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Topic: Short bowel syndrome


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  Short bowel syndrome - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Short bowel syndrome is a malabsorption disorder caused by either the surgical removal of the small intestine or the loss of its absorptive function due to diseases.
Short bowel syndrome usually appears when there is less than 1.8 meters (6 feet) of the small intestine left to absorb sufficient nutrients.
Short bowel syndrome caused by the surgical removal of a portion of the bowel may be a temporary condition, due to the adaptive property of the small intestine.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Short_bowel_syndrome   (447 words)

  
 PJ Online | Management of short bowel syndrome
Short bowel syndrome is a reduction in the small bowel’s capacity to adsorb and digest adequate amounts of nutrients, said WENDY LLOYD, pharmacist, Royal United Hospital, Bath.
Short bowel syndrome can be caused by an anatomically short bowel (as a result of surgery) or by a functional abnormality.
Problems caused by short bowel syndrome include diarrhoea or a high output stoma resulting in dehydration and reduced electrolyte, mineral and nutrient absorption, she explained.
www.pharmj.com /Editorial/20011020/forum/ukcpa_syndrome.html   (467 words)

  
 Short Bowel syndrome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Short bowel syndrome refers to the malabsorption of food nutrients due to disease or surgical removal of parts of the small intestine.
A person with short bowel syndrome is likely to be deficient in a range of important nutrients such as calcium, folate, iron, magnesium, vitamin B12 and zinc.
If a person has had bowel surgery, or is known to have a bowel disorder that affects absorption, the appearance of symptoms such as diarrhoea and abdominal pain suggests short bowel syndrome.
www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au /bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Short_bowel_syndrome?OpenDocument   (769 words)

  
 Short Bowel Syndrome
Short bowel syndrome is a group of problems affecting people who have had half or more of their small intestine removed.
Many people with short bowel syndrome are malnourished because their remaining small intestine is unable to absorb enough water, vitamins, and other nutrients from food.
Short bowel syndrome is treated through changes in diet, intravenous feeding, vitamin and mineral supplements, and medicine to relieve symptoms.
www.habibintl.com /short-bowel-syndrome.htm   (213 words)

  
 Indications - Short Bowel Syndrome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Definition: Short bowel syndrome is defined as marked malabsorption due to loss of functional mucosal surface from surgical resection, bypass as with an intestinal fistulae, or loss of mucosal cells from infection or ischemia.
For patients with moderate to severe short bowel syndrome, however, a temporary central venous catheter should be placed to allow delivery of the greatly increased fluid and electrolyte requirements as well as intravenous nutrition.
Depending on the amount of bowel left and the degree of adaptation, home intravenous nutritional support may be required daily, only some days of the week, or perhaps eventually not at all.
surgery.mc.duke.edu /nutrition/secure/Short_bowel_syndrome.html   (3604 words)

  
 Short Bowel Syndrome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Short bowel syndrome is a malabsorption disorder that is a complication of extensive surgical resection of the small bowel.
If more than half of the bowel is removed during surgery, the risk of small bowel syndrome is great.
The key symptoms of short bowel syndrome are large amounts of foul-smelling diarrhea and weight loss.
www.lakeside.ca /Patient_Info/short_bowel_syndrome.htm   (316 words)

  
 About Short Bowel Syndrome - Short Bowel Syndrome Program - Clinical Services - Children's Hospital Boston
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a complex and often devastating disorder caused by the loss of part of the small bowel.
A person with short bowel syndrome is likely to be deficient in a range of important nutrients because their intestine cannot absorb enough nutrients from food.
The extent of problems associated with short bowel syndrome usually depends on which sections of the small bowel are affected.
www.childrenshospital.org /clinicalservices/Site1993/mainpageS1993P4.html   (1215 words)

  
 JPEN: Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition: Short bowel syndrome
Short bowel syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms occurring after surgical intestinal resection characterized by weight loss and malabsorption of fluids and micro- and macronutrients.
In Woolf et al's study,3 8 patients with short bowel syndrome (length unknown), 3 of whom had a partial colon, were treated with a HCLF (60%:20%) and a LCHF (20%:60%) diet for 5 days, each in a crossover design.
In another study, 14 patients with short bowel syndrome (8 with colons and 6 without) were treated with 20 g/d of lactose and 4 g of milk.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3762/is_200209/ai_n9086657   (1270 words)

