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Topic: Separation of powers under the United States Constitution

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  ipedia.com: Separation of powers Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Separation of powers (also: trias politica) is the doctrine that each branch of government should be separate and have unique powers with which the other branches of government may not interfere.
Famously, the framers of the United States Constitution are said to have taken the best of many concepts including the then new concept of the separation of powers in drafting the constitution.
In the United Kingdom the prevailing governmental theory is parliamentary supremacy, though in practice it is limited by various legal instruments, international treaties and constitutional conventions.
www.ipedia.com /separation_of_powers.html   (1391 words)

 The Constitution of the United States of America
United States, 488 U.S. 361, 390-91 (1989), the Court, approving the placement of the Sentencing Commission in the judicial branch, denied that executive powers were diminished because of the historic judicial responsibility to determine what sentence to impose on a convicted offender.
United States, 488 U.S. Formerly the term of four years during which the President ``shall hold office'' was reckoned from March 4 of the alternate odd years beginning with 1789.
United States, 290 U.S. In the face of the proposition that electors are state officers, the Court has upheld the power of Congress to act to protect the integrity of the process by which they are chosen.\83\ But in Ray v.
www.gpoaccess.gov /constitution/html/art2.html   (10435 words)

 LII: Constitution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have directed.
The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted.
www.law.cornell.edu /constitution/constitution.articleiii.html   (260 words)

 United States Constitution - Psychology Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
It also provides for the office of Vice President of the United States, and specifies that the Vice President succeeds to the presidency if the President is incapacitated, dies, or resigns, although whether this succession was on an acting or permanent basis was unclear until the passage of the 25th Amendment.
Article Six establishes the Constitution, and the laws and treaties of the United States made in accordance with it, to be the supreme law of the land.
The Constitution of the United States has also served as a model for the constitutions of numerous other nations, including the second oldest codified constitution, the May Constitution of Poland, which was written in 1791.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/United_states_constitution   (5504 words)

 The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net
Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.
Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
www.usconstitution.net /const.html   (5182 words)

 Separation of Powers | Constitution | © 2003   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against domestic Violence.
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
www.separationofpowers.net /constitution/constitution.shtml   (4285 words)

 Separation of powers under the United States ... - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
The first three articles of the Constitution divide the powers of the United States government among three separate branches: (1) the legislative branch, represented by Congress; (2) the executive branch, represented by the President; and (3) the judicial branch, represented by the Supreme Court.
No person can be convicted of treason against the United States unless he or she confesses in open court, or unless two witnesses testify that he or she has committed a treasonable act.
usinfo.state.gov /products/pubs/constitution/constitution.htm   (7018 words)

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
www.stlplaces.com /constitution   (7712 words)

 Harlow v. Fitzgerald   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
To perform the constitutional duties assigned to the Executive would be "literally impossible, in view of the complexities of the modern [Executive] process,.
Cabinet officers clearly outrank United States Attorneys, yet qualified immunity is accorded the former and absolute immunity the latter; rank is important only to the extent that the rank determines the function to be performed.
Under the Court's opinion in Nixon today, it is clear that Presidential immunity derives from the Constitution as much as congressional immunity comes from that source.
www.law.cornell.edu /supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0457_0800_ZD.html   (2203 words)

 ThisNation.com--The United States Constitution
The United States Constitution (click on image at right for high-resolution view) was groundbreaking in numerous ways, establishing a new government, the likes of which the world had never seen.
The most significant features of the U.S. Constitution are the establishment of the rule of law, the creation of a federal system with a supreme national government, the separation of governmental powers into three branches that check and balance each other, its flexibility and the establishment of a republican form of government.
The Constitution is considered the supreme law of the land both because of its content and because its authority is derived from the people.
www.thisnation.com /constitution.html   (723 words)

 The United States Constitution
  Yet the breadth of the national government’s powers were a correction to the weak government of the Articles of Confederation (the short lived system before the present constitution), that had proved incapable of forging the thirteen original states into one nation.
            The Government of the United States, the federal government, is divided into three branches:  the executive power, invested in the President, the legislative power, given to Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate), and the judicial power, vested in one Supreme Court and other federal courts created by Congress.
  Because the United States Congress has been given the power to regulate interstate commerce, the states are limited in their ability to regulate or tax such commerce between them.
home.ubalt.edu /shapiro/rights_course/Chapter1text.htm   (1850 words)

 FindLaw: U.S. Constitution: Article II
But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representatives from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice.
Offenses Against the United States; Contempt of Court
Power and Duty of the President in Relation to Subordinate Executive Officers
caselaw.lp.findlaw.com /data/constitution/article02   (870 words)

 FindLaw: U.S. Constitution: Article I
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.
The Commerce Clause as a Restraint on State Powers
Power to Prevent Harmful Use of the Postal Facilities
caselaw.lp.findlaw.com /data/constitution/article01   (1877 words)

 FindLaw Constitutional Law Center: U.S. Constitution: Article I
FindLaw Constitutional Law Center: U.S. Constitution: Article I
Constitutional Law Center > U.S. Constitution > Article I
Not to Lay Tonnage Duties, Keep Troops, Make Compacts, or Engage in War
supreme.lp.findlaw.com /constitution/article01   (1868 words)

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