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Topic: Seljuk Turk


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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  
  The Ottomans and their dynasty - All About Turkey
Gallipoli was conquered in 1354 and a vast crusading army was crushed at the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396.
The siege was unsuccessful and the Turks began to retreat.
Although the atrocities of the "Infidel Turk" struck fear into the hearts of all Christians in the late Middle Ages, in actuality, the Ottomans generally allowed religious groups to continue to practice their own faiths within the conquered territories.
www.allaboutturkey.com /ottoman.htm   (1765 words)

  
 The Seljuk Turks - All About Turkey
But however sedentary and acculturated the Seljuk chieftains had become, the situation on the borderlands between the Seljuks and the Byzantines was anything but peaceful.
Following the decline of the great Seljuks and the onslaught of the Mongols, lesser Seljuk clans established their own principalities throughout Anatolia and made the small Christian states in the area their vassals.
On June 26, 1243, despite Byzantine auxiliaries sent by the Seljuk Sultan's "ally" in Constantinople (Istanbul), the once mighty Seljuk army was utterly routed at Köse Dagi outside the quintessentially Seljuk city of Sivas.
www.allaboutturkey.com /selcuk.htm   (0 words)

  
 Turks - Encyclopedia.com
The Turkish groups of the greatest import in the history of Europe and W Asia were, however, the Seljuks and the Osmanli or Ottoman Turks, both members of the Oghuz confederations.
The Turks embraced the Sunni Muslim faith and began to migrate to the Middle East.
Under his successor, Alp Arslan, the Seljuks conquered Georgia, Armenia, and much of Asia Minor, overran Syria, and defeated (1071) the Byzantine emperor Romanus IV at Manzikert, opening Byzantium (except for a small area around Constantinople) to Seljuk and Turkmen occupation.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-Turks.html   (1283 words)

  
 Talk:Seljuk Turk - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
As I mentioned in Middle East article, this term is quite arbitrary and it may correspond to different countries.
Seljuks had invaded Iran, all territories between present Turkey and Saudi Arabia (Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Syria etc.), and most of the Arabian peninsula (obviously they had not invaded the desert located in the middle of the peninsula, but had captured the cities around).
Surely, the borders of the countries were not as strictly drawn as they are today and it is difficult to guess the exact territories of ancient civilizations.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Talk:Seljuk_Turk   (710 words)

  
 Turks and Islam
In this manner all the Turks who had converged under the banner of the Göktürks were dispersed to that of the Uygurs that the agricultural basin where they lived became known as Turkistan.
The Turks became fully Moslem by the 10th century, and this resulted in the achievement to political unity.
Political unity in Anatolia was disrupted from the time of the collapse of the Anatolia Seljuk State at the beginning of the 14th century (1308), when until the beginning of the 16th century each of the regions in the country fell under the domination of Beyliks (Principalities).
www.enjoyturkey.com /info/history_turkey/turksandislam.htm   (1077 words)

  
 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Toğrül Bey was the grandson of Seljuk and Çağrı (Chagri) was his brother, under whom the Seljuks wrested an empire from the Ghaznavids.
The Seljuk power was at its zenith under Malikshāh I, and both the Qarakhanids and Ghaznavids had to acknowledge the overlordship of the Seljuks.
The fractured states of the Seljuks were on the whole more concerned with consolidating their own territories and gaining control of their neighbours, than with cooperating against the crusaders when the First Crusade arrived in 1095 and successfully captured the Holy land to set up the Crusader States.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Seljuk_Turk   (2111 words)

  
 Deceiving the English-speaking world about Islam and Turkey - Turkish Daily News Jan 13, 1999
The Seljuk Turk ruling family had converted to Islam by 1025, and in 1052 Tughril Bey was granted the title of sultan by the Abbasid Caliph al Qaim.
The Seljuk Turks were seen as the defenders of the Islamic Sunni Asharite orthodoxy of the caliphate against the Shia/Alid heretics.
Some Turks had already been employed by the Byzantines in the 10th century, and there were substantial communities of Muslims within the borders of present-day Turkey from the early eighth century, from Tarsus to Sirt in southeastern Turkey.
www.turkishdailynews.com.tr /archives.php?id=10609   (0 words)

