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Topic: Semitic


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  Semitic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Semitic is a linguistic term referring to a subdivision of largely Middle Eastern Afro-Asiatic languages, the Semitic languages, as well as their speakers' corresponding cultures, and ethnicities.
The word "Semitic" is an adjective derived from Shem, one of the three sons of Noah in the Bible (Genesis 5.32, 6.10, 10.21), or more precisely from the Greek form of that name, namely Σημ (Sēm); the noun form referring to a person is Semite.
Semitic languages today are also spoken in Malta (where an Italian-influenced dialect of North African Arabic is spoken) and on the island of Socotra in the Indian Ocean between Yemen and Somalia, where a dying vestige of South Arabian is spoken in the form of Soqotri.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Semitic   (1181 words)

  
 Semitic languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Semitic languages were among the earliest to attain a written form, with Akkadian writing beginning in the middle of the third millennium BC.
Modern Ethiopian Semitic languages are SOV, possessor — possessed, and adjective — noun, probably due to Cushitic influence; however, the oldest attested Ethiopian Semitic language, Geez, was VSO, possessed — possessor, and noun — adjective[1].
All Semitic languages exhibit a unique pattern of stems consisting of "triliteral" or consonantal roots (normally consisting of three consonants), from which nouns, adjectives, and verbs are formed by inserting vowels with, potentially, prefixes, suffixes, or infixes (consonants inserted within the original root).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Semitic_languages   (2252 words)

  
 Proto-Semitic Language and Culture. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. 2000
The Appendix of Semitic Roots (Appendix II) that follows this essay is designed to allow the reader to trace English words derived from Semitic languages back to their fundamental components in Proto-Semitic, the parent language of all ancient and modern Semitic languages.
A distinctive characteristic of the Semitic languages is the formation of words by the combination of a “root” of consonants in a fixed order, usually three, and a “pattern” of vowels and, sometimes, affixes before and after the root.
The emphatic consonants are characteristic of Semitic; in Proto-Semitic they were probably glottalized, that is, produced with a simultaneous closing of the glottis in the throat; this is how they are still pronounced in the Ethiopian Semitic languages.
www.bartleby.com /61/10.html   (3655 words)

  
 JewishEncyclopedia.com - SEMITIC LANGUAGES:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Semites possess but two so-called tenses, neither of which primarily denotes time, but which simply represent an action as complete or incomplete: while little attention is paid to the time of an action or state, the manner of its occurrence is expressly noted; i.e.
The Semitic languages betray their relationship one to another not only by similarity of articulation and grammatical foundation, but by identity of roots and word-forms; while the Hamitic languages reveal their kinship merely by a similarity in morphology and of the forms of their roots, less often in the material of the roots (comp.
It is characteristic of all the Semitic languages that the peculiarities of the gutturals, the weakness of "w" and "y," and the tendency of a vowelless "n" to assimilate with the following letter, create "weak" or irregular verbs and cause anomalous noun-forms.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=466&letter=S   (3938 words)

  
 Semitic branch
The term Semitic is thought to have come from Shem, one of the three sons of Noah (Gen. x:21-30), regarded in biblical literature as the ancestor of the Semites.
Akkadian is an extinct Semitic language that was spoken in Mesopotamia from the 3rd to the 1st millennium B.C. Canaanite languages that include Hebrew, Phoenician, and Punic, were spoken in Palestine, Syria, and in scattered communities around the Mediterranean.
Phoenician is an ancient Semitic language that was spoken in Palestine and on the coast of Syria.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/august/SemiticLanguages.html   (1357 words)

  
 Semitic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Semitic is a controversial adjective which in common parlance refers either to specifically Jew ish things or to things originating among speakers of Semitic languages or people descended from them, and in a linguistic context to the northeastern subfamily of Afro-Asiatic.
The Canaan ites and Amorite s spoke a language belonging to this family, and are therefore also termed Semitic in linguistics despite being described in Genesis as sons of Ham.
Semitic languages are also spoken in European Malta and on Socotra in the Indian Ocean.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Semitic.html   (1043 words)

  
 NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Semitic
Akkadian (lišānum akkadītum) was a Semitic language (part of the greater Afro-Asiatic language family) spoken in ancient Mesopotamia, particularly by the Assyrians and Babylonians.
The Levant Levant is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east.
Since Semitic is a member of Afro-Asiatic, a principally African family, the first speakers of Proto-Semitic are generally believed to have arrived in the Middle East from Africa, in the 4th millennium BC, although this question is still much debated.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Semitic   (3856 words)

