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Topic: Scipio Africanus

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  Scipio Africanus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Scipio (L., rod or staff) was born in 236 BC in Rome into the Scipio branch of the Cornelii family.
The young Scipio survived the disastrous battles at the Ticinus, the Trebia, and the Cannae.
Scipio landed at the mouth of the Ebro and was able to surprise and capture Carthago Nova, the headquarters of the Carthaginian power in Hispania.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scipio_Africanus   (4543 words)

 Scipio Africanus Major - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
SCIPIO AFRICANUS MAJOR [Scipio Africanus Major] (Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus), 236-183 BC, Roman general, the conqueror of Hannibal in the Punic Wars.
The young Scipio was elected (c.211) to the proconsulship in Spain.
Scipio Africanus Crushes Hannibal At Zama And Subjugates Carthage
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-scipa1fm1jr.html   (412 words)

 P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Minor (185/4-129 B.C.)
Scipio was the second son of Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus, hero of the Third Macedonian War and son of the consul (of the same name) who fell at the Battle of Cannae in 216.
Scipio helped in Gracchus' escape, possibly because of their family relationship: Gracchus was his cousin and also his brother-in-law, though in fact Scipio's marriage to Sempronia had been a private failure.
Scipio took with him to Spain a number of volunteers and a corps of 500 friends and dependents as a kind of bodyguard (an embryonic praetorian cohort): these were perhaps all the more necessary because his first task was to rediscipline the Roman troops in Spain, who were in a shocking state.
www.thelatinlibrary.com /imperialism/notes/scipioaemilianus.html   (2020 words)

 Special Project 1: Tangent Deliverable   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Scipio returned to Italy in 205 BC and was elected consul to Sicily at the age of 31, a position that gave him the authority to attack Africa.
Scipio, realizing time was against him, began causing havoc in the countryside while moving west, closer and closer to Masinissa who had taken much of his cavalry to claim Numidia for himself.
Scipio Africanus was chosen to act as advisor in the coming war to his brother and the current consul, Lucius Scipio.
www.travelin-tigers.com /zhs/proj1d.htm   (2933 words)

 Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236-184/3 B.C.)
Publius Scipio was born into one of the great patrician families in Rome; his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather had all been consuls in their day.
Of Scipio's boyhood or the date of his marriage to Aemilia, daughter of Aemilius Paullus, consul of 216 who fell at Cannae, nothing is known.
Scipio served as a military tribune at the disastrous Battle of Cannae in 216.
www.thelatinlibrary.com /imperialism/notes/scipio.html   (1690 words)

 Scipio Africanus Minor - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
SCIPIO AFRICANUS MINOR [Scipio Africanus Minor] (Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus), c.185-129 BC, Roman general, destroyer of Carthage.
He was adopted by the eldest son of Scipio Africanus Major (see under Scipio, family).
On his return to Rome he openly rejoiced at the murder of his adoptive cousin and own brother-in-law, Tiberius Gracchus (Scipio's wife, Sempronia, was sister of the Gracchi), and led the conservatives in attempting to destroy the Gracchan reforms.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-scipa1fm1nr.html   (383 words)

 Scipio Africanus
His father, also named Publius Cornelius Scipio, was elected a Roman consul in 218 bc, and the young Scipio accompanied him in a confrontation with Hannibal's invasion force near the Ticinus River in Northern Italy shortly after the Carthaginian commander had completed his famous crossing of the Alps.
During a short, vicious siege, Scipio led a breaching column through a supposedly impregnable lagoon located on the landward side of the city; a strong northerly wind combined with the natural ebb of the tide left the lagoon shallow enough for the Roman infantry to wade through.
Later, Scipio Africanus himself was called to the Senate to answer corruption charges--a summons that he simply refused to obey.
history-world.org /scipio_africanus.htm   (1612 words)

 AllRefer.com - Scipio (Ancient History, Rome, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Publius was the father of the conqueror of Hannibal, Scipio Africanus Major.
Africanus Major's wife was the sister of Aemilius Paullus, his daughter Cornelia was the mother of the Gracchi, and his eldest son was the adoptive father of Scipio Africanus Minor.
Africanus Minor was the son of Aemilius Paullus.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/S/Scipio.html   (454 words)

