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Topic: Sexual orientation


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In the News (Wed 20 Mar 19)

  
  Answers to Your Questions About Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality
Sexual Orientation is an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual or affectional attraction to another person.
Sexual orientation exists along a continuum that ranges from exclusive homosexuality to exclusive heterosexuality and includes various forms of bisexuality.
Sexual orientation is different from sexual behavior because it refers to feelings and self-concept.
www.apa.org /topics/orientation.html   (1591 words)

  
  Sexual orientation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sexual orientation is further complicated by more recent non-binary understandings of both sex (male, female, or intersex) and gender (man, woman, transgender, third gender, or gender variant).
Because sexual orientation is complex and multi-dimensional, some academics and researchers (especially in Queer studies) have argued that sexual orientation is a completely historical and social construction.
Sexual orientation, as we know it, can be fluid and changing with time and circumstances...We can place people on all levels of the Kinsey scale, even when we apply this scale to sexual orientation toward animals.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sexual_orientation   (5120 words)

  
 University of Florida Counseling Center - Division of Student Affairs
Sexual orientation is one of the four components of sexuality and is distinguished by an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual or affectional attraction to individual of a particular gender.
Three sexual orientation are commonly recognized: homosexual, attraction to individuals of one’s own gender; heterosexual, attraction to individuals of the other gender; or bisexual, attraction to members of either gender.
Even though homosexual orientation is not a mental illness and there is no scientific reason to attempt conversion of lesbians or gays to heterosexual orientation, some individuals may seek to change their own sexual orientation or that of another individual (for example, parents seeking therapy for their child).
www.counsel.ufl.edu /brochure.asp?include=brochures/sexual_orientation_faq.brochure   (1495 words)

  
 APA Help Center - Health & Emotional Wellness - "Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality"
It is easily distinguished from other components of sexuality including biological sex, gender identity (the psychological sense of being male or female), and the social gender role (adherence to cultural norms for feminine and masculine behavior).
Sexual orientation exists along a continuum that ranges from exclusive heterosexuality to exclusive homosexuality and includes various forms of bisexuality.
Sexual orientation is different from sexual behavior because it refers to feelings and self-concept.
www.apahelpcenter.org /articles/article.php?id=31   (1530 words)

  
 APA Style | Removing Bias in Language: Sexuality
Sexual orientation is a preferred term for psychological writing over "sexual preference" and refers to sexual/affectional relationships of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual people.
Using sexual terminology that is relevant to lesbians and gay men as well as bisexual and heterosexual people (e.g., "when did you first engage in sexual activity?" rather than "when did you first have sexual intercourse?").
Avoiding the assumption that pregnancy may result from sexual activity (e.g., "it is recommended that women attending the clinic who currently are engaging in sexual activity with men be given oral contraceptives" instead of "it is recommended that women who attend the clinic be given oral contraceptives").
www.apastyle.org /sexuality.html   (2181 words)

  
 Attempts to Modify Sexual Orientation: A Review of Outcome Literature and Ethical Issues
About same-gender sexual orientation, Freud wrote to a mother of a gay son, "we consider it to be a variation of the sexual function produced by a certain arrest of development" (Freud quoted in Bieber, et al, 1962, p.
A chain of events which are reinforcing to one sexual orientation, and aversive to another, would lead to a greater likelihood to engage in behavior consistent with the positively reinforced sexual orientation (Greenspoon and Lamal, 1987).
While Ellis no longer believes that same-gender sexual orientation is a sign of inherent emotional disturbance, he wrote in 1992 that people are free to "try a particular sexual pathway, such as homosexuality, for a time and then decide to practically abandon it for another mode, such as heterosexuality" (Ellis, 1992, p.34).
www.leaderu.com /orgs/narth/attemptstomodify.html   (7454 words)

  
 Sexual Orientation FAQ
Sexual orientation is the term people use to define what gender they are sexually attracted to.
A person who has a sexual attraction to members of the opposite gender is called heterosexual (or straight), while someone who has a sexual attraction to members of the same gender is a homosexual person.
One theory is that sexual orientation is determined by genetic or biological factors; another theory is that it is determined after birth by environmental factors.
www.msu.edu /~alliance/faq/faqsexualorientation.html   (1277 words)

  
 Planned Parenthood - Sexual Orientation
Sexual Orientation refers to whom a person is attracted spiritually, emotionally, physically, and romantically.
Sexual identity is a sense of one's own sexuality and sexual feelings, thoughts, and/or behavior.
Many sexuality scholars and "queer theorists," after years of study, have proposed the idea that all humans exist on a "sexual continuum." According to this theory, only a small group of people are rigidly and strictly heterosexual (in identity, not behavior).
www.plannedparenthood.org /northern-adirondack/sexual-orientation.htm   (1127 words)

