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Topic: Shoulder

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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  Shoulder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In human anatomy, the shoulder joint is composed of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone).
The glenohumeral joint, to which the generic term "shoulder joint" usually refers, is a ball-and-socket joint that allows the arm to rotate in a circular fashion or to hinge out and up away from the body.
Tendons are tough cords of tissue that attach the shoulder muscles to bone and assist the muscles in moving the shoulder.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Shoulder   (422 words)

 Hard shoulder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Ireland, the hard shoulder is demarcated by road markings in the form of a single dashed yellow line (solid line on motorways), possibly with the addition of yellow cat's eyes (green when a junction is upcoming and the shoulder is temporarily closing).
In the USA, the right-hand shoulder is separated by a solid white line, and the left-hand shoulder (if the road is a divided highway) is separated from the main road by a solid yellow line.
Hard shoulders are always marked with a reflectorised solid white line which is 20 cm wide and is provided with a rumble strip.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hard_shoulder   (884 words)

The shoulder is a joint whose anatomy has the following important features from a clinical standpoint: (1) it is a ball and socket joint with a very shallow socket which allows a large range of motion but at the cost of the tendency to dislocate if the ligaments become injured.
Although arthroscopic shoulder stabilization is technically feasible, it is still in the developmental stage and not widely done, since the success rate for this operation has not been as high as for open stabilization, especially in active, athletic patients, and since the recovery is not significantly shortened by arthroscopic means.
Frozen shoulder, or arthrofibrosis, is the development of a stiff shoulder in the absence of significant trauma.
www.orthopaedic.com /peshoulder.htm   (1314 words)

 Dr. Koop - Shoulder Separation- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
The patient will have to put the shoulder in a sling for one to three weeks, depending on the severity of the injury.
Also, in addition to resting the shoulder, the patient must ice it for 20 to 30 minutes a few times a day in the beginning to ease the pain.
For a third-degree shoulder sprain, surgical repair of the ligaments is necessary to fix the joint.
www.drkoop.com /encyclopedia/43/546.html   (521 words)

 eMedicine - Dislocations, Shoulder : Article by Daniel D Price, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The shoulder's integrity is maintained by the glenohumeral joint capsule, the cartilaginous glenoid labrum (which extends the shallow glenoid fossa), and muscles of the rotator cuff.
Subsequent shoulder instability was significantly less frequent in the surgical group (relative risk, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.11-0.33), with half of the conservatively treated patients opting for subsequent surgery.
Simonet WT, Melton LJ, Cofield RH, Ilstrup DM: Incidence of anterior shoulder dislocation in Olmsted County, Minnesota.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/topic148.htm   (3137 words)

 Shoulder Injuries in Children and Adolescents
Children are prone to shoulder injuries because of their frequent involvement in sporting activities, their immature bones and joints, and the high demands that sport participation places on the shoulder.
Fractures of the shoulder in children and adolescents usually involve the clavicle (collar bone) or the humerus (upper arm bone).
Shoulder dislocation is extremely rare in young children but occasionally occurs in adolescents, especially due to a fall or to an injury during contact sports.
www.hughston.com /hha/a_13_1_1.htm   (1180 words)

 APTA | Shoulder
The third shoulder joint is the scapulothoracic or ST joint, which is the scapula as it lies over the thorax (back of the rib cage).
The shoulder is more than just these three joints, of course; it's an intricate system of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bursa sacs that work in precise harmony with each other.
Pain felt in the area of the shoulder can sometimes be caused by a variety of conditions that are beyond the scope of this article, including a pinched nerve in the neck and cardiac ailments.
www.apta.org /AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home&TEMPLATE=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm&CONTENTID=20448   (2373 words)

 The Shoulder   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Shoulder injuries can be caused by sports activities that involve excessive overhead motion like swimming, tennis, pitching and weightlifting.
Here is a series of shoulder exercises aimed at helping individuals strengthen their shoulder muscles and prevent injuries.
Shoulder Press-Up Exercise: Sit upright on a chair with armrests; your feet should be touching the floor.
orthoinfo.aaos.org /fact/thr_report.cfm?Thread_ID=121&topcategory=Shoulder   (660 words)

