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Topic: Seventh Crusade

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  AllRefer.com - Joinville, Jean, sire de (Historians, European, Biography) - Encyclopedia
As seneschal (governor) of Champagne, Joinville was a close adviser to Louis, whom he accompanied (1248–54) on the Seventh Crusade.
His memoir of St. Louis, dictated between 1304 and 1309 for the instruction of Louis X, is an invaluable record of the king, of feudal France, and of the Seventh Crusade.
It is written in a simple, delightful style, with moving reverence for the saintly and chivalrous king, with a sharp eye for graphic and psychological detail, and with occasional, sly humor.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/J/Joinvill.html   (262 words)

 Crusader States, Kings of Jerusalem & Cyprus, Templars, Hospitallers, Israel, etc.
Outremer, "across the sea," means the states created and maintained by Crusaders and their descendants in the Middle East between 1098, during the First Crusade, and 1489, when Cyprus passed to Venice.
Crusader states can also include the lands of the Teutonic and Livonian Knights in the Baltic, which lasted until Prussia was secularized in 1525 and the last Grand Master of the Livonian Knights was made Duke of Courland by Poland in 1561.
To be sure, the Crusaders in the 12th century displayed a great deal more brutality than the armies of the Caliph 'Umar had in the 7th, with Jews and even Christians as well as Moslems falling in the occasional indiscriminate slaughters; but they also came from what was actually a much more barbarous place.
www.friesian.com /outremer.htm   (13741 words)

 The Crusades [encyclopedia]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Fourth Crusade And The Sack Of Constantinople
The original impetus behind the Crusades was the rise to power of the Seljuq Turks in the Middle East during the 11th-c.
The Fifth Crusade (1217--21) was proclaimed by Pope Innocent III at the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215.
artzia.com /History/Wars/Crusades   (2170 words)

 Last Years of Kingdom of Jerusalem   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
A Fourth Crusade was planned after the failure of the Third, but it resulted in the sack of Constantinople in 1204 and the Crusaders involved never arrived in the Kingdom.
The Seventh Crusade under Louis IX of France was inspired by this, but it accomplished little save to replace the cultured Ayyubids with the vicious and intolerant Mamluks as the Crusaders' main enemy in 1250.
In their later years, the Crusaders' hopes rested with the Mongols, who were thought to be sympathetic to Christianity.
cyprus.atlantamejor.com /pilgrimage-fare.html   (399 words)

 Medieval Sources online
Jerusalem during the Crusades Map of Jerusalem from the time of the crusades shows the various hospitals, temples, towers and fortifications of the Holy Land (Medieval Sourcebook)
Chronicles the ill-fated Crusade of French and German children to recover the Holy Sepulcher from the Muslims in 1212 CE (Military History)
Precursor to the actual first crusade, this ill-conceived crusade of poor people was led by Peter the Hermit at the bequest of Pope Urban II (Military History)
www.medievalsources.co.uk /portal_crusades.htm   (1582 words)

 The Crusades - Eduseek   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Subjects > History > History - 12+ > Conflict and War > Medieval Wars and Conflicts > The Crusades
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www.eduseek.com /static/navigate85.html   (52 words)

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