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Topic: Sir George Cayley

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In the News (Wed 12 Jun 19)

  George Cayley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sir George Cayley (27 December 1773 - 15 December 1857) was an exuberant polymath from Brompton-by-Sawdon, near Scarborough in Yorkshire.
He was the uncle of the mathematician Arthur Cayley.
Sir George inherited Brompton Hall and its estates on the death of his father, together with the title of Baronet.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sir_George_Cayley   (462 words)

 The Pioneers : An Anthology : Sir George Cayley Bt. (1773 - 1857)
Cayley described many of the concepts and elements of the modern airplane and was the first to understand and explain in engineering terms the concepts of lift and thrust.
Cayley was interested in reducing the 'direct resistance' (drag) of the spars in his gliders and developed the first instrument for testing streamlining.
Cayley introduced many innovations -- wing dihedral, the tension wheel undercarriage are diverse examples -- and, as early as 1809, the suggestion that the shape of the rear of a body is as important as the front in determining resistance so that a streamlined tail is beneficial.
www.ctie.monash.edu.au /hargrave/cayley.html   (3311 words)

 Sir George Cayley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Sir George Cayley was born in 1773 in Scarborough England.
A wealthy landowner, Cayley is considered the father of aerial navigation and a pioneer in the science of aerodynamics.
Cayley's first full-size model in 1849 was large enough to support the weight of a boy.
www.centennialofflight.gov /essay/Dictionary/Cayley/DI15.htm   (205 words)

 George Cayley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
George Cayley was born in Scarborough, Yorkshire, in 1773.
Cayley realised that control of flight could not be achieved until a lightweight engine was developed to give the thrust and lift required.
It was not until 1853 that Cayley managed to build a machine that could carry the weight of a man. He also built a triplane and in 1853 persuaded his coach driver to fly 900 feet (275 m) across a small valley.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /AVcayley.htm   (283 words)

 Sir George Cayley's Man Carrying Glider   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
However, Sir George Cayley's endeavors (including in areas other than aeronautics) have hardly been forgotten, for he is seen as, perhaps, the single most important aerial researcher and theoretician of his time.
Sir George Cayley was born in 1773, in Yorkshire.
Sir George Cayley's coachman eyed the winged contraption on the hilltop with the apprehension of a man who felt more at ease with horses than with machines.
www.fiddlersgreen.net /aircraft/private/cayley/info/info.htm   (1756 words)

 Sir George Cayley û Making Aviation Practical
Sir George Cayley, born in 1773, is sometimes called the ôFather of Aviation.ö A pioneer in his field, he is credited with the first major breakthrough in heavier-than-air flight.
Finally, Cayley was the first investigator to apply the research methods and tools of science and engineering to the solution of the problems of flight.
It had a fixed main wing, a fuselage, a cruciform tail unit with surfaces for vertical and horizontal control, a cockpit for the pilot, and a rudimentary means of propulsion that consisted of revolving vanes, a precursor to the propeller.
www.centennialofflight.gov /essay/Prehistory/Cayley/PH2.htm   (1122 words)

 UNC-TV:Mystery Of Flight
Cayley defined the form of the present day airplane by breaking away from the previous ideas of how powered flight would be achieved.
Cayley later tried to develop the "prime mover" that he realized was necessary for powered flight, but unfortunately his gunpowder engines were not reliable.
The reverse side of the disc shows Cayley’s analysis of the lift and drag forces on a wing surface, representing a significant step in our understanding of flight, and in 1804 Cayley followed it up with experiments using a "whirling arm," the first ever scientific testing of aerofoils—the key to the Wright brothers' success.
www.unctv.org /firstflight/sgcayley.html   (206 words)

 Sir George Cayley
Sir George Cayley was a genius of science whose works in aeronautics pioneered the conquest of flight.
Cayley's genius embraced many disciplines and pioneered the way for later advances such as combustion engines, spoked wheels, the caterpillar tractor, finned missiles, railway safety devices, and medical equipment.
The first true pioneer of flight, Sir George Cayley opened the vista of flight to mankind.
www.allstar.fiu.edu /aero/cayley.htm   (343 words)

 George Cayley
Sir George Cayley, of Bromton Hall in Yorkshire, first published details of his invention in the form of a letter to the editor of Nicholsons Journal in 1807.
Sir George did not patent his ideas until 1837 when the invention was taken up on both sides of the Atlantic in the form of the heavy and cumbersome furnace gas engine.
Cayley was interested in aviation and was it seems trying to find a suitable power plant to fit in his aircraft designs, also the 1837 patent details the application of his air engine to a road carriage.
www.stirlingengines.org.uk /pioneers/pion3.html   (445 words)