 Welcome to Shoulder to Shoulder, Inc.
Shoulder to Shoulder is a private, non-profit, non-governmental organization (NGO) formed in 1996.
Shoulder to Shoulder and Hombro a Hombro work in tandem to achieve a single mission: to develop educational and health programs to help poor, rural communities in Honduras achieve sustainable development and improve the overall health and well being of its residents.
Shoulder to Shoulder (the U.S. charitable partner) and Hombro a Hombro (the Honduran partner) have boards that are entirely volunteer positions.
www.shouldertoshoulder.org   (522 words)

 Questions and Answers about Shoulder Problems   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The glenohumeral joint, commonly called the shoulder joint, is a ball-and-socket type joint that helps move the shoulder forward and backward and allows the arm to rotate in a circular fashion or hinge out and up away from the body.
Shoulder pain may be localized or may be referred to areas around the shoulder or down the arm.
Shoulder pain or tenderness and, occasionally, a bump in the middle of the top of the shoulder (over the AC joint) are signs that a separation may have occurred.
www.niams.nih.gov /hi/topics/shoulderprobs/shoulderqa.htm   (3715 words)

 Arthritis Research Campaign | The Painful Shoulder   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body and is often affected by painful problems which limit movement.
When the problem is in the shoulder joint the pain is often felt over the front of the shoulder or in the upper part of the arm.
Arthritis in the shoulder joint is uncommon, although minor degrees of arthritis are often found in the acromioclavicular joint.
www.arc.org.uk /about_arth/booklets/6039/6039.htm   (3571 words)

 NBA.com: Shouldering the Load
Located at the tip of the shoulder, the A-C joint is often injured when a player falls on an outstretched arm, transmitting all the force in a shearing fashion to the A-C joint.
It is important to note that since the shoulder has such a great range of motion, the ligaments and capsule of the shoulder are compromised, thereby relying on the muscles and tendons for assistance with stability of the shoulder.
To conclude, the shoulder is a complex joint that requires careful attention to prevent injury and to rehabilitate in the event of an injury.
www.nba.com /features/abdenour_shoulder.html   (646 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Shoulder arthroscopy
Shoulder arthroscopy is a type of surgery to examine or repair the tissues inside or around your shoulder joint.
At the completion of the surgery, the fluid is drained from the shoulder, the small incisions are closed, and a dressing is applied.
Surgery to fix a cartilage tear is usually performed because the shoulder is not stable.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/007206.htm   (757 words)

 Shoulder Dystocia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The posterior shoulder is not in the hollow of the pelvis.
I believe that shoulder dystocia is not a soft tissue problem; thus the time spent cutting an episiotomy after the delivery of the head can be better spent performing maneuvers which have been proven to help resolve the true problem, which is the impaction of the shoulder behind the pubis.
Since shoulder dystocia is predominately caused by impaction of the fetal shoulder against the maternal pubic bone, and not the soft-tissue of the perineum, I have never been impressed that cutting an episiotomy is particularly helpful.
www.gentlebirth.org /archives/shoulderDystocia.html   (14017 words)

 Dislocated Shoulder (Shoulder Dislocation) | Shoulder | Injury A to Z | PhysioRoom.com: Sports Injury Shop, News & ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
A dislocated shoulder is common in contact sports such as rugby union or rugby league.
The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint that has a large range of movement but not a lot of stability.
A person with a dislocated shoulder will be unable to move the affected shoulder and will hold the arm protectively against the chest.
www.physioroom.com /injuries/shoulder/dislocation_sum.shtml   (276 words)

The shoulder is a very muscular joint that is frequently injured during athletics but it is also susceptible to inflammatory conditions.
Shoulder, or Acromioclavicular (AC) separations, usually result from a fall on the tip of the shoulder.
Shoulder bursitis is very common and frequently no cause or injury is obvious, although in the athletic population, people get associated impingement syndrome from participating in sports that involve the overhead throwing motion or swimming.
www.handballcity.com /shoulder.htm   (583 words)

 shoulder - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about shoulder   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The scapula is a flat, triangular bone with a depression called the glenoid cavity into which the head of the humerus fits.
Some protection is given by the glenoid ligament, which forms a sort of lip about the cavity, increasing its depth, and the acromion, a process of the scapula which forms a protective arch overhanging the shoulder socket.
Perched on the copper man's shoulder sat a yellow hen, with fluffy feathers and a pearl necklace around her throat.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /shoulder   (253 words)

