of two or more masts whose functional sails run fore-and-aft and whose main and foresail is gaff rigged.
The bow was typically rigged with a bowsprit which had one or two jibs hanked onto the forestay that attached to the end of the bowsprit and ran to the upper part of the foremast.
Larger fishing schooners which arrived in Newfoundland in the spring and left in the autumn frequently kept a yard sail on the foremast for convenient reaching on long voyages.
www.eastwaters.com /halliday3design.htm   (1004 words)

  
 Down East Schooner
"A schooner rig (of the coaster or pilot boat type) is the handsomest rig there is," the late Pete Culler once wrote, and there are many who agree with him.
Cavanaugh is another schooner dreamer, a former contractor who started building boats a few years ago because he thought he could build them better.
A little trading schooner caught his eye while he was vacationing in the Caribbean last year, and he sent a picture of her to Paine.
www.metrocast.net /~dtboucher/TranSmallTalk.html   (893 words)

  
 Schooner Adventure National Historic Landmark Nomination   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The schooner had a short keel inclined upwards from the stern, long overhangs at bow and stern, a large amount of deadrise, and a gentle curve to the bilge.
The sailing rig of a knockabout schooner is finely balanced so that a small working crew can sail her while the fishermen work their trawls.
The schooner rig was ideal for fishing in the North Atlantic.
www.cr.nps.gov /maritime/nhl/advennhl.htm   (4313 words)

  
 Schooner Ernestina
In the words of the schooner's present captain, "the cargo hold was converted every 20 years or so to whatever paid the freight." While the interior arrangement of this space has changed, the original construction has not; deck beams, hatch carlings, knees, and ceiling planking remain unmodified.
The 1894-built schooner Ernestina, ex-Effie M. Morrissey, is the oldest surviving Grand Banks fishing schooner, the only surviving 19th century Gloucester-built fishing schooner, and one of two remaining examples of the Fredonia style schooners, the most famous American fishing vessel type, and is the only offshore example of that type.
The schooner was sold in March 1905 to Capt. Ansel Snow of Digby, Nova Scotia, but retained her American registry through the employment of an American "paper" captain though she sailed out of Digby with a Canadian crew to sell her catch in the United States.
www.ernestina.org /publications/NHLstudy.html   (3649 words)

  
 Dix 61 round bilge cruising schooner   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
He specified that his yacht have a schooner rig for ease of handling with a minimum of experienced crew and a deck saloon in preference to a pilothouse arrangement.
Combine the small sails of the schooner rig with modern roller furling systems and you have a boat for which you do not have to be a gorilla to sail single-handed.
A cutter or sloop rig is a natural progression for a boat of this type, as is a layout better suited to charter work.
www.dixdesign.com /dix61.htm   (812 words)

  
 sailingships
An ENGLISH SCHOONER's rig has a foremast with a topsail and topgallant sail, but a trysail instead of a lower yardsail, and on the rear, or mainmast there is a trysail and topsail.
A schooner may have as many masts as may be found convenient, and still be a schooner.
For very large ships Barks are sometimes made with five masts, in which case the front four are rigged alike with yardsails, and only the fifth must have a trysail.
www.angelfire.com /ns/bkeddy/sailingships.html   (609 words)

  
 Commercial Sailing Vessels
In the fore-and-aft rig, most sails were set from the masts along the center line (rather than perpendicular to the keel) of the vessel.
The Grand Haven rig was a two-masted rig in which gaff-rigged schooners had their masts set toward the extreme ends of the vessel, leaving a large area amidships for loading, unloading, and deck load.
The rig helped to keep otherwise obsolete sailing craft in operation by reducing labor costs for manning and loading, increasing carrying capacity, using sails more efficiently, and reducing maintenance costs associated with the more labor-intensive three-masted schooner rig.
thunderbay.noaa.gov /history/vessels/sailing.html   (1885 words)

  
 Guide to Sailing Ship Rigs Infosheet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Sailing ship rigs can be divided into two broad categories: the "fore and aft rig" (left), in which the sails lie along the same plane as the ship's fore and aft line; and the "square rig" (right), in which the sails are rigged athwart (across) the ship.
The fore and aft rig, or schooner rig, required only a small crew, and was generally used in the coastal and fishing trades.
Sloop A fore and aft rigged vessel with one mast is a sloop.
www.museum.gov.ns.ca /mma/AtoZ/rigs.html   (1329 words)

  
 What is a Schooner?
Whatever the origin of the name a schooner is a vessel rigged with fore-and-aft sails on her two or more masts, and originally carried square sails on her foremast, though later, with the advance in rig designs, these were changed to jib-headed or jackyard-topsails.
Schooners are fore-and-aft rigged (as distinguished from square-rigged) and have two or more masts.
Unlike yawls and ketches, the after mast of a two-masted schooner is taller than the forward one (in rare designs, the two masts may be the same height).
www.schoonerrace.org /schooner_definition.htm   (343 words)

  
 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Rig Veda   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Rig Veda ऋग्वेद (Sanskrit ṛgveda from ṛc "praise" + veda "knowledge") is a collection of hymns counted among the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas, and contains the oldest texts preserved in any Indo-Iranian language and the world.
Griffith, Ralph T.H. : The Rig Veda Samhita (Translation), 1896.
Oldenberg, Hermann: Die Hymnen des Rig Veda, 1888.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Rig_Veda   (1648 words)

  
 PINKIES
She was restored to her original schooner rig when rebuilt by her new owner.
One of the many advantages of the schooner rig is the ability to reef down while still keeping a good luff on the foresail.
Under the schooner rig, she can be handled by one person, even in the larger sizes.
www.thomasecolvin.com /pinkies.htm   (342 words)