  
 Necrotizing Enterocolitis and Short Bowel Syndrome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Inflammatory bowel disease is rarely a cause for a short bowel in children.The severity of symptoms and the prevalence of short- and long-term complications relate to the site and the extent of the bowel excised, the residual surface area, and gut motility.
With resection of short bowel segments, the malabsorption is mild, but with extensive bowel removal, bile salt depletion becomes profound and steatorrhea predominates [25].
This is attained by mucosal villous hyperplasia and bowel dilatation.
www.naspgn.org /sub/NECROTIZING_ENTEROCOLITIS_AND_SHORT_BOWEL_SYNDROME.htm   (3002 words)

  
 transplant intestinal short bowel
Short bowel syndrome is the result of substantial loss or malfunction of absorptive intestinal surface.
Absence or malfunction of 75 percent or more of the intestinal tract usually results in severe short bowel syndrome and the need for total parenteral nutrition, or TPN — that is, supplying the body with nutrition intravenously by bypassing the gastrointestinal tract.
For those reasons, patients with short bowel syndrome are unable to maintain nutritional or intestinal fluid and electrolyte balance using their intestinal tract.
www.fairviewtransplant.org /intestinal/shortbowel.asp   (448 words)

  
 Irritable Bowel Syndrome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome sufferers often report abdominal pain as primarily acute or a generalized ache with superimposed periods of abdominal cramps, although sharp, dull, gas-like, or nondescript pains are also common.
These symptoms may be due to the coexistence or overlap of irritable bowel syndrome with another condition such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, or interstitial cystitis.
In irritable bowel syndrome there is no evidence of an organic disease, yet, something - a "deregulation" between the brain, the gut, and the central nervous system -- causes the bowel to become "irritated," or overly sensitive to stimuli.
www.ibs-symptoms.net /overweightpersonwithshortbowelsyndrome   (537 words)

  
 Short Bowel Syndrome
Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS) is defined as malabsorption resulting from anatomical or functional loss of a significant length of the small intestine.
The amount of bowel that must be lost to produce malabsorption is variable and depends on which section(s) is/are lost, and whether the ileocecal valve is preserved.
It is important that a patient be given as much enteral/oral nutrition as possible to facilitate bowel growth and increased absorption of nutrients, and to decrease the deleterious effects of TPN on the liver (Freund, 1991).
depts.washington.edu /growing/Assess/SBS.htm   (1728 words)

  
 AllRefer Health - Short Bowel Syndrome (Small Intestine Insufficiency)
Short bowel syndrome is condition of nutritional malabsorption related to the surgical removal or disease of a large portion of the small intestine.
When areas of the small intestine are removed surgically, there may not be enough surface area left in the remaining bowel to adequately absorb nutrients from food.
Necrotizing enterocolitis is a common cause of this syndrome in infants.
health.allrefer.com /health/short-bowel-syndrome-info.html   (332 words)

  
 Healthopedia.com - Short Bowel Syndrome (Short Bowel Malabsorption Syndrome)
Short bowel syndrome is a condition caused by surgery that removes part of the small intestine, such as an ileostomy.
The small bowel carries food from the stomach to the large bowel, which attaches to the rectum and anus.
The damage to the bowel is known as radiation enteritis.
www.healthopedia.com /short-bowel-syndrome   (354 words)

  
 eMedicine - Short-Bowel Syndrome : Article by Michael AJ Sawyer, MD
Important cofactors that help to determine whether the syndrome will develop or not include the premorbid length of small bowel, the segment of intestine that is lost, the age of the patient at the time of bowel loss, the remaining length of small bowel and colon, and the presence or absence of the ileocecal valve.
Clinical: Patients with the short-bowel syndrome invariably present with a history of several intestinal resections, as occurs with Crohn disease, or with a history of a major abdominal catastrophe or vascular accident, such as midgut volvulus or embolus to the superior mesenteric vessels.
In this population, the type of operation was selected based on criteria that included the age of the patient; the remaining bowel length; the presence or absence of bowel dilatation; the overall functional status of the bowel remnant, including intestinal transit time; and the presence or absence of complications related to parenteral nutrition.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic2746.htm   (10052 words)

  
 Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS)
Short bowel syndrome or SBS is one of the most serious complications of surgical treatments for Crohn's disease.
Small Bowel Syndrome may have a major impact on the quality of life of those who suffer from it.
In severe cases of Short Bowel Syndrome, parenteral nutrition (PN) is often required.
www.crohns.net /Miva/education/short_bowel_syndrome.shtml   (355 words)

  
 Short Bowel Syndrome - TPN
Before the advent of parenteral nutrition, patients with acute short bowel syndrome from mesenteric vascular infarction or massive small bowel surgical resection seldom survived.
Despite bowel adaptation and meticulous nutritional therapy, some patients are unable to be freed from parenteral nutrition.
If a large portion of the bowel is removed, or the distal end of the colon is so diseased that cannot be reconnect to the proximal intestine, the colostomy may be permanent.
www.drketi.com /TPN.html   (1050 words)

