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Topic: Scottish Constitutional Convention


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  Constitutional convention (political meeting) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A constitutional convention is a gathering of delegates for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution.
A general constitutional convention is called to create the first constitution of a political unit or to entirely replace an existing constitution.
Constitutional conventions have also been used by subnational units of federal states—such as the individual states of the United States—to create, replace, or revise their own constitutions.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Constitutional_convention_(political_meeting)   (223 words)

  
 [No title]
The proposal to establish a Constitutional Convention came from a committee of prominent Scots who in July 1988 in their report "A Claim of Right for Scotland" recommended that a Convention should be established to draw up a scheme for a Scottish Assembly or Parliament.
The first Convention meeting held in the Church of Scotland Assembly Hall on the Mound in the centre of Edinburgh was an impressive gathering of organisations and individuals representing a wide cross-section of Scottish society.
Convention representatives will meet all strands of Scottish public life to discuss their proposals and plans and address the practical implications of the establishment of a Scottish Parliament.
www.almac.co.uk /business_park/scc/backg.htm   (1736 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Politics of Scotland Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Scottish and English crowns were unified in 1603 when James VI of Scotland became James I of England.
At one stage, Scottish peers were entitled to elect sixteen representative peerss to the House of Lords.
The Scottish Socialist Party (SSP) were formed in the late 1990s and operate as the foremost political party of the far-left in Scotland today.
www.ipedia.com /politics_of_scotland.html   (2007 words)

  
 MAR | Data | Chronology for Scots in the United Kingdom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Scottish opposition to the poll tax is based upon the fact that it was imposed in Scotland a year before England and Wales as well as because of the growing illegitimacy of the Conservative government which imposed the tax in Scotland.
The Scottish National Party held its annual congress with the battle cry "Autonomy in eight months, independence as soon as possible." It declared the Scottish parliament was a first step in proving Scotland can govern itself, and that the party would hold a referendum on the issue within the first four-year term of the parliament.
Others, including members of the Scottish parties, swore allegiance to the British crown under protest, since they were required to do so as part of the oath of office, but felt it conflicted with their duties as representatives of the Scottish people.
www.cidcm.umd.edu /inscr/mar/chronology.asp?groupId=20004   (2504 words)

  
 Articles - Politics of Scotland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
To replace the Scottish Office, the former UK government department who fought in Scotland's corner, a devolved administration called the Scottish Executive was established, with the First Minister of Scotland at its head.
At one stage, Scottish peers were entitled to elect sixteen representative peers to the House of Lords.
The Scottish Socialist Party (SSP) were formed in 1998 and operate as the foremost political party of the far-left in Scotland.
www.foreverc.com /articles/Politics_of_Scotland   (2212 words)

  
 House of Commons Hansard Debates for 6 Feb 1991
Scottish taxpayers could meet the full cost of the new assembly if they wished, but I believe that when the figure became known, the case for keeping things as they are would be unanswerable.
The Scottish National party left fairly quickly, the Greens left more recently, and now it sounds as though the Liberal Democrats may be leaving, despite the fact that their position in the opinion polls suggests that they would probably remain members of almost anything that would have them.
I spoke with the new general manager of the Scottish ambulance service recently and have provided an additional £8 million to strengthen the service in rural areas by eliminating single manning, to increase the numbers of ambulance men with paramedical skills and to fund the new helicopter service.
www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk /pa/cm199091/cmhansrd/1991-02-06/Orals-2.html   (2554 words)

  
 Scotland’s quiet revolution, by Philip Schlesinger
Constitutional reform is a keystone of the first-term "modernising" programme of New Labour.
Contributing to the Convention’s initial impetus was a resentment of the strident centralism of Margaret Thatcher.
The Scottish Office is presently considering how cable and digital technology might be used to increase public access to the parliament and how pressure groups and the general public might be encouraged to make use of the planned new legislature building.
mondediplo.com /1998/04/09scot   (2266 words)