  
 Sexual Orientation - 7th Ed
Sexual orientation in some ways is like handedness: Most people are one way, some the other.
Laura Allen and Roger Gorski (1992) also concluded that brain anatomy influences sexual orientation after discovering that a section of the anterior commissure (the fibers that, like the corpus callosum, connect right and left hemispheres) is one-third larger in homosexual men than in heterosexual men.
It does, however, raise the troubling possibility that genetic markers of sexual orientation could someday be identified through fetal testing, and a fetus could be aborted simply for being predisposed to an unwanted orientation.
www.davidmyers.org /Brix?pageID=62   (3799 words)

  
 Human Rights Learning Centre: Study Guide on Sexual Orientation and Human Rights
Sexual orientation is a relatively recent notion in human rights law and practice and one of the controversial ones in politics.
Sexual orientation is not mentioned explicitly in any of the provisions of the Convention.
National protection on the basis of sexual orientation exists in several states, in law, in practice or both, but it is far from being an accepted norm around the world.
www.hrea.org /learn/guides/lgbt.html   (3639 words)

  
 Sexual Health - Orientation
Sexual orientation is often presumed to be innate and unchangeable.
It refers to a consistent pattern of sexual arousal toward persons of the same or a different gender, encompassing fantasy, conscious attractions, emotional and romantic feelings, and sexual behaviors.
Sexual identity refers to how a person describes his or her sexuality and how that person expresses that self to others.
www.pamf.org /teen/sex/orientation.html   (492 words)

  
 N.A.R.T.H.: Survey of Sexual-Orientation Change Part I: Survey of Individuals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Unfortunately, the original and post-change sexual orientation of these respondents is not adequately confirmed by the overall data.
If one assumes that every respondent understood the term sexual orientation correctly, this phrasing still allows for the clear possibility that a person who honestly and accurately answered "I. Exclusively homosexual", was at other times in his or her life something other than exclusively homosexual.
For those who are married, the inclusion of questions about sexual satisfaction and about the content of thoughts and fantasies during sexual intimacy with one's spouse would have given a better picture of the depth of change.
www.newdirection.ca /research/narth1.htm   (938 words)

  
 eMedicine - Sexuality: Sexual Orientation : Article by David S Reitman, MD
Studies show a concordance of sexual orientation in male twins who are raised apart, lending support to the idea that biological factors contribute greatly to the development of sexual orientation.
This distancing from the acceptance of sexual orientation is termed dissociation, and acting “macho” to the level of antisocial behavior is termed signification.
Adolescents may disclose their sexual orientation to their friends, or they may have several discrete sets of friends, including a set that is aware of their orientation and another set that is not aware.
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic2773.htm   (3462 words)

  
 The Employment Equality (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003
Sexual orientation is defined in regulation 2 as meaning a sexual orientation towards persons of the same sex, persons of the opposite sex, or to both persons of the same sex and of the opposite sex.
Harassment, defined in regulation 5, occurs where a person is subjected to unwanted conduct on grounds of sexual orientation with the purpose or effect of violating his dignity, or creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for him.
Regulation 7 provides an exception where being of a particular sexual orientation is a genuine and determining occupational requirement for a post, if it is proportionate to apply the requirement in the particular case.
www.opsi.gov.uk /si/si2003/20031661.htm   (13053 words)

  
 Klein Sexual Orientation Grid; The Bisexual Option   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
The Klein Sexual Orientation Grid (or KSOG) is a system for describing a person's sexual proclivities in a way more detailed and informative than previous methods.
The three columns indicate three different points at which sexual orientation is assessed: the person's past, their present, and their ideal.
The concept of sexual orientation as an ongoing dynamic process is necessary if we are to understand a person's orientation properly in its entirety.
www.bisexual.org /klein   (589 words)

  
 Addressing Sexual Orientation Discrimination-Introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
The Executive Order states this policy uniformly by adding sexual orientation to the list of categories for which discrimination is prohibited.
Federal employees should be able to perform their jobs in workplaces free from discrimination-whether that discrimination is based on color, religion, sex, national origin, handicap, age or sexual orientation.
The President's Executive Order states, as a matter of Federal policy, that a person's sexual orientation should not be the basis for the denial of a job or a promotion.
www.opm.gov /er/address2/guide01.asp   (374 words)

