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Topic: Skepticism


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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Scientific skepticism - a scientific, or practical, position in which one does not accept the veracity of claims until solid evidence is produced in accordance with the scientific method.
The term skeptic is now usually used to mean a person who is taking a critical position in a given situation, usually by employing the principles of critical thinking and the scientific method (that is, scientific skepticism) to evaluate the validity of claims and practices.
While skepticism involves the use of scientific method and critical thinking, this does not mean the skeptic is using them consistently or simply finds that there is indeed evidence of their belief.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/s/sk/skepticism.html   (371 words)

  
 Scientific Skepticism Encyclopedia @ HigherPower.org (Higher Power)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In practice, a scientific skeptic generally focuses on debunking theories which they believe to be far beyond the mainstream of science, as opposed to a professional scientist, who focuses on extending scientific knowledge.
Skepticism is an approach to strange or unusual claims where doubt is preferred to belief, given a lack of conclusive evidence.
According to critics, self-described skeptics almost always favor established, consensus science and normally would reject any claim to the status of skeptic by anyone indulging in paranormal or supernatural beliefs, though religious belief (eg as in the case of Martin Gardner) seems to be allowable, perhaps because they are often explicitly based on faith.
higherpower.org /encyclopedia/Scientific_skepticism   (2231 words)

  
 Ancient Skepticism
The exact origins of skepticism in the Academy are not known, but it is plausible to suppose that it became a school of skepticism because the successive heads of the Academy from early in the 3rd c.
Though ancient skeptics do not as clearly anticipate modern and contemporary responses to skeptical concerns (their modern ties to liberal political concerns, for example), they very clearly understood the epistemological issues that arise when one attempts to build a rational basis for belief (issues encapsulated in the problem of the criterion and the later modes).
The skeptics themselves appear to answer that their views are not inconsistent, for they accept skepticism in some “undogmatic” way which does not contradict their rejection of claims to truth (see Frede for one presentation of this position).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/skepticism-ancient   (9235 words)

  
 Ancient Greek Skepticism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
In general, the Stoics were the ideal target for the skeptics; for, their confidence in the areas of metaphysics, ethics and epistemology was supported by an elaborate and sophisticated set of arguments.
And of course the skeptic may also avail himself of the observation that what is being explained only appears as it does relative to some relevant conditions, and thus, contrary to the dogmatist's presumption, there is no one thing to be explained in the first place (see Barnes [1990]).
The skeptical life, as he presents it, is an achievement and not merely the recovering of a native innocence lost to philosophical speculation.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/s/skepanci.htm   (11197 words)

  
 skepticism on Encyclopedia.com
SKEPTICISM [skepticism] [Gr.,=to reflect], philosophic position holding that the possibility of knowledge is limited either because of the limitations of the mind or because of the inaccessibility of its object.
In the Renaissance, skepticism is seen in the writings of Michel de Montaigne, Pierre Charron, and Blaise Pascal.
The skeptical aspect of Immanuel Kant's philosophy is exemplified by his agnosticism ; his antinomies of reason demonstrate that certain problems are insoluble by reason.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/s1/skeptici.asp   (512 words)

  
 Skeptic: Dr. Michael Shermer’s Curriculum Vitae
Conference: First Annual Skeptics Conference at Caltech and the Pasadena Doubletree Hotel, as Conference Chair for a morning Symposium on Pseudoscience and the Media with Jessica Yu, Linda Rosa, and Frank Miele.
Conference: First Annual Skeptics Conference an Afternoon Symposium on Science and Religion with Dr. Frank Tipler, Dr. Kip Thorne, Dr. Bernard Leikind, and Dr. Michael Kerze debating whether science can be used to prove the existence of God; and an evening Awards Ceremony and Keynote Address by James “The Amazing” Randi.
Richard Popkin on The Origins of Skepticism and Skeptical of the Warren Report, November.
www.skeptic.com /about_us/shermers_cv.html   (5585 words)

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