  
 BBC News | The Scottish Parliament | Tough times - then success
The convention travelled throughout the country and on 30 November, 1990, an agreement on the form a Scottish assembly should take was signed.
The SNP took no part in the Scottish Constitutional Convention and campaigned for a third question, that of independence, to be included on any Referendum ballot paper.
It was as if the Scottish people had mostly made up their minds - and were going about their task with quiet precision, broadly disregarding the frenzied political campaigning from either side of the argument.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/events/scotland_99/the_scottish_parliament/306862.stm   (1174 words)

  
 Constitutional Topic: The Constitutional Convention - The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net
Though the United States existed prior to the ratification of the Constitution, it was a nation held together by the tenuous threads of the Articles of Confederation, a sometimes contentious, and often ineffectual national government.
As the completed Constitution went out among the states for debate and ratification, the issue of the lack of a bill of rights was a major point of contention raised over and over again by the opponents of the Constitution, the Anti-Federalists.
With the signing of the Constitution by the Convention's President, the eminent George Washington, and the signatures of each of the attending states, the journey began.
www.usconstitution.net /consttop_ccon.html   (5186 words)

  
 Scottish Referendums
The Scottish Constitutional Convention envisaged a Parliament of its time, with sensible working hours, state-of-the-art information resources and sophisticated communications arrangements between Scottish Members of Parliament, the Scottish Executive and the electorate.
With the White Paper, the Government has taken up the Convention's expectation that a Scottish Parliament would adopt modern methods of working, and be accessible, open and responsive to the needs of the public, encouraging participation in decision making by organisations and individuals.
The establishment of a 'wired' Scottish Parliament may be another step towards the emergence of a form of democracy which both its supporters and sceptics have anticipated since at least the 1960s.
www.bbc.co.uk /politics97/devolution/scotland/briefing/electrc.shtml   (1665 words)

  
 Socialists and the Scottish Question   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Both Labour and the Liberal Democrats were committed in their manifestos to a Scottish parliament in line with the devolution scheme agreed by the Scottish Constitutional Convention.
The fact it is not a "colony" does not mean the Scottish people are not economically disadvantaged by being part of Britain, nor does it prevent the Scottish people ("nation") from being politically oppressed (particularly after the 1979 referendum).
For these reasons socialists in the Scottish Socialist Movement and now the SSA have argued that the parliament should set its own powers and take such as are necessary to overcome the social and economic problems besetting the working class in Scotland.
www.whatnextjournal.co.uk /Pages/Back/Wnext4/Scotland.html   (3226 words)

  
 Scottish Devolution:  A Historical and Political Analysis
As Archie Brown theorized in his article, Asymmetrical Devolution: the Scottish Case, "membership in the European Union means that a break with England would not be absolute."<16> With Scotland’s striving economy and claims to the North Sea oil, the EU may be the larger entity needed to replace the UK and give Scotland stability.
In terms of funding, the constitutional framers once again chose the system of block grants according to the Barnett formula, but this time no limits were placed on borrowing and the Assembly was given the power to alter the budget by 3 pence per Scot.
Constitutional reform was and is an important issue in the United Kingdom, and "opinion polls show support [for such reform]."<21> Scottish Devolution was just a part of this larger program of constitutional reform presented as a package to benefit the whole country.
www.loyno.edu /history/journal/1998-9/Rivera.htm   (3340 words)

  
 English Constitutional Convention
A debate in which devolution for England is to be considered, along the lines of the Scottish Constitutional Convention, with a view to achieving a consensus of opinion, out of which an option can be put forward to the people of England in a referendum as happened with Scotland and Wales.
This is a constitutional injustice and a political discrimination against the people of England being perpetrated by the British Government.
The Prime Minister, Scottish by birth and education, in his Preface to the Devolution White Paper in 1997, said of his country "Scotland is a proud historic country".
www.thecep.org.uk /letter/ECC_mike.htm   (1347 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Furthermore, if Scottish demands for further autonomy are essentially considered “the by-product of a failure of governance, which was increasingly evident as European integration progressed”, the weak European dimension of devolution may well sustain the Scottish constitutional debate and foster frustrations vis-à-vis the effective representation of Scottish interests.
The “Europeanisation” of Scottish Autonomy In the 1970s, European integration was mainly seen “as a new external support system for the old British political system, something to replace the empire and the fraying special relationship” with the United States, but rarely perceived as a political process in favour of devolution.
Nevertheless, the legal framework and constitutional nature of devolution cannot currently be seen to have transformed the UK into a federal state, and therefore still limit the development of Scottish strategies looking for enhanced direct representation at European level.
web.uvic.ca /~hrdceu/documents/devolution.doc   (5834 words)

