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Topic: Sex reassignment


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In the News (Mon 19 Aug 19)

  
  Standards of Care (Revised draft, 1/90)
Sex reassignment applicants, in pursuit of what are assumed to be their civil rights as citizens, are often in need of assistance (in the form of copies of records, letters of endorsement, court testimony, etc.) from the professionals involved in their case.
Sex reannouncement or sex reassignment procedures conducted on infantile or early childhood intersexed patients are common medical practices and are not included in or affected by the present discussion.
Sex reassignment applicants often, in their pursuit of sex reassignment, believe that hormonal and surgical sex reassignment have fewer risks than such procedures are known to have.
members.tripod.com /~suelong/standards.html   (3137 words)

  
 Sex reassignment therapy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sex reassignment therapy is an umbrella term for all medical procedures regarding gender reassignment of both transgender and intersexual people.
Sex reassignment therapy consists of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), various surgical procedures (see below), and epilation for transwomen, that is permanent hair removal on the face and body is accomplished with electrolysis or laser hair removal.
Although the overwhelming majority of individuals who undergo sex reassignment express happiness in living as members of their target sex, some believe that sex reassignment is ineffective as a treatment for transsexuality, or that it is unnatural and/or immoral.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Gender_reassignment_therapy   (1105 words)

  
 The Standards Of Care
Hormonal sex reassignment may have some irreversible effects (infertility, hair growth, voice deepening, and clitoral enlargement in the female-to-male patient and infertility and breast growth in the male-to-female patient) and, therefore, such therapy must be offered only under the guidelines proposed in the present standards.
Sex reassignment applicants often experience social, legal and fincancial discrimination not known, at present, to be prohibited by federal or state law.
Sex reassignment applicants often must conduct formal or semiformal legal procedings (i.e., in-court appearances against insurance companies or in pursuit of having legal documents changed to reflect their new sexual and genderal status, etc.).
jadephoenix.org /lvtgw/info_htm/Psyc/benj_std.htm   (2892 words)

  
 Sex Reassignment Surgery - Definition, Purpose, Demographics, Description, Diagnosis/Preparation, Aftercare, Risks, ...
Also known as sex change or gender reassignment surgery, sex reassignment surgery is a procedure that changes genital organs from one gender to another.
The number of gender reassignment procedures conducted in the United States each year is estimated at between 100 and 500.
Gender reassignment surgery is performed by surgeons with specialized training in urology, gynecology, or plastic and reconstructive surgery.
www.surgeryencyclopedia.com /Pa-St/Sex-Reassignment-Surgery.html   (1345 words)

  
 microlaparoscopy in sex reassignment surgery
Sex reassignment (male to female surgery) is a standard operation which is aimed at constructing female genitalia and obtaining a cosmetic andfunctional result that is similar to that of a normal female subject.
Sex reassignment male to female surgery is a standard operation, the technical details of which have been fully described by many authors in recent reports.
Sex reassignment male to female surgery is a reconstructive operation aimed at obtaining a good cosmetic appearance.
www.duj.com /Article/DeStefani.html   (1080 words)

  
 Susan's Place Transgender Resources for Transsexuals and Crossdressers: Library: Sex Reassignment Surgery: Historical, ...
Sex reassignment surgery should only be considered as the last resort for a highly select group of diagnosed gender dysphoric patients.
Those who believe sex reassignment surgery is beneficial for certain patients must acknowledge the lack of hard empirical evidence supporting their views and the lack of even acceptable diagnostic criteria for selecting good candidates for sex reassignment surgery.
Citing an 80%- 90% cure rate for sex reassignment surgery, investigators generally accepted the fact that traditional psychiatric intervention was useless with transsexuals and that sex reassignment surgery was the treatment of choice for transsexualism.
www.susans.org /reference/lothsrs.html   (7058 words)

