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Topic: Sharpless epoxidation


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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  
  Sharpless Epoxidation
The Sharpless Epoxidation allows the enantioselective epoxidation of prochiral allylic alcohols.
The asymmetric induction is achieved by adding an enantiomerically enriched tartrate derivative.
The oxidant for the epoxidation is tert-Butyl hydroperoxide.
www.organic-chemistry.org /namedreactions/sharpless-epoxidation.shtm   (53 words)

  
  K. Barry Sharpless -- Publications
Chabaud and K.B. Sharpless, Oxidation of Acetylenes with tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide Catalyzed by Selenium Dioxide.
Hori and K.B. Sharpless, Conversion of Allylic Phenylselenides to the Rearranged Allylic Chlorides by N-Chlorosuccinimide.
K.B. Sharpless, A.Y. Teranishi, and J.-E. Bäckvall, Chromyl Chloride Oxidations of Olefins.
www.scripps.edu /chem/sharpless/pubs.html   (5598 words)

  
 Australian Information from Wikipedia
Simple epoxides are named from the parent compound ethylene oxide or oxirane, such as in chloromethyloxirane.
Hydrolysis of an epoxide in presence of an acid catalyst generates a glycol.
The hydrolysis process of epoxides can be considered to be the nucleophilic addition of water to the epoxide under acidic conditions.
www.thinkingaustralia.com /thinking_australia/wikipedia/default.php?title=Epoxide   (449 words)

  
 Sharpless epoxidation - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Sharpless epoxidation is a chemical reaction of an allylic alcohol with t-butylperoxide and titanium tetraisopropylate to form an epoxide.
Epoxides can be easily converted into dialcohols, aminoalcohols or ethers, so formation of chiral epoxides is a very important step in the synthesis of natural products.
Barry Sharpless shared the Nobel prize in 2001 with William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori for his work on asymmetric oxidations.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Sharpless_epoxidation   (102 words)

  
 Sharpless epoxidation
tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) as the oxygen source, and of course the allylic alcohol to be epoxidated.
It is proposed that these reagents form an asymmetric complex, in which the allylic alcohol exposes one side of its double bond towards the oxygen to be transferred.
The positions of the t-butylperoxide and allyl system are mirrored, resulting in the opposite epoxide enantiomer.
www.ch.ic.ac.uk /motm/borkent/sharpless.html   (392 words)

  
 Intermediates and methods of preparation of intermediates in the enantiomeric synthesis of (20R)homocamptothecins and ...
The Sharpless epoxidation is the conversion of an alkene to an enantiomerically enriched epoxide by treatment with a titanium compound (for example titanium tetraisopropoxide) in the presence of tartrate derivatives (for example, diethyl tartrate) and an oxidant (for example, tert-butyl hydroperoxide).
Epoxide 6a was analyzed for enantiomeric purity using a Chiralcel OD-H column with 98.5:1.5 hexane:.sup.i PrOH as the eluent, using the racemate as the standard.
Epoxide 6b was analyzed for enantiomeric purity using a Chiralcel OD-H column with 98:2 hexane/.sup.i PrOH as the eluent with the racemate as the standard.
www.freepatentsonline.com /6723853.html   (7751 words)

  
 C&EN: JACS AT 125 - A PRACTICAL REACTION
Sharpless, a chemistry professor at Scripps Research Institute and winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2001 for his work on asymmetric oxidations, says one reviewer rejected the paper on the grounds that it was merely an incremental improvement over previous work.
Sharpless began exploring asymmetric transition-metal-catalyzed epoxidations of allylic alcohols in 1974.
Sharpless says he was inspired by enzymes to discover reactions that allow absolute control in the synthesis of stereocenters.
pubs.acs.org /cen/science/8143/8143jacs125.html   (883 words)

  
 NY-ACS Nichols Award Symposium 2006
Sharpless is best known for discovering three “name” reactions, general methods for catalytic asymmetric epoxidation, dihydroxylation, and aminohydroxylation.
While Sharpless was a graduate student, he recognized a role model in D. Barton; later, and until his death, Sir Derek became Sharpless’s valued mentor.
Sharpless continues at TSRI his career-long search for useful new reactivity and general methods for selectively controlling chemical reactions.
newyorkacs.org /nichols2006.html   (863 words)

  
 ARKAT USA, Inc.
An approach to the synthesis of enantiomerically pure azidotetrahydropyranols 4 involving stereospecific reduction of propargylic alcohol 7 followed by Sharpless epoxidation of the resultant alllyic alcohols 8 and 12 is presented.
Sharpless epoxidation of trans-allylic alcohol 12 using (–)diethyl tartrate gave the epoxide 13 in 86% yield.
In the case of this diastereoisomeric epoxide, no ring opening of the epoxide was observed in contrast to the outcome of the same reaction on epoxyaldehyde 10.
www.arkat-usa.org /home.aspx?VIEW=MANUSCRIPT&MSID=279   (2962 words)