  
 BBC NEWS | Special Report | 1999 | 06/99 | Scottish Parliament opening | Claim of Right passes to parliament
With the Scottish Parliament due to receive its powers on 1 July, the document was handed over to Sir David Steel for future keeping at a ceremony in the new parliament's education centre on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh.
The Scottish Constitutional Convention, on which members of Labour and the Liberal Democrats sat with other civic and political representatives, argued that Scotland's democratic rights had been eroded since the Treaty of the Act of Union in 1707.
The convention saw its main role as negotiating with the then Conservative government on devolution for Scotland but it was not until Labour's General Election victory in 1997 that the ambition could be realised and Scotland later voted for a new parliament in a referendum.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/special_report/1999/06/99/scottish_parliament_opening/380989.stm   (394 words)

  
 march 1998
On 1 May and 11 September the Scottish people quietly but decisively demonstrated their deeply held support for a parliament of their own, their preparedness to contribute more towards the provision of caring services and their belief in the Labour Party as the vehicle for the realisation of their aspirations.
Scottish Labour Action supports the re-structuring of the Scottish Executive, the move towards the greater use of one member one vote will increase the status and authority of that body.
In relation to the Scottish Policy Forum, the shortcomings of developing policy via composited resolutions and a couple of three minute speeches are widely understood.
www.holyrood.org.uk /sla/s98mar.htm   (743 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
This passion was declared in the 1988 Claim of Right for Scotland and in the Constitutional Convention then being concocted by the churches, the established "opposition" parties and those aspiring to be established parties.
The Convention crawled along, driven and restrained by the cautious consensus of those who hoped there might be something in it for them.
In an article situating disputes within the Scottish Conservative Party hierarchy in a deeper context, Neal Ascherson indicated the role of corporatism in structuring Scottish society: a "densely-woven mat of patronage and clientship whose threads almost all lead directly or indirectly back to the State".
www.spunk.org /texts/pubs/hn/sp000028.txt   (505 words)

  
 THE REINVENTION OF SCOTLAND   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The restoration of the Scottish Parliament after 300 years is a matter of great national symbolism as well as of practical politics.
The Scottish Constitutional Convention was a vehicle for resisting the centralism of Conservative administrations based in London, which gathered up a range of social and political forces - 'civil society' - to devise the new settlement brought in by the Labour government in 1997.
The main debates about post-devolution media have concerned: whether there should be some Scottish originated BBC news as opposed to taking all the network programmes from London; there's been some discussion about the performance of the press in reporting the new politics; and some questions raised about regionalism and the concentration of ownership in ITV.
jsis.artsci.washington.edu /programs/cwesuw/Schlesinger.htm   (3050 words)

  
 Referendum Bill gets priority
Before the general election, Michael Forsyth, the former Scottish Secretary, who lost his seat on May 1, and senior peers, including Lord Cranborne and Lord Mackay, the Lord Chancellor, had indicated that Tory peers might be prepared to block Mr Blair's plans for constitutional reform.
But after Labour's election victory, under which every Scottish Tory MP lost his seat, it is highly unlikely that the Lords will try to delay or frustrate the devolution plans.
The role of shadow Scottish secretary is unoccupied and John Major, the leader of the opposition, said yesterday that, until the vacancy was filled, Michael Howard, the former Home Secretary, and William Hague, the former Welsh Secretary, would take a "special interest" in constitutional matters on an ad hoc basis.
www.telegraph.co.uk /htmlContent.jhtml?html=/archive/1997/05/08/nref08.html   (585 words)

