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Topic: Sir Isaac Newton


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  Isaac Newton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Newton was born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, a hamlet in the county of Lincolnshire.
Newton is believed to have been the first to explain precisely, the formation of the rainbow from water droplets dispersed in the atmosphere in a rain shower.
Newton is often accused of being a unitarian and arian, and not believing in the church's doctrine of divine trinity.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Isaac_Newton   (4075 words)

  
 Newton's life
Newton made contributions to all branches of mathematics then studied, but is especially famous for his solutions to the contemporary problems in analytical geometry of drawing tangents to curves (differentiation) and defining areas bounded by curves (integration).
Newton's work on pure mathematics was virtually hidden from all but his correspondents until 1704, when he published, with Opticks, a tract on the quadrature of curves (integration) and another on the classification of the cubic curves.
Newton sought to reconcile Greek mythology and record with the Bible, considered the prime authority on the early history of mankind.
www.newton.cam.ac.uk /newtlife.html   (2140 words)

  
 Newton, Sir Isaac
Sir Isaac Newton, the culminating figure in the scientific revolution of the 17th century, was born on Jan. 4, 1643 (N.S.; Dec. 25, 1642, O.S.), in the manor house of Woolsthorpe, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England.
Isaac Barrow, a Fellow of Trinity College and Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in the University, was so impressed by Newton's achievement that when he resigned his chair in 1669 to devote himself to theology, he recommended that the 27-year-old Newton take his place.
Newton argued that white light is really a mixture of many different types of rays, that the different types of rays are refracted at slightly different angles, and that each different type of ray is responsible for producing a given spectral color.
euler.ciens.ucv.ve /English/mathematics/newton.html   (2152 words)

  
 BBC - History - Sir Isaac Newton (1643 - 1727)
Newton treated the moving body as the passive subject of external forces acting upon it, and this new approach to impact dynamics remains the basis for the analysis of impact today.
Newton took his studies on impact a step further, and used them to show that the earth's rotation does not fling bodies into the air because the force of gravity, measured by the rate of falling bodies, is greater than the centrifugal force arising from the rotation.
Newton realised that this was not the case - a white page with fl writing did not appear coloured when viewed from a distance and the fl and white blended, it appeared as grey.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/historic_figures/newton_isaac.shtml   (2613 words)

  
 Newton, Sir Isaac. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Newton studied at Cambridge and was professor there from 1669 to 1701, succeeding his teacher Isaac Barrow as Lucasian professor of mathematics.
Newton’s discoveries in optics were presented in his Opticks (1704), in which he elaborated his theory that light is composed of corpuscles, or particles.
Newton was his university’s representative in Parliament (1689–90, 1701–2) and was president of the Royal Society from 1703 until his death.
www.bartleby.com /65/ne/Newton-S.html   (517 words)

  
 The Scientists: Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727).
Newton had a bad start with his schooling; he has been described as having been one of the poorest performing students in the grammar school in which his grandmother had placed him.
Newton lived in London in a comfortable setting and had "a beautiful niece to keep house for him."7 He pursued his studies without any subsidies; and he bought all of his own equipment.
This force described by Newton was thought to be of equal application throughout the universe, here on earth and, out there, among the cosmos; it came to be called "universal gravitation." It is this same force that will haul the ungriped coffee cup crashing to the floor, and keeps the celestial objects in their path.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Biographies/Science/Newton.htm   (1941 words)

  
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Newton immersed himself in the new mechanical philosophy of Descartes, Gassendi, and Boyle; in the new algebra and analytical geometry of Vieta, Descartes, and Wallis; and in the mechanics and Copernican astronomy of Galileo.
Newton showed that the spectrum was too long to be explained by the accepted theory of the bending (or refraction) of light by dense media.
Newton's greatest achievement was his work in physics and celestial mechanics, which culminated in the theory of universal gravitation.
www.phy.hr /~dpaar/fizicari/xnewton.html   (2087 words)

  
 Newton
Isaac Newton was born in the manor house of Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire.
Newton explained a wide range of previously unrelated phenomena: the eccentric orbits of comets, the tides and their variations, the precession of the Earth's axis, and motion of the Moon as perturbed by the gravity of the Sun.
Newton was at the height of his standing - seen as a leader of the university and one of the most eminent mathematicians in the world.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/Mathematicians/Newton.html   (3702 words)

