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Topic: Social learning theory

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  Social learning theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sutherland’s model for learning in a social environment depends on the cultural conflict between different factions in a society over who has the power to determine what is deviant.
Unlike Labeling Theory, Social Learning Theory actually supports the use of punishment which translates into longer sentences for those convicted, and helps to explain the increase in the prison population that began in the early 1970s (Livingston, 1996).
The theory was focused on the interaction between the individual and the social group, and did not address individual differences or social context (Jeffery, 1990:252; Akers, 1998).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Social_learning_theory   (1500 words)

 TIP: Theories
The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others.
Social learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, an environmental influences.
Social learning theory has been applied extensively to the understanding of aggression (Bandura, 1973) and psychological disorders, particularly in the context of behavior modification (Bandura, 1969).
tip.psychology.org /bandura.html   (403 words)

 Ronald Akers Learning Theory is part of the learning perspective that has been influence by historical, social, and ...
Ronald Akers’ social learning theory is part of the learning perspective of criminology that has been influenced by historical, social, and political situations.
In conclusion, Akers and his theory of social learning were influenced by history, political events, and the social situation.
One of the deviant behaviors that Ronald Akers (1985) focused on was the involvement of social learning theory in smoking among adolescence.
www.criminology.fsu.edu /crimtheory/akers.htm   (4423 words)

 Social Cognitive Theory Overview   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The earliest contribution to learning theory was from William James in 1890, whose notion of the 'social self' laid the foundation for the modern SLT tenet of the interaction between personal factors and the environment.
Mischel is perhaps best known for his cognitive social learning model of personality that focuses on the specific cognitive variables that mediate the manner in which new experiences affect the individual.
His theory was the first to incorporate the notion of modeling, or vicarious learning, as a form of social learning.
www.med.usf.edu /~kmbrown/Social_Cognitive_Theory_Overview.htm   (4394 words)

 Albert Bandura Biographical Sketch
In the 1930s, social learning theory was born at the Yale Institute of Human Relations under the direction of Mark May with the intellectual leadership of Hull.
Bandura's decision to re-label his theoretical approach from social learning to social cognitive was due to his growing belief that the breadth of his theorizing and research had expanded beyond the scope of the social learning label.
Because of strong and growing international interest in the construct of self-efficacy and in social cognitive theory, Bandura was invited to organize a conference for researchers under the auspices of the Jacob Foundation on the topic of young people's beliefs in their personal efficacy to manage the demands of rapidly changing societies.
www.des.emory.edu /mfp/bandurabio.html   (5587 words)

 chris argyris, double-loop learning and organizational learning @ the encyclopedia of informal education
A theory of action is first a theory: ‘its most general properties are properties that all theories share, and the most general criteria that apply to it – such as generality, centrality and simplicity - are criteria applied to all theories’ (Argyris and Schön 1974: 4).
The underlying theory, supported by years of empirical research, is that the reasoning processes employed by individuals in organizations inhibit the exchange of relevant information in ways that make double-loop learning difficult – and all but impossible in situations in which much is at stake.
In the experiential learning model of Kolb (1984) the educator is in essence a facilitator of a person’s learning cycle.
www.infed.org /thinkers/argyris.htm   (4841 words)

 Albert Bandura
The social learning theory advocates that individuals, especially children, imitate or copy modeled behavior from personally observing others, the environment, and the mass media.
The biological preparedness of the individual to learn as well as the role of the brain in processing information from the social environment, are critical to learning theory, but they are ignored by the social learning theory.
Social reinforcement is conditioned reinforcement based on the relationship of the conditioned stimulus to an unconditioned stimulus" (Jeffery, 1985: p.239).
www.criminology.fsu.edu /crimtheory/bandura.htm   (2515 words)

 Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology: Social learning theory
Social learning theory has its roots in the behaviorist notion of human behavior as being determined by learning, particularly as shaped by reinforcement in the form of rewards or punishment.
The first major theory of social learning, that of Julian B. Rotter, argued that cognition, in the form of expectations, is a crucial factor in social learning.
The social learning theories of Albert Bandura emphasize the reciprocal relationship among cognition, behavior, and environment, for which Bandura coined the term reciprocal determinism.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_g2699/is_0003/ai_2699000323   (486 words)

 Social learning theory
Social learning theory focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
Behaviorists say that learning has to be represented by a permanent change in behavior, in contrast social learning theorists say that because people can learn through observation alone, their learning may not necessarily be shown in their performance.
Social learning theory can be considered a bridge or a transition between behaviorist learning theories and cognitive learning theories.
teachnet.edb.utexas.edu /~lynda_abbott/Social.html   (1477 words)

 SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY of Albert Bandura, Chapter 31   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Social learning theory is a general theory of human behavior, but Bandura and people concerned with mass communication have used it specifically to explain media effects.
Social learning theory postulates three necessary stages in the causal link between television violence and actual physical harm to another: attention, retention, and motivation.
Consistent with social learning theory, Bandura found that children exhibited more aggression when the adult models were rewarded for their attack on the Bobo doll than when they were punished.
www.mhhe.com /socscience/comm/bandur-s.mhtml   (3598 words)

 Spring 546 2001; Social Learning Theory
It is a systematic effort to explain how the social and personal competencies that are often referred to as "personality" develop from the social context in which such learning occurs.
SLT is a collection of theories that have in common an emphasis on learning from the social learning environment that is both direct (by personal experience of differential reinforcement) and indirect (by modeling of others), and on cognition as major determinants of behavior.
By ‘78 and ‘86, SLT emphasized the importance of cognitive processes, especially, self-regulatory, in managing and coping with environmental stressors; as a result people are able to exert a degree of control over their own behavior.
www.lclark.edu /~pidcock/CPSY546/sp546-SLT.htm   (877 words)

In the same year he published an essay entitled "A Theory of Population, Deduced from the General Law of Animal Fertility." The natural inference is that belief in evolution combined with the population theory and applied to animal fertility, produced the same result as it had in the theories of Darwin and Wallace.
He garbled the Lamarckian theory and considered the mechanism of this progress to be the inheritance of learned modifications.
Similarly, and perfectly appropriately, their Russian interpreters embraced the theory of learning and its extension to the race which was furthest from the Malthusian doctrine.
www.human-nature.com /dm/chap2.html   (10073 words)

 The Social Learning Theory of Julian B. Rotter
Even learning approaches at the time were dominated by drive theory, which held that people are motivated by physiologically-based impulses that press the individual to satisfy them.
Rather, to understand behavior, one must take both the individual (i.e., his or her life history of learning and experiences) and the environment (i.e., those stimuli that the person is aware of and responding to) into account.
Therefore, treatment should be considered a learning situation where adaptive behaviors and cognitions are taught, and the therapist-client relationship is viewed as being similar to a teacher-student relationship.
psych.fullerton.edu /jmearns/rotter.htm   (2261 words)

 social learning theory, mental processes - psychological self-help   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
This theory denies that humans are innately aggressive and that frustration automatically leads to aggression.
The Social Learning Theory also incorporates cognitive processes, like rational problem-solving, "trial runs" in fantasy to see what might happen if I did _____, and the self-control procedures of self-observation, self-evaluation, and self-reinforcement.
This theory over-simplifies human behavior in another way, namely, by neglecting the biological-physiological aspects, the emotions and needs, the unmindful "thought" processes (traditions, habits, unthinking routines), the unconscious processes (perceptual distortion, childhood experiences, unconscious resentments, motives, defense mechanisms--like displacement), and perhaps other significant factors influencing our behavior.
mentalhelp.net /psyhelp/chap7/chap7e.htm   (2094 words)

 Introduction to the 2001 Transaction Publishers Issue of Social Theory and Social Practice
Social science has not yet a standardized format for presentation of knowledge to practitioners that differs from the academic presentation of research, or from textbook presentations used to introduce students to the field.
Social workers can also be certified, but in welfare states they seem to rely more on knowledge of current legislation than on a knowledge of social science.
In the past four decades the deans of social science faculties have let too many departments (or parts of a department) deteriorate into promotion centers for various social and political isms rather than letting the departments be centers for serious research on issues raised by the isms.
www.zetterberg.org /Papers/ppr2001a.htm   (6067 words)

 Joyce E. Goins
Bandura has performed a great deal of work on social learning throughout his career and is noted for his social learning theory, which he has recently renamed, "Social Cognitive Theory." His theory focuses on overt behavior as well as the motivational factors and self-regulatory mechanisms that contribute to a person's behavior (Schultz and Schultz, 1998).
Bandura recognizes that much learning does take place as a result of reinforcement, but he stresses that virtually all forms of behavior can be learned in the absence of directly experienced reinforcement.
For example, learning to drive a car is not the easiest thing to do, and watching a video in driver's education or observing another student-driver are not the same as actually driving.
www.xula.edu /xulanexus/issue2/Goins.html   (1616 words)

 Funderstanding - Vygotsky and Social Cognition
The social cognition learning model asserts that culture is the prime determinant of individual development.
Therefore, a child's learning development is affected in ways large and small by the culture--including the culture of family environment--in which he or she is enmeshed.
Since much of what a child learns comes form the culture around her and much of the child's problem solving is mediated through an adult's help, it is wrong to focus on a child in isolation.
www.funderstanding.com /vygotsky.cfm   (647 words)

