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Topic: Shachtmanism


In the News (Mon 21 Apr 14)

  
 Shachtmanism
Shachtmanism was a form of Trotskyism associated with Max Shachtman.
Max Shachtman described the USSR as a " bureaucratic collectivist" society.
Social democratic Shachtmanism, called "Right Shachtmanism" by detractors, later developed by Shachtman and espoused by the Social Democrats USA holds Stalinist nations to be worse than Western capitalism, and will as a result often side with the U.S. government in international conflicts against Stalinist groups, such as the Vietnam War.
www.abacci.com /wikipedia/topic.aspx?cur_title=Shachtmanites   (520 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Shachtmanism
Shachtmanism originated as a tendency within the US Socialist Workers Party in 1939, as Shachtman's supporters left that group to form the Workers Party in 1940.
Nonetheless, we have the testimony of C L R James that this is a fact as he referred to the theory, from which he dissented, as Carters little liver pill.
This position was articulated, apparently with little influence from Shachtman, by British-based Trotskyist leader Tony Cliff, and became the official position of the International Socialist Tendency which he founded.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Shachtmanism   (1540 words)

  
 Max Shachtman Information
Shachtman was born in 1904 to a Jewish family in Warsaw, Poland, which was then part of the Russian Empire.
Shachtman also successfully nominated Burnham, Abern and Ernest McKinney as the SWP's three delegates to the Pan-American Conference which prepared the founding congress of the Fourth International, at which Shachtman was a delegate and one of the presiding committee.
Shachtman no longer endorsed the Trotskyist conclusion that the Soviet Union was a "degenerated workers' state," a post-capitalist country in which political control had been won by a bureaucratic caste that was not a new ruling class.
www.bookrags.com /Max_Shachtman   (2975 words)

  
 Station Information - Shachtmanism
Shachtmanism is a hybrid political ideology that mixes (in varying ratios) Trotskyism and Social Democracy.
Therefore, they go beyond Trotsky's description of Stalinist Russia as being a "degenerated workers' state"; Max Shachtman described the USSR as a "bureaucratic collectivist" society, while Tony Cliff (and Ted Grant before him) called it "state capitalism".
Left Shachtmanites consider Communist nations to be as bad as imperialist nations (often calling Soviet aggression "imperialist"); the more right-wing, social democratic Shachtmanites (including Shachtman and SDUSA) consider Communist nations to be worse than Western capitalism, usually siding with the US government in international conflicts.
www.stationinformation.com /encyclopedia/s/sh/shachtmanism.html   (179 words)

  
  Shachtmanism - Wikinfo
Shachtmanism is a critical term applied to the form of Trotskyism associated with Max Shachtman.
Max Shachtman described the USSR as a "bureaucratic collectivist" society.
Social democratic Shachtmanism, called "Right Shachtmanism" by detractors, later developed by Shachtman and espoused by the Social Democrats USA holds Stalinist nations to be worse than Western capitalism, and will as a result often side with the U.S. government in international conflicts against Stalinist groups, such as the Vietnam War.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Shachtmanism   (1810 words)

  
  Shachtmanism at AllExperts
Shachtmanism is a critical term applied to the form of Marxism associated with Max Shachtman.
Although Shachtmanism is usually described as a form of Trotskyism, both Trotsky and Shachtman were careful to not describe Shachtman's view as Trotskyist.
Regardless of its origins in the SWP, Shachtmanism's core belief, that the Soviet Union was not a workers' state, originated not with Shachtman but Joseph Carter and James Burnham, who proposed this at the founding of the SWP in 1938.
en.allexperts.com /e/s/sh/shachtmanism.htm   (757 words)

  
  Shachtmanism
Shachtmanism was a form of Trotskyism associated with Max Shachtman.
Max Shachtman described the USSR as a "bureaucratic collectivist" society.
Social democratic Shachtmanism, called "Right Shachtmanism" by detractors, later developed by Shachtman and espoused by the Social Democrats USA holds Stalinist nations to be worse than Western capitalism, and will as a result often side with the U.S. government in international conflicts against Stalinist groups, such as the Vietnam War.
www.xasa.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/s/sh/shachtmanism.html   (516 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Bureaucratic collectivism
A counterrevolutionary is anyone who opposes a revolution, particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part.
Soon after the Workers Party in the USA (later the Independent Socialist League), led by Max Shachtman, split from the Fourth International, it adopted the theory of bureaucratic collectivism and developed it.
As a result, it is often associated with Left Shachtmanism and the Third Camp.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Bureaucratic-collectivism   (1917 words)