  
 Sex Change Surgery,Sex Change Operation,Cost,Prices by Surgeon in Bangkok, Thailand
Sex change surgery refers to the administration of surgery to change the sex appearance according to one’s sex identity.
Genital surgical sex reassignment: surgery of the genitalia and/or breasts performed for the purpose of altering the morphology in order to approximate the physical appearance of the genetically other sex.
Non genital surgical sex reassignment: any and all other surgical procedures of non-genitalia or non-breast, conducted for the purpose of effecting a more masculine appearance in a genetic female or for the purpose of effecting more feminine appearance in a genetic male.
www.bangkokplasticsurgery.com /sex-change-surgery.html   (755 words)

  
 IJ TRANSGENDER - Introduction - Sex Reassignment
It describes the history of sex reassignment, the development of the various treatments applied, the procedures of documentation and evaluation, and the results.
Sex reassignment, properly indicated and performed, has proven to be a valuable tool in the treatment of individuals with transgenderism.
Due to psychological reasons and because a legal sex change is a real change, we consider it legitimate and proper to talk about gender change and/ or sex change.
www.symposion.com /ijt/pfaefflin/1000.htm   (3122 words)

  
 Sex reassignment surgery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For transwomen, sex reassignment usually involves the surgical construction of female genitals, whereas in the case of transmen, this term may entail any of a variety of procedures, from the mastectomy (removal of the female breasts) to the shaping of a male-contoured chest to the construction of male genitals.
People who pursue sex reassignment surgery are usually referred to as transsexual; "trans" - across, through, change; "sexual" - pertaining to the sexual characteristics (not sexual actions) of a person.
They are unable to reproduce due to the lack of sex glands (testes or ovaries), except through prior sperm banking or embryonic freezing, which still require a receptive woman with a uterus to act as the surrogate mother (See Reproductive technology.).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sex_reassignment_surgery   (897 words)

  
 Benjamin Standards Of Care   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
One recommendation, of the two required for sex reassignment surgery, must be made by a person possessing a doctoral degree (e.g., Ph.D., Ed.D., D.Sc., D.S.W., Psy.D., or M.D.) in a clinical behavioral science, granted by an institution of education accredited by a national or regional accrediting board.
Sex reassignment applicants often must conduct formal ar semiformal legal proceedings (i.e., in-court appearances against insurance companies or in pursuit of having legal documents changed to reflect their new sexual and gender status, etc.).
Hormonal and surgical sex reassignments should be conducted or administered only after the patient applicant has received full and complete explanations, preferably in writing, in words understood by the patient applicant, of all risks inherent in the requested procedures.
www.geekbabe.com /annie/feature/bsoc.html   (3263 words)

  
 Follow-up study on Sex Reassignment of Young Transsexuals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
A more practical reason for delaying the start of sex reassignment is that adolescents in many countries are still legally dependent on the consent of their parents when deciding on medical treatment.
As a consequence of the sex reassignment, 68% reported not having lost their relationship with any family member or friend, while 21% had lost a relationship with just one person.
Sex reassignment of adolescent transsexuals is a matter of considerable debate (Cohen-Kettenis, 1994, 1995; Meyenburg, 1994).
www.antijen.org /cohen.html   (5438 words)

  
 TransGenderCare.com : Guidance/Transition : ICTLEP Standards of Care
Physicians providing hormonal sex reassignment therapy shall collect and publish on an annual basis the number of hormone prescriptions they have issued and the number and general nature of any complications and complaints involved.
Surgeons participating in transsexual health care shall provide sex reassignment surgery to patients requesting a change in their sexual appearance subject only to (1) the surgeon's reasonable belief that the surgery will not aggravate pre-existing health conditions.
Surgeons providing sex reassignment surgery shall collect and publish on an annual basis the number of sex reassignment surgeries they performed and the number and general nature of any complications and complaints involved.
www.transgendercare.com /guidance/resources/ictlep_soc.htm   (1473 words)

