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Topic: Social evolution

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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  Social Darwinism - MSN Encarta
Social Darwinism, term coined in the late 19th century to describe the idea that humans, like animals and plants, compete in a struggle for existence in which natural selection results in “survival of the fittest.” Social Darwinists base their beliefs on theories of evolution developed by British naturalist Charles Darwin.
The term social Darwinist is applied loosely to anyone who interprets human society primarily in terms of biology, struggle, competition, or natural law (a philosophy based on what are considered the permanent characteristics of human nature).
Social Darwinism characterizes a variety of past and present social policies and theories, from attempts to reduce the power of government to theories exploring the biological causes of human behavior.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761579584/Social_Darwinism.html   (762 words)

  Social evolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From an evolutionary perspective, behaviours are social if they have fitness consequences for both the individual that performs the behaviour (the actor), and another individual (the recipient).
Social behaviours can be categorized according to the fitness consequences they entail for the actor and recipient.
A behaviour that increases the direct fitness of the actor is mutually beneficial if the recipient also benefits, and selfish if the recipient suffers a loss.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Social_evolution   (152 words)

 Theory Of Evolution Upon Social Problems
Sociology, being especially concerned with social evolution, has a new and distinct factor at work which we may call association, cooperation, or combination, and this it is which gives sociology its distinct place in the list of general sciences.
Human social groups, therefore, try to fit as many individuals as possible for the most efficient membership, and this necessitates caring for the temporarily weak, and also for the permanently incapacitated, in order that the sentiments of social solidarity may be strengthened to their utmost.
Sociology and all social science is, therefore, a study not of what human groups would like to do, but of what they must do in order to survive, that is, how they can control their environment by utilizing the laws which govern universal evolution.
www.oldandsold.com /articles30/sociology-2.shtml   (6273 words)

 Deviancy Social Evolution
This chapter deals with the social evolution of man. The study of the impact of social factors on evolution will go a long way to reveal which of man's characteristics are innate as opposed to those learned from social interaction with others.
Evolution, however, is more a story of the limitation of competition and the triumph of overall cooperation than of survival of the fittest.
In the social evolution of humans, one of the social factors working to select cooperative males and bands of males was the degree of cooperation in the hunt.
www.vernonjohns.org /nonracists/dvsocevl.html   (3578 words)

 Social Darwinism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
While Social Darwinism applies the concept of evolution and natural selection to human cultural systems, the extent to which the ideologies related to it are a part of Darwin's biological theory of evolution or Spencer's classical liberal philosophy is arguable.
Spencer's is deterministic (the evolution of human society is the only logical consequence of its previous stage), fatalistic (it cannot be influenced by human actions), single path (it travels a single path, cannot skip any stages or change them) and progressively finalistic (there is a final, perfect society that will be eventually reached).
Social Darwinist theory itself does not necessarily engender a political position: some Social Darwinists would argue for the inevitability of progress, while others emphasise the potential for the degeneration of humanity, and some even attempt to enroll Social Darwinism in a reformist politics.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Social_Darwinism   (2938 words)

 2.0 THE EVOLUTION OF PROSPERITY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Social power structures are associations of biological power structures that cooperate to enhance their competition for survival against other species.
The orgy of theft of the latter Roman empire dissipated this reservoir of social altruism and condemned the empire to collapse.
The important social comparison of the early industrial revolution was not the absolute poverty of the workers, but the relative poverty of the workers compared to the affluence of the industrialists.
www.uvote.com /RAR/RAREvolution2.html   (9899 words)

 Social Evolution | Anthropology.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The world of social science took the ideas of biological evolution as an attractive solution to similar questions regarding the origins and development of social behaviour and the idea of a society as an evolving organism was a biological analogy that is taken up by many anthropologists and sociologists even today.
His key concept was social solidarity, as he defined the social evolution in terms of progressing from mechanical solidarity to organic solidarity.
Because social evolution was posited as a scientific theory, it was often used to support unjust and often racist social practices -- particularly colonialism, slavery, and the unequal economic conditions present within industrialised Europe.
www.anthropology.net /wiki/social_evolution   (7186 words)

 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Social evolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Evolution of Social Behavior is a 1964 scientific paper by the British evolutionary biologist W.D. Hamilton in which he lays out a kin selection.
The genetic evolution of social behavior: bibliographical excerpts
Psycho-social evolution is an ongoing phenomenon in human society which commenced with man's evolution of speech and was accelerated some 8,000 years ago when man moved from being a hunter gatherer to farming - probably in the fertility of soil of the Euphrates Basin.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Social_evolution   (317 words)

 Social Evolutionism
However, his postulated sequence for the evolution of the family is not supported by the enormous amount of ethnographic data that has been collected since his time.
The social evolutionists countered the degenerationist views regarding primitivism as an indication of the fall from Grace.
Frazer went on to study the value of superstition in the evolution of culture saying that it strengthened the respect for private property, strengthened the respect for marriage, and contributed to the stricter observance of the rules of sexual morality.
www.as.ua.edu /ant/Faculty/murphy/evol.htm   (3602 words)