  
 Seljuk Turk
The Seljuk Turks of Persia conquered Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Syria and Palestine.
In 1040, the Seljuk Turk vassals of the Ghaznavids in Sogdia rebelled and established the Seljuk Dynasty.
The Seljuks were the infamous “infidels” against whom Pope Urban II declared the First Crusade in 1096.
www.lycos.com /info/seljuk-turk.html   (379 words)

  
 Seljuk Turkish - DBA 124
The Seljuks were a tribe of mercenary Ghuzz who revolted against their Ghaznavid employers in 1037.
Seljuks would attempt to encircle the enemy, falling upon stragglers or attacking the camp.
Seljuks were rather colourful, dressing in brocade or bright silks.
www.geocities.com /nwgrant/tony/seljuk.html   (1274 words)

  
 Ottoman Empire
Starting as a small warrior band raiding the Byzantine frontier, the Ottoman Turks built an empire from Morocco to Iran, from the deserts of Iraq and Arabia to the gates of Vienna.
As the power of the Seljuk Turkish Sultanate of Rum weakened in the late 1200s, warrior chieftains claimed the lands of northwestern Anatolia bordering on the Byzantine Empire.
The Ottomans were defeated in World War I. After the war, the empire was abolished in 1923 by Kemal Atatürk and replaced with the modern Turkish Republic.
www.turkeytravelplanner.com /details/History/Ottomans.html   (443 words)

  
 Iransaga - The Turkish Dynasties: The Seljuks
While early on the Turks had an important role to play as soldiers conscripted to the personal guard of the Abbassid caliphs, soon they were no longer satisfied with this subordinate position.
They derived their name from an ancestor called Seljuk, whose nomadic tribe was converted to Islam, and were themselves originally central-Asian Turks.
In 1217, the Khwarezmi armies reached as far as the Zagros Mountains but were never able to consolidate their conquests before the arrival of the Mongols.
www.art-arena.com /seljuk.html   (0 words)

  
 Articles about Turks, Ottoman Empire, Seljuk, Anatolia, Greece, Balkans and Orientalism
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The two Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913 sealed the fate of the declining Ottoman Empire.
he decline that had begun at the end of the 16th century with the battle of Lepanto and had continued with the Turks' defeat at the gates of Vienna by the Christian armies commanded by Prince Eugene of Savoy.
www.lahana.org /blog   (0 words)

  
 Turkey Tours | TravelHistory.com | Online Guided Tours
A treasure house of history, culture and food (Turkish cuisine is considered one of the world's greatest), Turkey offers much, much more.
Turkey is a varied land with seaside towns, forested mountains and fertile plains bathed in almost constant sunshine.
Tour Overview: Stereotypical images of Turkey are usually of bazaar stalls filled with brightly colored cloth and flashy jewels...or perhaps of harems in sumptuous palaces filled with veiled belly dancers, accompanied by insistent, hypnotic music.
travelhistory.com /turkey-tours.asp   (796 words)

  
  The Brief History of Turks
Seljuk, whose name the Seljuk dynasty adopted, is the son of Dukak of the line of Kiniks, which is a branch of the Ucoks of Oguz.
Although the first ruler and founder of the Anatolian Seljuks Suleyman Shah (d.1086) first establihed the capital in Iznik, in Bursa, he was later compelled to move the capital well into the interior of Anatolia, to Konya, during the time of the First Crusade.
Political unity in Anatolia was disrupted from the time of the collapse of the Anatolian Seljuk state at the beginning of the 14th century (1308), and until the beginning of the 16th century each of the region in the country fell under the domination of Beyliks (Principalities).
www.ottomansouvenir.com /General/the_brief_history.htm   (2695 words)