  
 The Schooner, Redpath
For example, single halyards serve both fore and main gaffs; all three working sails are self tending; there are no topmasts or spreaders or excess rigging to clutter one's life; the single tops'l, a fisherman, is easily handled, etc. This ultra simple configuration has become the basis for nearly all of my schooner designs.
A gaff schooner is able to spread more sail area per height of spars than other rigs.
With the exception of the fisherman sail, the rig drawn for Redpath is all self tending.
www.kastenmarine.com /redpath.htm   (1847 words)

  
 Bowdoin National Historic Landmark Nomination   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The schooner was built almost entirely of white oak; she is framed with double sawn frames spaced 24 inches on centers with long and short arm floor timbers passing over the keel.
The schooner carries an auxiliary engine that drives a single screw, which is protected by a skeg that runs from keel to rudder foot.
The schooner's maiden voyage of 1921-1922 was to the shores of Baffin Island, where Bowdoin spent the winter iced in and banked with snow while the crew conducted geomagnetic experiments for the Carnegie Institution.
www.cr.nps.gov /maritime/nhl/bowdoin.htm   (3580 words)

  
 The cutter sailplan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Rig types come and go in fashion and the fact is that none are better than the other.
On the other side, it’s the most efficient OFF the wind and the old pilot schooner rig with its overlapping foresail is so powerful off the wind that it was banned from ocean racing.
But the big problem with small schooners is that the makes the main harder to securely brace than a cutter or ketch, and the fore will usually be in the way of a bunk.
www.georgebuehler.com /Sailplans.html   (523 words)

  
 Used Boats for Sale | A Boat Trader Directory of Yachts and Boats
Brigantine- is a two-Masted vessel fore mast being square rigged.
Foremast the mast in the forepart of a vessel, nearest the bow.
The dead-eyes of the topmast rigging are fitted to their upper ends, and the futtock-shrouds to their lower ends.
www.usedboats.com /nautical-terms-glossary.htm   (11970 words)

  
 South Street Seaport Museum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
She was re-rigged as a schooner ten years later when the sloop rig lost favor, primarily for economic reasons—the large single sail took more crew members to handle than the smaller sails of the two-masted rig.
In the days before paved roads, schooners were the delivery trucks of their era, carrying various cargoes between coastal communities: lumber and stone from the islands of Maine, brick on the Hudson River, and oyster shell on the Chesapeake Bay.
Almost all American cargo sloops and schooners were wood, but because she was built in what was then this country's center of iron shipbuilding, Pioneer had wrought iron hull.
www.southstseaport.org /street/pioneer.shtm   (274 words)

  
 Schooner for sale - William Garden 75' Victory
Her running rigging was completely replaced in 1990 including new Douglas fir box hollow masts to replace the Chiloe Island Manio solid masts.
The boat is a replica of a New England cargo schooner of 1870.
The standing rigging and box hollow Oregon pine masts are 14 years old and are in good condition with no rot.
www.victory-cruises.com /victory_details1.html   (2157 words)

  
 Atkin & Co. - Island Princess
The schooner Island Princess was conceived for comfortable cruising among the islands -- or anywhere -- and for living aboard for extended periods.
While her divided rig is not as efficient as those of her more "high strung" sisters, the schooner rig has been well proved over the years -- and continues, from time to time, to confound the experts and proponents of the popular jib-head rig.
Her standing rigging, spliced in eyes, parceled and served to prevent wear and tear, is quite acceptable.
www.boat-links.com /Atkinco/Sail/IslandPrincess.html   (668 words)

  
 Back Yard Yacht Builders Association Forums - View Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The main advantages to a Schooner rig on bigger boats is to decrease sheeting loads as you split up the sail plan making smaller individual sails, and it gives you a LOT of flexibility in balancing the sail plan and selectively shortening sail or making sail to wind conditions.
The Schooner was an excellent Coastal Cruiser during the golden age of sail as it could be easily sailed by 2 men and a Boy for coastal trade.
The bigger, multi-masted schooners built at the turn of the last century quickly lost out to steam, while the larger barques were still able to pay their way up to the second world war.
byyb.org /forums/viewtopic.php?topic=2541&forum=2&11   (1955 words)

  
 Westsail 42 Schooner Hull # 51   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Worldcruiser had just completed the construction of two 44' schooners, and a customer came in asking for a custom built boat with a schooner rig.
The problem is that they think in terms of the old gaff rig schooner, which is really not practical in this day and age of dacron sails and aluminum masts and booms.
The beauty of a staysail schooner rig in heavy weather is that you can fly the fore staysail, main staysail, and reefed main, and the rig is all inboard, and balanced in the center of the sailplan.
www.westsail.com /forsale/w42-Schooner51.htm   (838 words)

  
 schooner   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Today many sailors consider the schooner rig, although lovely to look at, to be complex and impractical.
They forget that the schooner was originally designed not for her aesthetic appeal but for seaworthiness and speed.
The Cherubini 48 Staysail Schooner combines a Marconi-rigged main with fore and main staysails to establish a sail plan that can be managed handily by two people.
www.cherubiniyachts.com /why-a-schooner.htm   (183 words)

  
 Acheson Ventures - Highlander Sea History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The gaff topsail schooner rig evolved from the needs of the East Coast fishermen who sailed one thousand miles from Gloucester, Massachusetts to fish the bountiful Grand Banks of Newfoundland and back, to deliver their catch to market as quickly as possible.
In the spring and fall, when gale force winds in the northwestern Atlantic are frequent, the rig could be shortened by un-shipping the ´appendages´ so to speak.
Remarkably, with her knockabout rig, just four men were all that was needed to work the ship.
www.achesonventures.com /hshistory.asp   (936 words)

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