 Sir George Cayley Article, SirGeorgeCayley Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Sir George inherited BromptonHall and its estates on the death of his father, together with the title of Baronet.
The glider was launched from a hill on the Brompton Estate by several teams of estateworkers pulling on ropes and running downhill, and Sir George Cayley's coachman (his name is lost to history) flew the machine for a distance ofbetween 100 and 200 metres across Brompton Dale into a meadow on the other side.
Sir George was 79 years old at the time andnot in the best of health, which perhaps to some extent excuses him for not risking his own neck in the glider.
www.anoca.org /he/years/sir_george_cayley.html   (756 words)

 Maximilian Genealogy Master Database 2000 - pafg337 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Digby CAYLEY Rev was born 1745 and died 1798.
George Walter WRANGHAM Rector M.A. was born 30 Mar 1804.
Digby Cayley WRANGHAM was born 16 Jun 1805.
www.peterwestern.f9.co.uk /maximilia/pafg337.htm   (100 words)

 Sir George Cayley and History of Aerodynamics
Sir George Cayley is sometimes called the father of aeronautics.
Sir George Cayley - The Inventor of the Airplane, Max Parrish - London, 1961.
Sir George Cayley (1773-1857), Her Majesty's Stationary Office, London, 1968.
aerodyn.org /People/cayley.html   (533 words)

 Gliding Magazine | Features
This article discusses the contributions of Sir George Cayley, who was born on December 27, 1773, and died on December 15, 1857.
I have only shown the cover which was flown in the Cayley replica, first by Richard Branson on a successful glide across the valley in the morning, and then by Allan McWhirter along the valley floor in the afternoon on a car tow.
In world-wide aerophilately, Sir George is frequently shown in the cachet of First Day Covers, but as far as we know only two postage stamps were issued to honour his contribution to aeronautics - by Monaco and Cambodia.
www.glidingmagazine.com /ListFeatureArticleDtl.asp?id=357   (1634 words)

 First Flight
Sir George Cayley has been described as the ‘Father of Aerial Navigation’.
Cayley defined the form of the present day aeroplane by breaking away from the previous ideas of how powered flight would be achieved.
Cayley later tried to develop the ‘prime mover’ that he realised would be needed for powered flight, but unfortunately his gunpowder engines were not reliable.
firstflight.open.ac.uk /cayley/cayley.html   (216 words)

In 1799 Sir George Cayley (1773-1857), of Brompton, Yorkshire, England, was first to document the aerodynamic forces of flight, pitch, roll, and yaw with a diagram on a small silver disk.
He recognized the importance of having the wing at the correct angle in relation to the airflow (angle of attack), as well as the fact that superposed wings (bi- or triplane design) gave maximum lift with minimum structure weight.
In 1809, Cayley was quoted as saying, "I feel perfectly confident that we shall be able to transport ourselves and families, and their goods and chattels, more securely by air than by water, and with a velocity of from 20 to 100 miles per hour."
www.ohtm.org /cayley.html   (196 words)

 World Aviation Systems Australia > Press Releases
The Cayley glider was designed by Sir George Cayley and took flight from Brompton Dale with George Cayley's reluctant coachman as its passenger.
Sir George Cayley was born in 1773 and is widely recognised as the 'Father of Aviation' and a genius of science whose works in aeronautics pioneered the conquest of flight.
The flight of the replica is the centrepiece of a day of events to mark the achievements of Sir George Cayley, a Yorkshire born man who was the inspiration behind the Wright Brother's flight in December 1903.
www.worldaviation.com.au /press/virgin_030430b.asp   (539 words)

 George Cayley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Sir George Cayley (el 27 de diciembre de 1773 - el 15 de diciembre de 1857) era un polymath exuberante de Brompton-por-Sawdon, cerca de Scarborough en Yorkshire.
Sir George heredó Brompton Pasillo y sus estados en la muerte de su padre, junto con el título del baronet.
Creen a sir George haber trabajado enteramente solamente en su revelado de una teoría del vuelo.
www.yotor.net /wiki/es/ge/George%20Cayley.htm   (635 words)

 WebWings | History of Aviation | Sir George Cayley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Sir George Cayley, a baron of Scarborough in 19th century England, was fascinated with science at an early age.
Cayley believed gliders and plane flight were the way of the future.
Cayley is seen as the "father of aviation" for exploring and explaining the science of flight.
www.bsu.edu /academy/webwings/hist03.html   (147 words)

 Sir George Cayley's coachman: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com - All about Sir George Cayley's coachman   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Sir George Cayley's coachman was the world's first aeroplane pilot.
In late June or early July, 1853, he flew a glider designed and built by his employer for 200 metres across Brompton Dale[?], near Scarborough in Yorkshire.
It is said that his first action after landing safely was to quit his job, telling Sir George "I was hired to drive, not to fly!"
www.encyclopedian.com /si/Sir-George-Cayley%27s-coachman.html   (116 words)