  
 Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), the illustrious natural philosopher, was born at Woolsthrope Manor in Lincolnshire.
Newton cites Thucydides and Socrates, the musician Terpander, and the Olympic disk of Lycurgus, he uses his calculation of the procession of the equinoxes since the time of Hipparcus, and he substituted a reckoning of 20 years each instead of 33 for the succession of the Kings of Sparta.
Isaac Newton concluded that it is intended that Revelation will be understood by very few until near the end of history, the time of judgment, and the beginning of the everlasting kingdom of the Saints of the Most High.
www.reformation.org /newton.html   (1513 words)

  
 Isaac Newton (1642 - 1727)
Newton replied saying that he had abandoned the study of philosophy, but he added that the earth's diurnal motion might be proved by the experiment of observing the deviation from the perpendicular of a stone dropped from a height to the ground - an experiment which was subsequently made by the Society and succeeded.
Newton assumed that all geometrical magnitudes might be conceived as generated by continuous motion; thus a line may be considered as generated by the motion of a point, a surface by that of a line, a solid by that of a surface, a plane angle by the rotation of a line, and so on.
Newton then went on to apply these results to questions connected with the maxima and minima of quantities, the method of drawing tangents to curves, and the curvature of curves (namely, the determination of the centre of curvature, the radius of curvature, and the rate at which the radius of curvature increases).
www.maths.tcd.ie /pub/HistMath/People/Newton/RouseBall/RB_Newton.html   (8709 words)

  
 Isaac Newton Biography - Newton's Life, Career, Work - Dr Robert A. Hatch
Newton's childhood was anything but happy, and throughout his life he verged on emotional collapse, occasionally falling into violent and vindictive attacks against friend and foe alike.
Newton was so furious with Hooke that he threatened to suppress Book III of the Principia altogether, finally denouncing science as 'an impertinently litigious lady.' Newton calmed down and finally consented to publication.
Newton attempted to explain this phenomenon by employing the particle theory in conjunction with his hypothesis of 'fits of easy transmission [refraction] and reflection.' After making careful measurements, Newton found that the thickness of the film of air between the lens (of a given curvature) and the glass corresponded to the spacing of the rings.
web.clas.ufl.edu /users/rhatch/pages/01-Courses/current-courses/08sr-newton.htm   (4208 words)

  
 Sir Isaac Newton: The Universal Law of Gravitation
Finally, Newton reasoned that if the cannon projected the cannon ball with exactly the right velocity, the projectile would travel completely around the Earth, always falling in the gravitational field but never reaching the Earth, which is curving away at the same rate that the projectile falls.
Newton concluded that the orbit of the Moon was of exactly the same nature: the Moon continuously "fell" in its path around the Earth because of the acceleration due to gravity, thus producing its orbit.
However Newton, largely as a corollary of his 3rd Law, demonstrated that the situation actually was more symmetrical than Kepler imagined and that the Sun does not occupy a privileged postion; in the process he modified Kepler's 3rd Law.
csep10.phys.utk.edu /astr161/lect/history/newtongrav.html   (1830 words)

  
 Sir Isaac Newton (1642/3–1727):
Isaac was taken out of school to run the family farm to support his mother and her three younger children.
Sir Isaac Newton used prisms to show that sunlight was made up of all the colours of the rainbow.
Although a devout Christian, Newton was not in full agreement with all the doctrines of the Church of England.
www.answersingenesis.org /creation/v12/i3/newton.asp   (2160 words)

  
 Isaac Newton
The legend is that Newton saw an apple fall in his garden in Lincolnshire, thought of it in terms of an attractive gravitational force towards the earth, and realized the same force might extend as far as the moon.
Newton realized that the moon's circular path around the earth could be caused in this way by the same gravitational force that would hold such a cannonball in low orbit, in other words, the same force that causes bodies to fall.
Newton's answer was that the natural acceleration of the moon was much smaller than that of the cannonball because they were both caused by a force---a gravitational attraction towards the earth, and that the gravitational force became weaker on going away from the earth.
galileoandeinstein.physics.virginia.edu /lectures/newton.html   (1834 words)

  
 Sir Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton was born in 1643 in Woolsthorpe, England.
Newton's mother remarried and he was left in the care of his grandmother.
As the years progressed, Newton completed his work on universal gravitation, diffraction of light, centrifugal force, centripetal force, inverse-square law, bodies in motion and the variations in tides due to gravity.
starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov /docs/StarChild/whos_who_level2/newton.html   (513 words)