 Sociology and Philosophy Essays: TV & Violence
The social psychology point of view includes the "arousal theory", the "social learning" theory, the "disinhibition" theory, and the "aggression reduction" theory, all of which will be defined and discussed in this paper.
His social learning theory, which has been one of the most refined and well-tested theories in the social sciences, has been one of the two most influential sources of research on television and aggression.
He emphasizes learning theory, and what is now called "persuasion theory" in that the communicator has the explicit intention of changing comunicatee behavior.
www.magicdragon.com /EmeraldCity/Nonfiction/socphil.html   (8768 words)

 Social Learning Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The social learning theory is based upon the importance of observing and modeling behaviors, attitudes and the emotional responses of other people.
The social learning theory has been used in the form of modeling behaviors that are essential to effective teaching.
Education is a social event and the students need to learn how to interact and react in appropriate ways.
teachercandidate.lcsc.edu /~bbates/sociallearning.html   (285 words)

 Social Learning Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
No longer are social psychologists forced to report information in a way that is often viewed as subjective and qualitative, and tied to no explicity universal theory.
The social cognitive perspectives allow the research in social psychology to take on an air of cognition and thought, which ties together behavior and personality in a good manner.
The social cognitive applications to learning are often referred to as social learning theory.
www.bsu.edu /classes/cassady2/EDPSY765/soclrn.html   (502 words)

 learning: social learning theory
Social learning theory mixes many approaches from different schools of psychology.
The type of learning is referred to as observational learning or vicarious learning because we learn by observing what happens to others.
An important aspect of social learning theory is that a specific behaviour, besides merely producing an external outcome, also leads to a self-evaluative reaction.
www.cultsock.ndirect.co.uk /MUHome/cshtml/psy/soclearn.html   (505 words)

 Funderstanding - Observational Learning
Observational learning, also called social learning theory, occurs when an observer's behavior changes after viewing the behavior of a model.
This process is influenced by characteristics of the model, such as how much one likes or identifies with the model, and by characteristics of the observer, such as the observer's expectations or level of emotional arousal.
Bandura, A. Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory.
www.funderstanding.com /observational_learning.cfm   (571 words)

 Social Learning Theories   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The process of learning criminal behavior by association with criminal and anticriminal patterns involves all of the
As one learns a preponderance of definitions favorable to deviance (Norm violation), one will be more likely to engage in deviance.
We learn to define those behaviors which are rewarded as positive.
www.umsl.edu /~rkeel/200/learnin.html   (300 words)

 Social Learning Theory
When a person vicariously learns something that affects him deeply, he will be tempted to try it out for him or her self and see what happens.
Hence the Social Learning Theory has proved extremely effective in the treatment of and therapy for smokers, schizophrenics, criminals and drug and alcohol abusers, to list a few.
The Social Learning Theory is relevant and practical, because in addition to provided stimulus it also takes into account all the other factors, and emphasizes the interaction between the behavior, thinking and environment.
www.termpapergenie.com /SocialLearningTheory.html   (850 words)

 SAGE Publications - Encyclopedia of Social Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
It examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses.
Led by internationally renowned scholar George Ritzer, the Encyclopedia of Social Theory draws together a team of over 200 international scholars covering the developments, achievements, and prospects of social theory from its inception in the 18th century to the present.
Understanding that social theory can both explain and alter the social world, this two-volume set serves as not only a foundation for learning, but also an inspiration for creative and reflexive engagement with the rich range of ideas it contains.
www.sagepub.com /book.aspx?pid=9999   (143 words)

 ReCAPP: Theories & Approaches: Social Learning Theory and Sexuality Education
Social Learning Theory (SLT) has been applied to sexuality education as well as many other areas of health education, including tobacco use prevention, substance abuse prevention and violence prevention.
Since SLT aims to change behavior in participants, it is a good fit for prevention-based sexuality programs — for example, those that aim to prevent pregnancy by preventing sexual involvement or increasing condom use — as opposed to more comprehensive family life programs.
Unfortunately, many sexuality programs over emphasize cognitive learning and fail to address the behavioral aspects of becoming and staying sexually healthy.
www.etr.org /recapp/theories/slt/SLTandSexEd.htm   (292 words)

 Social Learning Theory - Web Quest   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Social learning focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
Although many species of animals can probably learn by imitation, social learning theory deals primarily with human learning....
Social Learning theories have behaviorist roots, like cognitivism, but social learning rejects both behaviorism and cognitivism for not taking the environment into consideration.
suedstudent.syr.edu /~ebarrett/ide621/social.htm   (204 words)

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