 Gordon's Cambridge University Press Review Page
The Evolution of Social Behaviour in Insects and Arachnids, by Jae C. Choe and Bernard J. Crespi (Eds).
Evolution of social behavior in Passalidae (Coleoptera); 13.
Social evolution in the lepidoptera: ecological context and communication in larval societies; 21.
www.earthlife.net /insects/pub/cambup.html   (2857 words)

 social evolution - Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Evolution, social roles and the differences in shame and guilt.
Towards a reconsideration of social evolution: symbiosis and its implications for economics.
Poor Relief and Protestantism: The Evolution of Social Welfare in Sixteenth-Century Emden.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1O88-socialevolution.html   (496 words)

 chapter 9
In human cultures, the evolution of ethical systems is facilitated by the remembrance of the many human actions that undermine the integrity of a person's thoughts and actions.
Social engineering is an ideal way to meet the high level of responsiveness to change that a highly dynamic social system demands.
Social morality, in the main, has always reflected a conservative estimation of which activities are healthy and should be pursued, and which can cause problems if one is not prudent in the entire management of one's life system.
www.evolutionaryethics.com /chapter9.html   (4011 words)

 Read Darwin -Are You Ready for Social Software? - WHAT'S NEW - Magazine - Darwin Online for Informed Executives   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Social software is likely to come to mean the opposite of what groupware and other project- or organization-oriented collaboration tools were intended to be.
Social software is based on supporting the desire of individuals to affiliate, their desire to be pulled into groups to achieve their personal goals.
Perhaps just as interesting as the way that social software is transforming group interaction — across different time zones or in the same room — social software is destined to have a huge impact on how businesses get at their markets.
www.darwinmag.com /read/050103/social.html   (1688 words)

 MPSbees - Social Evolution Research
It is worth noting that although quasisociality is usually not regarded as being an advanced form of sociality, in Macrogalea it entails an ability of females to very accurately gauge their colony size and then use this to decide whether they are going to produce sons or daughters.
Social parasitism is a situation where some species insinuate themselves in the colonies of other species and have those host species rear their brood.
Jaclyn Smith is investigating social parasitism in allodapines, focussing on both phylogenetic origins as well as behavioural aspects, looking at how parasites integrate themselves within their host colonies.
www.scieng.flinders.edu.au /biology/people/schwarz_m/mps/mpsbees.htm   (1400 words)

 Social Evolution of Consciousness
Although other scholars have recently developed models of social evolution (e.g., Elgin, 1993; Wilber, 1983, 1995), this model stakes out new ground by highlighting the dialectical nature of social changes and offering a new understanding of the modes of consciousness that need to be integrated in the next stage of evolution.
According to the model, each stage of social evolution is defined by the relationship between participatory and reflexive consciousness (as well as with the relationship between the ground and emergent qualities in the material and social realms in the more inclusive model).
According to Elgin, each stage of social evolution is characterized by a move to a higher dimension of "sacred geometry," where the extra dimension is not a literal dimension of space, but rather one of consciousness that allows for a larger perspective.
www.earley.org /Transformation/social_evolution_of_consciousnes.htm   (7604 words)

 Renaissance Social Evolution
This chapter traces the evolution of man from the hominids (members of the Hominidae family with erect posture) to modern man. This process of evolution was much more than purely physical.
The study of the impact of social factors on evolution will go a long way to reveal which of man's characteristics are innate as opposed to those learned from social interaction with others.
The existence of this more social human brings up the whole subject of social evolution within man. One of the social factors working to select cooperative males and bands of males was the degree of cooperation in the hunt.
www.vernonjohns.org /vernjohns/rnsocevo.html   (2237 words)

 CALS News Archive: Sweat bees' social evolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In the first study to link social evolution to climate change, Cornell University entomologists show that the social behavior of many species of sweat bees evolved simultaneously during a period of global warming.
The study on the timing of that social evolution, however, began as an honors thesis for former Cornell undergraduate Adam Pearson '03, now a graduate student at the University of Connecticut, in collaboration with Danforth and two former Cornell postdoctoral researchers, Sean Brady and Sedonia Sipes.
Once the team dated the evolution of the social behaviors to just 20 million to 22 million years ago, they researched what might have been going on in this time frame that would trigger the development of social behavior in so many species at the same time.
www.cals.cornell.edu /cals/public/comm/news/archive/social-beesevolution.cfm   (729 words)

 Social Evolution and Symbiosis
Social parasites always live in tight symbiosis with their victims, the host societies and have evolved a series of special adaptations to fool the hosts into acting as though they have a joint reproductive interest with them.
Spectacular examples of mutualistic cooperation between insects and microorganisms have also arisen in the social insects and CSES studies particularly the single groups of ants and termites that have evolved an agricultural symbiosis with fungi.
The socially parasitic Maculinea bufferflies that CSES studies are threatened both in Denmark and in Europa as a whole.
www.zi.ku.dk /cses/pages/SES.html   (1179 words)