  
 SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND BODY IMAGE DYSMORPHIA
Recent research has concluded that sexual orientation, in both men and women, may play a significant role in the feelings of dissatisfaction of one’s physical appearance and the development and onset of disordered eating habits.
However, it is important to note that regardless of the person’s sexual orientation, higher scores on the negative femininity scale correlated with higher scores on disordered eating.
Siever, M. Sexual orientation and gender as factors in socioculturally acquired vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and eating disorders.
www.vanderbilt.edu /AnS/psychology/health_psychology/sexual_orientation.htm   (1604 words)

  
 The Disparate Classification of Gender and Sexual Orientation in American Psychiatry
Although human sexual orientation and gender identification represent distinct phenomena and are considered largely orthogonal, they are intricately intertwined in medical theory and social consequence.
Nonetheless, sexual orientation and gender identity share many common elements pursuant to the definition of mental illness, including theories of etiology, social stigma, cross-cultural occurrence, and perceptions of distress, disability, and disadvantage.
A key point in the classification of sexual orientation was the distinction between distress or impairment experienced by a person and that believed inherent to homosexuality itself.
www.priory.com /psych/disparat.htm   (5076 words)

  
 Sexual Orientation and Adolescents -- Frankowski and and Committee on Adolescence 113 (6): 1827 -- Pediatrics
Sexual Orientation and Adolescents -- Frankowski and and Committee on Adolescence 113 (6): 1827 -- Pediatrics
Sexual orientation is not synonymous with sexual activity or
Sexual orientation and prevalence of body dissatisfaction and eating disordered behaviors: a population-based study of adolescents.
pediatrics.aappublications.org /cgi/content/full/113/6/1827   (2878 words)

  
 Sexual Orientation
There are a number of possibilities, but the most obvious one is that the genes responsible for sexual orientation are similar to those simpler genes that account for sickle-cell anemia: If you have a sickle-cell gene from mom and a sickle-cell gene from dad, then you will get sickle-cell anemia, a deadly disease.
During a critical period -- which he felt was between the ages of three and six -- sexual orientation is fixed by a complex process of family relations he called the Oedipal crisis.
The child may be encouraged to identify with the opposite sex by a parent or parents who act as if he or she in fact were the opposite sex, such as by dressing the child accordingly.
www.ship.edu /~cgboeree/sexualorientation.html   (1640 words)

  
 Sexual Orientation and Legal Rights (92-1E)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Prohibition of discrimination based on sexual orientation in human rights legislation point out that such inclusion does not entail endorsement of homosexuality, but does accord an element of legal protection from job loss or the denial of accommodation or services.
Although some have expressed concern that the term “sexual orientation” itself is broad enough to include pedophilia and other sexual proclivities that are not intended to be covered, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation does not affect Criminal Code prohibitions of certain sexual activities, for instance, those between adults and minors.
The Supreme Court of Canada’s 1993 majority decision upheld the Federal Court of Appeal’s ruling that Parliament had not intended that sexual orientation should be encompassed by the term “family status,” and did not deal with the question of whether the absence of sexual orientation in the federal human rights statute violated the Charter.
www.parl.gc.ca /information/library/PRBpubs/921-e.htm   (13395 words)

  
 AMA (GLBT) AMA Policy regarding sexual orientation
In the case of the homosexual patient this is especially true, since unrecognized homosexuality by the physician or the patient's reluctance to report his or her sexual orientation and behavior can lead to failure to screen, diagnose, or treat important medical problems.
No aspect of medical staff membership or particular clinical privileges shall be denied on the basis of sex, race, age, creed, color, national origin, religion, disability, ethnic origin sexual orientation, or physical or mental impairment that does not pose a threat to the quality of patient care.
Examples of institutional abuse are: policies, regulations, or procedures that are discriminatory based on race, religion, ethnicity, sex, age, sexual orientation, and physical disabilities; and requiring individuals to perform unpleasant tasks that are entirely irrelevant to their education as physicians.
www.ama-assn.org /ama/pub/category/14754.html   (2279 words)

  
 Gay Rights, Sexual Orientation Discrimination Illinois Employment Lawyer
But acts of sexual orientation discrimination taking place after 2005 will be in violation of the Illinois Human Rights Act and claims can be filed with the Illinois Department of Human Rights (IDHR) and pursued as any other discrimination complaint.
For example, a bonafide religious organization may be permitted to discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation in such circumstances.
Federal law does not prohibit sexual orientation discrimination, and although gay and lesbian rights issues are gaining more attention, any legislation related to gay rights becomes hotly contested.
www.madufflaw.com /discrimination/orientation.html   (532 words)

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