  
 Moving Towards Devolution
The Conservative Party posed threats to the Scottish way of doing things in education and health and she seemed unconcerned by interfering with long held traditions in these sectors.
A faction in the Scottish Labour Party called "Scottish Labour Action" worked within the Labour Party to keep pressure on the Labour leadership to affirm their commitment to deliver devolution.
The SNP withdrew from the Convention when it was made clear that devolution was what was to be considered and not the SNP's reason d'être of independence.
scottishfreedom.net /poldevomove.html   (1094 words)

  
 Guardian Unlimited | Special reports | Holyrood 'father' may now set English on road to home rule
Wright believes the regions are now 'girding up their loins' and are turning for guidance to the Scottish model in general and to Wright, executive chairman of the Scottish Constitutional Convention from its beginning in 1989, in particular.
The Scottish Parliament is a creature of statute, but Wright believes the process is irreversible and that it is entrenched as an autonomous part of the constitution.
The Executive - Wright prefers to call it the Scottish government - was knocked off course on the reform of Section 28 by millionaire Brian Souter and a ground-swell of popular reaction, largely, he believes, because it failed to follow the principle of prior consultation.
www.guardian.co.uk /Devolution/Story/0,2763,341460,00.html   (1473 words)

  
 Scotsman.com Election - Scottish Socialist Party - Greens snub Sheridan's plan for united front on independence
The convention idea is the brainchild of the Scottish Socialist Party and has been championed by Tommy Sheridan, the party leader, as a way of furthering the cause of independence.
The leadership of the Scottish National Party has consistently refused to endorse the idea, believing the project to be nothing more than a vehicle to promote the SSP and Mr Sheridan.
The idea is only supported by the Scottish Socialists and an assortment of independence-minded figures, including the former MSPs John McAllion and Dorothy-Grace Elder, one or two left-wingers from the SNP and the independent MSP Margo MacDonald.
election.scotsman.com /topics.cfm?tid=811&id=969892003   (614 words)

  
 Edinburgh Evening News - Politics - MSP pushes for united front on independence   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
LEADING figures from the SNP, Scottish Socialists and Greens were due to hold talks today on the formation of a united front for Scottish independence.
The idea is modelled on the Scottish Constitutional Convention, which brought together Labour, Liberal Democrats and others to draw up a blueprint for devolution in the years before the Scottish Parliament.
Issues the convention would be expected to address include the future of the monarchy in an independent Scotland - the SSP want to abolish it outright; the SNP propose a referendum.
edinburghnews.scotsman.com /politics.cfm?id=1245092003   (544 words)

  
 New Statesman: Is it all more trouble than it's worth? - the devolution of Wales and Scotland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Scottish Office officials have put a few draft bills tidily by in a drawer.
Chaired by the Bishop of Durham, it is modelled on the cross-party Scottish Constitutional Convention, which spent six years devising a scheme for a devolved parliament.
The Scotsman columnist Joyce Macmillan, who helped knock heads together in the Scottish Constitutional Convention on PR and gender balance, warned the Sunderland meeting that even people who voted "Yes" in the 1997 devolution referendum continue to feel alienated from the election of a Scottish parliament.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0FQP/is_4434_128/ai_55015462   (922 words)

  
 Dalyell to put case in devolution TV debate
TAM Dalyell, Labour's most prominent opponent of devolution, is to argue his case in a television debate with the Scottish Secretary, Donald Dewar, three days before the referendum in Scotland on Sept 11.
But if there was to be a Scottish parliament, it should be responsible for raising its own taxes, as a parliament without tax powers was ineffective.
Henry McLeish, the Scottish Office minister, accused Mr Ancram of "an insult too far" in a campaign which was "disruptive, divisive and a disgrace to Scottish politics".
www.telegraph.co.uk /htmlContent.jhtml?html=/archive/1997/08/28/ndevo28.html   (367 words)

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