Sector Wide Approach - Factbites
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Topic: Sector Wide Approach

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 CICE - 3(2) Maslak
Whereas the project approach involves the planning, implementation and evaluation of specific programs--with or without the collaboration of the identified country--that attempt to address the needs of that country, the sector wide approach is first and foremost a form of financial assistance for the identified country.
The sector wide approach to financial and technical support is a popular trend in today's development initiatives in Nepal, reinforcing and sustaining the educational policies and programs there.
In other words, the sector wide approach requires the foreign development agency's representatives to work in concert with governmental officials from the poor country to negotiate policies and plans for development in the identified sector. /CICE/articles/mam132.htm   (4127 words)

 Sector-Wide Approach - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sector-Wide Approach (SWAp) is "a method of working that brings together governments, donors and other stakeholders within any sector.
Another definition for SWAp is provided by Foster (2000:9) as: 'All significant funding for the sector supports a single sector policy and expenditure programme, under government leadership, adopting common approaches accross the sector, and progressing towards Goverment procedures to disburse and account for all funds.'
The approach involves movement over time under government leadership towards: broadening policy dialogue; developing a single sector policy (that addresses private and public sector issues) and a common realistic expenditure program; common monitoring arrangements; and more coordinated procedures for funding and procurement." /wiki/Sector-Wide_Approach   (186 words)

Sector Wide Approach process(SWAp) The Government of Tanzania first raised the issue of a Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) in the education sector in 1995, based on the new Education and Training Policy adopted in the same year.
The point of departure for co-operation in the sector that was adopted at the outset was the sector wide approach ‘SWAp’.
Taking into account that the sector wide programme approach is an intended direction of change and a beginning of a new co-operation modality it is obvious that it is a risk-taking. /iiep/eng/networks/iwge/related_docs/swap_BR.doc   (2924 words)

 Sector Wide Approaches
Brown, Adrienne, Adrian Fozzard and Mick Foster (2000) "Training in Sector Wide Approaches for the personnel of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs responsible for Development Cooperation in Finland".June and September.
The first section explains the rationale for the development of sector programmes in the context of evolving thinking on aid effectiveness, and defines the sector wide approach..
The objective of this paper is to summarise experiences with sector programmes and the Sector Wide Approach to date... /pppg/cape/advisory/swaps.html   (453 words)

 Kingdom of Cambodia: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
Despite the growth in the planning and implementation of sector wide approaches (SWA) to education, debate currently tends to be at the level of general discussion rather than being focused on specific operational issues and the resolution of Government-funding agency tensions.
The main driving force behind SWA is Government and funding agency dissatisfaction with the impact of education sector outcomes on poverty reduction.
SWA require advisers and long-term in-country technical assistants with broad-based negotiation and professional skills rather than traditional sectoral experience. /sector_review/executive_summery.htm   (2520 words)

 Danida Health Sector Programme Support -> SWAP
Sector-wide approach (SWAP) is a sustained partnership, led by national authorities, to achieve improvements in peoples health through a common financing and management arrangement to achieve agreed sectoral milestones and targets.
Though gains in the sector were modest the partnership has gained considerable success in policy dialogue, joint performance assessment of the sector, coordination of activities to reduce duplication of efforts, improved financial management and procurement and general planning for the health sector.
For example, the contracting of services to the mission sector and the split between the ministry and its agencies was delayed for many years on account of this. /swap/swap.html   (680 words)

 Medicus Mundi International - Newsletter No 66 / 2001
Thus the Sector Wide Approach (SWAP) strategy is justified as it tends to return the full responsibility of programming and prioritisation in the field of health to governments and stimulates and co-ordinates aid according to local choices.
In the mid 1990's sector wide approaches to development cooperation were proposed in response to a growing acceptance of the limitations of assistance programs and projects.
SWAp, Sector Wide Approach, is the new slogan of cooperation. /e/news/news%2066.htm   (12051 words)

