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Topic: Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution


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In the News (Mon 17 Jun 19)

  
  FindLaw: U.S. Constitution: Amendments
The amendment was rejected by Georgia on July 24, 1919; by Alabama on September 22, 1919; by South Carolina on January 29, 1920; by Virginia on February 12, 1920; by Maryland on February 24, 1920; by Mississippi on March 29, 1920; by Louisiana on July 1, 1920.
The amendment was rejected by a convention in the State of South Carolina, on December 4, 1933.
Proclamation was by the Archivist of the United States, pursuant to 1 U.S.C. Sec.
caselaw.lp.findlaw.com /data/constitution/amendments.html   (3656 words)

  
 Constitutional Amendment Claims
The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits slavery within the United States, as well as the imposition of involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime of which a person shall have been duly convicted.
This argument is based on the premise that all federal income tax laws are unconstitutional because the Sixteenth Amendment was not officially ratified, or because the State of Ohio was not properly a state at the time of ratification.
The Sixteenth Amendment provides that Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on income, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
www.quatloos.com /taxscams/amendment_claims.htm   (1989 words)

  
 United States Constitution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America.
Several of the ideas in the Constitution were new, and that a large number of ideas were drawn from the literature of republicanism, from the experiences of the 13 states, and from the British experience with mixed government.
An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States, 1913.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/United_States_Constitution   (2455 words)

  
 TaxDefs.com :: Taxation in the United States
U.S. states are recognized as having a plenary power to assess taxes on their citizens and on activities that occur within their borders, so long as those taxes do not infringe on a power reserved for the federal government.
States are also prohibited from assessing taxes in ways that discriminate on the basis of race, gender, religion, alienage, or nationality.
The power of the state to tax encompasses the ability to empower jurisdictions within the state such as counties, cities and school districts to impose taxes on their residents.
www.taxdefs.com /us   (4496 words)

  
 Supreme Law Library : Reference : White House Constitution : whuscons
The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased or diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.
AMENDMENT X. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission thereof to the States by Congress.
www.supremelaw.org /ref/whuscons/whuscons.htm   (3718 words)

  
 United States Constitution information - Search.com
synonyms: United States Constitution, Constitution of the United States
The Corwin amendment, proposed by the 36th Congress on March 2, 1861, would have forbidden any attempt to subsequently amend the Constitution to empower the Federal government to "abolish or interfere" with the "domestic institutions" of the states (a delicate way of referring to slavery).
Amar's interpretation has the appeal that it allows the Constitution ratification be legal, yet also makes the secession of the states prior to the American Civil War illegal, as South Carolina and her sister states had ceased to be sovereign nations by ratifying the Constitution.
domainhelp.search.com /reference/United_States_Constitution   (5901 words)

  
 The U.S. Constitution - National Constitution Center   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, [chosen by the Legislature thereof,]* for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.
But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice.
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
www.constitutioncenter.org /explore/TheU.S.Constitution/index.shtml   (4293 words)

  
 The Constitution of the United States of America
Income within the meaning of the Amendment was interpreted to be the fruit that is born of capital, not the potency of fruition.
The constitutional power of Congress to tax a gain being well established, Congress was declared competent to choose ``the moment of its realization and the amount realized''; and ``its failure to impose a tax upon the increase in value in the earlier years.
The gain or profit subject to tax under the Sixteenth Amendment is the excess of receipts over allowable deductions during the accounting period, without regard to whether or not such excess represents a profit ascertained on the basis of particular transactions of the taxpayer when they are brought to a conclusion.
www.gpoaccess.gov /constitution/html/amdt16.html   (2466 words)

  
 Tax Protestors - United States v. Leland G. STAHL
Stahl based his motion to dismiss on the ground that the sixteenth amendment to the United States Constitution was never properly ratified, fraud was committed in the ratification process, and the amendment is therefore void.
Stahl argues that the sixteenth amendment was never ratified by the requisite number of states because of clerical errors in the ratifying resolutions of the various state legislatures and other errors in the ratification process.
Secretary of State Knox's certification of the adoption of the sixteenth amendment is conclusive upon the courts.
www.quatloos.com /taxscams/protcase/stahl.htm   (1410 words)

  
 The United States Constitution - The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net
Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.
Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.
The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.
usconstitution.net /const.html   (5152 words)

  
 The Constitution of the United States
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, [chosen by the Legislature thereof,] Altered by 17th Amendment for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee justice, and be found in another state, shall, on demand of the executive authority of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the crime.
The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union, a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened), against domestic violence.
www.constitution.org /usconsti.htm   (4078 words)

  
 Amendments to the Constitution
The amendment was rejected (and not subsequently ratified) by Mississippi, December 4, 1865.
The fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Thirty-ninth Congress, on the 13th of June, 1866.
The twenty-first amendment to the Constitution was proposed to the several states by the Seventy-Second Congress, on the 20th day of February, 1933, and was declared, in a proclamation by the Secretary of State, dated on the 5th day of December, 1933, to have been ratified by 36 of the 48 States.
www.house.gov /paul/const-amend.html   (1923 words)