 George Cayley -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Sir George Cayley (27 December 1773 - 15 December 1857) was an exuberant (A person of great and varied learning) polymath from Brompton-by-Sawdon, near (Click link for more info and facts about Scarborough) Scarborough in (A former large county in northern England; in 1974 it was divided into three smaller counties) Yorkshire.
Sir George inherited Brompton Hall and its estates on the death of his father, together with the title of (A member of the British order of honor; ranks below a baron but above a knight) Baronet.
Captured by the optimism of the times, he engaged in a wide variety of (The discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems) engineering projects.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/g/ge/george_cayley.htm   (498 words)

 The Balloon-Hoax by Edgar Allan Poe Page 2
Henson's scheme (which at first was considered very feasible even by men of science,) was founded upon the principle of an inclined plane, started from an eminence by an extrinsic force, applied and continued by the revolution of impinging vanes, in form and number resembling the vanes of a windmill.
This consideration led Sir George Cayley to think only of adapting a propeller to some machine having of itself an independent power of support - in a word, to a balloon ; the idea, however, being novel, or original, with Sir George, only so far as regards the mode of its application to practice.
Henson's scheme, and of Sir George Cayley's, to the interruption of surface in the independent vanes.
www.site-webmaster.com /literature/edgar-allan-poe/balloon-hoax/balloon-hoax-2.php   (446 words)

 timelin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Sir George Cayley, a baronet in Yorkshire, near Scarborough, England, conceives a craft with stationary
Sir George Cayley, England, builds a miniature glider with a single wing and a movable tail mounted
Sir George Cayley builds a small glider designed to lift about 80 pounds of the ground.
www.pburg.k12.nj.us /PMS/gt/airplanes/timelin.htm   (294 words)

 BBC NEWS | England | Humber | Replica glider celebrates anniversary
Sir George Cayley's glider took off from Brompton Dale, near Scarborough, in 1853, carrying his coachman John Appleby.
Sir George was born in 1773 in Scarborough.
When the Cayley Glider took its first flight he was aged 79, hence his coachman became the world's first pilot.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/england/humber/3039825.stm   (277 words)

 Wired News: The Englishman Who Wanted to Fly
Decades before the brothers were born, Cayley had sketched out the basics of the modern airplane.
Examining seagulls, Cayley noticed that it was the angle and the shape of the wings that kept the birds aloft, not just flapping.
In 1799, at the age of 26, Cayley diagramed these forces in an engraving on a silver disc about the size of a quarter.
www.wired.com /news/technology/0,1282,61611,00.html   (693 words)

 FLYING MACHINES - Sir George Cayley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Three years later, Cayley inscribed a silver medallion (above) which clearly depicted the forces that apply in flight.
On the other side of the medallion Cayley sketched his design for a monoplane gliding machine.
Sketch By George Cayley Of The Monoplane Glider - 1848
www.flyingmachines.org /cayl.html   (489 words)

 Model Flying Machines
Sir George's drawing of it, plus a written description, can be found here.
The book "Sir George Cayley's Aeronautics 1796-1855" by Charles Gibbs-Smith is a valuable resource for anyone wanting to make replicas of Sir George's designs.
Sir George's own description of it can be found here.
www.geocities.com /aerohydro/mfm/model.htm   (882 words)

 George Augustine Taylor, Australian aviation pioneer (1872 - 1928)
George Augustine Taylor, Taylor's wife Florence, Edward Hallstrom and Mr.
George Taylor then took his position on the lower wing.
Taylor, Edward Hallstrom (later Sir Edward Hallstrom of Refrigerator fame and patron of Taronga Park Zoo) and the Shultz' also made glides that day, thus assuring that Australians were the first to be airborne in Australia.
www.ctie.monash.edu /hargrave/taylor_bio.html   (1272 words)

 BBC NEWS | UK | The forgotten father of flight
Cayley is the man described by aviation experts as the father of aeronautics.
But Cayley realised that only a flight with a grown man would demonstrate the potential of his strange-looking aircraft.
This weekend, 150 years after Sir George's coachman was carried aloft, the aircraft will be given pride of place in celebrations intended to remind Britain about its forgotten pioneer of aviation.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/uk/3042182.stm   (762 words)

 Celebrating 100 Years of Controlled Flight | Sir George Cayley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Sometimes referred to as the "Father of Aviation", Sir George Cayley was born in 1773.
Before Cayley, researchers were trying to make planes that flew like winged birds (ornithopters).
Cayley was the first to use modern engineering methods.
www.newton.mec.edu /brown/te/FLIGHT/Wright_Brothers/cayley.html   (350 words)

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