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Topic: Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

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Amendment VII In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
Amendment X The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Amendment XI The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
www.usconstitution.net /const.txt   (3394 words)

 The Constitution of the United States of America
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.
The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.
www.midnightbeach.com /jon/US-Constitution.htm   (4025 words)

 United States Constitution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America and is the oldest written national constitution still in force.
Article Six establishes the Constitution and the and treaties of the United States made accordance with it as the supreme law of the land.
Amendments to the Constitution subsequent to the of Rights cover a wide range of The majority of the seventeen later amendments from continued efforts to expand individual civil political liberties while a few are concerned modifying the basic governmental structure drafted in in 1787.
www.freeglossary.com /United_States_Constitution   (3405 words)

 United States House of Representatives - Amendments to the Constitution
The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by Mississippi, December 4, 1865.
The fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Thirty-ninth Congress, on the 13th of June, 1866.
The twenty-first amendment to the Constitution was proposed to the several states by the Seventy-Second Congress, on the 20th day of February, 1933, and was declared, in a proclamation by the Secretary of State, dated on the 5th day of December, 1933, to have been ratified by 36 of the 48 States.
www.house.gov /house/Constitution/Amend.html   (2086 words)

 Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (via CobWeb/3.1 ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Originally senators were to be elected by their state legislatures to represent the individual and semisovereign states.
The last state needed to ratify was Connecticut, which ratified it in 1913, one year prior to the United States Senate election, 1914.
The Seventeenth Amendment is one of the "Progressive Amendments"; they were passed during the Progressive Era, with the support of the political group known as the "Progressives".
en.wikipedia.org.cob-web.org:8888 /wiki/Seventeenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution   (1323 words)

The trend to consolidate power and authority in the federal and devolve power away from the states is to a great extent due to the shift in allegiances by the Senators from their state as the source of their being entrusted with the office.
The theory was that while the Seventeenth Amendment changed the election of senators from election by state legislatures to direct election by the people, it did not change the legal principle of the relationship between U.S. Senators and their respective states.
While state legislatures may not have the legal power to require the presence of federal legislators, a Member of Congress who declines the invitation opens himself up to charges of "inside-the-Beltway arrogance." If he accepts, he is not likely to argue for requiring his home state to pay for Washington's latest schemes.
www.freerepublic.com /forum/a37c40f2e5679.htm   (4986 words)

 Alabama Legislature Web Links
The membership of the United States House of Representatives, currently set at 435 members, is apportioned after each decennial (ten year) Census, by the respective legislatures of the states, as provided in Article I, Section 2, as amended by Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
The Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution, amending Article II, Section 1, provides that in cases wherein no presidential candidate receives a majority of electoral votes in the general election, the House of Representatives is empowered to elect a president.
The Seventeenth Amendment of the Constitution provides that all vacancies that may occur in the United States Senate be filled by an election to be called by the chief executive authority (Governor) of the state in which the vacancy occurs.
www.legislature.state.al.us /misc/links/cdoverview.html   (1218 words)

 Seventeenth Amendment
The Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution went into effect in 1913.
Prior to its passage, each state's senators were appointed to their position by the state legislature.
With passage of the Seventeenth Amendment, each state's voters selected for themselves who would represent them in the United States Senate.
www.ohiohistorycentral.org /entry.php?rec=1436   (92 words)

 Federalism & Seventeenth Amendment.  Repeal it!
Montana bill SJ-10, to repeal the 17th Amendment, earlier in 2003 passed the Judiciary Committee 6-3 but was defeated in the full Senate Encouragement from Montana residents will be needed to pass the bill in the 2005 session.
In 1791 the state legislatures ran the United States Senate, but the 17th Amendment passed in 1913, reversed the power of the states, removing their control over Washington and creating two separate and redundant Houses of the People..
That New Hampshire and the sovereign people of this state from this day forward shall not be subject to any law, rule, resolution, code, or executive order that exceeds the scope of the several parts of the constitutions of either New Hampshire or of the subordinate United States of America.
liberty-ca.org /seventeenth_amendment.htm   (880 words)