  
 Constitution of the United States: Browse
Constitution of the United States: Browse, 2002 Edition and Supplements
Annotations of Cases Decided by the Supreme Court of the United States
State Constitutional and Statutory Provisions and Municipal Ordinances Held Unconstitutional on their Face or as Administered (also see Supplements)
www.gpoaccess.gov /constitution/browse2002.html   (243 words)

  
 Sixteenth Amendment - Conservapedia
Conservatives, hoping to kill the idea for good, proposed a constitutional amendment enacting such a tax; they believed an amendment would never received ratification by three-fourths of the states.
Much to their surprise, the amendment was ratified by one state legislature after another, and on February 25, 1913, with the certification by Secretary of State Philander C. Knox, the 16th amendment took effect.
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States Federal Government under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.
www.conservapedia.com /Sixteenth_Amendment   (791 words)

  
 Limits on Federal Power Amendment To The United States Constitution
The Constitution is the greatest document in human history, bar none, and it is distressing to see how it is being abused, twisted, and ignored especially by the national leaders of low character we have today.
The sixteenth amendment (income tax) will be repealed and there are limits on what can be taxed, allowing the people to keep and save more of their income.
So here are the amendments starting as the 28th Amendment to the Constitution which is the primary Amendment to eliminate many of the prior Amendments that have taken away personal and State Rights and puts limits on Federal power.
www.outdoorsunlimited.net /~jpic/amend.htm   (822 words)

  
 16th amendment
Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution - authorizes income tax without apportionment...
The Court refused to look at the evidence of the non-ratification of the 16th Amendment, deciding the facts to prove my statement was true were "irrelevant...
The only record of the 16th Amendment having been confirmed was a proclamation made by the Secretary of State Philander Knox on February 25, 1913,...
www.spyfu.com /Term.aspx?t=9783   (317 words)

  
 Mayan Majix - Articles - HB 1245 - AS INTRODUCED
AN ACT nullifying the Sixteenth amendment to the United States Constitution.
The United States Congress has relinquished its responsibilities that were delegated to it by New Hampshire and the other sovereign states.
The Treasury Department states they are unable to determine the fiscal impact of this bill on state, county, and local revenue or expenditures.
www.mayanmajix.com /art654.html   (679 words)

  
 16th Amendment - The Sixteenth Amendment Bill Benson Litigation
In this historic 16th Amendment litigation, the Government has sued Bill Benson seeking an injunction prohibiting him from falsely telling people the Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was not ratified and therefore people are not required to file an income tax return.
That law was challenged on the basis that a tax on income is a direct tax, the United States Constitution requires direct taxes to be apportioned, and the act passed by Congress was not apportioned.
The government, unable to refute Bill Benson's facts conclusively establishing less than three-fourths of the states voted to ratify the proposed amendment, objected to the facts on the grounds they were irrelevant, immaterial and scandalous.
jeffdickstein.com   (1373 words)

  
 FindLaw: Cases and Codes: U.S. Constitution
Twentieth Amendment - Commencement of the Terms of the President, Vice President and Members of Congress.
Twenty-First Amendment - Repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment
Twenty-Third Amendment - Presidential Electors for the District of Columbia
www.findlaw.com /casecode/constitution   (285 words)

  
 Welcome to Lost Horizons
United States Supreme Court, Flint vs. Stone Tracy Co. 220 U.S. So, the tax is an excise on the exercise of privilege, not a tax on money...
Baltic Mining Co., 240 U.S. “The Sixteenth Amendment, although referred to in argument, has no real bearing and may be put out of view.
...that the sole purpose of the Sixteenth Amendment was to remove the apportionment requirement for whichever incomes were otherwise taxable.
www.losthorizons.com   (1087 words)

  
 SIXTEENTH AMENDMENT RALLY
Sixteenth Amendment in 1910 were greeted by cold winds that drove the rally
Delegation; the Governor; the Clerk of the United States House of
It is alleged that Oklahoma was one of the 38 States to have ratified this
www.apfn.net /Doc-100_bankruptcy4.htm   (3561 words)

  
 Index - U.S.A. The Republic
This legal brief argues several legal points of law as to why the U.S. Constitution, 16th Amendment failed to be ratified.
Here is a Treatise describing the irregularities in the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
This index page list several articles showing that the United States is under "Martial Law" through declared "National Emergencies." You will read as to what is a "National Emergency" and how such emergencies effect you in your every day life.
usa-the-republic.com   (884 words)

  
 US Constitution Annotated - Analysis and Interpretation of the Constitution
The Constitution of the United States of America including analysis and interpretation of the Constitution with annotations of cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States through June 29, 2004.
Acts of Congress Held Unconstitutional in Whole or in Part by the Supreme Court of the United States
State Constitutional and Statutory Provisions and Municipal Ordinances Held Unconstitutional on their Face or as Administered
supreme.justia.com /constitution   (209 words)

  
 The Avalon Project : U.S. Constitution : Amendments XI - XXVII
This Amendment altered Article 1 Section 4 Part 2 and Article 2 Section 1 Part5
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/amend1.htm   (1440 words)

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