 The Scipio Legacy
Cornelius Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus (the younger) was born in 185 BC to Lucius Aemilius Paullus.
He was given up in adoption to the elder son of Scipio Africanus and his younger brother was given to the Fabii Maximi for adoption, as Lucius had 2 younger sons, however, these two died within days of each other in 167 BC and Lucius was then without an heir.
Scipio Aemilianus was married at an early age to his cousin, Sempronia, the only surviving daughter of Scipio Africanus' youngest daughter, who bitterly despised him.
www.dragon.org /chris/scipio.html   (1448 words)

Scipio was built between 1880 and 1882 by William Denny and Bros., Dumbarton, Scotland, as the iron steamship, Ravenna.
Renamed Scipio, she was abandoned at sea for unknown causes and was salvaged by George P. Walford, who sold her to the Navy on 5 May 1898.
Scipio was retained in ordinary at the New York Navy Yard until surveyed on 31 March 1899 for disposal.
www.history.navy.mil /danfs/s7/scipio.htm   (245 words)

 COSMIC BASEBALL ASSOCIATION-1998 Hernando Scipio Africanus Player Plate
Scipio himself, thrust into leadership in his mid-twenties is considered a master tactician and strategist who implemented bold and innovative military techniques.
Scipio's army was in the usual three lines, but with the distances between lines increased, and the maniples in column, rather than in the usual checkerboard formation.
Scipio was a bold, dynamic leader who demanded the respect and discipline of his men and earned their devotion and loyalty.
www.cosmicbaseball.com /scipio8.html   (586 words)

 Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography
Scipio was married to Aemilia, sister of Lucius Aemilius Paullus (victor of Pydna in 168 B.C.), and became the father of Cornelia, mother of the Gracchus brothers.
As a youth of about 18, Scipio was credited with having saved his father's life at the Battle of the Ticinus (Ticino) in 218, and as military tribune in 216, he rallied the survivors after the disastrous defeat of Cannae.
In 190 Scipio was instrumental in obtaining for his brother Lucius, consul of the year, the command against Antiochus by offering to accompany him as legate on his campaign.
www.bookrags.com /biography/scipio-africanus-major   (671 words)

 Scipio Africanus - A Military Biographical Sketch
Publius Cornelius Scipio (later, Africanus) was born 236 BC (518 AUC by Roman reckoning) to a father of the same name.
Scipio Africanus (hereafter S.A.) first earned his reputation for brilliant military leadership at this battle.
The elder daughter married her cousin, P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum, and the younger Cornelia was the mother of the brothers Gracchi.
romanhistorybooksandmore.freeservers.com /scipio.htm   (2987 words)

Scipio's early exploits in Spain are imperative in understanding what kind of a commander he was.
Scipio's leadership was again tested near the town of Baecula, by a brother of Hannibal's known as Hasdrubal.
Scipio, convinced the enemy were relying on position rather than courage,enflamed the spirits of his men.
babel.massart.edu /~bobdylan/Rome.html   (2592 words)

 Scipio Africanus - Greater Than Napoleon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Scipio Africanus is one of the biographies written by Hart to illustrate and recognize those he thought influential to his ideas.
It’s brevity, while largely due to the short career of Scipio (a man who died at the age of 54 and peaked at 35), also reveals the weak amount of study available.
Unfortunately even today, books on Scipio Africanus are few and far between in a world crammed with those men who changed the world in far more controversial ways.
www.unrv.com /book-review/scipio-africanus.php   (935 words)

 Dalkeith. Stories From Roman History. Chapter 8: Of Scipio Aemilianus Africanus.
At last Scipio Aemilianus, made consul by the senate, took command of the troops, and the Carthaginians soon learned to fear the very sound of his name.
Scipio attacked the walls, scaled them, and took the market-place and the splendid temple of Apollo.
Scipio wept as he watched the magnificent buildings fall one by one into the ashes.
www.kellscraft.com /romanhistorych8.html   (1186 words)

 Scipio Africanus Minor — FactMonster.com
Scipio Africanus Minor (Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus), c.185–129 B.C., Roman general, destroyer of Carthage.
Carthage, ancient city, N Africa: The Punic Wars and the Decline of Carthage - The Punic Wars and the Decline of Carthage In the 3d cent.
Scipio - Scipio, ancient Roman family of the Cornelian gens.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/people/A0844076.html   (339 words)