  
 NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Semitic people
The Canaanites and Amorites spoke a language belonging to this family, and are therefore also termed Semitic in linguistics despite being described in Genesis as sons of Ham, one of Noah's sons.
Semitic is an adjective referring to the peoples who have traditionally spoken Semitic languages or to things pertaining to them.
The word "Semitic" is an adjective derived from the Greek Σημ (Sēm), of Shem, one of the three sons of Noah in the Bible (Genesis 5.32, 6.10, 10.21); the noun form referring to a person is Semite.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Semitic-people   (732 words)

  
 SEMITIC LANGUAGES - LoveToKnow Article on SEMITIC LANGUAGES
The Arabs are also supposed to display the Semitic character in its purest form, and their language is, on the whole, nearer the original Semitic than are the languages of the cognate races.
But it must be remembered that ancient Semitic inscriptions exhibit, in a sense, nothing but the skeleton of the language, since they do nut express the vowels at all, or do so only in certain cases; still less do they indicate other phonetic modifications, such as the doubling of consonants, andc.
The immigration of the Semites from Arabia was, in all probability, a slow process, beginning at a very ancient period, and under such circumstances there is every reason to assume that they largely intermingled with the aborigines.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /S/SE/SEMITIC_LANGUAGES.htm   (19947 words)

  
 Semitic - Encyclopedia Glossary Meaning Explanation Semitic
Semitic languages are also spoken in Malta and on Socotra in the Indian Ocean.
In a religious context, the term Semitic can refer to the religions associated with the speakers of these languages: thus Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often described as "Semitic religions", though the term Abrahamic religions is more common today.
A truly comprehensive account of "Semitic" religions would equally include the polytheistic religions (such as the religions of Tammuz or Adad) that flourished in the Middle East before the Abrahamic religions.
www.encyclopedia-glossary.com /en/Semitic.html   (581 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Semites
All Semites settled in civilized lands are, therefore, to be considered offshoots of the desert tribes, which were detached one after the other from the parent stem.
A last wave of the immigration into Chanaan are the Israelites, descendants of the Hebrews, who after centuries of residence in Egypt, and after forty years of nomadic life in the desert, returned to the land of their fathers, of which they took possession after long and weary struggles.
That the influence of Chanaanitic Semitism extended far into the North is proved by the two Zendsirli inscriptions: the so-called Hadad inscription of the ninth century, and the Panammu inscription of the eighth century, the language of which shows a Chanaanitic character with Aramaic intermixture.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13706a.htm   (3471 words)

  
 Semitic : Semite
Semitic is an adjective that describes things originating from the Asian Middle East.
The area of Semitic languages is actually much larger than the area most people associate with the term "Semitic".
Semitic languages are also spoken in Malta and on some islands in the Indian Ocean.
www.findword.org /se/semite.html   (576 words)

  
 Semitic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Semitic is a controversial adjective which in parlance refers either to specifically Jewish things or to things originating among of Semitic languages or people descended from them and a linguistic context to the northeastern subfamily Afro-Asiatic.
In Genesis Shem is described as the of the Assyrians Chaldeans Aramaeans Sabaeans and Hebrews all of whose languages are closely the linguistic family containing them was therefore Semitic.
Shem is also described in Genesis the father of the Elamites and Lydians whose languages are not Semitic.
www.freeglossary.com /Semite   (966 words)

  
 The Classification Of The Semitic Languages
According to the latest linguistic thinking, the Semitic languages are but one of six or seven subgroups of the Afro-Asiatic languages, which embrace scores of languages spoken in Southwest Asia and North Africa.
Originally, the Semitic languages were thought to constitute two separate groups--Semitic and Hamitic, but this division may have been motivated by racial, as well as linguistic considerations, so today, the designation "Hamitic" has been dropped, perhaps disingenuously, and all the languages in the both groups are now called Semitic.
The Central Semitic Languages are the Canaanite languages, and Aramaic, Ugaritic, Amorite, and Arabic.
www.useless-knowledge.com /1234/may/article038.html   (569 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Semitic languages are the only Afro-Asiatic subfamily based outside of Africa; however, in historical or near-historical times, some Semitic speakers crossed from South Arabia back into Ethiopia, so some modern Ethiopian languages (such as Amharic) are Semitic rather than belonging to the substrate Cushitic or Omotic groups.
The Semitic, Berber and Egyptian branches are not tonal.
Semitic preacher, resigns the chaplaincy of the Prussian court in consequence.#Little, Charles E.">
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/S/Semitic.htm   (1166 words)