  
 NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Mahmud II of Great Seljuk   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Seljuks were a group of nomadic Turkish warrior leaders from Central Asia who established themselves in the Middle East during the 11th century as guardians of the declining ABBASID caliphate, and after 1055 founded the Great Seljuk sultanate, an empire centered in Baghdad and including Iran, Iraq, and Syria.
Seljuk power was at its zenith during the reigns of sultans ALP-ARSLAN (1063-72) and MALIK SHAH (1072-92), who with their vizier NIZAM AL-MULK, revived Sunnite Islamic administrative and religious institutions.
Seljuk's son led the Seljuks southward; his grandson, Toğrül (Tughril Beg), conquered Persia and occupied Baghdad in 1055.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Mahmud-II-of-Great-Seljuk   (320 words)

  
 Seljuk Turks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; in Arabic سلجوق Saljūq, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th centuries.
For a brief period, Toğrül III, was the Sultan of all Seljuk except for Anatolia.
As the dynasty declined in the middle of the 13th century, the Mongols invaded Anatolia in the 1260s and divided it into small emirates called the Anatolian beyliks, one of which, the Ottoman, would rise to power and conquer the rest.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Seljuk_Turks   (433 words)

  
 Talk:Seljuk Turks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Seljuks had invaded Iran, all territories between present Turkey and Saudi Arabia (Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Syria etc.), and most of the Arabian peninsula (obviously they had not invaded the desert located in the middle of the peninsula, but had captured the cities around).
When we say Seljuk Turks now, we mean the subjects of the house of Selçuk, in line with Osmanli, subjects of the house of Osman.
It is Seljuk Turks, not "Seljukids", which I believe is a term made up by someone who confused them with the Seleucids.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:Seljuk_Turks   (1099 words)

  
 Genealogy for the TURK Surname
The most significant unifying link among the Turks is the very close relation of their languages, which are marked by great regularity of pattern and clarity of structure.
The Turks embraced the Sunni Muslim faith and began to migrate to the Middle East.
Under his successor, Alp Arslan, the Seljuks conquered Georgia, Armenia, and much of Asia Minor, overran Syria, and defeated (1071) the Byzantine emperor Romanus IV at Manzikert, opening Byzantium (except for a small area around Constantinople) to Seljuk and Turkmen occupation.
www.turkgenealogy.com /turkhistory/encyclopedia_of_turk.htm   (862 words)

  
 CUJAH Lee   (Site not responding. Last check: )
While the Asiatic physiognomies of the painted figures on Seljuk lustre ware appear to coincide with the arrival of the Seljuks, it is reductive to refer to the imported decorative motifs in Seljuk pottery as “Chinese.” By the time such motifs appeared in Seljuk pottery, they already formed part of a varied and localized vocabulary.
One’s sense of a Seljuk Turk’s physical appearance might be observed in the figurative representations of that time, such as that observed in a fragment from a stucco wall relief from Iran (fig.
Seljuk lustre ware is purported to have been produced in a range of centres.
art-history.concordia.ca /cujah/Lee.htm   (4587 words)

  
 Turk & Uygur (UIGUR, UIGHUIR, UIGUIR, and WEIWUER) -- Political, Social, Cultural, Historical Analysis Of China -- ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Turks were recorded to have about 28 levels of officials, including Yehu, She(4), Teqin, Silifa, Tudunfa etc. They had the same custom as the Scandinavian pirates in that they would burn the dead body of their chieftan together with the belongings like horses and clothes.
In the west, the Turks was led by the son of Muchu Khan.
Turks, with almost heroic episodes of slaves turning into kings, as in the case of their first rebellion against the Ruruans and the later Egyptian Mamluks' wrestling Damascus from the Mongols, would produce several figures of similar background in its warfare against India.
www.uglychinese.org /uygur.htm   (13563 words)

  
 NewsCentralAsia.com - Sultan Sanjar and Samanid Legacy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Seljuks were Turks and their ancestry can be traced back to Oghuz tribe of 10th century A.D. They were nomadic people populating north of Aral Sea and to the east of Caspian Sea.
Seljuk chief with his followers in the middle of 10th century moved to the Syr Darya and were knocking the doors of Islamic state of Samanids.
Seljuks were the prime source of manpower to defend Samanid Amirs.
www.newscentralasia.com /modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=1135   (1104 words)