 CIPIOUN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Scipio is one of the chief persons in Cicero's De re publica, of which the Somnium Scipionis (The Dream of Scipio) forms the end of the sixth book.
In this dream, after conversing with Scipio Africanus about the afterlife, Scipio Minor gets a warning that he may suffer peril at the hands of his kindred.
Scipio, the Latin form, which means "staff" or "wand" and indicates a family of the clan Cornelia, appears once, in final rhyming position, HF II.916.
www.columbia.edu /dlc/garland/deweever/C/cipioun.htm   (377 words)

 Scipio Africanus - Book Reviews
The discussion of Scipio and his historical period is not "interrupted" by arcane trivia about "breakpoints", "fulcrum of maneuver" and other such arid technical phrases.
One plus for Scipio is that he is relevant to modern democracies in that he could not impose his will much as Alexander, and, to a lesser extent, Julius Caesar, might but had to play the game of politics in an open forum.
Liddell Hart applauds Scipio's moderation, worldly diplomacy and instinct for attacking the decisive nerve center of the enemy's warmaking capacity, not necessarily his armies in the field.
romanhistorybooksandmore.freeservers.com /r_scipio.htm   (712 words)

 Ancient History Sourcebook: M. Tullius Cicero: Scipio's Dream,  On the Republic, Book 6
Africanus, I thought, appeared to me in that shape, with which I was better acquainted from his picture, than from any personal knowledge of him.
The universe is composed of nine circles, or rather spheres, one of which is the heavenly one, and is exterior to all the rest, which it embraces; being itself the Supreme God, and bounding and containing the whole.
To which he replied It is that which is called the music of the spheres, being produced by their motion and impulse; and being formed by unequal intervals, but such as are divided according to the most just proportion, it produces, by duly tempering acute with grave sounds, various concerts of harmony.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/ancient/cicero-republic6.html   (3176 words)

 Scipio Africanus (Scipio the African): The Defeat of Hannibal
Scipio Africanus (Scipio the African): The Defeat of Hannibal
In response, Rome's politicians argue and dither, until the general Scipio Africanus steps forth with a bold plan: a lightning strike by sea against Carthage itself.
A popular general and man of the people, Scipio quickly gains the support of soldiers and the veterans of his Spanish campaigns, and soon his daring strategy is in full operation.
www.ihffilm.com /scipafdefofh.html   (558 words)

 Leaders and Battles: Scipio Africanus , Publius Cornelius
Scipio followed his father into battle during the 2nd Punic War in Spain and was lauded for saving the elder's life during Battle of Ticinus.
Scipio returned to Spain and earned the moniker 'Africanus' for the country he conquered.
In 189 B.C. Scipio defeated King Antiochus in Asia and was later charged of accepting a bribe in exchange for granting peace to Antiochus.
www.lbdb.com /TMDisplayLeader.cfm?PID=5514   (198 words)

 SCIPIO   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Publius Cornelius Scipio, The Elder, was a Roman general who fought the Carthagian armies in Spain and defeated them.
In 202 BC Scipio defeated Hannibal at Zama.
For his victory in North Africa Scipio was called Africanus Major.
www.hyperhistory.com /online_n2/people_n2/ppersons2_n2/scipio.html   (61 words)

 The Roman Army
One man who made a great contribution to the running of the army, and thereby also to the wellfare and survival of Rome, was Scipio Africanus (Publius Cornelius Scipio).
He is believed to have been present at the military disasters of Trebia and Cannae where he learnt the lesson that the Roman army needed a drastic change in tactics.
In the east the critical Battle of Pydna which ended the third Macedonian War was probably won by the allies, who with elephants crushed the left wing of Perseus and enabled the legionaries to split and outflank the Macedonian phalanx.
www.roman-empire.net /army/army.html   (13499 words)

 Scipio Africanus: Greater Than Napoleon -- book review
Why is it that Hannibal, who was beaten by Scipio Africanus, is better known now than Scipio is? After all, Scipio never lost any of his battles as a Roman commander.
With descriptions of battles and even battle diagrams of his strategy, Scipio is presented as a great military leader.
On the other hand, there is a moving story of how Scipio saves the women of a village from certain rape, so it all evens out.
www.curledup.com /scipioaf.htm   (308 words)

 Scipio Africanus Major — FactMonster.com
Scipio Africanus Major (Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus) (sip'ēō ăfrikā'n
, who accused the Scipio family of receiving bribes in the campaign against Antiochus III in which Scipio had accompanied (190) his brother.
B.C., Roman matron, daughter of Scipio Africanus Major.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/people/A0844075.html   (355 words)

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