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Topic: Scotland referendum, 1979

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  Scotland referendum, 1979 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
There were special conditions on the referendum in the Act which said that for the Act not be repealed, at least 40% of the electorate would have to vote Yes in the referendum.
The referendum was held on March 1, 1979.
However, the election of the first Thatcher government later in 1979, with a majority in parliament and a policy strongly opposed to devolution, diverted public attention and the devolution issue was lost from the mainstream political agenda for a decade.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scotland_referendum,_1979   (461 words)

 Wales referendum, 1979 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Scotland and Wales Act had a difficult passage through Parliament and the government, lacking a majority to pass the plan, withdrew the legislation and introduced separate Bills for Scotland and Wales.
In the House of Commons on 28 March 1979, the Labour government was defeated on a motion of confidence by one vote, only the second time in the 20th century that a government was brought down in this way.
Labour's defeat in the 1979 General Election to Margaret Thatcher's Conservative Party precipitated a civil war within its own ranks, and the party was to be out of office for eighteen years.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Wales_referendum,_1979   (637 words)

 Scotland - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta
The Anglicization of Scotland acquired tremendous momentum during the reign of Edgar and those of his brothers Alexander I and David I. Under these monarchs, all of whom had been deeply influenced by their mother’s religious and cultural views, the Anglo-Norman feudal system was established in Scotland.
Scotland played no part in the overthrow of Charles’s successor, James VII (James II of England) in 1688, but the Scottish Parliament immediately recognized the new king, William III, as William II of Scotland.
Scotland’s economy began to recover in the 1980s when employment in the microelectronics industry expanded and service employment increased, particularly in the areas of public administration, financial services, and tourism.
encarta.msn.com /text_761561065___26/Scotland.html   (3946 words)

 History of Scotland: encyclopedia article from Wikipedia
Scotland advanced markedly in educational terms during the fifteenth century with the founding of the University of St Andrews in 1413, the University of Glasgow in 1450 and the University of Aberdeen in 1494, and with the passing of the Education Act 1496.
The Company of Scotland soon became involved with the Darién Scheme, an ambitious plan devised by William Paterson to establish a colony on the Isthmus of Panama in the hope of establishing trade with the Far East — the principle that led to the construction of the Panama Canal much later.
Scotland was to have 45 seats in the House of Commons, and a representation in the House of Lords.
www.scottishlaw.org.uk /scotlaw/usehistoryscotland.html   (7917 words)

 Scottish Parliament - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The eight regions are: Highlands and Islands; North East Scotland; Mid Scotland and Fife; West of Scotland; Glasgow; Central Scotland; South of Scotland; and Lothians.
The 1979 Scotland referendum to establish a devolved Scottish Assembly failed.
Critics of this view argue that the old Parliament of Scotland remains merged in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, because the United Kingdom parliament continues to represent constituencies in Scotland, and Scotland remains subject, ultimately, to a government responsible to the United Kingdom parliament.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scottish_parliament   (2053 words)

 BBC News | The Scottish Parliament | Tough times - then success
Scotland had rejected Thatcherism and the number of Tory MPs was cut to a then all-time low of 10.
The referendum initiative had been announced in opposition partly to counter the Conservative attack on the taxation powers and partly to forestall difficulties for the planned legislation in Parliament.
In the months since the referendum, the parties vying for the lion's share of seats in the Parliament have locked horns on all manner of issues.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/events/scotland_99/the_scottish_parliament/306862.stm   (1174 words)

 Scotland* page
Scotland was an independent kingdom until 1601 when James the 6th, the king of Scotland, became king of England also.
During the Cromwell period (Commonwealth 1653-1660) Scotland and Ireland were incorporated with England as a unitary state but the restoration of monarchy saw the previous separation restored.
In a foretaste of the 20th century horrors of ethnic cleansing, the Gaelic speaking people of the Highlands were evicted by the landlords, the former tribal chiefs, in a successful attempt to prevent further revolts of the type which occurred in 1715 and 1745.
www.angelfire.com /mac/egmatthews/worldinfo/europe/scotland.html   (1344 words)

