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Topic: Sino-Tibetan

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In the News (Mon 20 Nov 17)

 Sino-Tibetan languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The essential part of this is called the Sino-Bodic hypothesis, for it proposes that the closest relatives of Chinese are the Bodic languages such as Tibetan.
Chinese and Tibetan, for example, were not tonal in their earlier stages.
A few scholars such as Christopher I. Beckwith, Roy A. Miller, and W. Coblin question whether the Sinitic languages are related to Tibeto-Burman. /wiki/Sino-Tibetan_languages

 Tibetan Scholars assess chances for a Sino-Tibetan dialogue -
Under these "unpromising circumstances", the challenge for the exile Tibetans around the Dalai Lama will be to "determine whether it makes sense for Tibetans to bargain seriously with Beijing instead of preparing for a better day to strike a deal".
The 1990s were characterised by China pursuing a hard-line policy in Tibet and by the Tibetan leadership's "uneven commitment to engagement".
In the report, the authors argue that the two sides are unlikely to overcome their differences on substantive issues, thus leaving the chances for a negotiated solution of the Tibet issue still limited. /news/article.aspx?id=9109&...+for+a+Sino-Tibetan+dialogue

 SINO-TIBETAN LANGUAGES. The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition. 2000
See P. Benedict, Sino-Tibetan: A Conspectus (Princeton-Cambridge Studies in Chinese Linguistics Ser., No. 2; 1972); R. Shafer, Introduction to Sino-Tibetan (1966–73); H. Jaschke, Tibetan Grammar (1989).
The Tibeto-Burman languages include Tibetan, Burmese, and a number of other tongues, among which are the Bodo, Garo, and Lushai of Assam, the Kachin of Myanmar (Burma), and perhaps also the languages of the Chins and Nagas of Myanmar, the Karen tongues of Myanmar and Thailand, and the Lolo of SW China.
The number of tones differs in each language; three tones are found in Burmese, five in Thai, four in Mandarin Chinese, and nine in Cantonese Chinese. /aol/65/si/SinoTibe.html

 Tibetan youth congress (The largest Tibetan NGO)
Tibetan Youth Congress, the largest non-governmental organisation in exile, after series of meetings and discussions with the ex-Centrex members and intellectuals finally campaigned for the withdrawal of the referendum as they were convinced that the time is not ripe and conducive for the Tibetans to go for referendum.
Tibetans are forced to live in the high hills while Chinese occupy all the low and fertile lands.
The Tibetans expelled all the Chinese and Manchu troops from Lhasa and elsewhere in Tibet. /ttf.htm

 'Hands off' isn't enough for Tibet / Dalai Lama stops short of autonomy
The film, shot in the Tibetan language and seeking a distributor, is fictional, of course, as is a suicide-bombing scene at the Chinese embassy in India.
The actor, an activist with the Tibetan Youth Congress, the largest political Tibetan NGO, almost lost his left hand when he was caught between the iron-grilled gates of the Chinese embassy in Delhi during a stampede caused by police during a Free Tibet protest last year.
However, the core policy of the Central Tibetan administration is to work on negotiation with the Chinese leadership regarding the future status of Tibet," said Thupten Samphel, spokesman for the exile Tibetan government and secretary of its Department of Information and International Relations. /cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2005/07/24/ING6RDRP0J1.DTL

 OHCHR: Tibetan () - Universal Declaration of Human Rights
However, of the major languages of Asia, Tibetan has the most in common with Burmese, as both languages belong to the same branch of the Sino-Tibetan family.Tibetan is written in an Indian-derived script introduced around the 7th century A.D, probably based on the Sanskrit.
Written Tibetan is reported to be based on a southern dialect, but probably includes many separate languages.
OHCHR: Tibetan () - Universal Declaration of Human Rights /udhr/lang/tic.htm