  
 Introduction: Short Bowel Syndrome - WrongDiagnosis.com
Short Bowel Syndrome information: Short bowel syndrome is a group of problems affecting people who have had half or more of their small intestine removed.
Researching symptoms of Short Bowel Syndrome: Further information about the symptoms of Short Bowel Syndrome is available including a list of symptoms of Short Bowel Syndrome, or alternatively return to research other symptoms in the symptom center.
Treatments for Short Bowel Syndrome: Various information is available about treatments available for Short Bowel Syndrome, current research about Short Bowel Syndrome treatments, or research treatments for other diseases.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /s/short_bowel_syndrome/intro.htm   (197 words)

  
 Short Bowel Syndrome
In patients with short bowel syndrome, proper attention must be paid to the replacement of the lost nutrients.
There are several complications both of short bowel syndrome and of TPN used to treat it.
For people with short bowel syndrome, the prognosis depends on balancing the benefits of proper nutrition with the risks of the potentially serious complications associated with TPN.
health.ivillage.com /digestion/dibowel/0,,5n98,00.html   (556 words)

  
 Gastoenterology Chapter 7 Short Bowel Syndrome
The severity of symptoms following resections of large segments of the small bowel relates to the extent of the resection, to the specific level of the resected small bowel and to the reason for which the resection was undertaken.
Resection of 50% of the small intestine results in significant malabsorption, and resection of 70% or more of the small intestine will result in severe malnutrition sufficient to cause death unless the patient's malnutrition is aggressively treated.
The most common cause of massive resection of the small bowel is small bowel ischemia, due to thrombosis or embolism of the superior mesenteric artery, thrombosis of the superior mesenteric vein, or low flow in the splanchnic vessels.
gastroresource.com /gitextbook/en/chapter7/7-14-pr.htm   (445 words)

  
 News 14 Carolina | 24 Hour Local News | HEALTH   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Short bowel syndrome can be caused by a number of diseases.
Because the intestine is short, it would be a combined intestine and liver transplant, which can be risky.
If it continues to not absorb nutrients, the bowel is bisected, and one end is sewn to the other.
www.news14charlotte.com /content/health?AC=&ArID=96565&SecID=26   (815 words)

  
 eMedicine - Short Bowel Syndrome : Article by Carmen Cuffari, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
In addition, the health of the remaining bowel, its absorptive capacity, and its ability to adapt are important.
The degree of hypersecretion is proportional to the degree of bowel resected.
Cummings JH: Colonic absorption: the importance of short chain fatty acids in man. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl 1984; 93: 89-99[Medline].
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic2088.htm   (5029 words)

  
 Short Bowel Syndrome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
A brief look at this syndrome and what it is, the symptoms, reasons and treatment.
I was born with a rare condition called Short Bowel Syndrome, which left me virtually unable to digest food.
For those who had or are waiting on a small bowel or liver/small bowel transplant.
www.medlina.com /short_bowel_syndrome.htm   (77 words)

  
 Progress in Transplantation: Intestinal rehabilitation: a management program for short-bowel syndrome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Establishing an accurate estimation of bowel length and anatomy is important to optimize the care of the SBS patient, but is often difficult.
A barium contrast small bowel series may also provide an estimate of bowel length and is useful to delineate other structural features such as the bowel diameter.
The degree of bowel adaptation is dependent, in part, on the residual bowel anatomy.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa4117/is_200412/ai_n9473054   (1139 words)

  
 Short bowel syndrome: a nutritional and medical approach -- Jeejeebhoy 166 (10): 1297 -- Canadian Medical Association ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The symptoms of short bowel syndrome are often evident in the
It is caused by increased absorption of oxalate
Nutritional absorption in short bowel syndrome: evaluation of fluid, calorie, and divalent cation requirements.
www.cmaj.ca /cgi/content/full/166/10/1297   (2659 words)

  
 Naorp :: Health :: Conditions and Diseases :: Digestive Disorders :: Intestinal :: Short Bowel Syndrome
DeAndre's Page: Parents of a child with short bowel syndrome and needing total parenteral nutrition, write their story.
MedlinePlus: Short Bowel Syndrome: Illustrations, definition, incidence, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this disease.
Nursing Spectrum: Short Bowel Syndrome and the Hospitalized Pediatric Patient: Nurses' knowledge and information about the care of patients with this syndrome and children who endure prolonged hospitalization.
www.naorp.org /Top/Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Digestive_Disorders/Intestinal/Short_Bowel_Syndrome   (504 words)

  
 Healthopedia.com - Short Bowel Syndrome: Treatment & Monitoring (Short Bowel Malabsorption Syndrome)
Diet is the primary treatment for short bowel syndrome.
This is a procedure in which calories and needed nutrients, including protein and fat, are given through an intravenous line, or IV.
A small bowel transplant is now used in some severe cases.
www.healthopedia.com /short-bowel-syndrome/treatment.html   (431 words)

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