  
 ESR | March 22, 2004 | Neoconservatives and Trotskyism - Page 1
Shachtman occupies a fascinating place in the history of Marxism in the US for having moved, over the span of 20 years, all the way from Trotskyism to a fervently anti-communist version of social democracy.
But what has conveniently been forgotten by the paleocons amidst their frantic references to Max Shachtman's "Trotskyism" is that Shachtman broke definitively with his unique version of that ideology in the mid 1950s, even before dissolving the International Socialist League (ISL, successor to the Workers' Party) and joining the Socialist Party in 1958.
His attempt to link neoconservatives to Shachtmanism is a confused amalgam of eras and ideologies that is way off the mark, beginning with his curious labeling of the 1960s YPSL's as both "Shachtmanites" and "commies" when they in fact represented a uniquely American version of right-wing social democracy.
www.enterstageright.com /archive/articles/0304/0304neocontrotp1.htm   (2434 words)

  
 AEI - Short Publications
Shachtman, on the other hand, concluded that the USSR was neither capitalist nor socialist but had hatched a new social system, unforeseen by Marx, "bureaucratic collectivism."
Shachtman was a spellbinding lecturer, and his periodic lectures (like Castro's, of enormous length) brought home to his radical audiences the evils of the Soviet system.
Shachtman listed the fates of leaders of various Communist parties behind the Iron Curtain who had been purged in the same twist of party line that had brought down Browder.
www.aei.org /publications/pubID.11887,filter.all/pub_detail.asp   (2501 words)

  
 From LRP 4 April 2005
Unlike Shachtman, however, you fail to admit that you postulate a “third camp” neither proletarian nor bourgeois.
Your theory, in a nutshell, is shamefaced Shachtmanism.
In the mid-1940's, Pablo and his followers tried their best to restore a common organization (regroup) with Shachtman & Co. We understand why he felt that there was enough in common between them to cohabit in one organization.
struggle.net /ALC/FromLRP20050404.htm   (1347 words)

  
 The YSA: How it Began
While Shachtman gave up the construction of a revolutionary party rooted in the working class and moved toward liquidation into the Social Democracy and liberalism, Pablo abandoned the party and the working class and moved toward liquidation into the Stalinist movement.
Arden was an incorrigible factionalist of the old Shachtman school who feared that what was at stake in the left-wing fight was something different that would require the construction of a serious revolutionary movement.
Shachtman was to proceed to the right at lightning pace after this convention, completely liquidating any independent tendency.
members.optushome.com.au /spainter/YSA.html   (19542 words)

  
 A retrospective review of Standing Fast by Harvey Swados | Workers' Liberty
This disillusionment is first prompted by the post-war prosperity that arose in contradiction to the revolutionary forecast (shared by all tendencies) of a Third World war and the collapse of capitalism.
Trotskyism (and it sub-category Shachtmanism) understandably attracted the better dreamers and therefore the better writers — Swados himself, Mary McCarthy, John Dos Passos and Saul Bellow being four of several.
Bellow was later to provide a loving obituary for Yetta Barshevsky — Max Shachtman’s partner — after her death in 1996.
www.workersliberty.org /node/6859   (1014 words)

  
 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News
However, the theory of "bureaucratic collectivism," the idea that the USSR was ruled by a new bureaucratic class and was not capitalist, did not originate with Shachtman, but seems to have originated within the Trotskyist movement with Bruno Rizzi.
Although the split in the SWP was not only over the defence of the Soviet Union, contrary to popular mythology among some latter day Trotskyists, that was a major point in the internal polemics of the time.
The theory was never fully developed by anybody in the Workers Party and Shachtman's book, published many years later in 1961, consists earlier articles from the pages of New International with some political conclusions reversed.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Shachtmanism   (694 words)

  
 The historical roots of neoconservatism: a reply to a slanderous attack on Trotskyism
Shachtman’s turn to the right was somewhat less abrupt.
By 1950 and the outbreak of the Korean war, Trotsky’s warnings about the trajectory of Shachtman and his followers were fully confirmed when they supported the US military intervention.
There is no doubt that both Shachtman and Kristol used political skills that they had gained in the Marxist movement to further the cause of reaction.
www.wsws.org /articles/2003/may2003/shac-m23.shtml   (2727 words)