 Scottish Referendums
The Bill for referendums in Scotland and Wales was published on 15 May 1997: with the people of Scotland scheduled to deliver their verdict on September 11.
Mr Wilson, calling upon his memories of the 1979 Referendum Campaign, argued that the SNP would suffer electorally from attaching themselves to the unsatisfactory policy of a rival party.
The referendum was altered by the amendment - introduced by the Labour MP George Cunningham - which provided that the Government must repeal the Scotland Act if fewer than 40 per cent of those entitled to vote opted to vote Yes.
www.bbc.co.uk /politics97/devolution/scotland/briefing/scotbrief1.shtml   (6735 words)

 BBC News | The Scottish Parliament | Milestones in Scotland's history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-01)
His reign is one of the most important in Scotland's history, extending Scottish borders to the River Tees, including all of Northumberland.
Scotland's Coronation Stone - the "Stone of Destiny" - is taken by Edward I to Westminster Abbey.
This was Scotland's Coronation stone, taken by the English in 1296.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/events/scotland_99/the_scottish_parliament/306837.stm   (889 words)

 cric.ca - Canada's Portal - Quick Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-01)
The devolution of powers proposed for Scotland and Wales by British Prime Minister Tony Blair (born in Edinburgh) is at the heart of the referendum vote, at a time when the question of devolution is part of the Canadian political landscape.
Promising "a new Scotland for a new millennium" allowed Labour an easy win in most of Scotland’s ridings, but it is also true that, in local, general or European elections, a majority of Scots vote for Labour.
In the 1979 referendum, 58.8 per cent of the people of Wales went to the polls: 46.9 per cent voted No and 11.9 per cent voted Yes (41.2 per cent did not vote).
www.cric.ca /en_html/guide/referendum/referendum_scotland.htm   (1424 words)

 CNN - Scots break with tradition to vote on new parliament - September 11, 1997
EDINBURGH, Scotland (CNN) -- Scots headed to the polls Thursday to vote on whether to form their own Parliament, a historic referendum that could end 290 years of English rule.
The referendum is being held on one of the most emotive dates on the Scottish calendar, the 700th anniversary of the Battle of Stirling Bridge, when Scottish forces led by William Wallace routed the English army.
Scottish newspapers were almost unanimous in declaring the referendum a historic moment, and urged readers to vote in favor of a Parliament.
www.cnn.com /WORLD/9709/11/scotland.ref   (563 words)

 Scotland's Referendum In Retrospect Contemporary Review - Find Articles
For Scotland has a Parliament exercising powers which might be appropriate in a federal system but which sit uneasily with the role of Parliament at Westminster as legislature for both the United Kingdom (on major reserved matters) and for England, but with different powers in relation to Welsh and Northern Irish devolution.
The clearest hint of a pro-devolution bias is not in their coverage of 1997 but in the way they draw on earlier work about the 1979 referendum, when in the dying days of the Callaghan Government a less radical devolution scheme failed to win the level of support laid down by Parliament.
The fact that the 1997 referendum result was almost a foregone conclusion, although the reasons for that remain debatable, does not lessen the importance of this study of how it reflected Scottish opinion at the time and revealed longer term uncertainties, even contradictions.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2242/is_1617_277/ai_67051551   (838 words)

 Brief History of Scotland
Scotland is divided into two main regions, the Highlands and the Lowlands with the border between the two known as the Highland Line.
A series of monarchs succeeded the Scottish throne until Mary of Guise, the French widow of James V of Scotland became regent for her young daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots.
In 1603 James VI of Scots, son of Mary Queen of Scots, inherited the throne of England upon the death of the childless Queen Elizabeth I of England.
www.lauriekris.com /scotland-history.html   (1026 words)