  
 K. Barry Sharpless is awarded the 2001 Noble Prize in chemistry
Sharpless was awarded this year's prize in chemistry along with William S. Knowles of Monsanto and Ryoji Noyori of Nagoya University in Japan for the development of catalytic asymmetric synthesis.
In fact, these techniques, dubbed "Sharpless Epoxidation, Dihydroxylation, and Aminohydroxylations" have revolutionized organic chemistry by transforming asymmetric synthesis from nearly impossible to routine.
Sharpless was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1985.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2001-10/sri-kbs101101.php   (527 words)

  
 Assymetric Induction
Epoxidation of double bonds has proven to be an effective way of introducing oxygen functionality at both carbon atoms.
The trans-fused cycloalkene outlined by the light green box in equation 4 may be epoxidized by a peracid or by base treatment of a bromohydrin intermediate.
It is known that epoxidation of isolated alkenes by tert-butyl hydroperoxide may be catalyzed by transition metal catalysts, and that an allylic hydroxyl facilitates and facially directs the reaction.
www.cem.msu.edu /~reusch/VirtualText/sterslct.htm   (8654 words)

  
 Robert M. Hanson, chemistry
Hanson, Epoxide Migration (Payne Rearrangement) and Related Reactions, in Organic Reactions, Vol.
Yun Gao, R. Hanson, Janice M. Klunder, Soo Y.Ko, Hiroko Masamune, and K. Barry Sharpless, "Catalytic Asymmetric Epoxidation and Kinetic Resolution: Modified Procedures Including in Situ Derivatization" J.Amer.
Hanson and K.B. Sharpless, "Catalytic Asymmetric Epoxidation" J.
www.stolaf.edu /people/hansonr   (465 words)

  
 The Scripps Research Institute - News and Views
Sharpless kept trying new ways to challenge the all-too-perfect results, but none succeeded in derailing the findings.
They had developed what would come to be known as "the Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation," a simple process by which molecules of a single handedness could be selectively produced.
Sharpless was generous in his thanks to his family, his friends, his supporters—who include philanthropists Sam Skaggs and Arnold Beckman, the W. Keck Foundation, and the National Institutes of Health—and his many colleagues and fellow employees at TSRI.
www.scripps.edu /newsandviews/nobel/sharpless.html   (966 words)

  
 Sharpless epoxidation at AllExperts
The Sharpless epoxidation reaction is an enantioselective chemical reaction to prepare 2,3-epoxyalcohols from primary and secondary allyl alcohols.
Enantioselectivity is achieved by a catalyst formed from titanium tetra(isopropoxide) and tartrate ester.
Barry Sharpless shared the Nobel prize in 2001 for his work on asymmetric oxidations.The prize was shared with William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori.
en.allexperts.com /e/s/sh/sharpless_epoxidation.htm   (168 words)

  
 Danforth Lecturer 2002- Sharpless
Sharpless is best known for discovering three "name" reactions, general methods for catalytic asymmetric epoxidation, dihydroxlylation, and aminohydroxylation.
Also in 2001, Sharpless turned 60, an event celebrated with a three-day symposium during the American Chemical Society's annual meeting; all of the symposium's 33 speakers were former members of Sharpless's research group.
Sharpless is W.M. Keck Professor of Chemistry at the Scripps Research Institute.
www.grinnell.edu /academic/chemistry/danforth/sharplessvisit/jnl   (233 words)

  
 NY-ACS Nichols Award Symposium 2006
Sharpless is best known for discovering three “name” reactions, general methods for catalytic asymmetric epoxidation, dihydroxylation, and aminohydroxylation.
While Sharpless was a graduate student, he recognized a role model in D. Barton; later, and until his death, Sir Derek became Sharpless’s valued mentor.
Sharpless continues at TSRI his career-long search for useful new reactivity and general methods for selectively controlling chemical reactions.
www.newyorkacs.org /nichols2006.html   (863 words)

  
 [No title]
The synthesis of 5a and 5c are particularly suitable as subunits for liquid crystalline properties, and the scope of applications of difluoropyrrolidines 5 and their derivatives are currently being evaluated for use as liquid crystals and other new materials.
In marked contrast to such Sharpless catalysts, the difluorides 5 lack hydroxyl groups and are incapable of deprotonation that could lead to ligand exchange, in yet 5 are viable catalysts for asymmetric epoxidation.
The presence of fluorine ligands in organic reactions mediated by catalysis is an emerging area of importance.
www.chem.ucl.ac.uk /people/marson/newpages/research4.html   (1054 words)

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