  
 TransGenderCare.com : Medical/Hormonal : Hormone Treatment in Transsexuals
Fundamental to sex reassignment treatment is the acquisition to the fullest extent possible of the sex characteristics of the other sex.
Induction of sex characteristics of the sex one reckons oneself to belong to.
Following sex reassignment surgery they are hypogonadal and they must receive in principle lifelong hormone replacement in the same fashion as other hypogonadal patients.
www.transgendercare.com /medical/hormonal/hormone-tx_assch_gooren.htm   (4500 words)

  
 IJ TRANSGENDER - HORMONAL SEX REASSIGNMENT
Fundamental to sex reassignment treatment of transsexuals is the acquisition of the sex characteristics of the other sex to the fullest extent possible.
Adult transsexuals undergoing sex reassignment have the disadvantage that at that age a normal average degree of hormonal masculinisation or feminisation has already taken place.
In view of the sex difference in prevalence of cardiovascular disease these studies are, at face value, quite convincing, but only long-term prospective studies in transsexuals using genuine clinical endpoints (cardiovascular morbidity/mortality) can establish their reliability.
www.symposion.com /ijt/ijt990301.htm   (2418 words)

  
 The Scientist : Reevaluating Sex Reassignment
Eight of the 12 have reassigned themselves to the gender dictated by their XY chromosomes and molded by their prenatal hormone exposure.
In contrast, sex reassignment surgery works well for transsexuals, whose gender identity is at odds with their chromosomal and gonadal sex, and who request the surgery.
The reasons for sex reassignment have ranged from nature/nurture considerations, to good intent, to the practical matter of surgical expediency.
www.the-scientist.com /article/display/11956   (2062 words)

  
 An Emerging Ethical and Medical Dilemma: Should Physicians Perform Sex Assignment on Infants with Ambiguous Genitalia?
How surgical treatment including sex reassignment surgery for intersex infants became a routine recommendation of practitioners and how parents were persuaded to consent to such radical surgeries on their infants provides a cautionary tale that is relevant both for medicine and law.
It was thus that the theory that an infant’s sex could be successfully reassigned had a profound influence on the standard of care for infants born with ambiguous genitalia, a micropenis or those losing their penis by trauma or accidental amputation.
Parents were counseled to raise these children without equivocation as to the child’s assigned sex and to withhold information from the child so that the child would feel secure in his or her gender.
www.hawaii.edu /PCSS/online_artcls/intersex/intersex00_00.html   (13195 words)

  
 Gender reassignment surgery, Bangkok, Thailand
Welcome to my sex reassignment surgery website which has provided information on my updated sex change surgery technique, step to prepare and schedule your sex change operation and all my instruction about SRS after care.
If your eligibility criteria for sex reassignment surgery are in doubt or you can not supply referral for SRS, you may need to consult with psychiatrist here on a one-time basis, for which she charges 300 US$.
For those who plan to have sex reassignment surgery done together with a set of major facial feminization surgeries in one trip, please note that I normally separate SRS from FFS with some day interval to minimize the total time for general anesthesia.
www.chet-plasticsurgery.com /Srs_main.html   (827 words)

  
 Johns Hopkins Psychiatrist Warned Against Sex Reassignment In 1992
Another misdirection, notes McHugh, was the use of sex reassignment surgery to allegedly help those individuals who felt they were trapped in the wrong body.
According to McHugh, "I happen to know about this [sex reassignment surgery] because Johns Hopkins was one of the places in the United States where this practice was given its start.
According to McHugh, when dealing with a patient who wants a sex change operation, "It is not obvious how this patient's feeling that he is a woman trapped in a man's body differs from the feeling of a patient with anorexia nervosa that she is obese despite her emaciated, cachectic state.
www.narth.com /docs/reassignment.html   (458 words)

  
 imp-221 Marriage for sex-changed persons
A person who has successfully completed a sex reassignment procedure has to change his or her identity card to reflect the new sex and identity.
Those who had undergone sex reassignment procedure were able to marry using their identity cards which reflected their new sex.
Sex reassignment is a costly, painful and long process.
www.yawningbread.org /apdx_2005/imp-221.htm   (1155 words)