 Tonality (from Sino-Tibetan languages) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Tibetans are sometimes distinguished by physical type, notably (1) a round-headed group found mostly in the cultivated river valleys of central and western Tibet, who resemble the Chinese and Myanmar (Burmese), and (2) a long-headed group who tend to be tall and...
Until the 13th century most Tibetan literary works were skillfully methodical translations from Sanskrit of Buddhist texts, on which Indian scholars and Tibetan translators worked side by side.
There are no tones in Purik, a Western Tibetan language; Ambo, a Northern Tibetan tongue; and Newari of Nepal. /eb/article-75017?tocId=75017

 talk.politics.tibet: FAQ [1/1]
In the Tibetan mind, regardless of who was in power, whether it was the Manchus, the Mongols or the Chinese, the east of Tibet was simply referred to as China.
Captured PLA documents are cited as the source of the claim that 87,000 Tibetans died in the 1959 revolt.
The view of the Tibetan government-in-exile is provided by its Department of Information and International Relations: Despite the lack of exact figures, and despite Chinese denials, the evidence points to a deliberate and long-standing population transfer policy. /faqs/tibet-faq

 Religion, Nationalism and Peace in Sudan: Religion and Peacemaking: U.S. Institute of Peace
Tibetan traditions would then be seen as a positive cultural resource rather than as a liability, and Tibetans would be respected and trusted enough to begin to manage their own affairs.
Tibetans refer to these provinces as part of historic Tibet—known to Tibetans as the former provinces of Kham and Amdo—but they are not part of the TAR proper.
The then Tibetan Regent Dagzhag Ngawang Sungrab and others who were in control of the Tibetan local government, supported by some foreign forces and disregarding the interests of the country and the Tibetans, rejected the central government's call for negotiation on the peaceful liberation of Tibet. /research/rehr/tibet.html

 Bibliography of Tibeto-Burman Languages and Cultures Sorted by Author
Tibetan inscriptions on the stone monument in front of the Tachao-ssu temple in Lhasa, 822 A. Epigraphia Indica 10: 89-93.
Batangjiangyu dongci quzhe xingtaide fenxihua (The analysization of inflexional morphology of verbs in Batang vernacular of Tibetan language).
An introduction to the grammar of the Tibetan language, with the texts of Situ sum-tag, Dag-je salwai me-long and Situi shal lung. /%7Elapolla/bib/author.html

 'Dialogue' or 'negotiation'? - The 2nd round of Sino-Tibetan contact begins
Both, the Tibetan and the Chinese side seem to agree on the necessity of establishing and maintaining 'contact', but it is questionable whether a consensus exists on the perception of this 'contact' and the perspective of its further development.
The visit of the Tibetan delegation demonstrates the willingness of the new Chinese leaders to continue the contact with the Dalai Lama which was started in September 2002, during the very last weeks of tenure of the outgoing Communist Party leadership.
The Tibetan side understands the Tibetan question as an issue between the Tibetan and the Chinese nations, and envisages its solution through 'genuine negotiations' aiming to accommodate the interests of both parties within the framework of an autonomous status. /wtnarchive/2003/5/29_1.html

Tibetan sa-cha, "place", is composed of the classifier sa- + cha, which represents PL P[?]FE+HA (= early (Sino-)Tibetan *byah), equivalent to IE -bh, a suffix forming place-names.
12) Palatalization was retained initially wherever possible; it appears in (Sino-) Tibetan as a y-glide; velarization, on the other hand, the w-glide, was lost.
In Alexander Csoma de Körös, Grammar of the Tibetan Language, p. /protolanguage/comparison.SINO-TIBETAN.10_phonology.htm

 Tibetan alphabet, pronunciation and language
Tibetan is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by about 6 million people in China (Tibet, Qinghai, etc), India, Bhutan, Sikkim, Ladakh and Nepal.
Tibetan literature is mainly concerned with Buddhist themes and includes works translated from Sanskrit and Chinese and original Tibetan works.
In Mongolia Tibetan is considered the Classical language of Buddhism and was widely taught until quite recently. /writing/tibetan.htm

