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Topic: Scientific method


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  The Myth of the Magical Scientific Method
The "hypothetico-deductive" schema taught to students was not developed as a method at all: It was intended a logical analysis of how scientific theories derive support from evidence, and it was developed in a process that intentionally excluded consideration of the process of discovery in science.
The most obvious failing of the "method" as a guide to furthering (or understanding) scientific progress is that it ignores or distorts the role of careful observation as a source of knowledge.
Scientific observations span the range between surprises like that one, to observations that are made possible by careful preparation, like the invention of the microscope or an archaeological dig, all the way up to observations that require preparatory work of astounding dedication and inventiveness, like those made using the Hubble Space Telescope.
www.dharma-haven.org /science/myth-of-scientific-method.htm   (6897 words)

  
  Scientific method - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The scientific method refers to a body of techniques for investigating phenomena and acquiring new knowledge of the natural world, as well as the correction and integration of previous knowledge, based on observable, empirical, measurable evidence, and subject to laws of reasoning.
Scientific quantities are often characterized by their units of measure which can later be described in terms of conventional physical units when communicating the work.
Scientific journals use a process of peer review, in which scientists' manuscripts are submitted by editors of scientific journals to (usually one to three) fellow (usually anonymous) scientists familiar with the field for evaluation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scientific_method   (6843 words)

  
 Scientific method - Simple English Wikipedia
The scientific method is the way scientists test out ideas about how the world works.
The difference between science and things that are not science (such as pseudoscience) is often defined by whether they use the scientific method.
But on the whole it is thought to be a good method for finding out things about the world which are reliable, and is the model for thinking about scientific knowledge usually used by scientists.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scientific_method   (1300 words)

  
 Scientific Method   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The scientific method is the foundation of modern science.
One form of the scientific method is to 1) make observations, 2) create a theory that explains the observations, 3) extrapolate or make predictions from the new theory, and 4) verify the predictions with more observations.
The scientific method is also applicable to random events that have statistical distributions.
www.sullivan-county.com /nf0/fundienazis/scimethod.htm   (1537 words)

  
 The scientific research method
The scientific method is the means by which researchers are able to make conclusive statements about their studies with a minimum of bias.
While this is an example of how the scientific method is used in everyday research and hypothesis testing, it is also the basis of creating theories and laws.
Although the purpose of the scientific method is to eliminate researcher bias, an investigation of the raw data from an experiment is always a good idea.
va.essortment.com /scientificresea_rqce.htm   (992 words)

  
 Introduction to the Scientific Method
The scientific method is the process by which scientists, collectively and over time, endeavor to construct an accurate (that is, reliable, consistent and non-arbitrary) representation of the world.
What is key in the description of the scientific method just given is the predictive power (the ability to get more out of the theory than you put in; see Barrow, 1991) of the hypothesis or theory, as tested by experiment.
The scientific method is intricately associated with science, the process of human inquiry that pervades the modern era on many levels.
teacher.nsrl.rochester.edu /phy_labs/AppendixE/AppendixE.html   (2214 words)

  
 Scientific Method   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Historical Approaches to the Scientific Method - This is a short paper on the development of the scientific method and how it was used/interpreted by Plato, Aristotle, Copernicus, and Newton.
Scientific Method from Science Fair Central - Discusses the scientific method for students who are going to do a science project.
Scientific Method with Examples - Here is a good description of the scientific methods with examples and visuals for all the steps.
www.kn.pacbell.com /wired/fil/pages/listscientifju.html   (327 words)

  
 Scientific Method
Students can be caused to use the scientific method to discover what scientist has determined to be true for the purpose of practicing the scientific method.
The inductive form of the scientific method at its simplest level is focused child play.
Lastly, the deductive method requires reasoning skills that are beyond the ability of most young students and consequently best not taught until late secondary.
www.lessonplans.com /sci_1.htm   (1848 words)

  
 The Scientific Method | Home   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Move on to explain the concept of a problem as it relates to the scientific method and explain the example of the problem in "the paper towel theory." Show the students the two paper towels.
Move on to explain the concept of an experiment as it relates to the scientific method and explain the example of the experiment in "the paper towel theory." Demonstrate the experiment for the students.
Move on to explain the concept of a conclusion as it relates to the scientific method and explain the example of the conclusion in "the paper towel theory." Ask the students if the their hypothesis was supported by the experiment.
www.pages.drexel.edu /~bcb25/scimeth/index.htm   (541 words)

  
 29+ Evidences for Macroevolution: Scientific Proof?
In contrast, Newton's scientific theory of universal gravitation predicts that the force between two masses should be inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them (otherwise known as the "inverse square law").
Anti-evolutionists, such as the "scientific" creationists, are especially fond of Karl Popper and his falsifiability criterion, and they are well known for claiming that evolutionary theory is unscientific because it cannot be falsified.
Based on the scientific method, a hypothesis that simply and elegantly explains the observed facts, that predicts many previously unobserved phenomena, and that withstands many potential falsifications is considered a valid and useful hypothesis.
www.talkorigins.org /faqs/comdesc/sciproof.html   (2059 words)