  
 HyeEtch - Religion & Church - Etchmiadzin & Treasures p2
The Turks having bloodied and obliterated all of Western Armenia and Cilician Armenia of its Armenian population, wanted to do the same in Eastern Armenia, and "finish the job" and once and for all "solve" the Armenian Question and their plan of mass extermination of the Armenian people.
The Turks were masters at finding the right moment for such an act, they did the same during World War I, in the year 1915 when the world was in turmoil and war, they quickly put into effect their horrific and barbarous deed of Genocide.
The Armenians, stood their ground and the Turks having seen the tenacity and will, first stopped and slowly began to retreat, the Armenians threw a wide counter offensive in which the Turks began to flee in unorganized fashion, the Armenians with vengeance in their hearts cut down many Turks with bayonets and rifle fire.
www.hyeetch.nareg.com.au /religion/h_see_p2.html   (2104 words)

  
 1928: the case of Kurdistan against Turkey. - International Journal of Kurdish Studies - HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In this respect, the Turk is perhaps the only exception in the annals of history; he has so far maintained his ranks and has recruited his racial ranks by drawing upon others, quite regardless of their rights.
It was in 1288 that the Ottoman Turks, under their leader, Ertogrul, number 444 tents, who had entered the domains of the Seljuks in 1257, were granted a tract of land at Sugut, midway between Angora and Brusa, and subsequently, fell heir to the estate of Alp-Aslan, the Seljuk Turk.
In 1055, Sultan Toghrul, the Seljuk Turk, entered Bagdad and was welcomed by Khalif Caim as "Emperor of the East and of the West." Toghrul married Caim's daughter, and became the temporal ruler of the dominions of the Khalif....
highbeam.com /doc/1G1:132796669/1928~C~+the+case+of+Kurdistan+...   (16228 words)

  
 Genealogy for the TURK Surname
Seljuk, whose name the Seljuk Dynasty adopted was a tribal chief, whose homeland lay beyond the Oxus River near the Aral Sea.
The Seljuks defeated the army of the Byzantine emperor Romanus IV Diogenes and took him prisoner.
Probably this is the source of the Turk lineage that spread from the region of Berlin into the Neumark.
www.turkgenealogy.com /turkhistory/historical_time.htm   (1867 words)

  
 Mythical Geography: Kingdom of Prester John
In 1141, in their expansion to the west, they met the eastward reaching kingdom of the Seljuk Turks of Persia.
In a battle fought Sept. 8-9, 1141, at Qatawan (Katvan), near Samarkand, Yeh-lü Ta-Shih (or Yeliutashi), ruler of the empire of Kara-Khitai, defeated Sultan Sanjar, the Seljuk Turk ruler of Persia.
Reports of this great victory over the Turks reached the Crusader kingdoms soon thereafter and included was the rumor that Yeliutashi was a Christian.
www.philaprintshop.com /presjohn.html   (1013 words)

  
 Indigo Tourism - Eastern Anatolia
The Cifte Minareli Medrese, or theological college, built by the Seljuk Sultan Alaeddin Keykubat in 1253, astonishes with elaborate stone carvings on its portal and its majestic double minarets.
The lower city unfolds at the foot of an impressive Seljuk fortress from the 12th century.
In the Seljuk cemetery are beautifully inscribed memorial tombstones from the 12th century.
www.indigotour.com /east_anatolia_region.php   (1436 words)

  
 Seljuk Empire - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Seljuk Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Empire of the Turkish people (converted to Islam during the 7th century) under the leadership of the invading Tatars or Seljuk Turks; see Turkey: history to 1923, Seljuk Turks.
It was a loose confederation whose centre was in Iran, jointly ruled by members of the family and led by a great sultan exercising varying degrees of effective power.
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Seljuk+Empire   (132 words)

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