 Learn Tibetan
Such a difference appears between the two since many of the Tibetan letters can also be used to mark tone, change a vowel sound, or even change the sound of another consonant.
The Tibetan alphabet was created also with the idea for using it to write Sanskrit words.
The Tibetan alphabet is derived from the ancient Brahmi script - so one can see similarities to the Indian alphabets. /Athens/Academy/9594/tibet.html

 Languages : Sino-Tibetan Family
Burmese : Tibetan : Yi : Lisu : Moso : Lahu : Karen /langfams_sinotibe.html

 Tibetan Studies Resources
This Center for Advanced Tibetan Studies is one of the leading institutions for the study of Tibetan language, history and culture, with an emphasis on non-Buddhist traditions.
"The Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center is a not-for-profit venture dedicated to creating and maintaining a digital archive of Tibetan literature, sharing that archive with as large an audience as possible, and coordinating efforts with other Tibetan archiving projects." The flagship project of E. Gene Smith.
A leading distributor of Tibetan works published in South Asia, many of which are now out of print. /area/sasia/Tibet/Tibetan_collection_web/ts_resources.htm

 Sino-Tibetan languages
Tibetan languages: some of which are agglutinative languages
Some linguists believe the Tai languages probably deserve a place within an expanded version of this family, though others favor the Austronesian family to include them. /s/si/sino_tibetan_languages.html

 Tibetan Software Archive
Tibetan Language section of Snow Lion Publication catalog list few programs you can buy from them.
This is a small archive of tibetan software that I collected for myself.
A good, but now somewhat out-of-date survey of asian-language computer programs available for PC's and Mac's can be found in the release 3 documentation of the Asian Classics Input Project in the section on Update on Available Asian-Language Computer Programs. /~uwe/tibet

 Sino-Tibetan dialogue to be assessed in European Parliament
Sino-Tibetan dialogue to be assessed in European Parliament
Tibetan tour guides to be replaced by Chinese: report
Belgium, on 8 July 2003 to assess the relationship between the Tibetans in /en/wtnarchive/2003/7/16_5.html

 tibetan rug ... kitchen accent rugs ...
Sino Tibetan Rug Floral Tibetan Rugs Wool Carpet
Tibetan Rug Design Z 76 Handmade Hand Knotted in China Wool Silk $400.00 Click to View all 3' x 5...
Find out more about antique tibetan rug get information and background /rgs/tibetan_rug.html

 Chinese Cultural Studies:  The Chinese Language and Alphabet
It is by no means clear, for example, whether the small group of Karen languages, spoken by around 2 million people in Burma, should be included or excluded from the Sino-Tibetan family.
Speaker estimates for Tibetan are very uncertain, largely because of the inflluence of Chinese in recent years; but a figure of 34 million seems likely.
After Chinese, Burmese and Tibetan are the two main languages of this family. /~phalsall/texts/chinlng2.html

 DaVinci: Science> Social Sciences> Linguistics> Languages> Natural> Sino-Tibetan> Tibetan
The latest round of Sino- Tibetan dialogue began in 2002 after a decade of...
DHARAMSALA'S APPEASEMENT POLICYTimes of Tibet, Tibet - Sep 22, 2005Warren Smith is the author of Tibetan Nation: A History of Tibetan Nationalism and Sino-Tibetan Relations.
was elected to the Assembly of Tibetan People's Deputies, the Tibetan Parliament in... /ODP/Science/Social_Sciences/Linguistics/Languages/Natural/Sino-Tibetan/Tibetan