  
 BT Debates LRP - On the Nature of the USSR
This is an idealist perversion of one of the most fundamental propositions of Marxism, i.e., that it is changes in the forms of property which characterize the historical succession of class societies.
The interesting thing is that Shachtman, in adopting these reactionary positions, did not explicitly renounce his socialist past.
But the Russian question was the principal issue in that fight and, like Shachtman, the LRP considers that by 1939 the USSR could no longer be considered a workers state of any type.
www.bolshevik.org /1917/no6/no06lrp.html   (5552 words)

  
 Why stick with Marxism? (Dave's Part)
To Jim D: Shachtman's analysis made out that the Stalinist regimes were here for a long time, they were a new form of class society.
Shachtman and many others (right, left and centre in politics) saw the Soviet Union as a new form of class society, one that had a real chance of paralleling and even overtaking capitalism.
Shachtman got it wrong, but his error can be understood.
www.davidosler.com /2007/08/why_stick_with_marxism.html   (4959 words)

  
 Socialismus
Shachtmanism je kritický termín aplikovaný k formě Marxismus sdružil se s Max Shachtman.
Max Shachtman popsal SSSR jako “byrokratická kolektivistická” společnost.
Ačkoli Shachtmanism je obvykle popisován jako forma Trotskyism, oba Trotsky a Shachtman byl opatrný nepopisovat Shachtman pohled jako trockista.
socialismus.navajo.cz   (7002 words)

  
 STATE IN DEBATE
Shachtman and his supporters, who left the Socialist Workers Party (the American section of the Fourth International) to form the Workers Party (WP), argued that the USSR was not, as Trotsky claimed, a degenerated workers' state, but rather the first instance of a new, exploitative mode of production, bureaucratic collectivism.
Shachtman's writings, for example, are available chiefly in a collection, The Bureaucratic Revolution, which has long been out of print, and many of the articles were in any case bowdlerised by the author in order to reflect his current political opinions as opposed to those he held when he originally wrote them.
Shachtman's first version of the theory of bureaucratic collectivism thus took over many of the features of Trotsky's analysis of Stalinism that made it so fragile and vulnerable to political events, at the same time adding to it the further contradiction that this `belated', `transitory', `anachronism' was simultaneously `a new, exploitative society'.
pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk /isj73/callinic.htm   (3944 words)

  
 The Conflict in Poland (November 1946)
Shachtman is in error when he expects to confound the militants of the Fourth International by posing the problem of the nature of the Polish state to them.
Shachtman hasn’t the excuse of taking a position under the despair provoked by the barbarous activity of the GPU; he chooses the camp of Mickolajczyk not at Cracow confronted by Stalinist bayonets, but in New York, confronted by a monstrous press campaign in favor of Mickolajczyk.
Shachtman takes hold of political subjects like a merchant who displays his “latest Parisian styles,” devoured with ambition to beat “the competition” by “novelty.” But he is still forced to reckon with the psychology of his militants who continue to judge policy according to the outmoded criterion which is called the class criterion.
www.ernestmandel.org /en/works/txt/1946/conflict_in_poland.htm   (7249 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Shachtmanism is a hybrid political ideology that mixes (in varying ratios) Trotskyism and Social Democracy.
Therefore, they go beyond Trotsky's description of Stalinist Russia as being a "degenerated workers' state"; Max Shachtman described the USSR as a "bureaucratic collectivist" society, while Tony Cliff (and Ted Grant before him) called it "state capitalism".
Left Shachtmanites consider Communist nations to be as bad as imperialist nations (often calling Soviet aggression "imperialist"); the more right-wing, social democratic Shachtmanites (including Shachtman and SDUSA) consider Communist nations to be worse than Western capitalism, usually siding with the US government in international conflicts.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/s/sh/shachtmanism.html   (171 words)

  
 Vacilando.org on Shachtmanism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Shachtmanism is a critical term applied to the form of Marxism associated with Max Shachtman.
Although Shachtmanism is usually described as a form of Trotskyism, both Trotsky and Shachtman were careful to not describe Shachtman's view as Trotskyist.
This viewpoint was popularized within Shachtmanism in the 1960s and 1970s and inspired the transition of some former leftists into the Neoconservative movement, which espoused militant anti-Soviet foreign policy.
www.vacilando.org /?title=Shachtmanism   (694 words)

  
 Shachtmanism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Shachtmanism era un formulario de Trotskyism asociado a Shachtman máximo.
Shachtman máximo describió la URSS como sociedad del "collectivist burocrático".
Shachtmanism izquierdo, influenciado por el trabajo de Max Shachtman de los años 40, ve las naciones de Stalinist como siendo potencialmente imperialista y no ofrece ningún soporte a su dirección.
www.yotor.net /wiki/es/sh/Shachtmanism.htm   (500 words)

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