 The United States Constitution - The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net
Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.
Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.
Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.
www.usconstitution.net /const.html   (5198 words)

 Lone Star Flag
The Bonnie Blue Flag was raised over the Mississippi capitol building at the signing of the Ordinance of Secession in 1861, and various States adopted Lone Star variations in their State flags, such as Mississippi's Magnolia Flag, flown from 1861-1894, composed of the Bonnie Blue Flag and a green magnolia tree..
The star remains a symbol of many State flags, showing both a unity with and independence from Washington, the lone star representing one of the 50 stars.
The States' Liberty Party proposes a new lone star flag showing an intent by each of the 50 states to take back their former authority in Washington.
www.liberty-ca.org /presentations/lone_star_flag.htm   (491 words)

 Repeal the seventeenth amendment?
In 1913, the seventeenth amendment turned the Senate from a system where states chose how their senators were chosen, to one in which the entire senate was directly elected.
This is all in response to a rising scholarly questioning of both the need and the desirability of the seventeenth amendment.
The seventeenth amendment was meant to politicize the Senate, and this has its problems as well as its benefits.
www.hoboes.com /Mimsy/?ART=158   (801 words)

 The Constitution of the United States of America
POPULAR ELECTION OF SENATORS The ratification of this Amendment was the outcome of increasing popular dissatisfaction with the operation of the originally established method of electing Senators.
State laws were amended so as to enable voters participating in primary elections to designate their preference for one of several party candidates for a senatorial seat, and nominations unofficially effected thereby were transmitted to the legislature.
Although their action rested upon no stronger foundation that common understanding, the legislatures generally elected the winning candidate of the majority, and, indeed, in two States, candidates for legislative seats were required to promise to support, without regard to party ties, the senatorial candidate polling the most votes.
www.gpoaccess.gov /constitution/html/amdt17.html   (386 words)

 Direct Election of U.S. Senators | 19 February 1914   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
On 19 February 1914 legislation was introduced in the House of Delegates calling for the direct election of United States senators by the voters of Virginia.
Though the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution had been ratified by thirty-six of the forty-eight states by 9 April 1913, Virginia had not yet voted for or against this amendment.
This progressive reform was a tremendous stepping-stone, as the Seventeenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution served to bring equal rights and protections to voters throughout the Union.
www.vahistorical.org /onthisday/21914.htm   (271 words)

 Constitution for the United States of America
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice.
Modified by Amendment XI]; — between Citizens of different States; — between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.
www.constitution.org /constit_.htm   (2670 words)

 Constitution for the United States of America
The conventions of a number of the States having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added.
Article the twelfth [Amendment X] The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State.
www.constitution.org /cons/constitu.htm   (4802 words)

 Constitution of the United States
The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of thc Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, [chosen by the Legislature thereof,]
Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State; And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
www.ushistory.org /documents/constitution.htm   (2619 words)

 Index - U.S.A. The Republic
You may read several articles that show how Congress is using the Fourteenth Amendment to take away your inalienable rights and the rights and powers of the States.
Here is a Treatise describing the irregularities in the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
This index page list several articles showing that the United States is under "Martial Law" through declared "National Emergencies." You will read as to what is a "National Emergency" and how such emergencies effect you in your every day life.
usa-the-republic.com /index.html   (657 words)

 Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law: Take Action
That means that states and local mental health providers could lose substantial funding.
Days later, HUD has sent legislation to Congress asking that their remaining FY '05 and '06 housing funds be diverted to pay for hurricane housing, rather than pre-hurricane housing needs.
September 21,2005 --After careful review of Judge John Roberts' answers during the four days of Senate hearings on his nomination to be Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, the Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law has no choice but to oppose his nomination.
www.bazelon.org /takeaction   (796 words)

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