Early range of motion of the shoulder with progression toward functional range of motion, (per surgeon’s restrictions), limited only by the prosthetic design and the patient’s potential.
Forward Elevation/Flexion of the shoulder is always performed in the plane of the scapula (~30 – 40 degrees of Abduction).
Check shoulder positioning in sling; this sling is to be worn at all times when upright, removed for therapy sessions.
www.greatseminarsandbooks.com /Tips/Entries/ShoulderArthroplastyRehabilitation.htm   (861 words)

 rotator cuff tear, tendonitis, impingement, injury, problem, pain
The rotator cuff is a group of 4 muscles that helps to lift your shoulder up over your head and also rotate it toward and away from your body.
Usually this occurs in people 30-80 years of age, and usually the weakness in the shoulder is only mild to moderate.
The rotator cuff is irritated because the shoulder is loose in the socket.
www.jointhealing.com /pages/shoulder/rotatorcuff.html   (255 words)

 Shoulder Surgery India, Dislocation, Rotatorcuff tear Repair
Shoulder surgery is done by open and arthroscopic methods.
Dr.Venkatachalam's interests are shoulder and knee arthroscopy, reconstructive surgery of the knee and shoulder for instability, joint replacements and trauma.
Total shoulder replacement is advised for osteo and rheumatoid arthritis, post traumatic arthritis of the shoulder and rotator cuff arthropathy.
www.shoulderindia.com   (464 words)

Shoulder to Shoulder is dedicated to helping to make our job easier by connecting fellow parents and caregivers, and sharing the insight of those who have been there before.
Shoulder to Shoulder was recently designated a Promising Practice by the National Association of City and County Health Officials (NACCHO).
This means that Shoulder to Shoulder is a program that exhibits potential by meeting at least one of the following three criteria: public health agency role, collaboration or innovation/responsiveness.
www.shouldertoshoulderminnesota.org   (451 words)

 SCOI Presents Shoulder Arthritis
The treatment of shoulder arthritis depends on how disabling and painful the disease is. Often your doctor will refer you to a rheumatologist who specializes in treating arthritis with medications.
The risks of total shoulder replacement are those of any standard surgical procedure and include infection, anesthesia risks (including death), nerve and vascular injury about the shoulder, and failure of the operation.
If the shoulder was extremely tight, the doctor prefers to support the arm in a brace after surgery that allows the muscles and ligaments to heal in a lengthened position.
www.scoi.com /sholarth.htm   (846 words)

 Shoulder   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
To improve the range of motion in your shoulder, your chiropractor may gently stretch the tissue in your shoulder.
Your chiropractor gently touches and moves your shoulder to check for tenderness, pain, swelling, and restricted range of motion in the joints.
Chiropractic care is one of the best ways to manage or prevent shoulder problems and maintain a healthier life.
www.wcc1.com /html/shoulder.html   (362 words)

 The Shoulder - Substance Abuse Program
The Shoulder is a Christian nonprofit drug and alcohol treatment center that opened in April of 1988 and is certified by the Alabama Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation.
The Shoulder offers several residential and non-residential treatment programs for adult men and women wishing to recover from their addictions to drugs and/or alcohol.
In addressing the needs of the total individual, The Shoulder focuses on recovery as a process of restoring the broken harmony of the mind, body and spirit that exists in people with addictive problems.
www.theshoulder.org   (187 words)

 Frozen Shoulder - Chronic Pain: health and medical information concerning chronic pain management
A frozen shoulder is a shoulder joint with significant loss of its range of motion in all directions.
Frozen shoulder is the result of inflammation, scarring, thickening and shrinkage of the capsule that surrounds the normal shoulder joint.
A frozen shoulder is suggested during examination when the shoulder range of motion is significantly limited, with either the patient or the examiner attempting the movement.
www.medicinenet.com /frozen_shoulder/article.htm   (429 words)

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