  
 Sir Isaac Newton | Scientist and Mathematician
Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 (by the Julian calendar then in use; or January 4, 1643 by the current Gregorian calendar) in Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire, England.
As mathematician, Newton invented integral calculus, and jointly with Leibnitz, differential calculus.
Newton died in London on March 20, 1727 and was buried in Westminster Abbey, the first scientist to be accorded this honor.
www.lucidcafe.com /library/95dec/newton.html   (553 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Video: Biography - Sir Isaac Newton (1998)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
SIR ISAAC NEWTON examines the many discoveries and private fears of this remarkable man. Leading scientists trace the extent and impact of his discoveries, and reveal the self doubt that led him to hold back on publishing many of his findings.
Newton was a complex man who struggled in terms of his relationships with human beings, living a rather reclusive life devoted solely to his work.
Newton, to his surprise, had already provided an answer to the question, and in the Principia Newton was to describe the laws of gravity, put forth his famous three laws of thermodynamics, explain the celestial rotation of heavenly bodies, and basically postulate and demonstrate a mathematical structure to the universe itself.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1565019822?v=glance   (1847 words)

  
 Newton, Sir Isaac --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Isaac Newton, portrait by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1689.
One newton is equal to a force of 100,000 dynes in the centimetre-gram-second (CGS) system, or a force of about 0.2248 pound in the foot-pound-second...
Sir Isaac Newton law of gravity helped prove that the sun was the center of the universe.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9108764   (895 words)

  
 Super Scientists - Sir Isaac Newton   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Sir Isaac Newton is best known for explaining how gravity works.
Newton was born in Woolsthorpe, England on January 4, 1643.
Newton was knighted by Queen Anne and became Sir Isaac in 1705.
www.energyquest.ca.gov /scientists/newton.html   (249 words)

  
 Sir Isaac Newton
Newton's third great discovery was in the field of math when he developed a kind of math we call calculus
Newton got his friends to say that he was the one.
Newton would dress up in disguises so that no one would know him, and he would go out on the streets of London to try and catch the counterfeiters.
www.gardenofpraise.com /ibdnewt.htm   (788 words)

  
 Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton: The Principia - The Principia Newton summarized his discoveries in terrestrial and celestial mechanics in his...
Sir Isaac Newton: Early Life and Work - Early Life and Work Newton studied at Cambridge and was professor there from 1669 to 1701,...
Judaism in the Theology of Sir Isaac Newton.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/people/A0835490.html   (262 words)

  
 Isaac Newton Links
The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences is an international research institute running a series of visitor programmes across the spectrum of the Mathematical Sciences.
It also contains two busts of Newton (including one by Roubiliac), a display of Newton memorabilia (including walking sticks, watches, mathematical instruments and a lock of hair) and a stained glass window by Cipriani (1771) depicting an alegorical scene in which Newton is presented to George III.
Sir Isaac Newton (1642 - 1727) taken from A Short Account of the History of Mathematics by W. Rouse Ball (4th Edition, 1908).
www.newton.cam.ac.uk /newton.html   (609 words)

  
 Isaac Newton in the Electronic Passport.
Isaac Newton was a great English scientist who was the first to explain the laws of gravity.
Newton once said, "If I have seen further than others, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants." Newton meant that he was able to make his great discoveries because of the many people who made discoveries before him.
Isaac Newton's Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy by following this link...but don't expect it to be easy to understand!
www.mrdowling.com /705-newton.html   (247 words)

  
 Sir Isaac Newton and the Unification of Physics & Astronomy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Sir Isaac Newton and the Unification of Physics & Astronomy
Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was by many standards the most important figure in the development of modern science.
In fact, Newton went even further: he showed that Kepler's Laws of planetary motion were only approximately correct, and supplied the quantitative corrections that with careful observations proved to be valid.
csep10.phys.utk.edu /astr161/lect/history/newton.html   (251 words)

  
 newt
ertainly one of the greatest scientists who ever lived, Isaac Newton (1642-1727) had a profound impact on astronomy, physics, and mathematics.
Among his many achievements were the invention of the reflecting telescopeóthe basic design behind all large telescopes used today; the invention of a branch of mathematics known as calculus, a critical tool throughout science; the elucidation of the three laws of motion; and the development of the law of universal gravitation.
Until the coming of general relativity in the 20th century, Newtonís theories were the basis for all cosmological models.
www.pbs.org /wnet/hawking/cosmostar/html/cstars_newt.html   (202 words)

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