 Scotland Office - Our communications - Publications
Proposals for devolution for Scotland were first considered by the UK Parliament as long ago as 1913, and were revived by the Government in the 1970s.
In 1979 a Referendum was held on proposals by the then Government to establish a Scottish Assembly, but although a small majority voted in favour the proposals did not obtain the support of 40% of the electorate, which had been set as a requirement in legislation before the proposals could be implemented.
The primary role of the Secretary of State for Scotland is to maintain the stability of the devolution settlement and to act as guardian of it.
www.scotlandoffice.gov.uk /our-communications/doc.php?id=9   (2514 words)

 Scottish Independence Web Server
Referendums bill published today allows Scots to vote for a devolved parliamnet in Edinburgh and an assembly in Wales.
Voters are those alreday registered and a simple majority will carry a yes or no vote unlike the last referendum on Scottish devolution in 1979 which failed because it did not meet the required threshold of 40 per cent of those entitled to vote.
Subject to the referendum outcome, a distinct Scoland Bill is to allow a shake up in the rule of Scotland after 290 years and the Act of Union.
www.forscotland.com /tracklab/noindex-may15refer.html   (194 words)

 Referenda   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-01)
Scotland remained in the EEC (No 40 % rule was applied in this case).
A minority of Welsh (12% of the electorate) voted in favour of a Welsh Assembly.
Scotland voted in favour of a Scottish Parliament with tax raising powers by a large majority.
www.alba.org.uk /referenda/index.html   (283 words)

 Random Works of the Web » Blog Archive » Referendums in the United Kingdom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-01)
Although few referendums have been held at national or regional level, there have been numerous referendums at local level to determine whether there is support for an elected mayor.
Referendums are not legally binding, so legally the government can ignore the results; for example even if the result of a pre-legislative referendum was a majority of ‘No’ for a proposed law, Parliament could pass it anyway.
The Labour manifesto for the 1997 general election stated ‘We are committed to a referendum on the voting system for the House of Commons.’ [2] The 2001 manifesto did not make such a promise, and it is unlikely such a referendum will be held in the foreseeable future.
random.dragonslife.org /referendums-in-the-united-kingdom/582   (848 words)

 scottish heritage - genealogy scotland - clans - scottish associations - historical attractions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-01)
High unemployment, shipyard closures and the troubles of traditional industries all contributed to a mood that the country was sinking, and little could be done to stop the slow death.
In a highly controversial amendment as the Scotland Bill to establish an assembly passed through parliament, the legislation was changed to ensure that 40 per cent of Scots had to vote yes before the parliament was set up.
When a vote of confidence was tabled a few weeks after the referendum vote, the 11 SNP MPs sided with the Tories and the Liberals and voted against the government.
www.scotlandonline.com /heritage/heritage_period.cfm?tl_id=1&id=51   (1683 words)

James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England - the Union of the Crowns.
Devolution referendum fails to achieve the necessary 40% of the total population to vote yes, despite the fact that of those who voted, the majority did indeed, vote yes.
The Stone of Destiny is returned from London, 700 years after it was stolen by Edward I. Devolution referendum results in a "yes, yes" vote for a devolved parliament with tax-raising powers.
www.ezra.fsnet.co.uk /Scotland/ScotHisTim.html   (916 words)

 Government from Rampant Scotland Directory
Local Government in Scotland was reorganised on 1 April 1996 (no jokes, please) and the new council areas are shown on a large (200kb) active map.
Young Enterprise Scotland (YES) is an education business partnership activity offering young people who are still at school, or college, the opportunity to form and run their own companies to develop enterprise and personal skills through "learning by doing".
It seeks to give leadership to the health education effort in Scotland by playing its part in ensuring that people have adequate information about health and the factors which influence it and participates in health promotion at all levels of society and influences policy-makers to recognise possible health consequences of their activities.
www.rampantscotland.com /government.htm   (2138 words)