  
 Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) - The Nuts and Bolts
That's why the procedure is not really called "sex change surgery" but "sex reassignment surgery".
There are several reputable sex reassignment surgeons in the world today, and none of them will perform the procedure without sufficient proof that an individual has met the requirements.
On the other hand, it should be kept in mind that even if one were to have surgery, the option always remains to continue to live in the original role, since exposing one's genitals publicly can usually be avoided, therefore no one would have to know.
heartcorps.com /journeys/surgery/3.htm   (1364 words)

  
 Queercents » Who Pays for Sex Reassignment Surgery?
Sex reassignment surgery (often, but less appropriately, called gender reassignment surgery) is the only option for those with psychological and emotional identities trapped in the wrong physical body.”
Is the burden of sex reassignment a public obligation or solely that of the individual?
Withholding that surgery for cases that a psychiatrist working with the individual agrees is necessary is the equivalent of society punishing someone for a crime they forced that person to commit.
www.queercents.com /2006/08/28/who-pays-for-sex-reassignment-surgery   (1378 words)

  
 Olympic Committee Position on Athlete Sex Changes
The group confirms the previous recommendation that any “individuals undergoing sex reassignment of male to female before puberty should be regarded as girls and women” (female).
Although individuals who undergo sex reassignment usually have personal problems that make sports competition an unlikely activity for them, there are some for whom participation in sport is important.
Individuals who have undergone sex reassignment after puberty were considered to represent a more complex problem, since they have been under the influence of hormones under their former gender during their puberty.
www.skatelog.com /olympics/sex-change-consensus.htm   (892 words)

  
 David Reimer, subject of 'sex reassignment,' dead at 38 - The Honolulu Advertiser - Hawaii's Newspaper
David Reimer, who became the unwitting subject of "sex reassignment," at 8 months of age, later underwent a double mastectomy and eventually developed into a muscular, handsome young man.
At 8 months of age, Reimer became the unwitting subject of "sex reassignment," a treatment method embraced by his parents after his penis was all but obliterated during a botched circumcision.
Keith Sigmundson, showed how Brenda had rejected her reassignment from male to female, and, at 14, refused to continue living as a girl.
the.honoluluadvertiser.com /article/2004/May/13/ln/ln52a.html   (835 words)

  
 Sex Change Surgery | Principal Health News
Also known as sex reassignment surgery, sex change surgery is a procedure that changes genital organs from one gender to another.
There are two reasons to alter the genital organs from one sex to another.
Social support, particularly from the family, is important for readjustment as a member of the opposite sex.
www.principalhealthnews.com /topic/topic100587458   (712 words)

  
 Srs Sexual Reassignment Surgery Miami
follow-up study of 16 transsexuals, all subjects were approved for sex reassignment surgery and had completed the baseline assessments and the 5-yr.
Secondly, sex differences were found, with female-to-male transsexuals having a better outcome and being more homogeneous than their male counterparts.
Thirdly, there was good correspondence in prediction of outcome between the model based on the Defense Mechanism Test and a clinical judgment made by a psychiatrist for two new applicants for sex reassignment surgery.
www.srsmiami.com /sex-change-0079.html   (585 words)

  
 SEX CHANGE SRS SEX Sexual Reassignment Surgery GENDER REASSIGNMENT SURGERY
Complications that may arise, risks, and potential adverse reactions are mentioned, based upon the knowledge and experience of Dr. Reed, including some conjectured risks.
In the event of cancellation within a week before surgery, $1000 may be retained by this office and the balance of your deposit will be applied to a rescheduled date.
British independent documentary company is looking for a 20 to 30 year old gentleman who might be considering having a phalloplasty procedure at our office in the next 1-2 months.
www.srsmiami.com   (754 words)

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