  
 What is the ``scientific method''?
The scientific method is the best way yet discovered for winnowing the truth from lies and delusion.
A frequent criticism made of the scientific method is that it cannot accommodate anything that has not been proved.
This criticism is based on a misinterpretation of the scientific method.
phyun5.ucr.edu /~wudka/Physics7/Notes_www/node6.html   (706 words)

  
 Open Directory - Science: Methods and Techniques: Scientific Method   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method at the London School of Economics and Political Science - Founded in 1946 by Professor Sir Karl Popper, the Department is internationally recognised for its excellence in Philosophy, especially in the Philosophy of Science, and offers a large range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses.
Scientific Method and Philosophy of Science - Article comparing reductionism and emergence, in the context of history and evolutionary epistemology.
Scientific Method by Michael James - Outline of history or reasoning and techniques for finding and proving theories from 20000 BC to 1630 AD.
dmoz.org /Science/Methods_and_Techniques/Scientific_Method   (591 words)

  
 Studying Cells Tutorial
The scientific method is the experimental testing of a hypothesis formulated after the systematic, objective collection of data.
This is helpful for putting the method into context, but keep in mind that the key element of the scientific method is testing the hypothesis.
An example of a scientific conclusions based on insufficient scientific method recently occurred in the field of breast cancer research.
www.biology.arizona.edu /cell_bio/tutorials/cells/cells1.html   (479 words)

  
 Scientific Method
The term “scientific method” gets paraded about as if the average person untutored in science knows what it is. Even in my engineering college days, I was taught the practice of the scientific method, but was given no philosophical understanding of it.
While his focus is psychology, I’ve sprinkled in some illustrative examples to put the scientific method in a broader perspective with an emphasis on religion.
Scientific observation is termed systematic because it is structured so that the results of the observations reveal something about the underlying nature of the world.
www.usbible.com /Reality/scientific_method.htm   (2307 words)

  
 The Scientific Method   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The scientific method is based upon evidence rather than belief.
In scientific work there is little room for faith; in life there is plenty of room for both.
This part of the scientific method is the key to testing the hypothesis.
koning.ecsu.ctstateu.edu /Plants_Human/scimeth.html   (3700 words)

  
 The Scientific Method - Elegant Experiments
Scientific method is based on the principle of cause and effect: You get a fever because you are sick; the sky looks blue because of the interaction of light and matter in the atmosphere.
This continuous scrutiny is essential to the credibility and progress of scientific research.
One of the fundamental prerequisites of a healthy scientific method is the quality of experimentation that is designed to test an hypothesis.
www.accessexcellence.org /AB/BC/Elegant_Experiments.html   (576 words)

  
 Science Fair Project on the web - the scientific method.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Method - You figure out a way to test whether hypothesis is correct.
Each new scientific fact is a piece of the puzzle.
Research Question: The research question is the single most important part of the scientific method.
sciencefairproject.virtualave.net /scientific_method.htm   (903 words)

  
 Scientific Method
The scientific method is learning science through observation and experimentation.
Before the invention of the scientific method, people used to make guesses, could not prove or disprove any thing, and had vague theories.
The first step in the scientific method is to ask a question that you will do the experiment to solve.
www.albalagh.net /kids/science/scientific_method.shtml   (590 words)

  
 Seed: Scientific Method: Relationships Among Scientific Paradigms
This map was constructed by sorting roughly 800,000 published papers into 776 different scientific paradigms (shown as pale circular nodes) based on how often the papers were cited together by authors of other papers.
Links (curved fl lines) were made between the paradigms that shared papers, then treated as rubber bands, holding similar paradigms nearer one another when a physical simulation forced every paradigm to repel every other; thus the layout derives directly from the data.
Scientific Method: Relationships Among Scientific Paradigms, written by Edit Staff, posted on March 7, 2007 02:14 PM, is in the category Incubator.
www.seedmagazine.com /news/2007/03/scientific_method_relationship.php   (269 words)

  
 The Scientific Method   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The real scientific question would be stated" I think that there may be flying saucers in the sky and I will design and run an experiment to see if my idea is correct".
An example of a historically beautiful and simple use of the Scientific Method was the Millikan Oil Drop Experiment.
As I demonstrated with the flying saucer argument, not all statements are scientific and the scientific method won't be useful to everything.
www.scifair.org /articles/sm.shtml   (651 words)

  
 Scientific Method
The Double Blind method is one way to reduce this,and it must not be ignored.
THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD: The Scientific method is a changing series of principles which have been discovered over a long period of time and which, when followed, produce new observations and new thoughts.
The Double Blind method is one way to reduce this, and it must not be ignored.
www.nexialinstitute.com /scimethod.htm   (8988 words)

  
 The Scientific Method
Too often the "scientific method" is presented in schools and textbooks as a "recipe" for doing science, with numbered steps even!
At the other extreme, someone said that scientific method is "Doing one's damndest with one's mind." I know many have said more profound things about this subject than I will offer, but here's some informal comments about scientific method presented as a set of practical and general guidlines for doing science.
But on another level, a change of scientific model may do away with a force field as an conceptual entity, but it wouldn't do away with a forest, mountain or lake.
www.lhup.edu /~dsimanek/scimeth.htm   (1314 words)

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