 Health sector financing
Common approaches are adopted across the sector by all funding parties (government and donors).
Health sector financing is a rapidly evolving policy area, where important progress is occurring alongside inherent tensions.
All significant government and donor funding for the sector supports a single sector policy and expenditure programme. /healthsystems/aid   (1223 words)

 Sector Wide Approach
The concept of the “sector-wide approach” has emerged to encompass a range of changes in the practice of development co-operation.
As part of a general shift in thinking about how to make aid more effective, the Netherlands government actively supports partner countries’ own poverty reduction strategy and as a programming principle it has adopted the Sector Wide Approach.
In the sectarian approach, the receiving government is to control the policies and their implementation in a sector defined by them. /Development%20Cooperation.htm   (447 words)

 WHO The sector-wide approach: a blessing for public health?
There are persuasive arguments for supporting a sector-wide approach (SWAp) as opposed to the traditional project approach: increased health sector coordination, stronger national leadership and ownership, and strengthened countrywide management and delivery systems.
Since the mid-1990s, a new approach to health sector development has taken hold in a number of developing countries: the sector-wide approach (2).
To understand the potential impact of this approach on population health, four key areas are strengthened which indirectly, but importantly, have implications for public health: country leadership and ownership, institutional and management capacity, flow of resources, and monitoring and evaluation (2, 4). /entity/bulletin/volumes/82/12/editorial21204html/en   (1036 words)

 Keele University Centre for Health Planning and Management
A Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) has been defined as a process or ‘method’ of working between Government, non-governmental and development partners in which ‘all’ funding for a sector and a single sectoral policy and expenditure programme exists, under government leadership.
A similar number are in the process of development.Sector Wide Approaches have essential Common Characteristics, whilst at the same time there are a number of Current Issues.
Common approaches are adopted, relying increasingly on in-country procedures to disburse and account for all monies. /depts/hm/key_topics/approaches.htm   (527 words)

 O'Donnell, Minister State Department Foreign Affairs, at International Conference on Sector Wide approaches to Health - 01 January 1997 - Department of Foreign Affairs - Government of Ireland
This may seem a rather abstract thought with which to open this Conference on sector wide approaches to health in developing countries but it goes to the heart, I believe, of what you will be considering here in Dublin Castle over the next two days.
It is this reality that, above all else, provides the central justification for a sector wide approach to health care and why such a strategy makes good development cooperation sense and good economic and social sense in developing countries.
A sectoral approach to health is about a partnership of goals and endeavours; about responding to the needs of communities; about accepting that these needs - poverty elimination, access to water, to food, to health, to education, to shelter - cannot be detached or divorced from each other into artificial or clean-cut categories. /Press_Releases/19970101/333.htm   (1555 words)

 Sector wide approaches for water and sanitation development - IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Sector wide approaches (SWAp) are long-term programmes meant to coordinate aid in one sector and to replace the conventional project approach.
This document includes a literature review on sector wide approaches for water supply and sanitation (WSS) development and the findings of a workshop of Dutch WSS sector specialists held in Geneva in Oct 2000.
Sector wide approaches for water and sanitation development. /page/2045   (246 words)

 Literacy Today - 'A city-wide approach'
It was the first time that Belfast had conducted a thematic review within the educational sector, consulting widely on provision in literacy across all the board's services.
The forum, established in spring 2002, is composed of representatives from the education and library board (which includes public and schools' library services); the business, voluntary and community sectors; higher education institutions; and the media.
A working group is considering how best to support the schools involved at local level, including creative approaches to harnessing the full range of initiatives with a considerable focus on community involvement. /Pubs/mullen.html   (770 words)

 Sector-wide approaches in developing countries -- Garner et al. 321 (7254): 129 -- BMJ
Sector wide approaches (SWAPs) are a new development in the organisation of aid to developing countries where donors and lenders
We believe there are three key principles in establishing effective evaluation of sector wide approaches within countries.
Yet sector wide approaches also have the potential to make things worse. /cgi/content/full/321/7254/129   (1033 words)