 [No title]
An article in the Scotland on Sunday newspaper by a well-reknowned Economics Professor has rebutted Labour claims that Scotland is subsidised and needs the 1707 Union to survive economically.
The fact is that Scotland has an economy which is as robust as any in the European area, and which is as well integrated into a world of global markets and mobile capital as any in Europe.
>From February 1974 to 1979, George was the MP for Clackmannan and East Stirlingshire, and a Member of the Parliamentary Assemblies of the Council of Europe and the Western European Union.
www.forscotland.com /snpusa/march1999.html   (2370 words)

 SNP, Liberal Democrats, Labour and Scottish Conservative party views on scottish referendum for scottish parliament:
The Referendum to be held in Scotland on 11 September ought to be carried out throughout the United Kingdom, as it changes the present Constitution of the British Isles.
The resident population of Scotland, who are not all Scots, are being asked to vote on a principle which leaves many questions unanswered, undebated, let alone aired in public, and unlike 1979 there is no funding available to put the opposite view.
The population of Scotland is about 5 million, deduct the children, deduct the unemployed, deduct the low income pensioners plus those who pay no tax, deduct the students, deduct those on disability and the reminder will pay the balance.
www.scotlink.com /scottish-referendum/political-parties-scotland.htm   (5930 words)

 Amazon.com: Scotland Decides: Books: David Denver   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-01)
Scotland has a parliament for the first time in almost 300 years, and this book is an account of how this came about.
The authors trace the origins and history of the demand for home rule in Scotland, focusing particularly on developments following the failure of the first referendum on the issue in 1979, which culminated in a second referendum in September 1997.
The reactions of voters are explored on the basis of a large survey of the electorate, and lessons to be learnt about referendums in the UK and elsewhere are discussed.
www.amazon.com /Scotland-Decides-David-Denver/dp/0714650536   (548 words)

 Central Lobby - Charter88 Parliamentary Bulletin - No. 1 - December 1997   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-01)
So far the Government has acted cautiously and the committee stage for the referendum bills for Scotland, Wales, and most recently for London were all held on the floor of the House.
Turnout for the referendum was 60.4% and produced a clear result for both questions.
The referendum bill has completed its passage through the Commons and is now in the Lords.
www.charter88.org.uk /publications/cenlobby/central1.html   (4001 words)

 Scotland Office - History - Scotland Office
Proposals for devolution for Scotland were first considered by Parliament as long ago as 1894, and a number of proposals for devolution were made both by Government and outside Government before 1997.
They were revived by the Government in the 1970s and in 1979 a referendum was held in Scotland on proposals to establish a Scottish Assembly, with control over most of the Scottish Office functions.
The Scotland Act 1998 sets out the statutory framework of the devolution settlement and under its authority the Scottish Executive and the Scottish Parliament came into being on 1 July 1999.
www.scotlandoffice.gov.uk /history/scotland-office.html   (825 words)

 Scottish Office Publication
Although Denmark proper does not have a system of devolved government, extensive devolution has been granted to the Faroe Islands (in 1948) and to Greenland (in 1979), which have their own elected assemblies and governments.
Notwithstanding the federal structure of the state, the legislative competence of the Länder is relatively limited, and legislative authority has generally been considered over the years to have tended to become more centralised in the federal state.
Indeed, proposals for its implementation in mainland Portugal were rejected by a large majority in a referendum in late 1998.
www.scotland.gov.uk /government/devolution/ppdp-07.asp?textonly=TRUE   (7043 words)

 Devolution Referendum 1979   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-01)
The format of the ballot paper which was adopted by Lothian and Borders regions for the referendum:
Labour soon lost a vote of confidence and were forced to call a General Election.
Although Labour won the General Elections of 1979, 1983, 1987 and 1992 in Scotland, the party lost each time in the rest of the UK and Scotland was governed by a Conservative government who had hardly enough MPs to appoint as Scottish Ministers, between 1979 and 1997.
www.alba.org.uk /referenda/devo.html   (340 words)

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