 Welcome to the Strassmann and Queller Group
Their research focus is evolutionary biology, particularly social evolution and genetic conflicts of interest in social insects and social amoebae.
It has become clear that social evolution lies at the heart of some of the most significant transitions in evolution: the emergence of chromosomes, cells, eukaryotes, and multicellular organisms.
Though theories of social evolution are inherently genetic, the field has been largely removed from the advances of modern molecular genetics and large-scale genomics.
www.ruf.rice.edu /~evolve   (226 words)

 Ideology and Social Evolution by Dmitry Chernikov
It only means that the whole of society is beyond the grasp of a single human mind and for a single scholar to daydream of sweeping social reforms would be a futile endeavor and almost certainly disastrous if implemented in practice.
(Evolution, as biological evolutionists always tell us, is "sloppy." Perhaps so is social evolution.) Yet it is the government that invariably believes that the solution to all social problems is to regulate more.
These regulations often have negative consequences that were never imagined by the legislators (besides, of course, those that were foreseen and desired despite their damage to the general interest).
www.lewrockwell.com /chernikov/chernikov25.html   (1601 words)

 Evolution of Social Work
Social workers use her book as a primary text and as an answer to Flexner.
Social workers employed in schools organise as the National Association of Visiting Teachers.
Social work legislation passed in several provinces; generally provided for voluntary registration, limited protection of title, academic and experiential entry levels, and disciplinary action.
www.socialpolicy.ca /cush/m4/evolution.htm   (2607 words)

 Evolution - Conscious Evolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Evolution is happening right now in and around us.
Recent offspring in life's 13.7 billion years of cosmic, planetary, biological and social evolution, we are on the leading edge of the evolutionary process.
Evolution has given us a special kind of consciousness, one that creates -- and is thoroughly conditioned by -- our languages, cultures, stories, and built environments.
www.co-intelligence.org /Evolution.html   (494 words)

 Social Evolution
As outlined in our discussion of cognitive evolution, thought can be understood as the ability to control the production, reproduction and association of memes in the minds of humans.
Thus the emergence of human intelligence and memetic evolution precipitated a further, currently ongoing, Metasystem Transition, which is the integration of people into human societies.
These two functions are, on the level of social integration, analogous to those of the nervous system on the level of integration of cells into a multicellular organism.
pespmc1.vub.ac.be /SOCEVOL.html   (537 words)

 EVOLUTION: ON SOCIAL SELECTION FOR ECCENTRICITY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Information about social conditions that is acquired by the nervous system is likely to induce changes in genomic function that in turn produce adaptive modifications of the structure and function of the nervous system.
Interest in the genes underlying the expression of key social traits is strong because knowledge of the genetic architecture will lead to increasingly realistic models of social evolution, while identification of the products of major genes can elucidate the molecular bases of social behavior.
Few studies have succeeded in showing that complex social behaviors have a heritable basis, and fewer still have suggested that variation in these behaviors is attributable to the action of one or few genes of major effect.
scienceweek.com /2005/sa050211-1.htm   (1264 words)

 Social Evolution & Planetary Crisis
History and social evolution have produced continual uphill progress toward human betterment, through the gradually broadening civilization of the world and an improvement in civic virtues.
So far in social evolution the ground and emergent qualities have largely been opposed to each other, the more we have gained power and organization, the more we have lost aliveness and belonging.
Up until now, our social evolution has been driven by the need for societies to survive in war and feed their increasing populations, and so it is not surprising that our achievements have been mixed.
www.earley.org /Transformation/social_evolution_.htm   (2518 words)

Evolution is one of the topics in focus at Global Oneness.
The evolution of comedy is much simpler than that of its sister art, tragedy, though as to its origin and earlier development there is little exact information.
According to Darwin's theory of evolution, a favorable trait, such as an instinct, will be selected for through competition and improved survival rate of life forms possessing the instinct.
www.experiencefestival.com /evolution   (1167 words)

 Social Evolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Improvement in the means of communication have been major influences in social evolution.
First, the communication revolutions that had major social effects were all media revolutions that triggered an exponential increase in human knowledge.
Social organization, arts and sciences are all manifestations of knowledge, the flow of information as refined, rearranged, developed and applied by humankind.
www.social-evolution.org /about.html   (1906 words)

 Evolutionary Game Theory (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
The theory of evolution is a dynamical theory, and the second approach to evolutionary game theory sketched above explicitly models the dynamics present in interactions among individuals in the population.
The latter two questions seem deeply connected, for population members typically enforce social behaviors and rules having normative force by sanctions placed on those failing to comply with the relevant norm; and the presence of sanctions, if suitably strong, explains the persistence of the norm.
Evolutionary explanations of social norms have the virtue of making their value commitments explicit and also of showing how other normative commitments (such as fair division in certain bargaining situations, or cooperation in the prisoner's dilemma) may be derived from the principled action of boundedly rational, self-interested agents.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/game-evolutionary   (7258 words)

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