This environment calls for all spheres of economic activity to be treated as Sectors, and thus there is a necessity to adopt a Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) to accommodate the contributions of all actors in the sphere of education.
After the 1994 genocide, the education sector, as well as other sectors of national life, passed through an emergency situation during which the main objective was to reshape and try to restart the education system which had broken down.
The inputs necessary to enable the education and training sector to offer a substantial contribution to the development of Rwanda and its population are very large in comparison with the current economic capacity and skills base of the country. /Policy.htm   (8331 words)

 UNESCO Education - Priority: Planning the Education for All
The attached material is designed on the basis of the Logical Framework Approach in order to promote the result-oriented approach both in the phase of educational planning and in the design of specific project documents for the implementation of the national education development plans.
These plans should be integrated into a wider poverty reduction and development framework, and should be developed through transparent and democratic processes, involving stakeholders, especially peoples' representatives, community leaders, parents, learners, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society.
Currently, UNESCO's main thrust in the field of national educational policies and strategies is to provide a focused support in the development and/or reinforcement of national education sector plans for achievement of the Education For All (EFA) Goals. /education/ev.php?URL_ID=9306&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&...   (355 words)

 Danida Health Sector Programme Support -> MOH Vision
The new Health Sector 5-year Programme of Work 2002-2006 with the theme "Partnerships for Health: Bridging the Inequalities Gap" seeks to address these issues and improve upon various gains made and develop new strategies to tackling the lapses identified.
However some areas that continue to pose problems to the sector are HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB and Guinea Worm.
In this direction the Ministry of Health took its inspiration by coming out with a Medium Term Health Strategy (MTHS 1997-2001) that clarifies the priorities for the health sector, the roles of households, communities, NGOs, the private sector, the donor community in financing of health care, as well as regulation of the sector. /moh/moh.html   (311 words)

 About us - KIT Development Policy & Practice - KIT (Royal Tropical Institute)
Key to our approach is a focus on both policy and practice for development.
We adopt flexible approaches, adapted to local needs and responsive to the priorities defined by stakeholders in partner countries.
Joint research programmes between KIT and its partners produce innovative problem-solving approaches and a growing evidence base on issues relevant to sustainable development. /nips   (288 words)

 Sector Wide Approaches keysheet
Typical sectors are: education, health and rural development; they may also include environment, water, youth, small- and medium-scale enterprises, and decentralisation.
Donors themselves need to commit to co-ordination of policies, and to view sector analyses and strategy definition as a common exercise for all in which they participate merely as one group of stakeholders.
Donors and governments need to agree on the role of ‘projects’ – an area in which views have differed widely within and between agencies; a nascent consensus suggests a need for projects that augment SWAp processes by creating space for policy development, and by helping to build capacity and to obtain replicable pilot experience. /red_7_swaps_2.html   (589 words)

 Where are we in the Health Sector Reform process?: TEHIP News 1(3)
The Health Sector Reform being implemented under the auspices of the Ministry of Health aims at improving efficiency and accessibility of health care services to communities.
The SWAP approach calls for a shift from vertical project funding into partnership programme financing.
However, in the 1980s, we found ourselves in an economic slump, as the case was in many other African countries, and therefore we could not meet some of the demands of an expanded health sector. /ehip/TehipNews/tehipnews1-3/interview.html   (1223 words)

Proponents of the sector wide approach tell us that more comprehensive approaches to reform and development are possible through SWAPs, that leadership and ownership by government is enhanced and that a spirit of partnership among donors and governments is encouraged.
As a consequence of this sectoral approach, an ESIP office was established at MOE, and the Ministry started to plan for a sector programme together with the World Bank and the donors already active in education in Zambia.
The end of 1998 and the year 1999 were expected to be a transition period from different projects in the educational sector towards a more comprehensive sector approach. /lins/educaid/educaid99-4.htm   (3315 words)

 UNFPA Workshop on Sector Wide Approaches (SWAps)
The Education Sector reforms in Uganda, for example, are overseen by an Education Sector Consultative Committee, a series of working groups and various technical groups – all of which have representation from government and participating donor agencies.
In most circumstances there is an evolution in approach as donors and governments start out with loose agreements on policies and programming priorities, then move over time to more formalized agreements and commitments and more structured ways of working together.
The annual review process is central to coordination in sector programs as it provides an opportunity to assess progress against expected results and to agree on undertakings for the period to follow. /cooperation/SWAps%20Issues%20Paper.htm   (3153 words)