 Window opens on Sino-Tibetan talks
As Beijing initiated ‘‘unofficial’’ talks with the exiled Tibetan leadership since 2002, the Dalai Lama has repeatedly proclaimed that he no longer seeks independence from China and is only interested in autonomy that will allow the Tibetans to freely pursue their social, economic and cultural development.
Exiled Tibetan sources told The Indian Express that the last round of talks in September 2004 ‘‘were the most extensive and serious exchange of views on Tibet so far’’.
Meanwhile, the Chinese government in Beijing and the local Tibetan government here are gearing up to mark the 40th anniversary of the formation of the Tibet Autonomous Region as an entity within China in September. /full_story.php?content_id=72786

 STEDT: The Sino-Tibetan Family
As the relationships between Chinese and Tibetan on the one hand, and Tibetan and Burmese on the other became obvious, vague notions of an "Indo-Chinese" family (Hodgson 1853, Conrady 1896) began to crystallize.
The existence of the TB family was posited as early as the 1850's, when it was noticed that many words in "Written Tibetan" (WT), attested since the 7th c.
Written Tibetan is consonantally the most archaic attested TB language, preserving e.g. /html/STfamily.html

 Sino-Tibetan Languages
Linguists believe that languages in the Sino-Tibetan family are related, having a common ancestral language.
Tibetan, the principal language of the Bodic branch, is spoken throughout Tibet, in parts of western China, in Nepal, and in communities of Tibetan refugees in India.
The languages of the Baric branch are spoken in Yunnan, northern and western Myanmar, and eastern India. /~blackmon/E64ContentFiles/LinguisticsAndLanguages/SinoTibetanLanguages.html   (1006 words)

 Sino-Tibetan languages. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The Sino-Tibetan languages have in common several features, which are exhibited to a greater or lesser extent in the individual tongues.
The Tai or Thai subfamily of Sino-Tibetan is made up of the Thai language (formerly called Siamese) of Thailand, the Lao tongue of Laos, the Shan language of Myanmar, possibly the Vietnamese tongue of Vietnam, and a number of others.
The classification of a number of the languages suggested for the Sino-Tibetan family and its various subfamilies is still unresolved, and more work must be done before general agreement is reached. /65/si/SinoTibe.html   (660 words)

 Tibetan Language
Manjushree Center of Tibetan Culture in Darjeeling, West Bengal, India is registered and approved by the Department of Education of the Central Tibetan Administration of H.H. the Dalai Lama.
At present we are focused on Nyingma and Bonpo literature, but plan eventually to expand to other types of Tibetan literature as well.
Since the late 1960s, these and other Tibetan materials have been systematically acquired, identified, marked, shelved, and circulated to Tibetan scholars. /WWWVLPages/TibPages/tib-language.html   (660 words)

 Scott DeLancey Curriculum Vitae
*Lhasa Tibetan evidentials and the semantics of causa- tion.
Language and Prehistory in the Americas Conference, University of Colorado, March 22-25, 1990.
Proceedings of the 1993 Mid-America Linguistics Conference and Conference on Siouan/Caddoan Languages, pp. /~delancey/cv.html   (1435 words)

 Sino-Tibetan languages --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
Superfamily of languages whose two branches are the Sinitic or Chinese languages and the Tibeto-Burman family, an assemblage of several hundred very diverse languages spoken by about 65 million people from northern Pakistan east to Vietnam, and from the Tibetan plateau south to the Malay Peninsula.
Tibeto-Burman languages of northeastern India include the Bodo-Garo languages (spoken in Assam) and the northern Naga languages of Nagaland; perhaps allied to these is Jinghpaw (Jingpo), spoken in northern Myanmar.
Central Tibeto-Burman languages are spoken mainly in Arunachal Pradesh in India and in adjacent parts of China and Myanmar; they include Lepcha, an official language of Sikkim. /ebc/article-9378761   (983 words)

 Languages of India
Languages of the Indo-European group are spoken mainly in northern and central regions.
The languages of southern India are mainly of the Dravidian group.
Although some of the languages are called "tribal" or "aboriginal", their populations may be larger than those that speak some European languages. /languages   (387 words)

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