  
 Semitic Languages (and the Phoenician language)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Semitic languages are fairly closely interrelated -- approximately as closely as the various Germanic or Romance languages.
Aramaic spread with tremendous speed, and by the 6th century BC was being used as the administrative language and lingua franca of the entire Middle East, all the way from Afghanistan in the Persian Empire to Egypt.
At least some of the Semitic peoples of Ethiopia originally moved there from the Arabian peninsula, and the writing system still used by all of the Ethiopian languages is based on the South Arabian script of the immigrants.
phoenicia.org /semlang.html   (2815 words)

  
 Afroasiatic languages: The Semitic Languages
The best-known representive of the extinct East Semitic division is
The Semitic verb is distinguished by its ability to form from the same root a number of derived stems that express new meanings based on the fundamental sense, such as passive, reflexive, causative, and intensive.
A Semitic language (or languages) was brought from S Arabia to Ethiopia during the first millennium B.C. At that time the indigenous languages of Ethiopia were Cushitic, and these languages strongly influenced the imported Semitic tongues.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/society/A0920673.html   (635 words)

  
 The Harvard Semitic Museum Photographic Archives - Fine Arts Library - Harvard College Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Harvard Semitic Museum Photographic Archives, developed at the Semitic Museum between 1891 and 1992, comprise one of the world's most important concentrations of historical photographs of the Middle East.
The Archives were transferred from the Harvard Semitic Museum to the Historic Photographs and Special Visual Collections of the Fine Arts Library in the spring of 1995 when the museum redefined its mission.
The interwar period was one of relative institutional weakness at the Semitic Museum.
hcl.harvard.edu /libraries/finearts/collections/semitic.html   (2345 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Semitic Epigraphy
Semitic epigraphy is a new science, dating only from the past fifty years.
To afford an idea of Semitic epigraphy we shall follow the plan adopted in this work, which does not treat of numerous inscriptions in cuneiform characters, these falling within the province of the Assyriologist.
We shall begin with the branches which belong to the group of North Semitic languages.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13709a.htm   (2496 words)

  
 Department of Semitic and Egyptian Languages and Literatures
When The Catholic University of America was founded in 1887, the study of the Semitic and Egyptian languages and their associated literatures and cultures was designated as an area of special concern.
Catholic University was founded as a graduate center, and the Semitics department remains primarily a graduate department.
The Semitics department is also closely involved with the program in Early Christian Studies, which coordinates offerings in history and theology, and with other departments and programs.
semitics.cua.edu   (2656 words)

  
 IZRE'EL: Report - Semitic Linguistic: The State of the Art at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century
Between the 11th and the 13th of January, 1999, Tel Aviv University hosted a sympoium entitled 'Semitic Linguistic: The State of the Art at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century'.
Semitic linguistics has always been associated with philology rather than with linguistics, with the deciphering of dead languages rather than with the study of modern living languages, and with diachronic and comparative linguistics rather than with synchronic analyses of languages.
Thus, the symposium discussed research in ancient languages and comparative issues, different schools in the study of Semitic languages, various domains within the study of linguistic structure, the study of geographical linguistics, the relationship between linguistic study and other human capacities and the relationship of linguistic study to machines.
syrcom.cua.edu /Hugoye/Vol2No2/HV2N2CRIzreel.html   (826 words)

  
 Semitic is a Language Group, Not a Racial or Ethnic Group
Incidentally, according to most linguists, Abraham, the father of the Jews and Arabs, spoke Aramaic, that was the language of the land at the time, not Hebrew.
These Jews did speak a semitic language, Hebrew, from their earliest incarnation, but also, some at the time of Christ, also spoke Aramaic, Arabic and Amharic because of their location in Jerusalem and other Middle Eastern cities such as what isnow Addis Abbabba, Cairo, Baghdad and Damascus.
Until we clean up our language and stop this incorrect name-calling at the whim of a few politically ambitious and unscrupulous people, we shall remain victims of a misuse of a legitimate language categorization that has been abused for the benefit of a few.
www.informationclearinghouse.info /article3950.htm   (703 words)

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