 A framework to assist countries in the development and strengthening of national and district health plans and programmes in reproductive health
As to the implementation of health sector reforms, countries are being encouraged to adopt a sector-wide approach (SWAp) by setting up needs-based mechanisms for pooling the available resources and allocating them to primary care at district level.
However, the trends in resource allocation to the health sector over the last decade have been declining instead of increasing for a variety of reasons, including inadequate spending from domestic resources and the inability of partners to increase their contribution to official development assistance.
The United Nations Agencies, including those involved in health sector development, are working in this direction in order to enhance the prospects for targeted assistance and support based on shared analysis of main development issues and to facilitate the development of comprehensive country programmes through joint planning. /reproductive-health/publications/RHR_02_2/RHR_02_2_pr.en.html   (432 words)

 GOVINFO Archives - 2001: Policy on Active Monitoring : Treasury
To this end, using a risk management approach, departments are expected to actively monitor the state of their management practices and controls and TBS is expected to actively monitor the overall situation in this area across government.
This approach supports placing real decision-making authority at the front-line where a direct citizen focus can be brought to the work.
Modern Comptrollership aims to provide managers with integrated financial and non- financial performance information, a sound approach to risk management, appropriate control systems and a shared set of values and ethics. /lists/govinfo/2001/0298.html   (2455 words)

 Auditor-General's Report #2 for 2001-2002 - Sector-Wide Issues
The implementation of the GST in Queensland Public Sector entities was evaluated during the interim phase of the financial statements audits and continued to be reviewed as part of the audit of the 2000–01 financial statements.
As a general principle, I believe the level of transparency for public sector entities which are dealing with public funds and are accountable to the Queensland Parliament, should be no less than that expected of their private sector counterparts.
As a general principle I believe the level of transparency for public sector entities which are dealing with public funds and are accountable to the Queensland Parliament, should be no less than that expected of their private sector counterparts. /publications_html/0102report2/htm/report2section06.htm   (9674 words)

 Developing sector wide approaches in the health sector
Sector Wide Approaches are being implemented in health and other sectors to make development programmes more effective and sustainable, and to improve co-ordination between governments, donors and other development actors.
This integrated approach should result in greater efficiency and equity in the distribution of resources and offer aid-recipient governments and sectors more flexibility in the use of funds.
SWAps represent a move away from projects towards a more integrated approach to development, whereby governments and other actors share management systems in order to implement consistent activities within a particular sector. /static/DOC10742.htm   (433 words)

SWAps aim to bring greater coherence to a sector through: (a) promotion of a programme rather than a project approach; (b) reduced fragmentation of development assistance; (c) strengthening of national institutional capacity; and (d) enhancement of both public sector reform and the effectiveness of public sector expenditures.
The health sector programme of the United Republic of Tanzania has identified reproductive health as one of the five main components, and priority is given to safe motherhood; prevention and control of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV/AIDS; and family planning.
However, weak sectoral infrastructures, particularly at the district levels, have proved to be a formidable challenge. /exbrd/2000/secondsession/dpfpa2000crp3_eng.doc   (4764 words)

 Nat' Academies Press, Initial Steps in Rebuilding the Health Sector in East Timor (2003)
The World Bank was a strong advocate of the sector-wide approach and as controller of the pooled TFET funding was in a good position to encourage adherence to such an approach.
The health sector, for example, had no petty cash or imprest account of UN funds from which to make small purchases of goods and services.
It took a leading role in the early joint assessment of needs and in the development of the Health Sector Rehabilitation and Development Project (HRSDP), including the provision of high-quality technical assistance, managed the Trust Fund for East Timor (TFET) funds, and was responsive to and supportive of the CHA's needs throughout 2000-2001. /books/0309089018/html/24.html   (650 words)

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